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"careful reconstruction"[edit]

I think your "careful reconstruction" addition is redundant, Michael. I re-wrote the original entry's "medieval" to "medieval-style" because I had exactly the same concerns as you ("Over here we have the authentic citizenry, who were imported via time machine shortly after the war. Mind the ones with the plague."). It's just in the style of a medieval town to some extent. -- Paul Drye

too subtle for my tired eyes to have caught. I was thinking of the specific parallel in the Warsaw entry, I suppose. --MichaelTinkler


I'm very disappointed. The article gives the impression as if the Nuremberg history was only Nazi history. It's a pity! To learn more about the actual history of the city of Nuremberg, please got to de:Geschichte der Stadt Nürnberg (even if this article is unfortunately only in German) 14:10, 2005 Feb 09

Also the impression is that history starts in the middle ages. Was there no history for Nürnberg before then? Was it a new town? --Nantonos 08:28, 6 June 2007 (UTC)
This happens with a lot of entries! More recent events feature more prominently because editors have more reference material, or are generally more interested in it. Like pages on sports clubs or football teams. Detailed accounts of recent things and little meaty stuff on the early days. @NantonosAedui: that German page is good, but much too long to insert into this page. wikipedia is open to all - so why not extract some parts of it yourself? BuzzWoof 19:59, 7 June 2007 (UTC)
Its history starts in the Middle Ages? One would think that the foundation of the city would be absolutely essential to this article. ~ (talk) 19:18, 21 February 2010 (UTC)


Ok, so we have the coat of arms of the city, but we don't have a map showing where it is inside Germany/in relation to Europe? Seems that would be the more useful than a coat of arms...

Done -- Chris 73 Talk 01:38, Mar 14, 2005 (UTC)

Various Issue, Mostly About the Language Spoken in Nuremberg resp. Franconia[edit]

I flag this for someone else to fix, as I don't know how to. Although the edit box reads, correctly, "After Adolf Hitler came to power, Nuremberg was made a national shrine...", In the article "Adolf Hitler" appears as "Joseph Stalin".

I think that you mean the dialect is Frankisch (Fraenkisch?), rather than Bavarian. In English, we would say the dialect is Franconian, to differentiate from Frankish, i.e., having to do with the Franks. Both Franconian and Bayerisch are German dialects, not languages. Within those regions, there are also many other sub-dialects. I will add something about Franconia's present political location, since it would be nice to be accurate...of course, nice can also mean accurate, so maybe I just mean "nice"...JHK

Languages spoken within the same country are called dialects. Outside of the country it is called a different language. Sample: Dutch, Hollandish used to be a dialect of German, today it is classed as a different language.

This is incorrect. Dialects are independant of political entities such as countries. --Stephen Gilbert

The people in Franconia (Franken) speak Frankish (Fraenkisch). For some of the different dialects see:

and for Fraenkisch see

Franconia consists of Ober - Mittel and Unter-Franken and you will find different Frankish dialects. Since it belongs politically to Bavaria , you will also find Bavarian speakers mixed in . Since all remaining Bundeslaender of the 1949 Germany have 20 to 30 percent refugee inhabitants from Germany east of the Oder/Neisse and Standard High German is taught in school, you now have many more combinations of dialects spoken. This goes for all Bundeslaender.

I go back to what I first wrote in the first entrance, the people in Franconia tell you that they are not Bavarians, but they are Fraenkisch (not Franconian).

Somewhere earlier someone asked about Wittelsbacher. They are not Frankish, they are Bavarians. H. Jonat

yes, but was the ruling family of Bavaria in 1806 still the Wittelsbachs (notice the English language version of their name)?

Maximilian I Joseph Wittelsbach, born 1756 in Mannheim (today Baden-Wuertemberg) ,Germany acceded 1799 as King of Bavaria , was also Duke of Zweibruecken. Last Wittelsbach ,Ludwig III , reigned till 1918, when all German rulers had to resign , due to WW II .

When you translate the word "Fraenkisch" into English you get "Franconian". About the language the ethnologue site calls it Frankish but other sites call it Franconian. See

Ethnologue , Barbara F. Grimes, Editor Institute of Linguistics calls it Frankish , plus Mainfrankish (Franconian) .christusrex calls it Frankish , The Frankish people call their own language Frankish . Franconia is the latin version ,which is oftentimes taken over by English as in case of Pomerania (German Pommern, language Pommersche dialect).People used to, but today they do not call themselves in Latin titles any more. (People in Cologne (Koelln) do not call their language Colonia Agrippina , they speak Koellsch). My main point was to point out ,that the people do not consider themselves Bavarians, nor speak it, even though politically they belong to Bavaria .

From the comments, it is obvious that the wiki majority had no idea.

Callin it Franconian language in English would technically probably not be incorrect. However it is misleading. No other country calls John F. Kennedy Johannes Kennedy or Jan Kennedy.

When available the correct native name should be used with the English version, but this is my opinion. H. Jonat

Sorry, but in this case your opinion leads to the misapprehension that the dialect of German spoken in Franconia is the same dialect spoken by the Franks -- at least, that is what it implies in English. This is most likely not the case -- especially as there must be lots of dialects under the category of Fränkisch, including dilects of Upper Franconia which, under most, if not all, of the Carolingians (who were Franks), partially belonged to Thuringia. JHK The Bavarian question is beside the point -- in your first version, you neglected to mention the political connection to present-day Bavaria.

When you read my first entrance entrance Nr 5 you will see that I stated that under Napoleon Franken came politically to Bavaria . No one today speaks the same language that their ancestors spoke 1000 or 2000 years ago, not even 200 years ago. Language changes constantly. The Frankish know, why they call their language Frankish. H. Jonat

Since this is an English-language encyclopedia, would you mind terribly foregoing the obscure and circuitous arguments, and just trust those of us who know WHAT THE TERMINOLOGY YOU USE MEANS TO AN ENGLISH-SPEAKER? I don't doubt that there are many nuances that fraenkisch conveys to the people of Franken -- but they just don't exist in English. Most of what you write sounds to English-speakers like you are trying to prove that things that happened or existed a couple of millenia ago (or even 300 years ago) still hold true today. Please believe me -- Franconian is a better general term, unless you want to add a note saying that modern Frankish should not be confused with the language of the Franks.

Please don't say that it is -- we have ample evidence that the Franks spoke VERY different dialects -- even within one kingdom and one family. JHK

would it make the propaganda/war criminal trial issue clearer to say 'War crime trials of Nazi government officials', and let people draw their own conclusions about what 'war crimes' are. They certainly WERE trials. The idiom in English is 'trial of' rather than 'trial against'. --MichaelTinkler

if you are interested in the franconian dialect: wou dei hasen husen haßen und dei hosen husen haßen,do bin i dahoam means(more or less) i am at home where you say 'husen' for hasen(rabbits) and also 'husen' for hosen(trousers)

May I chip in as a Nuremberg born citizen (why denizen is used on your page is greek to me)? There's a little mistake in the nice sentence quoted above: It should read 'Wou di hasn hosn und di hosn husn hasn', meaning that the words for trousers and hares (not rabbits!) are not the same, even in frankish/franconian/närnbercherisch, but that confusion is possible, especially for people outside of Nuremberg. And, by the way, in our dialect we use a lot of sounds similar to English (or American?), as in 'mai mahdler, däi is fei schäi' (pronounce as 'my muhdler, day is fy shay). --Wpopp 23:42, 2004 Nov 13 (UTC)

I think the Nuremberg trials should probably be moved to "events associated with the town" and all that. I can't imagine that more than half of the people visiting the page are looking for Nuremberg and not the Nuremberg trials, so it should figure more prominently or at least be moved to that list mentioned. Mkilly 08:54, 31 Aug 2004 (UTC)

Once again, 'berg' vs.'burg'[edit]

The berg ("mountain" in German) part of the city's name is cognate to the English word borough.

Unfortunately, it has become a common error. Nowadays, even in books printed by respectable publishers, one can find Wittenburg instead of Wittenberg (these are two different cities), Teutoberg instead of Teutoburg Forest (Teutoburgerwald), Nuremburg instead of Nuremberg, etc. Berg is not cognate with borough, but burg is. I suggest to remove the whole sentence from the article. Any objections? --barbatus 17:04, August 19, 2005 (UTC)

Nope. I did not really like this addition in the first place from earlier in the week, which is why I tried to streamline it yesterday. I'm fine with removing it completely. Olessi 17:46, 19 August 2005 (UTC)
OK. I'll count to 100, and if no one else will chime in, it's gone. :) --barbatus 18:01, August 19, 2005 (UTC)
The words berg and burg come from the same root, both essentially meaning 'high place'. The Anglo-Saxon language derived the burg/burgh/borough word from the fact that mountains (bergs) were a desirable place for fortification (burgs), and therefore settlements; both words have their origin in the Chaldean 'perach' (meaning growth, protrusion).

Keeno --Keeno 19:12, 19 August 2005 (UTC)

Well, Webster describes connection between burg and Old English beorg as probable, not definitive; and beorg, in its turn, is akin to Old High German berg (mountain) and Sanskrit brhant (high). Any references for the alleged Chaldean origin? --barbatus 19:25, August 19, 2005 (UTC)
Still, if only to avoid the confusion I mentioned above, I'd prefer to remove that phrase. NürnbergNürnburg, and I've seen it (and other German names) misspelled that way too often lately.
Going once ... Going twice ... --barbatus 14:49, August 20, 2005 (UTC)
Chaldean origin of burg/berg: see this article on Edinburgh, describing origin of the burgh element -
Frankly, it doesn't sound very convincing to me. Any references to off-line literature? --barbatus 02:45, August 22, 2005 (UTC)

Leni Riefenstahl[edit]

I thought "Triumph of the Will" was about the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, not the rallies in Nuremburg. Maybe i'm wrong, but it might be worth someone researching.

The movies about the Olympic games were Olympia part 1 and 2. Both "Sieg des Glaubens" (1933) and "Triumph des Willens" (1934) are about the Reichsparteitag in Nuremberg.--Hhielscher 14:45, 11 December 2005 (UTC)

Iron Maiden[edit]

Comment seems inaccurate, given the contents of the article it links to, and overstates the significance. flux.books 01:46, 1 February 2006 (UTC) "Nuremberg is notorious for owning the first (and only during Medieval times) Iron Maiden torturing device."

Tend to agree, especially as there's no reference to having Europe's first paper mill, a much more important development. There's a strong hint of anti-German sentiment to several entries, sadly this is one of them. PhilipPage 23:29, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

So why isn't this comment deleted yet? And why are there any 'anti-German sentimets'?

agreed, unimportant detail

Why is this unimportant? Several torture-related devices have been invented in Nuremberg, just because the city played an important role during the dark age. 'white torture' for example has been executed in Nuremberg the first time. It's a historical fact, and i say this as a german, franconian and a Nuremberg inhabitant. IMHO, the Iron Maiden should be mentioned as well as the paper mill, for they both belong to the history of the city. (talk) 12:14, 5 January 2011 (UTC)

P.S.: I dont have an account in english WP, my nick in german WP is 'boogieman95028'

The Nuremberg Raid 30-31 March 1944[edit]

The raid on 2 Jan 1945 is mentioned even though it is not nearly as notable as the raid on 30/31 March 1944 which involved the loss of about 95 Allied bombers out of a force dispatched of 795. Not only was this a record (making it notable) but also it was a turning point in the war, and resulted in a number of significant changes in tactics by Bomber Command RAF. I suggest the inclusion of this, and am willing to write the submission myself if anyone else agrees it should be in the article. For more information Martin Middlebrook wrote an excellent book "The Nuremberg Raid" (Cassell Military Paperbacks) which I am relying heavily on for my information, and will continue to do so (citing the book as source) if the change is agreed on. CMIIW 23:08, 29 April 2006 (UTC)

The loss of 95 bombers was notable for the Allied, but had nothing to do with the city. It's information for an article on Allied Bombing in WW2, but not for article on Nuremberg. I guess the raid on 2 Jan 1945 WAS notable for the 1800 people killed in the city. 13:51, 5 October 2006 (UTC)
I suppose you're right. 'Twas only a thought. PT 18:07, 7 December 2006 (UTC)

Starting Transport Section[edit]

Could the second paragraph of the Economy section ("Nuremberg has an airport...") be moved to help begin the process of creating the Transport section? Also, there is some good information at German Wikipedia that could also be re-used if that is considered an acceptable approach. papageno 06:34, 3 January 2007 (UTC)

I wonder if its worth to add that Nuremberg is the first german city who uses an automatic sub (metro) and the first european (thats a claim i cannot undermine) city who uses automatic and non-automatic subs on the same railways.

Currently, N has three sub lines (U3 - automatic, U2 - currently non-automatic, is going to be automatic in soem years, U1; U11 and U21 are U1 and U2 which do not drive the full way, mostly because they start or end in a maintenance hall).

Further Information: ("english" link in the lower left corner) -- (talk) 07:05, 13 August 2008 (UTC)

ah. german wikipedia even claims nuremberg is the first town worldwide to use mixed automation on sub-railways. -- (talk) 07:13, 13 August 2008 (UTC)

No better pictures than trains?![edit]

Is somebody involved with editing this page obsessed with trains? Two pictures of red trains, and not ONE of the Hitler parade grounds that are absolutely unique.

Template:Infobox German Location[edit]

Please introduce the Infobox German Location. It provides a coherent look among German cities. Lear 21 23:00, 25 April 2007 (UTC)

Sister city vs. partner city[edit]

What's the difference between a sister city and a partner city? Kingjeff 01:57, 3 July 2007 (UTC)

It depends where you come from. In the UK we talk about twin towns, but it seems in other parts of the world sister city is more common (though don't ask me where!). As a Brit a sister city sounds wrong to me, like the two halves of Budapest, or St Paul and Minneapolis, but obviously this is a misconception. See Sister_City. BuzzWoof 12:53, 3 July 2007 (UTC)
In the US we use the term "sister cities" Rudy Breteler (talk) 23:50, 18 March 2008 (UTC)


In the article, it says that "Nürem-biscotti" are a tourist favorite and then they are described in some detail. First of all, it is an unncessary detail. Second, I live in Nuremberg, and I don't even know "Nürem-biscotti". If some kind of food is mentioned in conjunction with the Christmas market, it should be "Lebkuchen". I fear that someone added the reference to advertise a product. I will remove it. If anyone wants to add it again, please provide a reference where it is stated that this is indeed a tourist favorite. Ruebezahl (talk) 12:04, 27 May 2008 (UTC)

Luitpoldarena & Luitpoldhalle[edit]

Among the institutions named for Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, that page notes:"the Luitpoldarena and the Luitpoldhalle in Nürnberg." Some information, particularly their dates of construction (and demolition, if no longer standing) would be pertinent here. -- Thanks, Deborahjay (talk) 10:45, 4 June 2008 (UTC)


Why is this article not called Nürnberg? So people learn the REAL NAME? For that matter why is aluminium 'aluminum' in SOME COUNTRIES? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 2008-08-29

The German name is given in the first sentence and a redirect from the German name is provided. The article name should be the usual English name (if there is one). See also WP:WikiProject_Germany/Conventions. --Boson (talk) 06:20, 29 August 2008 (UTC)
Of course it's been officially Nuremberg in English for a long time, and this is English Wikipedia. My question is: How did this come about? What's the linguistic explanation for English-speakers not simply calling it Nurnberg, omitting the umlaut? Is this something transmitted from French, like Munich for München? (I see it's also Nuremberg in French and Spanish. However, Russian simply calls it Нюрнберг — Nurnberg.
Sca (talk) 21:14, 23 April 2009 (UTC)
Well, about 500 years ago, Germans called it in Semi-Latin "Nuremberga" (in Schedels Chronicle), or in 1541, when Copernicus wrote two letters in German (Wikisource) to Duke Albrecht, adressing him with his titles, "burggrofen zcu Norenberg" resp. "burgrefen zcu Norimberg". De revolutionibus was published at "Norimbergae". Local dialect currently calls the town "Nembärch". -- Matthead  Discuß   03:29, 11 May 2009 (UTC)

Great Flood[edit]

Will somebody stick up something about this please, I can provide a refference if need be. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 21:14, 18 February 2009 (UTC)

New image[edit]

Wenceslas Hollar - Nuremburg.jpg

I recently uploaded File:Wenceslas Hollar - Nuremburg.jpg, a 17th century engraving of Nuremburg by Wenceslas Hollar. Feel free to use or not use. Dcoetzee 06:53, 15 March 2009 (UTC)


There is no information on the usage history of these two names. They both redirect here, but Nuremberg is the name used in the article. (talk) 22:17, 10 May 2009 (UTC)

Sister Cities[edit]

Glasgow, Scotland is under the Scottish Flag, not the Union Jack. Please fix this. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 19:46, 19 July 2010 (UTC)

The twinned city is (correctly) shown with the flag of the internationally recognized sovereign state, in accordance with Wikipedia:Manual of Style (icons).--Boson (talk) 22:41, 19 July 2010 (UTC)

the 'germanisches nationalmuseum' is not the german national museum, it's the germanic national museum. the german antional museum is in munich! —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:25, 2 December 2010 (UTC) i changed it. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 10:15, 5 December 2010 (UTC)

The "Deutsches Museum" in Munich is not a national museum, even if the name might evoke this connotation. The full name is: German Museum of Masterpieces of Science and Technology. The name of the "Germanisches Nationalmuseum" is a nineteenth centaury term and today not really comprehensible. Its collection documents art, culture and history of the German-speaking central Europe from the beginnings to the present and is the biggest of its kind. It has been the offical national museum of german art and culture since 1871. Like the Reichstag in Berlin, there is a inscription over the entrance that dedicates the museum to the people. I think that it is hard to translate the name correctly, because the meaning is between German and germanic. --Pirkheimer (talk) 23:01, 5 December 2010 (UTC)

Terminological Oddities[edit]

One of the sub-headings reads 'After the Great French War'. Though comprehensible in context, it is not a term normally used in English. How using the generally accepted term - Napoleonic Wars?

Also noted: 'In 1219, Frederick II granted the Großen Freiheitsbrief (English: Great Letter of Freedom)'. Surely, the standard English term is for a document of this kind is charter. The use of the word letter here is monumentally trivializing. Norvo (talk) 05:38, 10 March 2011 (UTC)


I see there is no flag in the infobox. That doesn't mean there isn't any. actually has two, one with the coat of arms cropped to square, and other with the coat of arms on a background looking like flag of Indonesia. The problem would be, which one to choose for using in this article? (talk) 03:55, 24 December 2011 (UTC)


The name of the town is Nürnberg. Why don't you A-Ws get with the programme — Preceding unsigned comment added by ([[User talk: |talk]]) 2012-01-25

For a few German towns, the common name is the English exonym; these include Cologne, Munich, and Nuremberg. See Wikipedia:Naming conventions (geographic names) and Wikipedia:WikiProject Germany/Conventions#English names.--Boson (talk) 23:09, 25 January 2012 (UTC)

Germany's fourth largest city[edit]

According to [List of cities in Germany by population] it is not. --dimi_z (talk) 10:38, 17 March 2014 (UTC) RESOLVED - my bad! --dimi_z (talk) 10:40, 17 March 2014 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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disambiguation please[edit]

I'm not nearly proficient enough with WP style to do it, but could someone please add disambiguation link/s in this article for the ships at SMS_Nürnberg? I had a heck of a time figuring out that those articles do indeed exist, given Nurnberg redirects here. (talk) 06:14, 14 May 2016 (UTC)