Talk:Obsessive–compulsive disorder

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DA hyper vs hypofunction change[edit]

Giving the comorbidities between ADHD and OCD[1], the frequency of OC behavior in parkinson and huntingtons[2], inability to inhibit impulses, poor performance on neuropsychological testing of executive function[3] and findings of decreased D1/D2 receptor binding as well as increase DAT binding implicated hypoactivity of mesocorticolimbic DA pathways not the opposite. However many authors, contrary to ADHD researchers[4] take the BP changes as the opposite.

Don't forget the psychostimulant studies[5][6][7]

References

  1. ^ Geller, D.; Biederman, J.; Faraone, S. V.; Frazier, J.; Coffey, B. J.; Kim, G.; Bellordre, C. A. (1 January 2000). "Clinical correlates of obsessive compulsive disorder in children and adolescents referred to specialized and non-specialized clinical settings". Depression and Anxiety. 11 (4): 163–168. doi:10.1002/1520-6394(2000)11:43.0.CO;2-3. ISSN 1091-4269.
  2. ^ Molano-Eslava, Juan Carlos; Iragorri-Cucalón, Angela; Ucrós-Rodríguez, Gonzalo; Bonilla-Jácome, Carolina; Tovar-Perdomo, Santiago; Herin, David V.; Orozco-Cabal, Luis (1 October 2008). "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms in Huntington's Disease: A Case Report". Revista Colombiana De Psiquiatria. 37 (4): 644–654. doi:10.1901/jaba.2008.37-644. ISSN 0034-7450.
  3. ^ Abramovitch, Amitai; Abramowitz, Jonathan S.; Mittelman, Andrew (1 December 2013). "The neuropsychology of adult obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis". Clinical Psychology Review. 33 (8): 1163–1171. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2013.09.004. ISSN 1873-7811.
  4. ^ Volkow, Nora D.; Wang, Gene-Jack; Kollins, Scott H.; Wigal, Tim L.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Telang, Frank; Fowler, Joanna S.; Zhu, Wei; Logan, Jean; Ma, Yeming; Pradhan, Kith; Wong, Christopher; Swanson, James M. (9 September 2009). "Evaluating Dopamine Reward Pathway in ADHD". JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 302 (10): 1084–1091. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1308. ISSN 0098-7484.
  5. ^ Koran; Aboujaoude; Gamel (2009). "Double-Blind Study of Dextroamphetamine Versus Caffeine Augmentation for Treatment-Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder". J Clin Psychiatry. 70 (11). doi:10.4088/JCP.08m04605.
  6. ^ Insel; Hamilton; Guttmacher; Murphy (1983). "D-amphetamine in obsessive-compulsive disorder". Psychopharmacology (Berl). 80 (3). PMID 6412267.
  7. ^ Joffe; Swinson; Levitt (1991). "Acute psychostimulant challenge in primary obsessive-compulsive disorder". J Clin Psychopharmacol. 11 (4). PMID 1680885.

Semi-protected edit request on 13 September 2017[edit]

Change the sentence: There is tentative evidence that OCD may be associated with above-average intelligence or at least a small increase in intelligence to A myth propagated by Sigmund Freud regarding above-average intelligence in OCD was recently refuted. [1] NietzschesBrain (talk) 03:58, 13 September 2017 (UTC)

Done SparklingPessimist Scream at me! 04:35, 13 September 2017 (UTC)

References

  1. ^ Abramovitch, A., Anholt, E.G., Raveh-Gottfried, S., Hamo, N., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2017). Meta-Analysis of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Neuropsychology Review, 1-10. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11065-017-9358-0

THIS IS ALL A LIE PLEASE DO NOT BELIEVE IT MNTASE KHAYA!! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 169.0.98.139 (talk) 08:47, 1 March 2018 (UTC)

Religious Association[edit]

I am noticing 3 problems:

  • Exorcisms as a technique are mentioned, but leans toward "insanity" which is not precisely accurate in comparison to:
  • Scrupulosity is the proper religious association, but does not necessarily incur:
  • Child Abuse in ALL cases? (Infobox)

This cluster needs serious work! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 97.43.240.227 (talk) 06:48, 14 March 2018 (UTC)

Ritual or Compulsion[edit]

I am taking abnormal psychology at my college this semester and my teacher and my text book says that the repetitive behavior can also be called a compulsion. I just figured I point this out so the definition is more accurate. Too many people use OCD to describe people who are extremely cleanly when that is not the correct definition of OCD. GentleCatFish (talk) 06:02, 20 March 2018 (UTC)

Semi-protected edit request on 24 April 2018[edit]

'The condition is associated with tics, anxiety disorder, and an increased risk of suicide'---- The portion of the line, '... and an increased risk of suicide is misleading based on the actual study by Angelakis et al. It should be noted as mentioned in the abstract by the researchers that this is the first 'systematic study' to attempt to link suicidality with OCD. Suicidality in and of itself comprises ideation and thoughts as well as completion. However, Angelakis et al do not find any definite connection between OCD and suicide primarily since in tandem with comorbidities such as major depression or anxiety, the pathology is ambiguous.

I think a better way to put it based on the study would be to say, '...increased suicidality due to comorbid depression.'

The original line jumped out as being perhaps a bit odd considering the tentative nature of the researchers' conclusion:

In conclusion, this study presented the first comprehensive quanti- tative synthesis of the literature concerning suicidality and OCD. Our findings suggest that suicidality in those with OCD, especially in OCD subgroups with concurrent comorbidities, is a valid problem which has not yet received appropriate research attention. At present, the depth and quality of research evidence about the psychological drivers of suicidality in patients with OCD are low and hence, there is a dearth of theory-guided prospective studies to improve understanding of suicidality in OCD. Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page without content in them (see the help page).

Suicidality in Obsessive Compulsive... (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274078651_Suicidality_in_Obsessive_Compulsive_Disorder_OCD_A_systematic_review_and_meta-analysis [accessed Apr 24 2018]. Nzemeks (talk) 23:54, 24 April 2018 (UTC)

 Not done: it's not clear what changes you want to be made. Please mention the specific changes in a "change X to Y" format and provide a reliable source if appropriate. Somewhat of a change X to Y format but please can you make it much more clear and then follow this by explanation and references. Thanks Waddie96 (talk) 11:00, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
Ref says "The pooled effect size across 30 independent comparisons revealed a moderate to high, significant association between suicidality and OCD (Hedges' g=0.66, 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.82) which persisted across different types of suicidality including suicidal ideation and suicide attempts." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25875222
So not sure the issue? Doc James (talk · contribs · email) 14:14, 26 April 2018 (UTC)
 Not done: please provide reliable sources that support the change you want to be made. The source given contradicts the requested change, as mentioned by other editors above. Eggishorn (talk) (contrib) 20:00, 4 May 2018 (UTC)

Suggestion for media portrayals[edit]

In Season 3, Episode 12 of "Scrubs" the character Dr. Kevin Casey appears and is shown suffering from OCD severely. He mentions the severity of his OCD causing him to drop out of school and repetitively spend all day reading medical textbooks, and generally his behavior is a very realistic version of the condition. At the end of the episode he first appears in, "My Catalyst," he is shown still in the operating theater for surgery washing his hands over and over again and becoming frustrated and distressed at his inability to stop himself from giving in. At the beginning he is shown walking inside the front door of the hospital several times as well.

For more about the character's compulsions I posit a link to his Scrubs wikia entry that talks about his condition more.

--2600:1700:1A10:68F0:F8B4:892D:EEB4:14CA (talk) 21:49, 10 August 2018 (UTC)