|WikiProject Biography / Science and Academia||(Rated Start-class)|
|WikiProject Physics / Biographies||(Rated Start-class, Low-importance)|
I found a citation of this paper, but haven't verified what it says:
The other transistor: early history of the metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor Arns, R.G. This paper appears in: Engineering Science and Education Journal Publication Date: Oct 1998 Volume: 7, Issue: 5 On page(s): 233-240 ISSN: 0963-7346 References Cited: 36 CODEN: ESEJEJ INSPEC Accession Number: 6074651 Posted online: 2002-08-06 22:06:18.0 Abstract The silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET or MOS transistor) did not become significant commercially until two decades after the 1948 announcement of the invention of the transistor by Bell Laboratories. The underlying concept of the MOSFET-modulation of conductivity in a semiconductor triode structure by a transverse electric field-first appeared in a 1928 patent application. It was confirmed experimentally in 1948. However early devices were not practical due to surface problems. Although these were solved at Bell Laboratories in 1958, Bell remained committed to earlier transistor technology. Development of the `other transistor' was first pursued elsewhere. It was finally the needs of computers and the opportunities created by integrated circuits that made the silicon MOSFET the basic element of late 20th-century digital electronics.
It was referenced from this book page: To the Digital Age: Research Labs, Start-Up Companies, and the Rise of Mos Technology, by Ross Knox Bassett, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002, p.408.  which says:
- One of the more intriguing questions behind the transistor is the work preceding it by Julius Lilienfeld and Oskar Heil. The best introduction to this work is Robert G. Arns, "The Other Transistor: Early History of the Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor," Engineering Science and Education Journal 7 (October 1998): 223–40.
There are quite a few scholar.google.com hits at ieeexplore, so I need to renew my account and get some of those to read.
And I just found another with Google books: High Dielectric Constant Materials, edited by Howard Huff, David Gilmer, 2004, which says:
- ... While Lilienfeld didn't use the word Field-Effect Transistor (FET), Oskar Heil did in British patent number 439457, dated March 2, 1934. Heil became the first person to use the term semiconductor. While neither ever gained from these patents, these works established the basis of all modern-day MOS technology, even though neither author was cognizant of the concept of an inversion layer. That is, the technology was not there to build it. ...
Anyone care to write this up for the article?
Dicklyon 17:31, 10 June 2006 (UTC)
scotching the laser
About 20 years ago, Dr Heil told me that, when he was working in Germany, a co-worker developed a device for studying quantum levels in ionized gases. He joked that he talked the guy out of working on it, because it had no practical use -- and thereby stymied the invention of the gas laser! ("No practical use" was what Dr Heil said. This struck me as odd, because scientists generally don't worry about whether research has "practical" use.)