Talk:Permanent Joint Board on Defense
The Permanent Joint Board on Defence BG-01.036 - October 11, 2001
Created by Canada and the United States in 1940, the Permanent Joint Board on Defence (PJBD) is the senior advisory body on continental defence. It is composed of military and diplomatic representatives from both nations. Its meetings have served as a window on Canada-U.S. defence relations for more than five decades. The Board has examined virtually every important joint defence measure undertaken since the end of the Second World War, including construction of the Distant Early Warning Line of radars, the creation of the North American Air (later Aerospace) Defence command in 1958, the bi-national operation of the underwater acoustic surveillance system and high-frequency direction-finding network, and the decision to proceed with the North American Air Defence Modernization program in 1985.
Purpose and Function
For 61 years, the PJBD has served as a strategic-level military board charged with considering, in a broad sense, land, sea, air and space issues, including personnel and materiel dimensions involved in the defence of the northern half of the Western Hemisphere. The scope of the PJBD's work also encompasses policy, operations, financial, logistics and other aspects of Canada-U.S. defence relations. Bilateral defence recommendations are forwarded to respective Heads of Government or appropriate officials for consideration.
Importance to Canadian Defence and Security
In recent years, the Board has proven effective as an alternate channel of communication, one through which the resolution of difficult issues has been expedited. In particular, it has helped devise imaginative solutions to the types of problems encountered by both countries, such as cost-sharing in an era of declining budgets. The Government of Canada believes that the Board remains a valuable forum for the expression of national interests and for frank exchanges that allow discussion of the full spectrum of security and defence issues facing our two countries.
In particular, Canada's participation in the PJBD enables us to:
<li>work to develop and integrate interoperability benchmarks into the design and implementation of the "Army, Navy and Air Forces of Tomorrow";
<li>work with the U.S. to identify areas of cooperation to defend against asymmetric threats and protect critical North American infrastructure;
<li>continue to participate in discussions and consultations with the U.S. regarding the new U.S. administration's stated intent to develop and deploy a Ballistic Missile Defence system, and to assess its implications for Canada's security interests, for international arms control, for Canada-U.S. defence relations, and for the future of NORAD and other defence arrangements; and
<li>continue to improve interoperability by participating in joint Canada-U.S. training exercises, while developing a comprehensive program by 2002-03 to develop and adopt new doctrine and equipment, and expand joint and combined Canada-U.S. exercises and training.
PJBD meetings are normally held semi-annually with meeting locations alternating between Canada and the United States. The meetings are co-chaired by a Canadian and an American chairperson with much of the substantive work being carried out by senior military and civilian representatives of the respective military and political organizations of each country, including the U.S. Defense and State Departments, Canada's Department of National Defence and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.