# Talk:Propagation of uncertainty

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## Derivative is not partial in Example calculation: Inverse tangent function

If ${\displaystyle f(x)=\arctan(x)}$ then you cannot take ${\displaystyle {\frac {\partial f}{\partial x}}}$, because ${\displaystyle f}$ only depends on one variable. It should be ${\displaystyle {\frac {df}{dx}}}$ — Preceding unsigned comment added by Finkeltje (talkcontribs) 15:31, 1 February 2013 (UTC)

It's been fixed already. Feel free to correct the page directly instead of just reporting it. Fgnievinski (talk) 18:38, 2 November 2014 (UTC)

## Linear Combinations section had following formula:

${\displaystyle \sigma _{f}^{2}=\sum _{i}^{n}\sum _{j}^{n}a_{i}\Sigma _{ij}^{x}a_{j}=\mathbf {a\Sigma ^{x}a^{t}} }$

I changed this to

${\displaystyle \sigma _{f}^{2}=\sum _{i}^{n}\sum _{j}^{n}a_{i}\Sigma _{ij}^{f}a_{j}=\mathbf {a\Sigma ^{f}a^{t}} }$

## f=aAb is incorrect

The example for f=aA+/-b is incorrect. The derivation which gives this result is based on the f=AB example used b-1 times. However the f=AB example assumes A and B are independent. When considering powers they are not. Instead for positive b we need to do a binomial expansion of f+σf=a(A+σA)b and discard all terms with powers of σA greater than 1, because they should be negligible (assuming the uncertainty is small compared to the absolute value). This gives σf = abAb-1σA = abfσA/A. For negative b we again start with f+σf=a(A+σA)b, then we split it as f+σf= aAb(1+σA/A)b. We can then expand this as per http://mathworld.wolfram.com/NegativeBinomialSeries.html, to give f+σf=aAb(1+bσA/A), again assuming terms with σA to the power two or more are negligible. substituting in for f and rearranging gives σf=abAb-1σA - the same result as for positive b!

I have not yet made the change to the page but I will if nobody objects

Philrosenberg (talk) 14:30, 16 September 2014 (UTC)

Note also that the derivative of Ab is not bAb-1 but ln(A)Ab (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derivative). — Preceding unsigned comment added by 193.136.48.112 (talk) 09:07, 5 August 2015 (UTC)

## Propagation of errors resulting from algebraic manipulations

Propagation of errors resulting from algebraic manipulations, currently a redirect to this page, has been nominated for deletion. The discussion at Wikipedia:Redirects for discussion/Log/2017 April 16#Propagation of errors resulting from algebraic manipulations needs input from those with knowledge of the subject. Thryduulf (talk) 13:38, 17 April 2017 (UTC)