|WikiProject Plants||(Rated Start-class, Mid-importance)|
|WikiProject Psychoactive and Recreational Drugs|
|WikiProject Altered States of Consciousness||(Rated Start-class, Low-importance)|
Toxic properties of Psychotria Viridis
The article claims P.V. has toxic properties. Can someone elaborate on what those are and which chemical accounts for those? Studies indicated a very low toxicity of DMT, with the lethal dose being greater than 20x the typical ceremonial dose (Addiction. 2007 Jan;102(1):24-34, "Risk assessment of ritual use of oral dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and harmala alkaloids" by Gable RS), so it must be something else.
- Any plant derived chemical, or alkaloid, may be referred to as a
toxin. See Wikipedia's own definition => Toxin or Google web defintions => http://www.google.com/search?q=define:Toxin . The word toxin is a highly charged word implying negativity or detriment. As with the majority of plant derived psychotropics the activity is in the neuronal synapse, usually either stimulating it or blocking it. A) This type of activity is not necessarily damaging, and B) in any case alterations are not necessarily harmful. Further, as with any psychotropic activity in general, whether synaptic stimulation or inhibition is endogenous or exogenous is purely semantic, as the activity is essentially identical. Therefore, referring to an entheogen as intoxicating would seem to represent little more than a matter of opinion.... Santodaimeaustralia 05:32, 13 July 2007 (UTC)
This article currently contains the following:
Dried Psychotria vidris contains about 0.10-0.66% alkaloids. Approximately 99% of that is dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Other alkaloids such as beta-carbolines and MMT have been found. The alkaloid content is said to be highest in the morning.
Reference 6 is a commercial site that does not link directly to the information stated above, which is already lacking in accuracy. Reference 5 is not a primary source, and may not be correct. I can suggest a similar sentence, as follows, with a change in reference (a primary reference, which serves for both references 5&6):
Dried Psychotria viridis typically contains between 0.00-17.75% dimethyltryptamine (DMT). The alkaloid content may be highest in the early evening.
Callaway JC, Brito GS & Neves ES (2005). Phytochemical analyses of Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 37(2): 145–150.
Soon to be delegalized in Poland
This substance is on the list of 18(?) Substances soon to be delegalized (criminalized) in Poland:
Argyreia nervosa - Hawaiian Baby Woodrose, Banisteriopsis caapi - Ayhuasca, Calea zacatechichi - Dream Herb, Catha edulis - Khat, Echinopsis pachanoi - San Pedro (cactus), Piper methysticum - Kava Kava, Leonotis leonurus - Wild Dagga, Mimosa tenuiflora - Jurema, Mitragyna speciosa - Kratom, Nymphaea caerulea, Peganum harmala, Psychotria viridis, Rivea corymbosa, Salvia divinorum, Tabernanthe iboga - Iboga, Trichocereus peruvianus, Benzylpiperazine - BZP, JWH-018 - Spice