Talk:Quantum fluctuation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
WikiProject Physics (Rated Start-class, High-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Physics, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Physics on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
Start-Class article Start  This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's quality scale.
 High  This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale.

Completely wrong statement[edit]

the field's lowest-energy or ground state, often called the vacuum state, is not, as one might expect from that name, a state with no particles, but rather a quantum superposition of particle number eigenstates with 0, 1, 2...etc. particles. This is absurd. The vacuum state is always the eigenstate of the number operator with exactly zero particles,. There is no uncertainty in the number of particles, since it is an eigenstate. See also — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 09:13, 13 December 2016 (UTC)

Article is Plagiarized[edit]

From the first words, through the first equation (although the original has 2pi in the denominator, not 4pi) then continuing. As per the discussion below, some changes were made relating to energy conservation. The plagerizing seems to end after the table of contents. The original, plagiarized text is on page 85 in "The Two Cultures: Shared Problems", 2009, by Ernesto Carafoli (Editor), Gian Antonio Danieli (Editor), Giuseppe O. Longo (Editor), published by Springer, available at Amazon.[1]

I'm not a lawyer, but I doubt this can be retained. Whoever entered the text should be banned from future entry.

Incidentally, had the original text been read carefully, it would have been noted that conservation of energy is fixed, but is violated by the uncertainty principal. This may be hand waving, but it's accurate enough for Wikipedia.

Time span within which conservation can be violated[edit]

When you say conservation of energy can appear to be violated, but only for small times. Can't a minute be stretched or shortened? How long can you really say a fluctuation takes place? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

The time span within which conservation can be violated cannot be longer than what's permitted by the uncertainty principle. It's an immensely small period of time; minute fractions of a second. A minute? Nowhere near. PsiCop 00:15, 15 June 2006 (UTC)

"conservation of energy can appear to be violated, but only for small times."



DOES NOT say that. That relation does not mean that energy is 'very uncertain for very small times'. Rather if you actually study the derivation of that equation, it's mathematical and physical meaning is different (see here for example:

Basically the E-t-uncertainty means that "the uncertainty in the energy is related to how long the (mean) expectation value of another observable of the quantum system changes in time" or in simpler terms: "the energy uncertainty is related to the stability of the system: if a system never changes in time, the energy is perfectly known, while if the system changes rapidly, the energy value is quite indeterminate"

The important thing to realise is that in QM time is NOT an operator, but a parameter or independent variable as in newtonian mechanics was, since a time operator would contradict the Stone–von Neumann theorem.

Quantum fluctuations DO NOT rise from time uncertainty in relativistic qM (QFT) but because fields, even empty fields (ie in vacuum) are treated as (harmonic) oscillators (see

At VERY SMALL distances (implying a small Dx) there corrisponds also a (large) uncertainty in the (four) momentum and thus energy. This however does not violate any conservation laws at all.

Not clear[edit]

This relates the the previous comments. In QM, a state that only exists for a very short time does not definite energy. Over such a brief period, the state's frequency can't be accurately defined. A particle that decays very fast has greater uncertainty in its mass. — Preceding unsigned comment added by BriCoil (talkcontribs) 22:25, 30 July 2016 (UTC)


The author made non referenced claims. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

How much energy is required to separate a quantum fluctuation[edit]

How much energy is required to separate a quantum fluctuation so the virtual pairs do not annihilate? I am aware that around the event horizon of a blackhole this is theoretically observed. One part of the virtual pair falls into the blackhole and the other part moves away from the blackhole into the observable universe. This creates the appearance of radiation coming out of blackholes, known as Hawking Radiation. Is there a way to measure the minimum amount of energy needed to separate the virtual pairs of a quantum fluctuation? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Skysunny7th (talkcontribs)

This article is very poor[edit]

THe section under the title "Quantum Fluctuations of a field" does not speak about quantum fluctuations per se, but about what seems a rather arbitrary choice of subject related to this topic, which would be the distinction with thermal fluctuations. Also, in general, the probability to observe a certain state in quantum mechanics depends on the "linear combination" that adds up to form that state; this would be what the second part of the article is about (?). Shouldn´t the article be about only the first part? At least, there should be more evidence in support for the need to speak about "quantum fluctuations".-- (talk) 14:30, 17 May 2010 (UTC)

Agreed. The problem is that the second part is actually the best here. The first part has a reference to a New York Times article written by a baseball photographer. If you look at the early editing history you'd see an attempt to say this is !!! but there were too many exclamation marks there and the addition has been edited to look as if it were in compliance. I'd advice to consider deletion, but it is up to you. -- (talk) 04:17, 13 April 2012 (UTC)

seriously their are lot of mis representative information like the law of conservation " apears to be " violated !! ? hope it is not turning more into hopefully , apears to be ..., probably, mostly etc things in physics !! Shrikanthv (talk) 11:29, 24 April 2012 (UTC)

People are saying that energy can come from the vacuum and many scientist have been killed for trying to develop energy independent of oil. Because oil supplies will not keep up with consumption there should be more effort to better define Quantum flucuations in order people have time to develop alternatives. I feel this article is only written for people who have been educated in quantum science. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 08:31, 10 May 2015 (UTC)


I recommend that this article be renamed to quantum vacuum fluctuation, as the terms quantum fluctuation and vacuum fluctuation would then be obvious simplifications. A redirect from quantum vacuum fluctuation would be a good starting place. (talk) 02:58, 18 June 2012 (UTC)

Quantum fluctuations claimed to be linked to the creation of the baby universe[edit]

The paper Spontaneous creation of the universe from nothing which appeared recently on ArXiv links quantum fluctuations with the baby universe. Maybe the article should be updated to take a note of this analysis, but I'm not sure if the analysis is correct or whether it is significant or reliable. Hoz do ze decide whether an ArXiv paper is significant for mention in the encyclopedia? It appears there are some press reports about the paper, but I'm not sure whether this means anything. Absinthia Stacy (talk) 15:24, 15 April 2014 (UTC)


What does "h" refers to in the equation in the first paragraph?

t is time, E energy, but h? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Zethradon (talkcontribs) 19:03, 6 September 2014 (UTC)


"This was proposed by scientist Heisenberg's study in 1916 at Harvard's Laboratory."

To what event are you referring? Uncertainty Principle? This doesn't make any sense. Wikibearwithme (talk) 07:32, 2 September 2015 (UTC)

Expansion of the Universe?[edit]

"Vacuum energy may also be responsible for the current accelerated expansion of the universe (cosmological constant)."

Shouldn't that be edited to say accelerating rather than accelerated?

(I would make this edit myself to the article right now, but I'm not even nearly familiar enough with this area of subject matter to know whether I would be helping or harming by doing so.) — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 09:16, 30 March 2016 (UTC)

"Popping into existence out of nothing"[edit]

There should not be a link from quantum fluctuation, to the Universe popping into existence. This article occurs in the context of not "nothing", but rather, space (which is not nothing) (talk) 09:22, 14 April 2016 (UTC)

Nothing pops in and out of existence in a quantum fluctuation. See and references there.


  1. ^
  2. ^ ?