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New Sabbath spinout[edit]

Having considered the state of Sabbath articles closely, I think there is still one topic to create, namely Biblical Sabbath. Currently this phrase redirects to the summary article "Sabbath" even though that article includes many other Sabbath adaptations that are not Biblical. A new article would compile the Biblical references to Sabbath in a thorough, orderly way, and give all the main viewpoints and interpretations of each passage (compare creation according to Genesis, figs in the Bible, wells in the Bible, etc.). None of the current articles do either of these, because they are quite rightly focused on Sabbath in this or that mainstream viewpoint. However, the notion of "Sabbath as the Bible describes it, without making judgments in favor of any viewpoint" is a topic frequently discussed but lacking. No need to warn me about POV risks, because I am already on duty policing those. It is just my observation that, very often, a WP editor wants to refer just to that notion, "Biblical Sabbath with essentially no POV", and has no recourse to do so (as noted, the summary "Sabbath" article is not Biblically limited, and the Biblically based articles give only one POV each). Particularly, there are many links to "Sabbath" that should very clearly, in context, be directed to Biblical Sabbath, and permitting the weaker link is suboptimal and easily remediable. Also, many of the IP contributors to "Sabbath" would do better to have such a separate article; and some of the debates about where to put this or that apologetic (if at all) would be more readily solved if there were a central article. I will be happy to move this forward, but I wanted to get a couple more opinions first, to confirm my belief that this is a good division of topics. Cross-posted to Shabbat, Sabbath in Christianity, and Sabbath in seventh-day churches. JJB 05:43, 16 March 2009 (UTC)

Lunar Sabbath/"Some prominent rabbis"[edit]

I've moved the following section to Talk: for further discussion:

Some prominent rabbis believe Shabbat was originally dependent upon the lunar cycle,[1] with one or two additional unreckoned days.[2]

As is obvious, the first sentence is pure weasel worded POV. Who are these rabbis? What makes them "prominent"? As it happens, I'm the person on Wikipedia who has written the closest thing to a biography on one of them, Isaac Landman. Landman was, in his time, moderately well known known for a combination of things, including his ecumenical work, his political stances, his editing of American Hebrew Magazine, and his publication of his New Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. He was not "prominent" in any particularly scholarly way. The fact that this single, 65 year-old work seems to be the only source for this "lunar sabbath" theory should be a big WP:REDFLAG to editors here that they are giving WP:UNDUE weight to a WP:FRINGE theory. If there are other, scholarly (and more recent) sources that also promote this theory, then I would be happy to re-evaluate. But, as it stands, the material is highly problematic. Jayjg (talk) 00:07, 24 March 2009 (UTC)

Hi Jayjg, thanks for that! Actually as you could see I posted that on behalf of a "drive-by" editor who sourced it thoroughly. My goal is simply to collect all POVs, and it seems that two rabbis in a (liberal?) Jewish encyclopedia is a significant POV. I don't think it's useful to classify it as fringe or not. If my words were weasely it's only because I don't know one encyclopedia-publishing rabbi from another. If you'd prefer it as "Two rabbis in NUJE suggest", that seems to stand scrutiny. Or we could group it with the tag I used later in the Sabbath disambiguator, that, "In a distinct minority, some European Reform Jews have moved Sabbath observances to Sunday", which also appears to be an includible POV that should work its way into this article sooner or later.
While I happen to disagree with Landman's conclusion rather vehemently, I don't think it's a theory that should be totally banished from listing. "Writing for the enemy", I leave it ripe for the possibility of demolishing itself by its minority status. By the way, a close version of this theory also appears in the landmark Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, as I documented at Babylonian calendar#Week (ignore the repetition of your objected sentence, of course). They reliably link Sabattum with Shabbat, but I could not see them coming all-out on Landman's view that the Babylonians came first; but both Landman and ERE give the same calendrical calculation details. Your statement that this "seems to be the only [Jewish] source" is an argument from silence. From what I know of liberalism in various religions, the IP editor's position, that this is an includible POV, seems entirely credible to me. What would you say is proper weight? JJB 03:45, 24 March 2009 (UTC)
While it is interesting that there may be theories that are, in your view, similar to Landman's, I'm looking for sources that actually have the same theory. As for an "argument from silence", the onus in this case is to still find sources that support it - again, please see WP:UNDUE, WP:REDFLAG, and WP:FRINGE. Jayjg (talk) 23:29, 24 March 2009 (UTC)
Well Jay, I hope we're not going to pretend that Judaism is monolithic in some way unlike every other religion. We've established that Landman and his contributors, Joseph and Cohen, believe and propound this POV. I've given further unequivocal evidence that ancient lunar-cycled weeks did in fact exist and were named cognate to Shabbat. The issue of weasel words is easily remedied, as above; while your issues of undue weight, red flags, and fringe theory all seem to me to be the same issue, apparently that you don't believe the POV is significant enough to list in any article, even the root "Sabbath" article or the Babylonian article, which has very happily contained all POVs for a long time now. Look, you're saying that the NUJE is an unreliable source, and that burden is really on you, because it would ordinarily be given the benefit of doubt. Really, if you intend to keep this up, it may begin to sound like you refuse WP to report the fact that not all Jews believe in the unbroken Shabbat, as if the much unlikelier claim, monolithic faith, has been proven. JJB 02:50, 25 March 2009 (UTC)
User:Dlabtot at WP:RSN stated that you did not in fact say that the (N)UJE is an unreliable source. Either it's an RS and thus an includible POV, or it's unreliable and thus there is sourceable evidence of its unreliability. Which? I know you're not really saying to delete an RS just because it's turned 65. Also "New" is not in the title. If I don't hear back I will reinsert in all the articles as follows:

In a minority Jewish view, the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia states that Shabbat was originally dependent upon the lunar cycle,[3][4] with one or two additional unreckoned days.[5]

  1. ^ Joseph, Max (1943). "Holidays; Sabbath". In Landman, Isaac. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. 5. p. 410. 9. p. 295. 
  2. ^ Cohen, Simon (1943). "Week". In Landman, Isaac. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. 10. p. 482. 
  3. ^ Joseph, Max (1943). "Holidays". In Landman, Isaac. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia: An authoritative and popular presentation of Jews and Judaism since the earliest times. 5. Cohen, Simon, compiler. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc. p. 410. 
  4. ^ Joseph, Max (1943). "Sabbath". In Landman, Isaac. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia: An authoritative and popular presentation of Jews and Judaism since the earliest times. 9. Cohen, Simon, compiler. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc. p. 295. 
  5. ^ Cohen, Simon (1943). "Week". In Landman, Isaac. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia: An authoritative and popular presentation of Jews and Judaism since the earliest times. 10. Cohen, Simon, compiler. The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc. p. 482. 
Ummm, in a word, no. Just because a viewpoint has been published in a reliable source, does not mean it needs to be included. That's why your colleagues are pointing you to WP:UNDUE, which is just a section of WP:NPOV. Because that is the relevant and applicable policy here. Dlabtot (talk) 02:26, 26 March 2009 (UTC)

Proposing an origin paragraph[edit]

Well, I guess I thought that the majority view was obvious. In that case, all you need is a full and balanced paragraph on "origin of Shabbat". No problem, try my next. JJB 05:21, 26 March 2009 (UTC)

As Dlabtot has explained, you are presenting a false dichotomy. Please review WP:UNDUE again. Jayjg (talk) 01:14, 27 March 2009 (UTC)

Putting aside all the discussion above, which is important in itself, but I have read and re-read the section on Origin and I find it incomprehensible. I am still trying to work what is the point that is being made.Ewawer (talk) 03:38, 27 March 2009 (UTC)

OK help me understand here. Which proposition is at fault?
  • Jewish views on where Shabbat came from are encyclopedic.
  • The Shabbat article is the proper article for these views to appear on WP.
  • These views include an origin at creation (literal/fundamentalist), an origin by Mosaic legislation (conservative), a later temple origin attributed backwards to Moses (liberal), or an origin by adapting a Babylonian custom (textual critical).
"Undue" only applies if a view is held by "an extremely small (or vastly limited) minority". You have produced no evidence as to how the views are distributed. I have. What gives?
I came here and I saw a gap and filled it with sourced material, and weighted it "duly" the second time. Generally the decision goes in favor of retaining properly weighted sourced material rather than deleting it because of unstated rationales. Thank you for your consideration. JJB 14:45, 27 March 2009 (UTC)
One of the problems, as I see it, is that the article is not about a seven-day week, which has its own article, but about the special status of the Shabbat in the Jewish weekly cycle. In that respect it is a particular issue, not open to a full discussion whether it is appropriate to have those observances, etc. or whether other cultures have other customs etc. As to whether material is sourced or not is immaterial, because it should still fit into the subject matter and scope of an article, not go off on a tangent.Ewawer (talk) 17:38, 27 March 2009 (UTC)
Now it's my turn to have trouble comprehending. But I think it's appropriate for this article to document how Shabbat came to have special status in the Jewish weekly cycle (and that may involve history that predates the Jewish people). This article has long had a "Biblical source" section, but that section is what WP calls an in-universe description, and is several paragraphs of promotion of only the fundamentalist, literal view (which I happen to hold)— except in the case of people who already have a nonliteral interpretation of the words anyway. The Biblical source needs to be balanced by the other views, and I originally did so in that section, but a separate section is fine. Some of the Biblical source section should be condensed and moved to my new spinout Biblical Sabbath anyway.
If a paragraph on some custom's origins actually succeded in opening a new discussion on the appropriateness of the observances, the custom must be pretty weak. Shabbat is very strong. Similarly, the relationship of Shabbat to other observances is appropriate to touch on, insofar as it sheds light on Shabbat itself and does not create a WP:COATRACK to cover up other, unduly weighted Sabbath views. So I must reject the idea that these points are tangential. The whole cluster of Sabbath articles has suffered long from delineation errors, and that is what we are all about resolving. Each article should focus on all aspects relevant to its particular Sabbatical observance, including its origin and its place among other Sabbatical observances. And my paragraph is not about origin of a seven-day week but origin of Shabbat itself. Now that there is a much better scheme for segregating other observances into their own articles, your concern about tangents has a ready-made solution: true tangents move to their own extant articles. Thank you also for your other improvements, but please watch out for grammar errors. JJB 00:37, 28 March 2009 (UTC)

The 4 Lunar Phases of the 29.53 day Lunar month are roughly 7 days (~7.4 days) each. The Hebrew Calendar - like the Arabic Calendar - is a lunar calendar that alternates between 29 and 30 days. This explains the prominence of the #30 in Holy Scriptures. The Hebrews' Genasis Creation Story was an alternate version of previous Egyptian Religion Creation Stories. Whoever conceived of the ancient Hebrews' version - Moses? - knew the precept of sacred geometry: "As above, so below" and connected the 7-Day Creation Story to the heavens. They also knew the GOD=7_4 Code and made sure that on the 4th Day, "And God said, 'Let there be lights in the sky to separate the day and the night, and let them serve as signs, and to mark seasons, days, years and omens." The seventh(7 letters) day Shabbat(7)/Shabbos(7)/Sabbath(7) and 4 weeks in a 'moonth' encodes something really BIG! - Benjamin Franklin (talk) 22:51, 16 May 2014 (UTC)

International date line[edit]

We simply must cover the international date line debate, which is highly relevant from various perspectives, and one of the great debates in modern halacha. This should be either in this article or in a separate split-off. JFW | T@lk 13:05, 14 June 2009 (UTC)

Three stars[edit]

Can you elaborate more on how the end-of-Sabbath line is drawn? Three stars as end-of-Sabbath - are they specific named stars or just any stars? What happens on cloudy, starless nights? Polar nights? TIA, NVO (talk) 19:25, 4 July 2009 (UTC)

Three stars is symbolic. Shabbat is over when it is dark enough to see several stars. It doesn't matter which ones. Anyway, the rabbis figure out the exact "end of Shabbat" times a year in advance, and all Jewish calendars supply that information, so you don't actually have to look for the stars. And, as you say, it could be cloudy.--Gilabrand (talk) 16:58, 6 October 2009 (UTC)


Should there be a bit of discussion? for example these beliefs are accepted as historic artefacts from a different era - like those concerning safe eating in the desert, clean feet etc. It would add balance to the article to find references to some discussions on the relevance of this stuff to modern life. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:23, 6 October 2009 (UTC)

Serious question: not likely worthy of mention in article though[edit]

this line

Shabbat is the seventh day of the Jewish week and a day of rest in Judaism. Shabbat is observed from sundown Friday until the appearance of three stars in the sky on Saturday night. The exact time, therefore, differs from week to week and from place to place, depending on the time of sunset at each location.

What are the rules north of the arctic circle, if it is night time always, or conversly day time always. Seems like a dumb question but if there is an actual rule for such a sitiuation it may be informative in the article. I really doubt there is an actual rule for this. Smitty1337 (talk) 22:00, 14 February 2010 (UTC)

Interesting question. I found this site that addresses the question rather extensively. From a quick skim, one recommendation is that Jews in those areas observe the shabbat times of the location they were in before traveling north of the Arctic Circle. Equazcion (talk) 22:08, 14 Feb 2010 (UTC)

Guess my question isnt as dumb as i thought lol Jewish law in the polar regions google found me a wiki article on it....imma go link it here after i read it and make sure its relevent.Smitty1337 (talk) 22:22, 14 February 2010 (UTC)


I've removed this para from the article because it's both untrue and unsourced:

The principle of weekly Sabbath has also been adopted, instituted, or modified in other beliefs: compare the Babylonian calendar, the Buddhist uposatha, the Islamic jumu'ah, the pagan sabbat, the Bahá'í calendar, the Unification Church Ahn Shi Il, and the parody-religion Pastafarian weekend.

I don't know about all of these religions, but I do know it's untrue for the Babylonians and Buddhists. Buddhists don't give any particular note to Sundays or to any other day of the week. As for the Babylon, the influence works the other way round - it was the Jews who adopted Sabbath-observance from the Babylonians. The whole thing is unsourced in any case. Either find sources for each of these, or leave it out. PiCo (talk) 02:29, 6 October 2010 (UTC)

Hi again. The sources are in the individual articles, of which this is a summary. Your bald assertion of who adopted Sabbath from whom is not backed up by those sources. Further, the Buddhist case is a lunar week (usually 7 or 8 days), also related to early Sabbath. Your statement "I do know it's untrue" is not any more sourced than the text you deleted. Also, please don't repeat your deleting (and imbalancing the POV, toward Judeo-Christian in this case) when another party undoes it: that is contrary to WP:BRD recommendations and is also considered warring. On this article I'll wait to see who else chimes in. JJB 02:55, 6 October 2010 (UTC)
JJB, the Buddhist cycle isn't based on 7 days, it's based on the phases of the moon - full moon, new moon, and half way between. A 7 day cycle, in contrast, gives exactly 28 days, which means it soon gets out of sync with the lunar cycle (which has 28.25 days). Lunar cycles are based on the fact that the moon is there in the sky - everyone all over the world can see and use it, and they do; no connection with the biblical sabbath is needed, and there's no question of it being an adaptation by one culture from another. As for the babylonian connection, that's in the literature - I think you need to read more widely. PiCo (talk) 03:19, 6 October 2010 (UTC)
You have just said that the Biblical mathematical week was adopted from the Babylonian lunar week, and also that the lunar week is unquestionably unrelated to the mathematical week. You have also just said that the lunation of 29.53+ days is actually 28.25 days. JJB 03:45, 6 October 2010 (UTC)
The situation is more complicated than that. I'll find some sources for you. (And yes, there are 28 and a quarter days in a lunar month).PiCo (talk) 04:03, 6 October 2010 (UTC)
I must say the article as a whoile looks pretty good - it could do with some more sources, perhaps, but the topic seems to be well covered. Now that the references to the Babylonians and, of all people, Buddhists, are gone I have no problems with it. But I promised you some sources, which you can use as and if you please: The Mercer Bible Dictionary, about p.776 for the entry on Sabbath; the Oxford Bible Commentary p105 has a brief description of history and the Sabbath and seems to say that it's no longer held that the Jews got it from the Babylonians, so it seems I was wrong on that point. It might be useful to use these and similar modern sources to re-do the small section on the history of Sabbath, but that's up to you. Thanks for removing the piece that offended me (mostly the Buddhism reference) PiCo (talk) 05:36, 6 October 2010 (UTC)

Further reading section[edit]

The entire "Further reading" section is real marginal and perhaps should go; there are probably thousands of books about Shabbat history, practices, etc; what's so special about these? --jpgordon::==( o ) 02:44, 14 March 2011 (UTC)

I agree wholeheartedly. carl bunderson (talk) (contributions) 03:39, 16 March 2011 (UTC)
Done. carl bunderson (talk) (contributions) 02:28, 21 March 2011 (UTC)
Agree. The important sources should be cited. JFW | T@lk 12:42, 21 March 2011 (UTC)


Shouldn't there be some mention of Non-Jews not being permitted to keep Shabbos? And that someone who publicly desecrated Shabbos cannot be counted in a minyan? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 01:11, 25 May 2011 (UTC)

No. First, Shabbos is Yiddish. In Hebrew, it's Shabbat and in English: Sabbath: it's the 'seventh day of rest'. If a Christian choses to observe their Sabbath on Saturday or even Friday sunset to Saturday sunset - like many do - that is certainly "permitted" by GOD! Note: Shabbat(7 letters)/Shabbos(7)/Sabbath(7) on the seventh(7) day. - Benjamin Franklin (talk) 22:16, 16 May 2014 (UTC)

Friday night section[edit]

What the heck does this mean?

Unlike on Shabbat day, one can partake in all the suggested activities on Friday night. There is an idea that the Jews who partake in Shabbat should not only have Shabbat, but they also make Shabbat. Through this opportunity to do all the encouraged activities, Friday night often is when a Jew will "make" Shabbat.[15]
With this idea in mind one might also assert that Friday night is not just a large part of Shabbat, but really is a full half of it.

It doesn't make much sense to me. -- (talk) 15:24, 30 August 2011 (UTC)

Whatever it means, ??????, the footnote "[15]" should be in main text as a bracketed primary source "(Shabbat 119b)" not masquerading as a WP:RS "[15]". In ictu oculi (talk) 00:26, 13 September 2011 (UTC)
That would go against practice in all Judaism-related articles. In addition, where did you dig up such a rule? Debresser (talk) 01:41, 13 September 2011 (UTC)
I also don't understand what this is supposed to mean. But it seems to me it was rightfully removed. Debresser (talk) 01:42, 13 September 2011 (UTC)

Marital relations[edit]

This seems somewhat suggestive and possible prurient, not to mention confusing. Wouldn't it be more sensible just to say 'sexual relations'? Harburg (talk) 18:04, 3 October 2011 (UTC)

What's wrong with the current version? The sources are quite clear that this is marital/conjugal rather than any kind of contact. JFW | T@lk 15:57, 23 October 2011 (UTC)
To answer your question, JFW, what's wrong with the current version (current as of 6 June 2012, that is) is that it violates WP:EUPHEMISMif "marital relations" here means sex between a husband and wife (I'm not Jewish, so I don't know). If "make love" is a euphemism for sex (the one given as an example in the MOS), certainly "martial relations" is too.
In order to remove the taint of euphemism, "marital relations" should be changed to "marital sex", or something similar. Changing it to just "sex" (or "sexual relations", as Harburg suggested) might make it too broad for this context. Someone who is both Jewish (or knows enough about the subject to speak with authority) and is interested in following the MOS advice to avoid euphemism in WP articles should change the wording in this bullet point. I'll copy that bullet both as it stands today and the proposed change here:
  • Enjoying Shabbat (oneg Shabbat): Engaging in pleasurable activities such as eating, singing, spending time with the family and marital relations.
  • Enjoying Shabbat (oneg Shabbat): Engaging in pleasurable activities such as eating, singing, spending time with the family and marital sex.
I suppose it is possible that "marital relations" is not used here as a euphemism for sex but as a description of the married relationship in general, and that what is encouraged on Shabbat is for a married couple simply to reflect on how happy they are to be married to one another. In that case, a different term should be used, since, as Harburg noted, there is definitely a hint of something sexual in "marital relations".
On second thought, I'm going to assume that JFW's statement "The sources are quite clear that this is marital/conjugal ..." means that this is talking about sex. Therefore, I'm going to make the change I just proposed. If it turns out that someone who knows better says that this bullet point isn't talking about sex at all, then that person can change it to some better phrase – but, please, one that does not carry the sexual connotation "marital relations" carries.--Jim10701 (talk) 03:47, 20 June 2012 (UTC)
Just as a side note, this exact conversation took place on Talk:Tisha_B'Av#Customs this week. Just to make consensus clearer should this issue reemerge, I think the correct decision was made to drop the phrase marital relations as it clearly violated WP:EUPHEMISM. --Bachrach44 (talk) 06:06, 21 June 2012 (UTC)
The term "marital relations" is clear enough, and is hardly a euphemism. And please, no need to refer to a discussion where nobody commented. Debresser (talk) 09:08, 21 June 2012 (UTC)
How is it hardly a euphemism? It's a euphemism for sex (usually), and a confusing one at that. See Jim's comment above where he is unsure if the phrase actually means sex or something else. When it means sex, we need to say sex. When it means something else, we need to say that. It doesn't matter how many people commented here or not, wikipedia policy is very clear on this matter. --Bachrach44 (talk) 09:22, 21 June 2012 (UTC)
Here are some examples I found doing a quick search on wikipedia. On tisha b'av, mikvah, or others it's used in place of the word sex. On ketubah it's used in place of "living together in the same house". On Conservative Halakha it's used in place of "the rules regarding marriage". On Paphnutius of Thebes the phrase is used to mean "marriage". In You shall not commit adultery I honestly can't tell what it's supposed to mean. Why? Because it's an ambiguous phrase. We need to say what we mean. --Bachrach44 (talk) 09:33, 21 June 2012 (UTC)
In fact, "marital relations" covers it perfectly. Clearly "marital sex" is not a recognised combination, while "sex" without a modifier would imply that any kind of intercourse is encouraged. JFW | T@lk 10:55, 22 June 2012 (UTC)
There isn't really a need to qualify it with "marital" since sex outside of mariage would be banned regardless of the day of the week. "Marital Relations" needs to go. If it is a euphemism for sex then policy says it must change. If it is not a euphemism for sex, then it is a euphemism for some other thing, because if I take it as a literal phrase "Marital Relations" I'm banned from being married on shabbat!? Smitty1337 (talk) 09:02, 23 June 2012 (UTC)

WP:naming conventions (use English)[edit]

It looks as if this article title may not be following WP naming policy, or WP:RS such as etc? In ictu oculi (talk) 19:25, 11 November 2011 (UTC)

This article is about the Jewish Sabbath. We have a separate article on Sabbath. Shabbat is a term widely used in English language texts to refer to the Jewish Sabbath and is therefore appropriate here. See WP:PRECISION.--agr (talk) 20:15, 11 November 2011 (UTC)
Hi Arnold, thanks, yes of course, but "Jewish Sabbath" (hence WP:PRECISION) is English, that doesn't bear directly on WP:EN; is it possible that you or someone else could run a Google Scholar or Google Books advanced search to demonstrate that "Shabbat" is more common than "Sabbath" in English-language WP:RS when relating to Judaism? It may well be that is, but the Jewish Encyclopedia suggests that it isn't, or at least wasn't in 1911. Anyone willing to check this? In ictu oculi (talk) 01:31, 16 November 2011 (UTC)

Resistor Network[edit]

In the section "Technology in the service of Shabbat" the article mentions a "resistor network" to store energy from elevators. I get the general idea, but resistor networks don't store energy. I presume what you are talking about here is some kind of big capacitor or rechargable battery, or maybe even an enormous flywheel. This is a point about physics, not Judaism, but it could stand some reconsideration. Rob Burbidge (talk) 00:34, 15 January 2012 (UTC)

Link to 'Activities prohibited on Shabbat'[edit]

I added a link under the 'Prohibited activities' section to the 'Activities prohibited on Shabbat' page because for some reason it took me ages to find that particular page from this one and it also seemed to make sense. This is the first time I've edited wikipedia, so hope that was ok and sorry about having to correct what I was doing a couple of times :=] (talk) 02:18, 5 April 2012 (UTC)

Discussion about the 54 Shabbat parshas[edit]

  • REQUEST: Please see the centralized discussion about this subject, relating to sources, links, content, etc at Talk:Chayei Sarah (parsha). Thank you, IZAK (talk) 09:43, 30 July 2012 (UTC)


  • Could someone correct the Turkish interwiki please. It is linked to a wrong page. The correct one is tr:Şabat. Thank you.--Abuk SABUK (talk) 18:20, 18 March 2013 (UTC)
Already done. After I merged these together yesterday, a bot went and (incorrectly) changed. it. I guess they're still ironing the wrinkles out over at Wikidata. StevenJ81 (talk) 18:29, 18 March 2013 (UTC)

(English: Sabbath)[edit]

Hebrew: Shabbat, Yiddish: Shabbos, English: Sabbath. - Benjamin Franklin (talk) 22:08, 16 May 2014 (UTC)

  • If this is the case why isn't the article named Sabbath? Or Sabbath (Jewish)? Marcocapelle (talk) 06:39, 29 May 2014 (UTC)
      • Because the traditional name is shabbat. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 11:46, 31 March 2015 (UTC)

Yiddish spelling[edit]

Although the Yiddish pronunciation is Shabbos/Shabbis, it is written as שבת‎, the same spelling as in Hebrew.

Well, yes and no. In the real Yiddish-speaking world (pre-war Europe, for example, and even modern charedi communities), that's correct. But according to YIVO standardized spelling rules, it's probably the other way. I wouldn't bother fussing with it. StevenJ81 (talk) 21:27, 29 October 2014 (UTC)
Both spellings are now in place. StevenJ81 (talk) 22:13, 6 May 2015 (UTC)


so it is on friday-saturday but is the 7th day of the week? i'm confused McTreevil (talk) 11:50, 31 March 2015 (UTC)

Jewish days start in the evening. It's about the most longstanding tradition you can find - check out the first chapter of Genesis, "and it was night and it was day, one day". --Dweller (talk) 11:52, 31 March 2015 (UTC)

Content on Siddur Nashim moved[edit]

I moved this content to the article Siddur, as the content was about the siddur, not about Shabbat per se. To the original (IP) author, please keep in mind: I moved the content, I did not purge nor suppress it.

I would add: Content about Shabbat-specific prayer books probably belongs more in the Siddur article than here in any event. But if someone disagrees, adds content discussing Shabbat-specific prayer books broadly, and includes information on this siddur, that would be a legitimate approach. Information only about this siddur in this article would not be. StevenJ81 (talk) 14:40, 14 April 2015 (UTC)

IPA Pronunciation as added by User:Moscowonthehudson[edit]

@Moscowonthehudson today added a number of pronunciations for Shabbat using IPA. (Thank you for a useful addition.) My question to you and others is:

  • What reliable source do you have for choosing that pronuncation, especially in English?
  • If you're de facto using WP:BLUE—that is, pronunciation is obvious, so doesn't need explicit sourcing—do people really think that most people pronounce in English with a schwa (ə) rather than the equivalent of a pataḥ (a)?

I hear it both ways. I'd say that on the whole, people who are more knowledgeable/more involved tend to use a, or at least something that's closer to a than to ə, even when speaking English. But I do know people who do the opposite; maybe it's the larger number of people, even if less knowledgeable/less involved. I don't know. I basically just want to figure this out and get it right before we forget it's here. StevenJ81 (talk) 14:28, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

Hi, @StevenJ81. I am still new to Wikipedia, so please correct me if I have made any mistakes. I think that the "IPA-en" on wikipedia must use phonemes that are in the english language - here: Now besides the Schwa, the only other suitable phoneme for for "Shabbat" is aː, which is a variable vowel, (either ɑː or æ). and pronouncing Shabbat with an æ is completely incorrect. Additionally, most people I have heard pronounce it have done so with the Schwa sound, so I think it is more appropriate. Let me know if anything is off. Moscowonthehudson (talk)
Hi back at you, @Moscowonthehudson, (great movie!) and welcome to Wikipedia. (On talk pages, start using colons to indent responses progressively, like I did here.)
I agree it clearly can't be æ, so therefore the variable doesn't work.
  • The phoneme I would use (and the way most of my friends pronounce) would be ɑː. But that could be influenced by the facts that (a) many of my friends and I have "some-to-a-lot-of" Hebrew, so may tend to pronounce like Hebrew, and (b) also often hear the Yiddishized pronunciation, where that syllable gets the stress and is therefore never ə.
  • Curious: where do you live? (Based on WP:ANONYMOUS, you don't have to answer that at all. But even if you do, I'm more interested in a big-bucket, linguistic-variation sort of answer, not something by which I can pin you down.)
I also suspect that even if ə is most common in the US, it's far less commonly used outside the US.
I'm going to recommend that we let some others weigh in on this, hoping we get people from a variety of geographies. I will ask at WT:WikiProject Judaism for input as well. Thanks for your contribution, and good luck here! StevenJ81 (talk) 15:16, 9 June 2015 (UTC)
I am from the Greater New York area and am Jewish, and live around Jews. The reason why i don't think it should be ɑː, is because the second "ɑː" after the "b" in "Shabbat" is much longer than the first. Putting an ɑː before and after the "b"s would mean that they are of equal length.
On the pronunciation of "Shabbat" outside of the US, we would need Canadians, British, or Australians to weigh in. That is an interesting question. Moscowonthehudson (talk) 16:21, 9 June 2015 (UTC)
Ditto, and ditto, and ditto. Where I live, the second one is usually equal to, or only very slightly longer than, the first, even though the stress is on the second.
I did a little looking up, BTW. cites the Random House Dictionary from the US and the Collins English Dictionary from the UK, and both use ɑː. But Merriam-Webster, usually my go-to dictionary of US English, uses ə.
If I had to guess, we'll end up with both included, somehow. StevenJ81 (talk) 16:30, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

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