From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Former featured article candidate Silver is a former featured article candidate. Please view the links under Article milestones below to see why the nomination failed. For older candidates, please check the archive.
June 2, 2004 Featured article candidate Not promoted
          This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects:
WikiProject Elements (Rated B-class, Top-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is supported by WikiProject Elements, which gives a central approach to the chemical elements and their isotopes on Wikipedia. Please participate by editing this article, or visit the project page for more details.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the quality scale.
 Top  This article has been rated as Top-importance on the importance scale.
Note icon
This article is a vital article.
WikiProject Alternative medicine (Rated B-class)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Alternative medicine, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Alternative medicine related articles on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the quality scale.
WikiProject Mining (Rated B-class, High-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Mining, a collaborative project to organize and improve articles related to mining and mineral industries. If you would like to participate, you can edit the attached article, or visit the project page, where you can see a list of open tasks, join in the discussion, or join the project.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale.
 High  This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject History (Rated B-class, Mid-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject History, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of the subject of History on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Mid  This article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Anthropology (Rated B-class, Low-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Anthropology, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Anthropology on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the quality scale.
 Low  This article has been rated as Low-importance on the importance scale.
WikiProject Economics (Rated B-class, High-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Economics, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Economics on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale.
 High  This article has been rated as High-importance on the project's importance scale.
Wikipedia Version 1.0 Editorial Team / v0.5 / Vital (Rated C-class, High-importance)
WikiProject icon This article has been reviewed by the Version 1.0 Editorial Team.
C-Class article C  This article has been rated as C-Class on the quality scale.
Checklist icon
 High  This article has been rated as High-importance on the importance scale.


Please correct the density for silver and the temperature with the following info. Density at 20 deg C is 10.492 g/cm3. Reference David R. Smith and F. R. Fickett; Low-Temperature Properties of Silver [J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 100, 119 (1995)] DLH (talk) 14:48, 11 January 2010 (UTC)

Thanks, but this value is already in the infobox. Materialscientist (talk) 00:51, 12 January 2010 (UTC)

New Edit to Price Section (ref to Hunt Brothers)[edit]

{{editsemiprotected}} Under the 'Price' section there is the sentence:

'In 1980 the silver price rose to an all-time high of US$49.45 per troy ounce (T.O.) due to market manipulation[dubious – discuss].'

The manipulation by the Hunt Brothers is well documented. I suggest an edit to:

In 1980 the silver price rose to an all-time high of US$49.45 per troy ounce (T.O.) due to market manipulation by the Nelson Bunker Hunt. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Tom.picking (talkcontribs)

This would do: [1] --Stone (talk) 12:32, 3 July 2010 (UTC)
There was no market manipulation in 1980. Silver was up because dollar temporary lost its reserve currency status. There are 1.2 million tones of silver above ground. How could Hunt brothers corner it by buying only 3,000 tones of silver? Warren Buffet bought 200,000,000 ounces of silver in 1997 (2 times more than Hunt brothers) but price of silver didn't change. Please remove reference to Hunt brothers manipulation. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:22, 9 July 2010 (UTC)
The Hunt brothers bought futures contracts above and beyond their physical purchases, this is called leverage, as the price rose the value of their contracts rose and they parlayed that into more contracts, until the exchange and the FED stepped in and forced the price back down. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 06:23, 16 August 2011 (UTC)
The price of silver did rise slightly in 1997 when Warren bought that amount. I agree that the increase in 1997 was small, compared to that in 1979 and the January of 1980.
Buffett bought 129.7 million troy oz. of silver in 1997 and 1998. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:24, 20 January 2015 (UTC)
The price of silver went from USD 5.00 to USD 7.84 and the fell back to USD 5.00. This was from 14/11/1997 to 7/2/1998 and 25/5/1998. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:00, 21 January 2015 (UTC)
See Silver Thursday. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:30, 10 February 2015 (UTC)


please tell me more about:

- Argentina( country)- why it has this name? does it relate to Silver( in Latin language, Silver is "Argentum")?

- The same question with "Rio de la Plata"?

- why ancient scientist wrote Silver like a moon( symbol)? because of color of Silver? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Meocon quyet doan (talkcontribs) 10:34, 3 July 2010 (UTC)

Also: what are some of the chemical properties of silver? I don't know how to find or tell what is chemical or physical. Thanks:) —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 18:04, 31 October 2010 (UTC)

- Oddly no mention is made of the Potosí mine in modern Bolivia. It was this mine that supplied the Spanish treasure fleets. Because prior to independence Bolivia and Peru were regarded as one territory, we have the slightly misleading assertion that it was Peru (not Bolivia)that has been a major source of silver since the 16th century. The fact that Wikipedia itself has several articles referring to places named after Potosí is indicative of the legendary vastness of the lode Everybody got to be somewhere! (talk) 15:25, 9 November 2010 (UTC)

- Incidentally much of Bolivia's silver was transported back to Europe via the Rio de la Plata Everybody got to be somewhere! (talk) 15:25, 9 November 2010 (UTC)

You will get better answers if you ask at the Wikipedia:Reference desk, but I'll provide a few relevant reading links here, for instructions on how to use Wikipedia to the best,
Users Augusta2 (aka "Everybody got to be somewhere") and Meocon quyet doan asks
Q: Argentina( country)- why it has this name? does it relate to Silver( in Latin language, Silver is "Argentum")?
See Argentina#Etymology and Name of Argentina
Q: The same question with "Rio de la Plata"?
See Rio de la Plata#Etymology
Q: why ancient scientist wrote Silver like a moon( symbol)? because of color of Silver?
I think nobody knows for sure, but I think that the old alchemy and astrology is responsible for connecting silver, the next most noble element, with the moon, the next brightest object in the sky, as gold was connected with the sun...
Q: Also: what are some of the chemical properties of silver? I don't know how to find or tell what is chemical or physical.
I propose Wikiversity School Chemistry, I couldn't find the counterparting School:Physics
Q: Thanks:) reason, instead try the reference desk as mentioned...
Statement: Oddly no mention is made of the...
That is definitely worth noting, for mayhap future improvement of the article, thanks for that!
Statement: Incidentally much of Bolivia's silver was transported back to Europe via the Rio de la Plata
That is worth noting too. Rursus dixit. (mbork3!) 19:36, 21 November 2010 (UTC)

- Missing history of silver in China. China's economy was based on silver even into the 20th century and partially protected the country form the Great Depression (why I don't know). How much silver circulated in China? Did it rival Roma during any dynasty? How much did China have during Han Dynasty when Roma existed? Did first banks in China start with silver? The noun bank is 银行 (silver shop). Much of American silver went to China, trade deficits, so much that this event help motive UK to sell opium in China to balance trade (even though opium was illegal in UK).

Silver as a conductor in cables for high quality audio[edit]

The silver article contains a mention of using silver for special high quality audio and power connector cables. This is pure quackery. I have tried to remove it twice but it has been immediately reinstated by Markvs88 without any reason or explanation, despite my invitation to discuss it here. At the very least such outrageously unscientific points of view should be introduced by words such as "some schools of thought believe ..." (talk) 23:47, 29 November 2010 (UTC)

I agree thoroughly. Silver is widely used in radio frequency applications where the skin effect really does make the higher conductivity marginally useful. The fact that the tarnish on silver is also a good conductor increases its attraction to RF designers for mating surfaces of connectors. The difference in conductivity between copper (16.78 nΩ·m) and silver (15.87 nΩ·m) is less than 6%. Audiophools can get exactly the same effect by increasing the size of conductors by that amount! RF engineers are constrained in the dimensions they can use by the nature of tuned circuits and so cannot do this. They therefore do use silver as a conductor. Audiophools discovered that the military used silver (plated) conductors in their 'cost no object' radio equipment and considered that this inevitably had a benefit for them. This is not the case. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Andy.Cowley (talkcontribs) 02:18, 5 February 2011 (UTC)

Yes, I've reverted it twice. Your invitation to chat was actually a call to see if "I could get support" to keep in something you wanted to remove, which doesn't make a whole lot of sense -- by that logic you could delete about a third of the article (nevermind a whole lot of Wikipedia). I also don't find "rubbish" and "techno-babble" to be very descriptive. However, if you would explain why the points should be deleted, I'm open to read it. Best, Markvs88 (talk) 02:48, 30 November 2010 (UTC)
Err. I was hoping you could say something factual about this application and spare my time from looking it up from scratch. Unfortunately I can't access the quoted ref, at least now. Materialscientist (talk) 02:58, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

There is a small group of manufacturers exploiting a niche market where they have convinced audio enthusiasts that copper wire is not good enough for connecting things together, and that silver is better. And of course their products aimed at this market are outrageously expensive, affordable only by those who have more money than sense. The power cable example illustrates the total absence of scientific reasoning behind this kind of product: why would using one meter of silver power cable between the wall socket and your amplifier make it sound different or better? The remaining 99.99% of the power delivery circuit back through the switchboard to the electricity utility's distribution system is made of copper! Wikipedia should not condone or permit any attempts by interested parties to promote (however discretely) these silver-based wiring products. (talk) 12:57, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

While I understand your desire to right a percieved wrong/untruth (and your considerable knowledge in this field), Wikipedia isn't in search of truth, but wp:verifiability. Consider the line: "Some high-end audio hardware (DACs, preamplifiers, etc.) are fully silver-wired, which is believed to cause the least loss of quality in the signal." It's pretty neutral in tone. It doesn't state categorically that it does the job better nor that the addition of silver makes the sound necessarily better -- just that it is the least loss of signal quality. Is the delta in loss 10% or 0.0001%? I don't know, but the line says that some high-end products use silver. Can you cite either that there are no silver-using "high end audio hardware producers", or perhaps that silver does not have less signal loss than copper? Best, Markvs88 (talk) 14:52, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

Wires used for supplying signals at low voltages don't cause any loss in signal quality, regardless of which metal they are made of. They might collect interference but that will be the same for all metals. Wires for supplying current to heavy loads such as loudspeakers should have the lowest resistance possible - silver wires have a resistance of about 6% less than copper ones of the same size, but cost 800 times as much. Not a very good engineering solution: a better idea would be to use 6% more copper, which will reduce the resistance to the value for the silver wires, and yet only cost 6% more! Based on resistivity of Ag = 1.59×10−8 Ω·m, Cu = 1.68×10−8 Ω·m, price of Ag = $25/troy oz, Cu = $8.50/kg, 1kg = 32 troy oz. I repeat: the marketing of silver wires is a ploy to extract cash from people with more money than sense. (talk) 21:55, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

Sure, but there are two separate issues here - (i) whether silver is needed there (most likely not, even for low-Ohm speakers) (ii) whether it is actually used there (for marketing purposes), like it or not. Materialscientist (talk) 22:55, 30 November 2010 (UTC), you're debating cost vs. performance but you've just admitted that silver has a (minimally) lower resistance than copper. I can't see any reason for the removal of the point given its tone. If you like, I would support you adding (preferably with a citation) as to why this claim is spurious per your posting here, but not its removal as it is basically factual. Best, Markvs88 (talk) 23:53, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

PS: Just thought of the clincher argument ... bullets are made of lead, because bullets are supposed to be heavy, and lead is a dense metal. But gold is even denser, so why not make bullets out of gold? Reason: gold bullets are admittedly good, but too expensive; if you want heavier bullets, make bigger ones using lead! (talk) 23:46, 30 November 2010 (UTC)

Not relevant. Luxury items are not economical and do not require price reduction. Materialscientist (talk) 23:49, 30 November 2010 (UTC)
I agree with Materialscientist here. That's a debate purely on price, not qualilty. (AFAIK gold bullets would only be significantly better on Cybermen. Best, Markvs88 (talk) 23:59, 30 November 2010 (UTC)


Silver is $36 today. Could someone update it? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 09:52, 6 June 2011 (UTC)

Argentum root[edit]

In the article, which of the two following statements is correct? The Intro says Latin: argentum, from the Indo-European root *arg- for "grey" or "shining", while the History section says from the Indo-European root *arg- meaning "white" or "shining". I suspect grey is wrong, because grey doesn't shine, but I equally suspect silver isn't white! Does anyone know a printed source for the Indo-European root of *arg, to clear this up? Pete Hobbs (talk) 09:50, 19 September 2011 (UTC)


Argentus - In the 1970s and 1980s Jostens made some class rings out of Argentus which they described as follows: "Jostens Argentus A new dawn in white precious for your college ring. A unique blend of silver and palladium, (not stainless steel) metals. Argentus is hard and durable and will retain its brightness and beauty for years to come." Wsteinborn (talk) 09:20, 15 October 2011 (UTC)

Medical uses[edit]

There is already a section Medical which fully develops this topic. Why is it necessary to open a new section called Medical uses in Human exposure and consumption. Plantsurfer (talk) 08:22, 12 December 2011 (UTC)

Silver notation as "AR"[edit]

There is a symbol for silver not mentioned in the article. "AR" is used to denote silver in numismatic circles. In these scenarios Ag is only really used when the coin is worn such that it is only worth the silver bullion value. I am not going to add this as it is frustratingly hard to reference (and from experience, unreferenced inclusions get deleted)! If you type AR coin into google though all the images are silver coins... but i can't find it written.  :/ (talk) 11:10, 22 September 2012 (UTC)

Even if proper sources were found documenting such, the terms are extraneous to the subject of silver, and best not included in this article. The most common standardized abbreviation and brief etymology is given and sufficient. The term "AR" as related to describing silver coins of antiquity is more related to the subjects of numismatics or coin grading or AR, et al. Ah, the last does have an entry for AR being "Argent, the heraldic tincture of silver". -- EsotericRogue Talk 09:12, 21 October 2012 (UTC)

Electron configuration[edit]

My humblest apologies, but I could not find the appropriate place to put this question, but why is the noble gas abbreviation given as the electron configuration, and it doesn't look correct? Should it not be [Kr] 5s^2 4d^9? I'm currently teaching electron configuration and noble gas abbreviations to my students, and would love an explanation if I'm mistaken. (talk) 02:33, 31 October 2012 (UTC)Wynni/Wynnifitz

The "usual" explanation is that half- and fully-filled orbitals are preferable in general, thus 5s2 4d9 is higher in energy than 5s1 4d10. This is similar to copper's electron configuration of 3d10 4s1. The usual counterexample is the electron configurations of Ni, Pd, Pt: [Ar]3d8 4s2, [Kr]4d10, [Xe]4f14 5d9 6s1.

I don't know the answer off the top of my head, but I believe spin orbit coupling and relativistic effects are invoked for the heavier metals. --Rifleman 82 (talk) 15:17, 31 October 2012 (UTC)

For Cu, Ag, and Au, the stability of a filled d-subshell gives them a ground state nd10(n+1)s1 configuration, with nd9(n+1)s2 being the first excited state. However, for Au, relativistic effects must be taken into account and the s electrons are also relativistically stabilized; this effect is even larger for Rg, where the 6d97s2 configuration is so stabilized that it becomes the ground state. (This can be seen in group 6 too: for Cr and Mo, the stability of a half-filled d-subshell appears to dominate, giving a nd5(n+1)s1 configuration, but for W and Sg, where relativistic effects need to be taken into account, the stabilization of a filled s-subshell appears to dominate, giving a nd4(n+1)s2 configuration.) Double sharp (talk) 08:27, 1 November 2012 (UTC)

Medical uses of silver[edit]

We have an article on the Medical uses of silver that is referred to in the Silver article. I would like for this information to be the same for each page. The intro to the Med uses of silver is:

The medical uses of silver include its incorporation into wound dressings, and its use as an antibiotic coating in medical devices. While wound dressings containing silver sulfadiazine or silver nanomaterials may be used to treat external infections,<ref name="Burns2007">Atiyeh BS, Costagliola M, Hayek SN, Dibo SA (2007). "Effect of silver on burn wound infection control and healing: review of the literature". Burns 33 (2): 139–48. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2006.06.010. PMID 17137719.  </ref><ref name=pmid16722867>Qin Y (2005). "Silver-containing alginate fibres and dressings". International Wound Journal 2 (2): 172–6. doi:10.1111/j.1742-4801.2005.00101.x. PMID 16722867.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)</ref><ref name="Hermans2006">Hermans MH (2006). "Silver-containing dressings and the need for evidence". The American journal of nursing 106 (12): 60–8; quiz 68–9. doi:10.1097/00000446-200612000-00025. PMID 17133010. </ref> there is little evidence to support their use.<ref name=Dress2010/> Silver is also used in some medical applications, such as urinary catheters and endotracheal breathing tubes, where there is tentative evidence that it is effective in reducing catheter-related urinary tract infections and ventilator-associated pneumonia respectively.<ref name=Bou2012>Bouadma, L; Wolff, M; Lucet, JC (2012 Aug). "Ventilator-associated pneumonia and its prevention". Current opinion in infectious diseases 25 (4): 395–404. doi:10.1097/QCO.0b013e328355a835. PMID 22744316.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)</ref><ref name=Beattie2011/> The silver ion (Ag+
) is bioactive and in sufficient concentration readily kills bacteria in vitro. Silver and silver nanoparticles are used as an antimicrobial in a variety of industrial, healthcare and domestic applications.<ref>Maillard, Jean-Yves; Hartemann, Philippe (2012). "Silver as an antimicrobial: Facts and gaps in knowledge". Critical Reviews in Microbiology: 1. doi:10.3109/1040841X.2012.713323. </ref>

Colloidal silver a (colloid consisting of silver particles suspended in liquid) and formulations containing silver salts have been marketed with claims of treating a variety of diseases.<ref name="fda-rule"/> Colloidal silver was used by physicians in the early 20th century, but its use was largely discontinued in the 1940s following the development of safer and more effective modern antibiotics.<ref name="Fung1996">Fung, M. C.; Bowen, D. L. (1996). "Silver products for medical indications: Risk-benefit assessment". Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology 34 (1): 119–126. doi:10.3109/15563659609020246. PMID 8632503. </ref><ref name="mskcc"/> Since the 1990s, colloidal silver has again been marketed as an alternative medicine, often with extensive "cure-all" claims. Colloidal silver products remain available in many countries as dietary supplements and homeopathic remedies, although they are not effective in treating any known condition and carry the risk of serious side effects such as argyria, allergic reactions, and interactions with prescription medications.<ref name="fda-rule">"Over-the-counter drug products containing colloidal silver ingredients or silver salts. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Public Health Service (PHS), Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Final rule" (PDF). Federal Register 64 (158): 44653–8. 1999. PMID 10558603.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)</ref><ref name=nccam>"Colloidal Silver Products". National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. February 2012 [First published 2004]. Retrieved January 2013. </ref>

Would paraphrasing this lede slightly provide sufficient non-conflicting information for this article? Desoto10 (talk) 01:53, 5 March 2013 (UTC)


Large parts of this section seem to be copied directly from [this tvtropes article] and are quite clearly written in the parlance of the site. The section has already been tagged as "citation needed", but it's also in dire need of some encyclopaedification. D4g0thur 02:34, 9 April 2013 (UTC)


Where did the word come from??? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 22:19, 11 April 2013 (UTC)

There is something about the Latin and Greek words for silver in the article, but very little about the Teutonic word "silver". I think you will find that it appears in all Teutonic languages with regular sound laws. It seems to be unrelated to the above two mentioned. — Preceding unsigned comment added by MissouriOzark1947 (talkcontribs) 11:52, 22 September 2014 (UTC)

Price of Silver section[edit]

The Price section should be cleaned up. The price section now contains on religion & first born stuff. While this may be something that silver is used for it is extraneous information that is off topic for the section it is in. Perhaps a Silver & religion article would be less disorganized. (Gccoe (talk) 14:33, 12 September 2013 (UTC))

It seems more like a use and valuation of silver than a pricing system. Create a new section above, where the other uses of silver are found and start a religious use one, or merge it into one of the existing ones.--☾Loriendrew☽ (talk) 15:43, 12 September 2013 (UTC)

Silver as a Food additive in the USA (Use in food)[edit]

Regarding the closing [citation needed]

A quick well-tailored google search pulled up a document from the FDA which stated that a silver nitrate and hydrogen peroxide solution is approved for use in bottled water as an antimicrobial (obviously in minute quantities). The only other FDA-approved use I could find anywhere was for it's use in cosmetics as a coloring (fingernail polish, not exceeding 1%). I don't know whether this is worth digging into, but I don't plan on adding this myself as I don't know a whole lot about the subject but I thought it might be worth mentioning if anyone does. Parasprite (talk) 21:00, 14 December 2013 (UTC)

They still make those tiny silver-played sugar balls for decorating cupcakes, don't they? --Guy Macon (talk) 17:07, 19 July 2015 (UTC)
Yes. See Silver#Use in food Plantsurfer 17:09, 19 July 2015 (UTC)

MarnetteD and Materialscientist please comment on this[edit]

why's this edit being deleted?

Silver nano particles have been shown to react with stomach acid producing the toxic salt silver chloride. [1] Silver has been shown to negatively effect glutathione in mammals. [2]

Well, for starters, because people not signing their posts and using references on talk pages are disliked in general. The misuse of "effect" probably also has something to do with it. — LlywelynII 07:34, 8 February 2016 (UTC)

It's all Greek and Roll to me[edit]

I'm all for the inclusion of information but (a) people who are curious for the Greek translation of silver can go to Wiktionary or click the Greek link in the left column already; (b) we only list relevant foreign names in English articles and the modern Greek word and its modern Greek transliteration certainly don't count; (c) even the ancient Greek form—where upsilon is transliterated y—is entirely beside the point: the symbol Ag came from its Latin name and only its Latin name. We need to keep WP:LEAD sections terse and informative, especially the WP:FIRSTSENTENCE. The PIE (≠"Indo-European") is already probably too much but is at least slightly informative as to where the Latin name came from. — LlywelynII 07:33, 8 February 2016 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

Hello fellow Wikipedians,

I have just modified 2 external links on Silver. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. I made the following changes:

When you have finished reviewing my changes, please set the checked parameter below to true or failed to let others know (documentation at {{Sourcecheck}}).

Question? Archived sources still need to be checked

Cheers.—cyberbot IITalk to my owner:Online 23:22, 1 April 2016 (UTC)


“Reaching a peak production of 200 t per year, an estimated silver stock of 10,000 t circulated in the Roman economy in the middle of the second century AD, five to ten times larger than the combined amount of silver available to medieval Europe and the Caliphate around 800 AD.” So, most of that silver ended up in China, right? Is there a source to trace the destiny of all this silver? Eight or nine kilotons of silver travelled through the Silk Route by those six centuries? Just this is a very curious question, and I don't believe that a large portion of that silver could just be lost or transformed. I think that the answer, is available, should be put into the article beside the quote. Thanks. - (talk) 19:31, 11 June 2016 (UTC)