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originally Chaiya, Tha Thong, Kiri Raj administered by Nakhon Sri Thammarat
Rama IV moved Tha Thong to Ban Don, Tha Thong renamed to Kanchanadit
Monthon Chumpon was created out of Chaiya, Kanchanadit, Lang Suan, Chumpon.
Monthon seat moved to Ban Don in 1915 and city renamed to Surat Thani
Tej Bunnag book:
Monthon created by provinces Chumpon, Surat Thani, Chaiya, Lang Suan
Southern provinces under control of the Kalahorn ministry in 1889 don't list a province Bandon or Tha Thong, only Kanchanadit
Goods.th (that page currently 404, link go to archive.org version of 2003)
Tha Thong and Khiri Rat annexed by Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Chaiya administrated from Ayutthaya
After fall of Ayutthaya, Chaiya also administrated from Nakhon Sri Thammarat
Rama IV: moved Tha Thong to Ban Don, renamed it Kanchanadit and set it under Bangkok authority
1896: Monthon Chumphon: Kanchanadit (or Ban Don), Chaiya, and Khiri Ratthanikhom [Chumphon probably included implicitely]
1905: Monthon center moved to Chaiya (Ban Don) and renamed Surat Thani [Chaiya must be wrong]
1915: Chaiya renamed to "Surat Thani" [must be Ban Don, how come Monthon had that name before already?]
1925: Monthon included into Monthon Nakhon Sri Thammarat
: Rama III moved Thathong (located at modern คลองท่าทองใหม่) to Kanchanadit, and give it the new name. BE 2441 Monthon Chumphon created. 2442 Chaiya and Kanchanadit merged to Mueang Chaiya. 2458 court (Monthon) moved from Chumphon to Bandon. Chaiya renamed อำเภอพุมเรียง, but name wasn't much accepted by population. July 29 2458 name Surat Thani was created after Surat in India. In August 2458 river Tapi got its new name after Tapi river at Surat, India. Province hall originally in ตำบลท่าข้าม, Amphoe Phunphin. Move to Bandon in WWII. At December 8 2484 Japanese capture Surat, province hall burn down. Rebuild till BE 2497. Bombing by rebel on March 19, 1982 and destroyed completely (5 casualties). Site is now Lak Mueang.