Talk:Tariff

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Merger proposal for Duty[edit]

I propose that Duty (economics)#Customs duty be merged into this article. Not the entire article, but just the section dealing with tariffs. It can be replaced with a stub section roughly corresponding to the introduction/summary of this article. Int21h (talk) 01:43, 16 May 2014 (UTC)

I have done it. Int21h (talk) 19:53, 17 June 2014 (UTC)

Dr. Biswas's comment on this article[edit]

Dr. Biswas has reviewed this Wikipedia page, and provided us with the following comments to improve its quality:


I think it would be better if the welfare consequences of imposing a tariff be discussed in some details. Imposition of tariffs has two effects, it increases the output of the import competing sector and brings about a terms of trade improvement. In the case all the markets are characterized by perfect competition, the first channel becomes a source of welfare loss while the second channel improves it. This is because the import competing sector produces a good in which the country concern does not have comparative advantage. On the other hand, improvement in terms of trade makes the price of the importable in the world market fall which is good for the country.

This discussion implies that a small country can have only an optimal tariff equal to zero as there are no terms of trade effect for it ( a small country cannot affect the prices in the world market). Any imposition of tariff would only increase the output of the import competing sector and cause welfare loss. Still, it can be used to protect the import competing sector. For a large country with some monopoly power in the world market, the optimal tariff is always positive. {Reference:World Trade and Payments: An Introduction, 10/E, Richard E. Caves, Jeffrey A. Frankel, Ronald W. Jones} In case markets are imperfectly competitive, increase in output of the import competing sector may not be potentially welfare reducing. This can happen when there are economies of scale in the production. Presence of scale economies implies that as tariffs increase the output of the import competing sector, average costs are reduced which in turn means lower prices for the consumers. (Note that when trade takes place due to imperfect competition, it is not necessarily comparative advantage that drives trade.) {Reference: Krugman, P.R. (1994), Rethinking International Trade, MIT Press, Cambridge.} Gros (1987){See Gros, D. (1987), "A Note on the Optimal Tariff, Retaliation and the Welfare Loss from Tariff Wars in a Framework with Intra-industry Trade", Journal of International Economics, Volume-23} further argues that when there is strong love for variety amongst the consumers, a small country also enjoys some monopoly power in the world market due to the production of the unique varieties (if there are fixed costs in production no two producer would produce the same varieties) in a trading equilibrium. This means that optimal tariff for a small country may not be necessarily be zero.


We hope Wikipedians on this talk page can take advantage of these comments and improve the quality of the article accordingly.

Dr. Biswas has published scholarly research which seems to be relevant to this Wikipedia article:


  • Reference : Biswas, Rajit, 2014. "Tariffs that may fail to protect: A model of trade and public goods," MPRA Paper 56707, University Library of Munich, Germany.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 18:32, 25 May 2015 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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Assessment comment[edit]

The comment(s) below were originally left at Talk:Tariff/Comments, and are posted here for posterity. Following several discussions in past years, these subpages are now deprecated. The comments may be irrelevant or outdated; if so, please feel free to remove this section.

The economic analysis seems unnecessarily partisan. Rather than starting off with the theories of "libertarian economists", it would be good to first explain the widely recognized effects of tariffs. It may be appropriate to include which groups of people think those effects are good or bad, but I think that should only come after the explanation. David@sickmiller.com (talk) 08:19, 9 July 2009 (UTC)

Last edited at 08:19, 9 July 2009 (UTC). Substituted at 07:38, 30 April 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Crowley's comment on this article[edit]

Dr. Crowley has reviewed this Wikipedia page, and provided us with the following comments to improve its quality:


I think the material in the section "customs duty" is likely incorrect. This section is confusing at best. I recommend removing it entirely.

For evasion of custums duties section: Here is a recent publication

"Outsourcing Tariff Evasion: A New Explanation for Entrepôt Trade," Raymond Fisman & Peter Moustakerski & Shang-jin Wei), 2008, The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, 90(3): 587-592.

The section Economic Analysis does not contain any references to the more realistic case of a country that faces an upward sloping export supply curve. This is the focus of much current research on the topic. See Broda, Christian, Nuno Limao and David E. Weinstein. 2008. "Optimal Tariffs and Market Power: The Evidence." American Economic Review, 98(5): 2032-65. DOI: 10.1257/aer.98.5.2032

The section "Tariffs within technology strategies" is confusing and partially wrong. It does not provide enough concrete analysis to explain that rationale for infant industry tariffs nor does it precisely explain why they are often viewed with skepticism.


We hope Wikipedians on this talk page can take advantage of these comments and improve the quality of the article accordingly.

Dr. Crowley has published scholarly research which seems to be relevant to this Wikipedia article:


  • Reference : Chad Bown & Meredith Crowley, 2009. "Self-enforcing trade agreements: evidence from antidumping policy," Working Paper Series WP-09-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 13:00, 11 June 2016 (UTC)