Talk:The Quadrature of the Parabola
|WikiProject Mathematics||(Rated Start-class, Mid-importance)|
Moved from the end of the intro
In 1906 Heiberg suggested that Archimedes' proof was written as
4A/3 = A + A/4 + A/12
- Archimedes' proof was also written as
- 1, 5/8, 14/27, 30/64, ....., Pn/n3, ..... tends at number 1/3, as n tends to infinity
- where the numerator of the sequence terms is the nth square pyramidal number Pn.
- see "Quadrature of the parabola with the square pyramidal number" in this talk page.--Ancora Luciano (talk) 18:50, 14 May 2013 (UTC)
Proof by abstract mechanics
As Archimedes gave two proofs, can we have a section for the other one too, the proof by abstract mechanics? I'd do it, but don't really have the skills for a mathematical article.--Annielogue (talk) 15:31, 24 November 2012 (UTC)
Quadrature of the parabola with the "square pyramidal number" (new proof)
This proof (possibly unpublished) of the Archimedes' theorem: "Quadrature of the parabolic segment" is obtained numerically, without the aid of Mathematical Analysis. Below we show a summary of the proof. The entire article is at the following web address:
Proposition: The area of parabolic segment is a third of the triangle ABC.
Divide AB and BC into 6 equal parts and use the green triangle as measurement unit of the areas.
The triangle ABC contains:
- (1+3+5+7+9+11).6 = 62.6 = 63 green triangles.
The parabola circumscribed figure (in red) contains:
- A(cir.) = 6.1 + 5.3 + 4.5 + 3.7 + 2.9 + 1.11 = 91 green triangles. (3)
The sum (3) can be written:
- A(cir.) = 6 + 11 + 15 + 18 + 20 + 21 , that is:
- A(cir.) = sum of the squares of first 6 natural numbers !
Generally, for any number n of divisions of AB and BC, it is:
- The triangle ABC contains n3 green triangles
- An(cir.) = sum of the squares of first n natural numbers
So, the saw-tooth figure that circumscribes the parabolic segment can be expressed with the "square pyramidal number" of number theory! For the principle of mathematical induction, this circumstance (which was well hidden in (3)) we can reduce the proof to the simple check of the following statement:
- the sequence of the areas ratio: 1, 5/8, 14/27, 30/64, ....., Pn/n3, ..... tends at number 1/3, as n tends to infinity (4a)
where the numerator of the sequence terms is the nth square pyramidal number Pn.
But (4a) state that: the area (measured in green triangles) of the circumscribed figure is one-third the area of the triangle ABC, at the limit of n = infinity. End of proof
This proof is very beautiful! Notice its three essential steps:
- Choice of equivalent triangles for measuring areas.
- With this choice, the area of triangle ABC measure n3 triangles.
- Counting the number of triangles in the saw-tooth figure that encloses the parabolic segment and discovery that, for each number n of divisions, this number is the square pyramidal number !
Areas of the Triangles
In this section, there are some diagrams, and this statement:
"Archimedes proves that the area of each green triangle is one eighth of the area of the blue triangle. From a modern point of view, this is because the green triangle has half the width and a fourth of the height:"
Note  says: "The green triangle has half of the width of blue triangle by construction. The statement about the height follows from the geometric properties of a parabola, and is easy to prove using modern analytic geometry."
THIS PRESENT ARTICLE WOULD BE MADE HUGELY MORE USEFUL IF IT WERE TO INCLUDE _HERE_ THE ("EASY") PROOF OF THE GREEN TRIANGLE HAVING A HEIGHT THAT IS ONE-FOURTH OF THE BLUE TRIANGLE.
I'm too dumb to do this - I came to this article to learn something, and I'm not able to understand it fully because of this omission. The point of an encyclopedia is to provide information to people who don't already have that information. In this respect, this article fails at this point.
Please could someone smart fill in this bit?
Bump. Yes, if it's so easy, can't someone smart put the proof here in the article? I came to this article to find out how it works, and I have been disappointed.
The summing of the series (which, for me, is fairly easy) is included, but the basis on which it is built - subsequent triangles being 1/8th the size of previous ones, needs to be spelled out too.
The comment(s) below were originally left at several discussions in past years, these subpages are now deprecated. The comments may be irrelevant or outdated; if so, please feel free to remove this section., and are posted here for posterity. Following
|This really needs a section on the historical significance. Jim 03:24, 13 August 2007 (UTC)
Isn't the label on the fourth illustration wrong? It now reads "Archimedes' proof that 1/4 + 1/16 + 1/64 + ... = 4/3", but shouldn't that be "= 1/3"?Rob Cranfill (talk) 19:23, 29 January 2008 (UTC)
Last edited at 19:24, 29 January 2008 (UTC). Substituted at 02:38, 5 May 2016 (UTC)
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