Talk:Theory of evolution

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My biology teacher defined it a little different. Evolution is the change of gene frequency over generations. This is in observable fact. The Evolutionary Theory states that the diversity of life on earth is due to evolution. I think the history should be seperate (whether on another page or heading), as it kind of gets in the way of the scientific theory as we now know it. - Eean

Note, however, that the link contradicts the assertion of "numerous observed cases". The link states: "The literature on observed speciations events is not well organized. I found only a few papers that had an observation of a speciation event as the author's main point."

Note, this does not mean numerous cases have not been observed.
It means that what is surely the most momentous event in biology, the transformation of one species into another, was asserted as the "main point" in only a "few" papers, and was relegated to a lesser status in all other papers. In common usage, "few" does not mean "numerous". In science as it is commonly practiced, researchers do not downplay momentous observations.
The link lists numerous cases.
I agree. Numerous cases are discussed in the Talk.Origins FAQs, with a detailed bibliography. If someone doesn't see them, they simply didn't read carefully enough. RK

"The observed fact that speciation in vertebrates results in non-breeding animals explains the complete absence of intermediate forms in the fossil evidence for vertebrate evolution."

The above quoted statement was deleted from this page because someone felt that "he didn't think it made sense". What he means is that he did not agree with it, and so, in the true spirit of scientific debate, he just made it disappear.

I don't think it does make sense. First, non-breeding animals seems to imply mules or such; it should say non-breeding populations. But even in that case, that the final pops are non-breeding doesn't to me explain why there wouldn't be intermediate forms.

Saying it doesn't make sense greatly understates the case: it is in fact a deliberate lie. Nothing can "explain the absence of intermediate forms" when there are in fact thousands of intermediate forms in the fossil record, and to deny their existence is either painfully ignorant or dishonest. Other opinions have a place here in Wikipedia. Lies and deception do not. --LDC

For instances of transitional vertebrate fossils, see:

Nonsense will continue to be deleted.

Thus, with force, does Dogma always speak. --- Dogma my ass. Pointing out evidence that refutes nonsense claims is not dogma. The claim, "of course, speciation has never been observed" is nonsense and was deleted. The claim that there is "a complete absence" of transitional vertebrate fossils is nonsense and was deleted. Stop making up facts. Stop ignoring the evidence. Stop whining when this is not tolerated.

The above link doesn't go anywhere.


"A theory of evolution is an attempt to scientifically explain how evolution occurs." Both Intelligent Design and Creationism are unscientific attempts to explain evolution (say the majority of biological scientists). It should be stated that these are religious beliefs rather than science, and they should not have such prominence on the page. Calling Natural selection "Darwinism" implies that it is an ideology (like communism/socialism etc...) whereas it is totally scientific and is altered by new evidence that researchers find.

Similarly, just because creationism is "believed by 4 out of 10 Americans" does not have any influence on how scientifically true the theories are. If "4 out of 10" geneticists believed the theory it would have relevance, but nothing like this number do.

I also don't really see the difference between a page on the "Theory of evolution", as opposed to the theory "Evolution".

-- sodium

I'm going to do some major surgery here, because Ed's additions here are more than merely biased, they're just plain wrong. As you correctly point out, creationist theories are not scientific theories at all, and the text here implies that they are. Secondly, the "4 out of 10" claim is not just irrelevant, it's ludicrous. It probably counts everyone who attends some church with a position, and doesn't reflect actual beliefs at all. Even if there are genuine surveys on the issue, the only way to honestly include them here would be to clearly reference their source and the exact questions asked. --LDC

I did not say that creationist theories are not scientific theories, only that Sudden Creationism is not a scientific theory. I hold Intelligent Design as a scientific hypotheses equal in merit to Darwin's theory that species origianated without divine intervention. If he can mention God, so can I. --Ed Poor

Intelligent design is a legitimate theory, and should be covered. But it is not a scientific one. "Scientific" implies falsifiable, and ID doesn't qualify. --LDC

Okay, I'll bite. How can we disprove Darwin's hypotheses that God didn't specially create any species in the last 100 million years or so? --Ed Poor
Darwinian evolution seems to boil down to, "We see new species popping up in the fossil record, and we don't want to give God the credit. Maybe radiation mutated the genes." So, where's the proof for the mutation hypothesis? --Ed Poor

How about something more like, "We can actually see and document changes to DNA from radiation, we can measure the rate of change in bacteria when we apply specific amounts of radiation to them in the lab, and we can measure the rate of background radiation on Earth, and it matches nicely with the rate of change we observe in bacteria on Earth, and it is quite sufficient to explain evolution, so we don't need to make up any other explanations out of whole cloth to account for it." If you're really that ignorant about the facts of science and biology, you shouldn't be criticizing them. Study some real science, prove that you know what you're talking about, and then come back and criticize. We might be more inclined to listen. --LDC

Hmm. Maybe we need an Evolution Debate page.

It would be interesting to have a reference to the survey (e.g. for example where conducted and how many participants). -- HJH

"Gallup polls have shown that about 45 percent of Americans believe God created living things in their present form a few thousand years ago; about 40 percent believe that things evolved over a long time with God’s guidance; while only a little more than 10 percent accept Darwin’s theory that things evolved through unguided natural selection and random variations." -- quoted from by Ed Poor

The "Discovery Institute" is not a credible source; we need to see the actual Gallup data, including the exact wording of the questions asked and the method of choosing the sample set. --LDC

All of the following iscommentary, and doesn't belong on the main page (or else belongs on some other page):

Natural selection suggests that a species adapts to changes in the environment, as a result of randomly occurrring genetic mutations. These mutations can alter the individual's physical shape or the inner workings of the body so that organs may change their shape or size or the immune system may develop a different reaction towards disease. After the mutation has occurred, it's up to nature to test that change in real life. If the change benefits the individual, the individual is most likely to have a better chance of survival. Otherwise, the individual will most likely die and the faulty mutation will be discarded. Often these processes last thousands of years due to the slow rate of mutations as well as the lifespan of the individual, although it seems that in some cases evolution can occur unbelievably quickly, within a few generations (Punctuated Equilibrium).


Evolution by natural selection has been observed so many times that it is now considered a fact.

No, many Darwinists regard Evolution by Random Mutation to be true, but scientists still consider it a theory. Let's not confuse Fact, Theory, and Law. A fact is you see the sun rise and go across the sky. A theory is, e.g., that the sun revolves around a stationary earth; or, that the earth revolves on its axis. A law is, e.g., that a massive object subject to a radial force inversely proportional to the radius will travel in an ellipse. -- Ed Poor

There have been numerous observed cases of speciation, especially in plants (see link for more details). Speciation has not been observed per se in vertebrates, although there are numerous examples of no-longer breeding subpopulations.

I followed that link and found a very long, impenetrable article but no observed cases of speciation in plants. Could you digest that article for me and put the example on the wiki, please? Inquiring minds want to know. --Ed Poor
Possibly, section 5.0

Would it be fair to define the theory of evolution in terms of "macroevolution through random variations and natural selection"? Ed Poor

That's a reasonable definition of Darwin's theory of evolution. However, "theory of evolution is a general term; Darwin's isn't the only one. It is a common misconception that "evolution", "theory of evolution", "natural selection" and "Darwinism" are all interchangable terms. --Stephen Gilbert
I am primarily concerned with the definition of the theory of evolution as in the sentence, "Only about 10% of Americans accept the theory of evolution." I believe this refers to the neo-Darwinian synthesis which entails random variations and natural selection, in contrast to creationism and/or intelligent design. Ed Poor
For that sentence to be true, it would have to involve a defintion that specifically rejected God; but even if you posit a reasonable defintion that would make that sentence true, it would nonetheless be deliberately deceptive and have no place in an encyclopedia. So avoid the problem: don't say that. We already have good coverage of the average American's belief in the Gallup study, which is reported here completely, accurately, and honestly. Besides, since when is the general public's belief about a scientific theory relevant to anything? Science isn't about belief, that's a religious thing. --LDC
As I said, it is incorrect to say "the theory of evolution". If you say "the Darwinian theory of evolution", your definition is correct. --Stephen Gilbert
But I'm following the usage in the article: The commonly accepted scientific theory today is called the Neo-Darwinian Synthesis, . . . In popular usage, "the" theory of evolution refers to this or other Darwinian theories. (I'll change, if all agree.) Ed Poor
I'd like to see one consistent usage of "theory of evolution" throughout the wikipedia. How can we distinguish between any old theory of evolution and "the theory of evolution accepted by science"? Ed Poor

I agree; it's a reasonable definition of one such theory, but I think the text as it currently is is better. --LDC

Talk from Theory of Evolution/Talk1 (only editor found "Conversion Script")

Evolution of new species in a few generations is probably something of an overstatement. The Cambrian Explosion appears to have lasted on the order of 10 to 20 million years. Even if you allow for chains of 100,000 distinct species (surely that is on the high side) between the basal "worms" that left the first Planolites type tracks and the first arthropods, echinoderms, chordates, et. al. that's 100-200 years per species. These are small animals that probably bred more than once a year.

On the other hand, I'm not going to start a war by changing this on my own.

Note: this text was added by as found in the relevant history at the Nostalgia Wikipedia, which was not available to the editor who copied the text over here. I've modified the text so it's exactly the way it was when its original author wrote it. Graham87 08:31, 14 January 2017 (UTC)

I agree, we need a "Controversies about" page for evolution, since it is a major phenomenon in its own right.

I am not trying to start this debate here, indeed i have no side to take, but i need help. For every attack there is a defense and i have not yet heard the answer for one of the creationist attacks. all i want to know is if someone can point me to it. the attack is the one that states that: complex, interdependant organs and creatures such as the eye, the bombadier beetle, that one toad, and many others could not have come about as a sequence of changes or mutations in any amount of time -- not just because of the sheer complexity, which removes the long time rebuttle -- but because the changes are interdependent and could not have existed seperately without being a destructive defect and being weeded out by natural selection. I wish this attack had a name too (if there is let me know).

Plasticlax, this is one of the many creationist fallacies used in the arguments against evolution. You can find excellent information on this and other fallacies at the excellent site : . Specifically, here is a link devoted to explaining precisely the argument that is oft-repeated by creationists:

No doubt one of the biology gurus will come along and explain it more formally in a little while, Plasticlax, but the short and simple answer is that evolution isn't very good at weeding things out unless those things have a marked bad effect. Most variation has very little effect either way. A fanciful example: blue eyes vs brown eyes make no difference to speak of. Ditto blonde hair vs brown hair. Both are (in most climates) neither selected for nor against, and can become common. But then, come an environmental change (the earth is taken over by little green men who hate blue-eyed blondes) the combination is suddenly wiped out. Or (with the reverse environment) suddenly favoured.

Rickard Dawkins in Climbing Mt Improbable deals with this critique at considerable length, and as one of his examples takes the eye, which, it seems, has not simply evolved, but evolved independantly many seperate times - about 30 or 40, if I recall. Tannin

PS: Arrgh: edit conflict - one of the gurus already did!

From something I wrote some time ago in intelligent design about the "eye" argument:

For example, many biological cells not associated with the senses respond to the presence of light. Most notable of this group are photosynthetic cells of algae and plants. Other very primitive organisms have very rudimentary photoreceptive cells that can only tell the difference between light and dark. These organisms use this primitive sense to orient themselves correctly toward light. Yet other organisms have clusters of these photoreceptive cells that can distinguish crude shapes. Increasing the complexity, number and arrangement of these cells will then yield rudimentary eyes that can recognize certain objects by shape and so on until an eye capable of seeing in color and three dimensions is produced (this has happened at least twice in evolution with the advent of the cephalopod eye and is currently under way with many other animal groups). Each of these steps in the development of a fully functioning eye has modern analogues in the animal kingdom, and each step need only develop through nothing more than natural selection: those animals with a better ability to sense their environment with photoreceptive cells will survive to produce more young than those that don't have this ability, and so on. There is no need for divine intervention of intelligent design, say scientists.


And of course the scientists are right :-)

Always. Until a better theory replaces an old one. :) The point was to offer a scientific explanation for something that ID folk say can only have been made by god. --mav

Thank you all. I think the first answer was most relevant (good link) and i think the best name of the attack is Irreducible complexity (an existing entry). The defense doesn't really have a name, irreducible complexity is simply nowhere to be found in any organisms.

The other data was also very interesting, especially that the eye evolved 30 to 40 times independently. (that sounds interesting but i bet it conflicts with co-existent theories of descendancy... interesting none the less)

ps. and now i see what happens when two people edit at the same time. i love wikipedia!!! --Plasticlax

"Irreducible complexity" is a non-scientific term made up by Michael Behe in trying to argue his point of view. In reality, no such thing exists. Here's a URL for further explanation: Cyde

Just a footnote on independent developments of eyes: When we speak of "the eye", by the way, we are not doing justice to the problem. It has been authoritatively estimated that eyes have evolved no fewer than forty times, and probably more than sixty times, independently in various parts of the animal kingdom. In some cases these eyes use radically different principles. Nine distinct principles have been recognised among the forty to sixty independently evolved eyes. Dawkins, "Climbing Mount Improbable". p. 127. Tannin

I'm not concerned about whether the term is scientific, I just wanted the name of that argument. the article you linked to points out, however, that the term needs serious disambiguation. --Plasticlax

one more question: i was reading that one explanation for how components of a so-called IC system could evolve by having different functions originally. well, when does that function change? if it was functional, but was then appropriated by the IC system, wouldn't that be a conflict? -Plasticlax

I'm not sure about this IC stuff, but this might answer part of your question. In genetics, a gene with multiple functions is refered to as "pleiotropic". Pleiotropism may be rather common...that is an issue that geneticists are investigating as I write. So my point is that one "thing" may have more than one function. A related phenomenon is gene duplication. If a gene is fucntionally pleiotropic, then duplication of that gene can allow each of the duplicates to take on a more specific function. As I understand it, this is rather speculative and some researchers are working on it also. adam

I thought the comments below taken from a metawiki talk page, Origins of Everything, would be of interest here and something to consider (although perhaps more relevant to a Controversies re Evolution article). Someone, somewhere sometime once said: "Imagination is more important than knowledge...":

"I would argue that the simplest explanation of all is that the universe was always here. Alan D"

"I'd go further and add that it is here to stay and that God is a natural extension of the universe. If mainstream Christianity (or other religions for that matter) were not so invested in its transcendent God (a concept which atheists and many philosophers and scientists recognize as incoherent and rubbish) and settled for a being that was, shall I say, a little more down to earth, religous conflicts with certain scientific theories (like the theory of evolution) would be seemingly moot. Consider that the process of evolution is ongoing...what comes next after humans? Genetically enhanced superhumans? what then?...and after that? Consider a being that over time nature has endowed with such power, knowledge (and hopefully benevolence) that humans might perceive, THAT is God! At that point god or God or supreme being or whatever you want to call it would work as an extension of the universe in creation or evolution whichever you want to call it. B"
Whilst this all sounds fascinating, this discussion might be best taken to email or meta. We should try to keep talk pages focussed directly on the articles. --
I disagree. This viewpoint should be particularly relevant to any "Controversies regarding Evolution" article that will inevitably get spun off from this one. B

Folks, let us get rid of this page, and turn it into a redirect to the excellent article we already have on evolution. Here are my reasons. (1) This duplicate article is a poor-man's rehash of our already extant article on evolution, minus all of its good points. (2) It will confuse efforts to improve our articles on this subject. Some people will add contributions here, while others will add contributions to the evolution article. (3) The title itself ("Theory of evolution") is very misleading, as virtually all scientists accept that biological evolution is a proven phenomenon; its existence is a fact, and not merely a theory, as the title implies. The details of how lifeforms evolve from one form to another are considered "theories" or "hypotheses", and of course should and are labeled as such. But the basic existence of biological evolution is not quested. RK 20:07 12 Jul 2003 (UTC)

Any science article on biological evolution should not contain extensive discussions of religious and mystical views of evolution. They are already spun-off into other topics, such as Creationism and a few others. An article on the science of evolution should not contain quasi-scientific mystical writings of Jesuit priests (like this article currently does); these are not recognized as being part of the theory of evolution by mainstream science. Such discussions belong in other articles. RK

Anthere, speciation is a technical scientific topic in evolutionary biology; it requires a link to our article on biological evolution. Why did you remove the link to evolution, and replace it to a duplicate article (Theory of evolution]]) that is missing most of the science and details, and replaces science with religion and mysticism and Gaia theory? This makes no sense. When people want to learn about a very technical genetics and evolution topic such as speciation, we can assume that they do not want to study the mystical views of a Jesuit Christian priest from a century ago! Removing the science link and replacing it with the one you made is not justifiable. Please stop pushing your political and religious views into science articles. RK 23:01 12 Jul 2003 (UTC)

I totally agree with you that this article requires a link to biological evolution. And it is just perfect as this link is provided in the very first introduction sentence.Anthère
I removed the evolution link that you placed at the bottom of the article, because it would a duplicate link (since it is already in the first sentence right ?). cf. Wikipedia Manual of style: Do not link every occurrence of a word; simply linking the first time the word appears will usually be enough.
I put back the link to theory of evolution that you removed from the bottom of the page in your previous edits, for I believe the see also is meant to broaden the topic. The theory of evolution is just a perfect link to broaden the topic, and open our readers to new perspectives :-) I don't think we can assume they would not be interested in historical perspective (from more than a century ago by the way). But perhaps, it being an historical view from a christian perception could be a sign it is not very interesting to our readers ? Is that your opinion perhaps ?Anthère
Of course, the articles on evolution and theory of evolution are not duplicate articles, since as you yourself state, their content and goal are different. So, that make sense to open the topic with this second article.Anthère
For these reasons, it appears to me the theory of evolution link is relevant here. Of course, I might be wrong :-) User:anthere
The first word in the theory of evolution article is a link to the evolution article. The theory of evolution article also contains a link to speciation, which makes it appropriate, in my mind, that there be a back-link. As far as I can tell, there is absolutely no reason to assume that there is some religio-political motivation for Anthere's change. Perhaps, RK, if you would cease ascribing particular motives to peoples' actions, there might be less antipathy in the discussions. --Dante Alighieri 23:47 12 Jul 2003 (UTC)
And perhaps, Dante, you should read my comments more carefully. Please re-read my exact words in the Talk section of the Theory of evolution page. That is the main point. This isn't about Anthere; it is about Wikipedia, NPOV, and our policies on duplicate articles. RK 13:59 13 Jul 2003 (UTC)
And perhaps, RK, if you wouldn't leave some comments on several different pages and some other comments on still other pages, it might be easier to stitch them all together into one coherent view of your opinion. As it stands, it's simply not worth the effort to read all of your scattered comments. I stand by my earlier words as they apply to the message you left here. --Dante Alighieri 19:34 13 Jul 2003 (UTC)
You seem confused. This specific subject is extremely pertinient both to this one article, and to the topic that it is linked to. Obviously then, it can be seen as appropriate to discuss the issue in both places. (Other people do this as well. Do you also rebuke them?) Dante, this is your second attack on me this week, despute the fact that I am not insulting you. I am simply working on specific issues to make our science articles more accurate. I hope that you stop using this issue as an opportunity to score point, and can focus on the actual issue. If so, I would be pleased to work with you. RK 21:29 13 Jul 2003 (UTC)
Actually, in my opinion it is you who is confused. My objection to your placing comments in several places is not merely a general one, but a response to your request above. You asked that I read your "exact words" on the Theory of evolution page. The problem is that that other page was not linked from your comment on this page. How is it, RK, that I am to be expected to magically know of the existance of this other comment that clarifies your main point? I responded directly to what was written on this talk page. I see nothing in my original post on this issue that is inappropriate given your sole comment that existed on this page at the time that I left my remark. Secondly, you seem to have quite the peculiar definition of attack. I'm sorry if you take my defense of Anthere as an attack on yourself, but hey, that's your business I suppose. Also, I guess I get no credit for clarifying that it wasn't you that started the Anthere/ban page. Sure you thanked me for it at the time, but it seems that that's not important given my repeated attacks against you since then. I also find it interesting, that despite your assertion that you are not attacking me, you managed to find the time to include a few rather pointed and subtly insulting remarks in the above passage. But hey, based on your treatment of Anthere, I won't claim to be terribly suprised. As far as "scoring points", I'm not entirely sure what points you think it is that I'm scoring, and with whom, but I'll just chalk that up to your "confusion". Lastly, this concludes my portion of this conversation, as I shall be taking your advice and focusing on the actual issue. I'd hate to needlessly clutter up talk pages. --Dante Alighieri 09:00 14 Jul 2003 (UTC)
Well, RK, both Dante and I misunderstood you then. Perhaps RK, if this has nothing to do with me, you could refrain from immediately throwing in the chauldron politics and religion, and just focus on the link issue you raised here (is my argument for keeping this link ok for now ?). Whatever what you meant to say, if other editors unfortunately misunderstand what you meant, it may be beneficial that you rephrase your problem.Anthère
I may dare to add that the article on theory of evolution is *older* than the one on evolution. It would be problematic to say the older one is violating Wikipedia NPOV (can't see the relationship with NPOV here) just for existing before the second one :-). Perhaps the one who created the evolution article should have been more careful ? In any case, since these two have different content, I don't see why they could be considered duplicate articles. Anthère

Anthere, I don't understand why you keep claiming to be confused. The issue is very simple. People are trying to link to an article on science, on the processs of biological evolution. When they do so, they expect to come to an article on that topic. They do not expect to be mislead to a side-topic article that has very little science (almost none at all, in fact), and instead focuses on the mystical views of a Jesuit Christian priest from a century ago! This effectively pushes certain political and religious views into science articles. That is inappropriate. It is a violation of Wikipedia NPOV policy RK 21:29 13 Jul 2003 (UTC)

I don't see this as inappropriate. There is nothing in Wikipedia NPOV policy stating that articles dealing with science should only be linked to science articles. This way of doing is just compartimenting knowledge and forcing people to stay in their narrow view of a topic. I do think you go to far in your view of what people expect or do not expect. It is perfectly ok that in the middle of an paragraph explaining science stuff, the link is to the appropriate article (in this case, probably evolution), but that does not mean it is not ok to provide other links as well, especially in the "see also". Afaik, there is no specific rule saying that "see also" should restrict themselves to the very content of the article, otherwise, this link would probably be included in the content of the article itself. And I don't see why theory of evolution would not be a perfectly reasonable link in the speciation article.Anthère
Now, you suggest that the theory of evolution only content is "mystical view of a Jesuit Christian priest". I would appreciate that you precise your view here and exactly point at what you are talking about. Several people are mentionned in this article, not only one. Are you suggesting the "Theory of Evolution" as stated by Darwin should not exist in Wikipedia, nor the other theories given by other scientists ? Do you suggest its content should be deleted ? Or do you suggest it should be incorporated in the current evolution article ? If so, how do you plan to resolve the fact you claim the evolution article is only about science and the content to incorporate is not ? (I consider a good deal of it is).Anthère

Your average Wikipedia reader, seeing an article with Theory of evolution as a link, will click on this link, and assume that the article is about the theory of evolution. Why would they assume otherwise? Yet they would be wrong, because this article does not discuss the theory of evolution in detail. Rather, it veers off into barely related topics. User:RK

not barely related topics. Theories which will likely not be accepted in the evolution article, because either proved to be false, or non-proved by scientific means mostly. Which precisely is what a theory is. However, I don't think removing history or removing "what is not proved" from Wikipedia is a good move. Likely, it will build un-trust in us. I also think the evolution article is quite outdated, hardly saying anything about neodarwinism, and not taking into account latest works.Anthère

We want people to trust us. But as thing stand now, people will come to the conclusion that they are being misled for partisan purposes. Sadly, some of my professional colleagues have already warned their students not to use Wikipedia for precisely this reason. It is not just evolution and Gaia theory; they see problems with many Wikipedia science and history articles that, in their eyes, betrays an agenda to win students over to a cause. In some cases, they are right.user:RK

possibly :-) But if these professers only feed their students with perfectly framed scientific information as widely accepted in the US, with no opening to the other options, then these students are badly in need of the other information we can provide us. I suggest you try to participate to wikipedia textbook project if you feel that what we are trying to do is just a school textbook. I do not think it is the case.Anthère

Finally, we must not blame others for the present state of the articles and article duplication, on this or any topic. The only point in being a Wikipedia contributor is to build on what we have. At times, this includes making edits, deletions, and redirects when necessary. Ours is not to complain about the past, but to work on improving the encyclopedia. RK

I absolutely agree with you. So what do you suggest ? Purely removing any information on other theories or the historical name of this theory and making a bland redirect ? Changing the title of the current article ? Adding information to the current article to make it more acceptable to your view ? Move the content of it to the evolution article ?Anthère

Folks, let us get rid of this page, and turn it into a redirect to the excellent article we already have on evolution. RK

not so excellent given the room it is currently leaving to XX work on the topic Anthère
Huh? I cannot parse this; what are you talking about? RK
Oh, very unfortunate copy edit :-) Lost comment... well, I'll try to rephrase it in talk:Evolution then.Anthère

Here are my reasons. (1) This duplicate article is a poor-man's rehash of our already extant article on evolution, minus all of its good points.User:RK

partially true. Some important points here are not in the evolution article. Besides, the term "theory of evolution" is not exactly an un-known termAnthère
You misunderstandstandard Wikipedia policy on this point. When a topic is known by more than one name, we do not create multiple, different articles for each name! That is crazy. Rather, we create one article, and use redirects to bring people to this name from other commonly used names. RK 20:24 14 Jul 2003 (UTC)

(2) It will confuse efforts to improve our articles on this subject. Some people will add contributions here, while others will add contributions to the evolution article.User:RK

very trueAnthère

(3) The title itself ("Theory of evolution") is very misleading, as virtually all scientists accept that biological evolution is a proven phenomenon; its existence is a fact, and not merely a theory, as the title implies. The details of how lifeforms evolve from one form to another are considered "theories" or "hypotheses", and of course should and are labeled as such. But the basic existence of biological evolution is not quested. RK 20:07 12 Jul 2003 (UTC)

please see the introduction I add. Evolution is widely considered a fact; while the interpretation of how it happened is not. I don't think this could be said "detail". Why not putting evolution (the fact) in the evolution article and "explanation" (the theories) in this article ? Anthère
This makes no sense. We do not do this for any other science topic. Why do this here? Every science topic is based on facts, but also requires discussion of theories. We never chop up our articles in this way; that is terribly confusing. Also, your recent additions are confusing, because many Wikipedia readers will never see them. They will only be seen by people who by chance read this article, but they will be totally missed by people reading the main Evolution article.user:RK

Anthere, please state here precisely which non-science topics linked to evolution that you think we should have articles on. We can then add a mention of these topics to the main Evolution article, and we can link to them in new articles. The current fact of working on two totally different articles, on the same topic, being worked on simulatenously in a carzy patchwork way, is unworkable. RK

will answer on the talk:evolution, which is not imho the best place, but I believe it would be best if discussion is centralized, rather than scattered in three different places. Anthère

May I ask what you did with the content you deleted RK without putting it in the evolution article ? If you forgot it, please would you place it back.
If you left it aside on purpose, would you please justify this voluntary loss ? Or should I restore this page ? Anthère

I reintegrated most of content that existed on the "Theory of evolution" page back into the main "Evolution" article. The exceptions included the first line which was mostly redundant with the existing intro. -- Lexor 09:12 15 Jul 2003 (UTC)

Thanks. I put a plethora of sig everywhere :-)

All the text is still here in the history of this article. It hasn't gone anywhere. It is still available for reading and reintergration in any article, as needed. RK 20:28 15 Jul 2003 (UTC)