Talk:Toledo, Spain

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The photo of the "restaurant"[edit]

This so called "restaurant" shows in its signs "tapas bar", "coffee, "tea" and "spirits". That hardly sounds like a restaurant to me. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 23:04, 8 March 2011 (UTC)

Suggested external links[edit]

I have some more general photos of the city itself at , if someone wants to include it. All the photos will be captioned by their appropriate building names and locations very shortly.

The following discussion is an archived debate of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

The result of the debate was don't move. —Nightstallion (?) Seen this already? 11:03, 11 May 2006 (UTC)

Requested move[edit]

In addition to being the original place with the name, toledo was ounce the capital of spain and has been inhabited since prehistoric times, although there is more than one alkazar toledo is home to the most famous one. It is an important historical city, even if Toledo, Ohio is larger. The "what links here" refers entirely to the Spanish city (I fixed 20 or so that meant the city in Ohio), and naming conventions with American cities would put the Ohio city at its current location anyway. Per other cities such as Birmingham and Norfolk, I think Toledo deserves to be at its natural name. (The "city, province" method would Yield "Toledo, Toledo" and we don't want to go down that road.


  • Strongly oppose. Where does it end, folks? Do we move Boston, Lincolnshire to Boston just because the English city is oldest? We have an ideal situation right now: Those looking for the larger American city will be led to Toledo, Ohio; those looking for the Spanish city will be led to Toledo, Spain. Those typing in Toledo will get a disambiguation page advising them of the various subjects named Toledo. I don't see where this is a problem. -- SwissCelt 00:59, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose Even Lincoln has been made a dab page, and that was a stronger claim than this is. Claiming that something is a primary meaning of term generally requires a large supermajority of usage, which neither Toledo meets. Septentrionalis 19:54, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose. The course of least inconvenience to reader and editor alike would seem to be to leave things pretty much as they are, particularly in the absence of any consistently-applied naming policy for Spanish localities. While the Spanish city's claim to most frequent usage has merit, IMO it's not quite strong enough to warrant the proposed alteration.--cjllw | TALK 00:21, 8 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose A redirect or disambig at Toledo is best. Sending the user to the fully named "Toledo, Spain" provides a nice, extra confirmation that the reader is indeed at the correct article. --Davidstrauss 09:27, 9 May 2006 (UTC)


  • I'd also add that no one is proposing "Toledo, Toledo" as the name of this article. And frankly, given the size of Birmingham, Alabama and Norfolk, Virginia, the case could be made that the corresponding articles (Birmingham and Norfolk) should be made disambiguation pages, as there's arguably no primary topic for disambiguation. But we'll save that battle for another day. -- SwissCelt 01:02, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • In response to the Boston comment, I thought of mentioning that as an exception where one is significantly more notable than the other, but here, that's not the case. And as I mentioned below, if you'd like to suggest moving those other pages to disambiguations, you're welcome to try - but I doubt you'll get very far. --Vedek Dukat Talk 02:42, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • So what, do we exempt Eastern Hemisphere towns from disambiguation unless there is a Western Hemisphere town which is significantly more notable? That's ridiculous. That's also demonstrating a regional bias, which is ironic considering how frequently we Americans are accused of this bias. By the way, you're neglecting to mention the edit you made to Toledo, Ohio in which you removed the helpful boilerplate directing people to Toledo, Spain and Toledo. I'm beginning to see a pattern... -- SwissCelt 02:52, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Could you try to be a little more civil? Not that it's your business, but I'm from California, and Toledo does not redirect to Toledo, Ohio, thus making a disambig notice redundant. What "pattern" are you talking about? --Vedek Dukat Talk 03:01, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
  • If it's redundant for Toledo, Ohio, then it's redundant for Toledo, Spain. Toledo does not redirect to this article, either. Nor should it. -- SwissCelt 05:41, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
    • Whatever is done about the move, both articles should have dab headers pointing to the other (or a dab). Some reader will go to the wrong place, and want to get to the right one. Septentrionalis 22:40, 8 May 2006 (UTC)

Well I apologize for removing the dab tag - I wasn't trying to provoke anyone by doing so (and after seeing SwissCelt's extreme reaction, I made sure to add {{User oops}} to my user page). I've actually reconsidered and decided the disambig page is best where it is. Sorry again. --Vedek Dukat Talk 01:09, 9 May 2006 (UTC)

The above discussion is preserved as an archive of the debate. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on this talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

Let me just add that I really can't believe the Spanish Toledo isn't considered the primary meaning... —Nightstallion (?) Seen this already? 11:03, 11 May 2006 (UTC)


Somebody's being disingenuous about the whole issue with Toledo, Ohio. First of all, there are still a number of links to Toledo that refer to the Ohio city, despite Vedek Dukat's claim that they all (now) refer to Toledo, Spain. Secondly, it's disingenuous to change the links to Toledo, Ohio, then infer that because the remaining links are for Toledo, Spain we should somehow believe that the latter usage is the most popular on Wikipedia. But most annoyingly, the statement at the top of this page that Toledo, Ohio is the most populous of the cities of the world named Toledo has been changed to read that Toledo, Ohio is merely the most populous of the cities of the US named Toledo. Unfair, people! Let's give Toledo, Ohio its due. There's no reason to relegate that city to secondary status just to artificially inflate the importance of its parent city. -- SwissCelt 01:13, 7 May 2006 (UTC)

First of all, my point was that more of them referred to this one in the first place because people use the US naming convention of (city, state). Second, the fact that I missed one or two or people linked to it after I posted that message (I'm not sure which, I haven't checked yet) does not make my motives dubious. Third, I did not make any such changes - the only edit I've ever made to the page was reverting someone's test vandalism. Finally, I'm not trying to "artificially inflate" anything by suggesting that we keep our articles uniform (if you'd like to suggest Birmingham and Norfolk be made disambiguation pages, you're welcome to try, but I doubt you'll get very far). --Vedek Dukat Talk 02:39, 7 May 2006 (UTC)
How many links currently go to what is irrelevant for choosing this article's name. What matter are convention and notability. Links to disambig pages should be fixed; moving articles to ambiguous names is just a hack. --Davidstrauss 09:30, 9 May 2006 (UTC)


I'm moving the Demography section down to make the article more aesthetically pleasing... That's the way it's done with several other city articles including New York City and Paris. Ben Tibbetts 13:24, 3 October 2006 (UTC)

Sister cities[edit]

I can't find any confirmation that Jerusalem is a sister city of Toledo. Arpad 08:11, 3 April 2007 (UTC) And this source plainly state that sister city of Toledo is Toledo(Ohio) Arpad 08:59, 3 April 2007 (UTC)

Actually, copied that list from wikipedia, see List of twin towns and sister cities. Bukvoed 10:17, 3 April 2007 (UTC)
Well - Toledo(Ohio) lists Toledo on its sister list here: As for Jerusalem - I got zero result on all my searches Arpad 10:29, 3 April 2007 (UTC)

TheDarkSavant (talk) 21:47, 10 July 2008 (UTC) I'm really curious as to why someone keeps changing the location of Jerusalem to the so called Palestinian Authority...

Water Locks?[edit]

Is it possible that the reference in the article to the "Water Locks" might refer to the even more famous water clocks which were once located there? Following the link leads to the description of a device which appears to function as a water clock, a opposed to allowing ships or boats to navigate a sudden change in the elevation of a river. Is the most elegant fix to simply fix the text and delete the citation (citing, as it does, faulty text) 02:59, 9 June 2007 (UTC) Random Browser


This bit "The old city is located on a mountaintop and it gets up to 150 degrees, surrounded ..." makes no sense. What kind of degrees? Angles? Temperature? What units? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 23:02, 28 January 2009 (UTC)

History Needs to be Greatly Expanded[edit]

The history of Toledo is missing substantial sections that are part of its development. Based on the history here now, one would never be able to tell how it emerged into the modern world. Any contributions such as its importance to the translation movement or transmission of knowledge would greatly improve the article. Stevenmitchell (talk) 02:58, 9 November 2009 (UTC)


I don´t understand why the arabic name of the Toledo is written in bold type. The article correctly states the name comes from the latin Toletum, so the arabic name is really not very important. If any name should be written in bold type is the latin name, not the much later arabic version.--Knight1993 (talk) 01:57, 6 October 2010 (UTC)


I have removed the sentence "toledo is also known for its vast variety of cheese" (in Culture section) as there is no supporting reference and a search on the web provides no evidence for it, only the famous Manchego ewes' cheese appearing regularly. Romit3 (talk) 15:12, 11 November 2010 (UTC)

Translation centre[edit]

History, paragraph 3: what's a "tag-team translation centre"? Andrew Dalby 12:54, 9 September 2012 (UTC)

Coordinate error[edit]


The following coordinate fixes are needed for (talk) 07:28, 8 February 2015 (UTC)

The coordinates in the article seem OK. If you have a specific quibble with them (or with any other aspect of the article), please explain yourself clearly below. Deor (talk) 17:39, 9 February 2015 (UTC)

The origins of Toledo and order of paragraphs in its history[edit]

Hello, I am an inexperienced editor and wish to discuss some proposed changes to the history of Toledo. The current history of Toledo on Wikipedia begins with a story related by Isaac Abrabanel apparently published in 1846 and dating to the late 1400s. This source -- Abrabanel -- is not a reliable or accurate historical source for information on the founding of Toledo. It is a story told over a thousand years after the founding of the city. For context, see the article on Sephardi Jews. In the late 1400s this community was under severe pressure and responded by producing texts to prove that they had been in the city a long time. Such texts cannot be considered historical evidence for events occurring in the 5th century BCE. Instead, they must be considered evidence of the history of Toledo in the 1400s, but not of its founding. Therefore the paragraph on Abrabanel's story should be moved downwards to after the paragraph that ends with "... the Jews of Toledo."

In addition, further down, the sentence " Toledo was again called Ṭulayṭulah" should be removed, as there is no evidence the city was called Tulaytulah until the Arab conquest in the 8th century.

Anyone familiar with Iberian archaeology for the century 500-400 BC will understand that the idea of Toledo as a city founded by Jewish people circa 450BC is simply baseless. Phoenician settlement in the Iberian peninsula, beginning around 750 BC, was focused exclusively on southern Spain near the Mediterranean coast. It is certainly possible that Jews were present in the Phoenician colonies. However the interior of Spain was at that time inhabited by Celtic peoples with little to no connection to the Mediterranean trade routes. Toledo first enters history as the target of a Roman expedition against Celts in the year 193 BC. At that time it was a Celtic town far from the old Phoenician colonies. That is where the history of Toledo should start.

The contribution of the Jewish people to the history of Toledo is enormous, historically, architecturally, culturally, politically, and should certainly be emphasized. But we must include accurate historical sources and provide an accurate picture of history. The Abrabanel story is a legend unsupported by any historical or archaeological evidence.[1] Jroo222 (talk) 15:24, 22 October 2015 (UTC)


The current article states that under the Romans, Toledo became an important Roman colony (OK) and the capital of Carpentia. I have found no other references to a land called "Carpentia" in ancient Hispania or in ancient Rome at all. The Wikipedia list of ancient Roman provinces reveals no Carpentia Roman province. Tracking down the source of this fact, it has been copied and pasted from the online Encyclopedia Britannica: However, that article itself cites no sources, so the chain of verifiability is broken. At present I can find no evidence that a place called Carpentia existed, nor that Toledo was its capital. For now I am questioning the accuracy of that fact pending further research. It is possible that the Britannica article is itself pasted from previous editions, and that our understanding of the Roman Empire has changed. At any rate, unless we can identify "Carpentia" in other sources, it is spurious. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Jroo222 (talkcontribs) 12:00, 26 October 2015 (UTC)

OK, problem solved. Previous wording referred to "Carpentia", I figured out this was CarpetaniaCarpetania. I've edited to indicate Toletum was a Carpetanian city, but am leaving out the previous wording that indicated it was the "capital" of Carpetania, as "Carpetania" was not a Roman administrative region.Jroo222 (talk) 02:57, 8 November 2015 (UTC)

On the importance of Toledo in Roman times[edit]

I have to question parts of the current entry as they relate to Roman times. The current text in the history section is as follows: "Later it became an important Roman colony.[3] It grew in importance during Roman times, being a main commercial and administrative centre in the Roman province of Carthaginensis."

The reference takes us to the online Britannica where the sentence "Later ... colony" is copied from. The sentence about being a "main ... centre" has no reference.

The problems are as follows. Firstly, Toledo does not appear to have had much significance in Roman times. It appears twice in the chronicles and histories, once when Marcus Fulvius Nobilior fought the Celts nearby in 197 BCE, next when a church council is held in 400 CE. In six hundred intervening years nothing happened there worthy of being recorded by any contemporary chroniclers. This is hardly an "important" or "main" center or colony. That could apply to major cities such as Tarraco, Emerita, Carthago, Hispalis, Corduba, or even military outposts like Luca Augusta, but not Toledo, not until the very end of Roman occupation and the arrival of the Goths.

Secondly, to call Toledo a Roman colony is obfuscation. "Colony" in the Roman context refers to a city founded by Roman citizens, usually former soldiers settled on conquered land as a reward for military service. Toledo was never a colonia in this sense, it was a native Celtic city and as such a stipendiary civitas with no Roman citizens. It would have become a municipium after Vespasian declared all Spanish cities municipia in the first century CE, and only a "colony" in the formal sense after Roman citizenship was extended to the entire empire in the third century and all cities were called colonies. Even then, calling it an "important" colony is hardly accurate, nor is calling it a "main administrative centre," which it most certainly was not, at least based on currently available evidence.

Our evidence right now indicates that Toledo was in every way a minor city until Visigothic times, it was not a significant center in Roman times. Because of this, I intend to edit these two sentences to reflect more accurately the relative insignificance of Toledo in Roman times.

Jroo222 (talk) 18:00, 3 November 2015 (UTC)

Splitting first paragraph[edit]

With recent additions to antique history of Toledo the first paragraph has gotten long. Splitting off early and late antiquity makes sense as Toledo increased in importance in late antiquity.Jroo222 (talk) 03:00, 8 November 2015 (UTC)

/* History */ Divide article into subsections[edit]

The history section was starting get very long and difficult to edit it so to make it easier to navigate I have divided it into sections. These are Antiquity, Visigoths, and Arab Toledo, to encompass the portions that I have been editing; and Medieval Toledo after the Reconquest and "Modern Era Toledo" for the later sections. The portion on Visigoths I have titled "Toledo becomes the capital of the Visigothic kingdom," maybe a little literary but an effort to make it interesting. This could just as well be simply "Visigothic Toledo." However the fact remains that one of the most interesting things about Toledo was its outsized position as capital of Visigothic Hispania in the 600s, so to highlight that seems reasonable. All divisions into subsections are of course temporary and must evolve as the article evolves. I hope these are useful.Jroo222 (talk) 21:19, 1 December 2015 (UTC)

/* Toledo under Arab rule */ Correcting error: previous text said "under Caliphate of Cordoba, actually Emirate[edit]

I just corrected the previous text in this article, which stated that there were numerous insurrections under the Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba, referring to the years 761 to 857. During those years, the Umayyads did not claim the title of Caliph. The Umayyad rulers called themselves Emirs or Amirs, and the polity was an Emirate. Jroo222 (talk) 15:09, 5 December 2015 (UTC)

  1. ^ John S. Richardson, The Romans in Spain, p. 54 citing Livy 35.7.6-8 and A. Schulten, Fontes Hispaniae Antiquae p. 193