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"Alexander W. Livingston was the first person who succeeded in upgrading the wild tomato," What is it a damned cell phone? Botanists to not "upgrade" plants. Plants are a biological organism. Just like you can't "upgrade" your son or daughter. Perhaps the writer meant "domesticated"? If Livingston improved the "wild tomato" as the writer claims, then it was domesticated, not "upgraded" like an Ipad.
Semi-protected edit request on 11 June 2017
|This edit request has been answered. Set the
Here is a citation for TOMATO, Section 4.5 Pollinators, third paragraph, first "CITATION NEEDED" in the text below (that the bumble bee is a sonicating pollinator of tomatoes and is "cultred" for use in hydroponics or greenhouses)(Not sure about the format. and I have not made enough edits to access this semi-protected page.)
Frankie, Gordon and Robbin W. Thorpe, Rollin E. Coville, Barbara Ertter, California Bees & Blooms / A Guide for Gardeners and Naturalists (2014) Heyday: Berkeley, California AND California Native Plant Society: Sacramento, California. (Page 52.)
The citation also states, and may therefor justify the addition of the following sentence in the paragraph:
"Many bumblebees, especially the California bumble bee (Bombus californicas) have an especially long tongue, allowing it to efficiently take nectar from several California native plants as well as the deep flower of the tomato. "
ORIGINAL TEXT: This is not the same as self-pollination, despite the common claim that tomatoes do so. That tomatoes pollinate themselves poorly without outside aid is clearly shown in greenhouse situations, where pollination must be aided by artificial wind, vibration of the plants (one brand of vibrator is a wand called an "electric bee" that is used manually), or more often today, by cultured bumblebees. The anther of a tomato flower is shaped like a hollow tube, with the pollen produced within the structure, rather than on the surface, as in most species. The pollen moves through pores in the anther, but very little pollen is shed without some kind of externally-induced motion. The best source of outside motion is a sonicating bee, such as a bumblebee, or the original wild halictid pollinator. In an outdoors setting, wind or animals usually provide sufficient motion to produce commercially viable crops.
List of tomato cultivars.....
This topic should be in the See also section
- It's already linked in the "Varieties" section. Deli nk (talk) 23:51, 7 November 2017 (UTC)
Almost all unsourced
The following is almost all unsourced and was moved here per WP:PRESERVE. Per WP:BURDEN please do not restore without finding independent, reliable sources, checking the content against them, and citing them. Please also fix the WP:RELTIME issue when you do (nothing is "current" in WP)
- Wild species
Including Solanum lycopersicum, currently 13 species are recognized in Solanum section Lycopersicon. Three of these species — S. cheesmaniae, galapagense, and pimpinellifolium — are fully cross compatible with domestic tomato. Four more species—S. chmielewskii, S. habrochaites, S. neorickii, and S. pennelli—can be readily crossed with domestic tomato, with some limitations. Five species—S. arcanum, S. chilense, S. corneliomulleri, S. huaylasense, and S. peruvianum—can be crossed with domestic tomato with difficulty and usually require embryo rescue to produce viable plants. The Lycopersicon section has not been fully sampled within wild species in the South American range, so new species may be added in the future.
Solanum section Lycopersicoides and section Juglandifolium are represented by two species each that are considered bridge species genetically intermediate between tomato and non-tuber bearing potato species. S. lycopersicoides can be crossed with domestic tomato and introgression lines have been developed. This species was significant in moving the domestic tomato from separate genus status into the Solanum group because it directly links the tomato into the potato family.