List of tallest buildings and structures in London

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London in 2014, featuring the Shard and the City of London skyline
Canary Wharf pictured at night
Tallest buildings in London.

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in London ranks skyscrapers and towers in London by their height. Since 2010, the tallest structure in London has been the Shard at London Bridge, which was topped out at approximately 306 metres (1,004 ft) in 2012, making it the tallest habitable building in Europe. The second-tallest building is One Canada Square in Canary Wharf, which rises 235 metres (771 ft) and was completed in 1991.[1] It is the 19th-tallest building in Europe. The third-tallest completed building in London is the Heron Tower in the City of London financial district, which was topped out in 2010 and stands at a height of 230 metres (755 ft), including its spire.

The Greater London area is currently level with the Paris Metropolitan Area as the metropolitan area in the European Union with the most skyscrapers. As of 2014, there are 18 skyscrapers in London that reach a roof height of at least 150 metres (492 ft), with the same figure for Paris (compared to 14 in Frankfurt, eight in Warsaw and five in Madrid).

The history of tall structures in London began with the completion of the 27-metre (89 ft) White Tower, a part of the Tower of London, in 1098.[2][3] The first structure to surpass a height of 100 metres (328 ft) was the Old St Paul's Cathedral. Completed in 1310, it stood at a height of 150 metres (492 ft).[4] St Paul's was the world's tallest structure until 1311, when its height was surpassed by Lincoln Cathedral in Lincoln.[4] It regained the title when the spire of Lincoln Cathedral fell in 1549.[5] Although the spire of the Old St Paul's was destroyed by lightning in 1561, it still stood as the tallest structure in London,[5] while the world's tallest structure became Strasbourg Cathedral in Strasbourg, France.[5] St Paul's was severely damaged by the Great Fire of London in 1666.[4] The title of the tallest structure in London passed to Southwark Cathedral, which stands at a height of 50 metres (164 ft)[6] and no structure in London again rose above 100 metres until 1710, when the current St Paul's Cathedral was completed.[7] At 111 metres (364 ft), the cathedral remained London's tallest building until it was overtaken in 1962 by the BT Tower, which was topped out in 1964 and officially opened in 1965.

Few skyscrapers were built in London before the end of the last century, owing to restrictions on building heights originally imposed by the London Building Act of 1894, which followed the construction of the 14-storey Queen Anne's Mansions. Though restrictions have long since been eased, strict regulations remain to preserve protected views, especially those of St Paul's, the Tower of London and Palace of Westminster, as well as to comply with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Authority.

The lifting of height restrictions caused a boom in the construction of tall buildings during the 1960s. One of London's first notable tall buildings was the 117-metre (384 ft) Centre Point, completed in 1966. The National Westminster Tower (now called Tower 42) followed in 1980, which at 183 metres (600 ft) became London's first genuine "skyscraper" by international standards. It was followed in 1991 by One Canada Square, which formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development. Following a 10-year gap, several new skyscrapers appeared on London's skyline: 8 Canada Square, 25 Canada Square (both also at Canary Wharf), the Heron Quays buildings, One Churchill Place, the Broadgate Tower and the gherkin-shaped 30 St Mary Axe. Some of the awards given to 30 St Mary Axe include the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2003[8] and the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2004.[9]

With the precedent set by the towers of Canary Wharf and with the encouragement of former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, a renewed trend for building tall has been established in recent years. There are nine structures actively under construction in London that will rise at least 100 metres in height, besides the South Bank Tower, which is being increased in height by 11 storeys. The Pinnacle, planned to form the centrepiece of the City of London's skyscraper cluster, has been on hold since 2012.

Tallest buildings and structures[edit]

This list ranks externally complete London skyscrapers and free-standing towers that stand at least 328 feet (100 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Image Height
metres / ft
Floors Year Primary use Notes
1 The Shard The Shard from the Sky Garden 2015.jpg 306 / 1,004 01.087 2012 Mixed Tallest building in the UK and also the tallest in the EU.[10]
2 One Canada Square One Canada Square.jpg 235 / 771 02.050 1991 Office Tallest building in the Canary Wharf business district.
3 Heron Tower Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG 230 / 756 04.046 2011 Office Tallest building in the City of London financial district.
4 122 Leadenhall Street Cheesegrater and Gherkin.jpg 225 / 737 04.046 2014 Office Second-tallest building in the City of London. Nicknamed "The Cheesegrater".[11]
5 Crystal Palace Transmitter Cp mast.jpg 219 / 720 35.0N/A 1950 Transmitter Tallest structure in London completed in the 1950s.[12]
6 8 Canada Square HSBC Tower.jpg 200 / 655 05.042 2002 Office Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the HSBC Tower.[13][14]
7 25 Canada Square 25CanadaSquare.jpg 200 / 655 04.042 2002 Office Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the Citigroup Tower.[15][16]
8 Tower 42 Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg 183 / 600 07.047 1980 Office Seventh-tallest building in the UK. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1980s. Formerly known as the NatWest Tower.[17][18]
9 St George Wharf Tower St Georges Wharf Tower 2013-09-26.jpg 181 / 594 01.049 2013 Residential The crown of the building includes a small wind turbine which helps to generate power for the building.[19][20]
10 30 St Mary Axe 30 St Mary Axe, 'Gherkin'.JPG 180 / 590 09.040 2003 Office Formerly known as the Swiss Re Building. Nicknamed "The Gherkin".[21][22]
11 BT Tower BT Tower-1.jpg 177 / 581 16.034 1964 Transmitter Tallest building in London completed in the 1960s.[23][24]
12 Broadgate Tower Broadgate Tower.jpg 164 / 539 14.035 2008 Office [25][26]
13 20 Fenchurch Street 20 Fenchurch Street, City of London.jpg 160 / 525 14.037 2014 Office Nicknamed "The Walkie-Talkie".
14 One Churchill Place Barclays HQ.jpg 156 / 513 22.032 2004 Office Twelfth-tallest building in the UK.[27][28]
15= Croydon Transmitter Croydon Transmitter.JPG 460/ n/a 36.0N/A 1964 Transmitter [29][30]
15= 25 Bank Street 25 Bank Street 2012.JPG 153 / 502 19.033 2003 Office [31][32]
15= 40 Bank Street 40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg 153 / 502 20.033 2003 Office [33][34]
18 10 Upper Bank Street 10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg 151 / 495 23.032 2003 Office [35][36]
19= Pan Peninsula East Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 147 / 484 02.048 2008 Residential [37][38]
19= Strata Strata.jpg 147 / 484 43 2010 Residential [39][40][41]
21 Guy's Tower Guys hospital tower.jpg 143 / 469 17.034 1974 Hospital Tallest all-hospital building in the world. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1970s.[42][43]
22 22 Marsh Wall East Tower 22 Marsh Wall.jpg 140 / 458 44 2010 Residential
23 London Eye London Eye - TQ04 26.jpg 135 / 443 37.0 44 1999 Ferris wheel The world's tallest Ferris wheel from 1999 until 2006.[44][45]
24= 150 High Street, Stratford Geograph-3135278-by-David-Anstiss.jpg 133 / 436 42 2013 Residential [46]
24= Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium, From the Outside.JPG 133 / 436 34.06 2007 Stadium Second-tallest stadium in the world.[47][48]
26 CityPoint City Point.jpg 127 / 417 11.036 1967 Office [49][50]
27 Willis Building Willis Building (London).jpg 125 / 410 29.026 2007 Office [51][52]
28= Euston Tower Euston Tower 2004.jpg 124 / 408 12.036 1970 Office [53][54]
28= 25 Churchill Place Geograph-3639351-by-Alex-McGregor.jpg 124 / 408 10.023 2014 Office [55][56]
30= Cromwell Tower Crowell Tower, London.jpg 123 / 404 08.042 1973 Residential [57][58]
30= Lauderdale Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2005.jpg 123 / 404 06.043 1974 Residential [59][60]
30= Shakespeare Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2007.jpg 123 / 404 05.043 1976 Residential [61][62]
33 Pan Peninsula West Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 122 / 400 10.039 2008 Residential [63][64]
34 Millbank Tower Millbank Tower, Westminster, London, 24Apr04.jpg 119 / 390 21.033 1963 Office [65][66]
35 St. Helen's St. Helen's - St. Mary Axe- 2011-05-04.jpg 118 / 387 28.028 1969 Office Formerly known as the Aviva Tower.[67][68]
36= Centre Point Centre Point London.jpg 117 / 385 15.035 1967 Office [69][70] As of 2015, it is undergoing conversion to residential use.[71]
36= Empress State Building Empress State Building.JPG 117 / 385 24.031 1961 Office Originally stood at a height of 100 metres (328 ft) before a height extension in 2003.[72][73]
38 ArcelorMittal Orbit ArcelorMittal Orbit at night.jpg 115 / 377 37.02 2012 Viewing platform [74]
39 Battersea Power Station Battersea.power.station.london.arp.jpg 113 / 370 33.010 1953 Industrial [75][76]
40 The Heron Geograph-3216844-by-Mr-Biz.jpg 112 / 367 35 2013 Residential Also known as Milton Court.[77][78]
41 St Paul's Cathedral Cathédrale St-Paul - entrée principale.jpg 111 / 364 38.0N/A 1710 Religious Tallest place of worship in London. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1700s.[7][79]
42 1 West India Quay OneWestIndiaQuay.jpg 108 / 354 13.036 2004 Office [80][81]
43 Shell Centre Shell Centre, London, UK, June 2004.jpg 107 / 351 30.026 1961 Office [82][83]
44= 33 Canada Square 33 Canada Square.jpg 105 / 344 32.018 1999 Office [84][85]
44= Nido Spitalfields Nido 100 Middlesex Street.jpg 105 / 344 34 2009 Residential (student) [86]
44= Pioneer Point North, Ilford Geograph-2337704-by-Robin-Webster.jpg 105 / 344 31 2011 Residential [87][88]
47= 99 Bishopsgate 99 Bishopsgate from above.jpg 104 / 340 31.026 1976 Office [89][90]
47= Ontario Tower Blackwall Tunnel ventilation shafts and the Ontario Tower - geograph.org.uk - 789359.jpg 104 / 340 25.029 2007 Residential [91][92]
49 Victoria Tower Westminster Palace Victoria Tower.jpg 102 / 336 39.0N/A 1858 Government Tallest non-religious building in the world upon completion. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1800s. Architectural height 102m, roof height 98.5m.[93][94]
50= Portland House Portland House, London, England.jpg 101 / 331 26.029 1963 Office [95][96]
50= London Hilton on Park Lane The London Hilton on Park Lane.JPG 101 / 331 26.028 1963 Hotel
50= Royal London Hospital Tower 2 Royal London Hospital redevelopment.jpg 101 / 331 32.018 2010 Hospital [97]
53 Stock Exchange Tower Former London Stock Exchange Building - geograph.org.uk - 1501273.jpg 100 / 328 26.027 1970 Office [98][99]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out

Selection of buildings that dominate the London Skyline, including some still under construction or on hold.

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed[edit]

City of London's skyline in 2012 (projected). Owing to the financial recession of 2008 some developments were delayed, and will not be completed before 2014.

Under construction[edit]

Bishopsgate Tower as seen in November 2010

This lists buildings that are under construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary use Location Notes
Newfoundland (London) 212 / 696 58 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [100]
52-54 Lime Street 190 / 623 35 2017 Office City of London [101] Application 2012/06/22, approved 2013/01/15[102]
100 Bishopsgate 172 / 564 40 2018 Office City of London [103]
1 Blackfriars 163 / 535 49 2018 Residential South Bank [104][105] 1 Blackfriars Road, piling
Baltimore Wharf Tower 150 / 492 46 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [106][107][108] Core completed, floors rising
South Bank Tower 150 / 492 45 2015 Residential South Bank [109][110] Height increase from 108m to 150m.
1 Merchant Square 150 / 492 42 Office Paddington [111] Tallest building in the City of Westminster
Manhattan Loft Gardens 143 / 472 42 Residential Stratford [112] Plot N24, athletes' village
360-London 142 / 468 44 Residential Elephant & Castle [113][114] London Park Hotel Tower
Providence Tower 136 / 446 44 2015 Residential Blackwall [115][116] Formerly The Quebec Building
Saffron Square 134 / 440 44 2015 Residential Croydon [117]
Two Fifty One 134 / 440 42 2017 Residential Elephant & Castle [118][119][120] Formerly Eileen House
Infinity Towers Building B 127 / 400 35 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix London
One The Elephant 124 / 406 37 2015 Residential Elephant & Castle [121][122] Formerly St. Mary's
Nine Elms Point 125.5 / 411 37 2016 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [123][124][125] Formerly Vauxhall Sainsbury's Tower G
Lots Road South Tower 122 / 400 37 Residential Chelsea Harbour [126][127][128][129]
Vauxhall Sky Gardens 120 / 394 36 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [130]
Lexicon Tower 116 / 380 36 2015 Residential Islington [131][132][133] 261 City Road
Dollar Bay Tower 109 / 358 31 Residential Isle of Dogs [134]
Infinity Towers Building A 108 / 345 29 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix-London
2–12 High Street, Stratford 105 / 345 35 2016 Residential Stratford [135] Capital Towers - Sky View Tower
One Angel Court 100 / 328 24 Office City of London [136] Refurbishment of 97m building.

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m).

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Location Notes
The Pinnacle 288 / 945 63 City of London [137] On hold
Riverside South Tower 1 237 / 776 45 Isle of Dogs [138][139] Build to ground level. On hold.
City Pride 233 / 765 75 Isle of Dogs [140][141]
North Quay Tower 1 221 / 708 40 Isle of Dogs [142][143]
South Quay Plaza 215 / 705 68 Isle of Dogs [144] Approved Nov 2014[145]
North Quay Tower 3 203 / 666 38 Isle of Dogs [146][147]
One Nine Elms East Tower 200 / 660 58 2018 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [148][149] City Tower
Lansdowne Road Tower 199 / 652 51 Croydon [150][151] (Odalisk)
Riverside South Tower 2 186 / 610 37 Isle of Dogs [152][153] Built to ground level. On hold.
Heron Quays West 1 185.5 / 612 40 Isle of Dogs [154] 10 Bank Street
Arrowhead Quay Tower 1 183 / 600 55 Isle of Dogs Application 2013/01/17[155] Approved Nov 2014[145]
Morello Tower 171 / 561 53 Croydon [156][157] Cherry Orchard Road
Arrowhead Quay Tower 2 170 / 558 50 Isle of Dogs Approved Nov 2014[145]
Vauxhall Bondway Tower 168 / 550 50 2018 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2014/02/04, Approved 5 Aug 2014[158]
Vauxhall Square Tower 1 168 / 550 50 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [159][160]
Vauxhall Square Tower 2 168 / 550 50 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [160][161]
Principal Place 164 / 538 51 Shoreditch [162][163] Residential tower
Ludgate House Tower B 162.6 / 532 49 South Bank [164][165]
One Nine Elms West Tower 160 / 530 47 2018 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [149] River Tower
Ruskin Square Building 159 / 522 26 Croydon [166] Aka Croydon Gateway
250 City Road, Tower 1 155 / 508 42 2013 Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site, Approved[167]
New Covent Garden Market T2 154 / 505 45 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
Imperial College Tower 141 / 465 35 White City [168][169][170] White City campus
Canada Water Building C4 140** / 462 40 Canada Water [171][172]
Doon Street Tower 140 / 462 43 South Bank [173]
Vauxhall Cross Tower 1 140 / 462 41 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [174]
1 Merchant Square 140 / 462 41 Paddington [175]
250 City Road, Tower 2 137 / 454 36 2013 Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site
145 City Road 136 / 451 39 Hackney Crown House
Heron Plaza 135 / 448 44 City of London [176]
Croydon Vocational Tower 134 / 440 29 Croydon [177]
20 Blackfriars Road Residential Tower 133 / 436 43 South Bank [178][179][180] Approved after public inquiry
New Covent Garden Market T3 128 / 420 37 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
The Stage, Shoreditch 126 / 413 40 2016 Shoreditch
40 Marsh Wall 124 / 406 39 Isle of Dogs [181]
Elizabeth House 123 / 403 29 South Bank Waterloo
Broadway Chambers, Stratford 123 / 403 38 Stratford [182]
North Quay Tower 2 120 / 394 18 2017 Isle of Dogs [183][184]
Meridian Tower, Greenwich 118 / 387 32 Greenwich Peninsula [185]
Convoys Wharf Tower 1 116 / 380 40 Deptford
Vauxhall Cross Tower 2 115 / 368 32 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [174]
12-20 Wyvil Road 114 / 365 37 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Approved[186]
Ram Brewery Tower, Wandsworth 113 / 371 36 Wandsworth
New Covent Garden Market T1 109 / 358 31 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
The Quill 109 / 359 31 Southwark [187]
Brickfields Tower 108 / 355 30 White City [188]
Sampson House Tower B 105 / 345 31 South Bank [164][165]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding a building's expected year of completion has not yet been released.

** Approximate figure.

Proposed[edit]

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Once a planning application has been submitted, a decision by the relevant authority may take two or three years.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (Proposal) Notes
The Three Spires 253 / 830 64 2009 [189] Three towers at 830, 689 (210 m) and 348 feet (106 metres)
Hertsmere Tower 237 / 794 74 2013 [190] Formerly Columbus Tower, now redesigned
Quay House 235 / 788 70 2014 Scoping application February 2014
Wood Wharf A1 206 / 676 51 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Wood Wharf E4 194 / 634 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Heron Quays West 2 185.5 / 612 40 2013 1 Bank Street, application 2013/12/24
Wood Wharf F1 184 / 603 2013 Application 2013/12/19
30 Marsh Wall 183 / 600 53 2013 [191] Application 2013/12/23
Meridian Gate 180 / 590 50 2014 Scoping application 2014/01/10
One Park Place 162 / 532 32 2013 [192][193]
Wood Wharf J3 161 / 529 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Wood Wharf B1 160 / 527 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Cuba Street Tower 1 157 / 515 52 2010 Application 2011/06/09
40 Leadenhall Street 154 / 505 34 2013 [194]
Angel Tower 154 / 505 46 2012 225 Marsh Wall, application 2012/10/01
Wood Wharf A3 151 / 496 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Millharbour West Building A 150 / 492 46 2009
Skylines Village Block B1 148 / 486 45 2012 Application 2012/03/07
Millharbour East Building E 140 / 464 46 2009
South Quay Plaza Tower 2 130 / 430 35 2013 [144]
Wood Wharf E2 129 / 427 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Millharbour East Building A 126 / 414 37 2009
Shell Centre Tower 1 122 / 401 37* 2012 [195]
Cuba Street Tower 2 122 / 401 40 2010 Application 2011/06/09
Millharbour West Buildings B, C 121 / 398 37 2009 [196]
Keybridge House Tower 120* / 395 35* 2013 [197] Vauxhall (this will replace the existing ex-BT building of the same name currently on the site. The existing 15 story building held the record for the 'tallest free standing chimneys in Europe' when constructed in the late 70's)
London Dock Tower 115 / 368 34 2012 Application 2013/05/29, Wapping
Wood Wharf J1 112 / 359 2013 Application 2013/12/19
Millharbour West Building D 108 / 355 24 2009 [198][199]
Stratford City Tower 103 / 337 33 2013 Application 2013/07/02, Gt. Eastern Road
Shell Centre Tower 2 102 / 334 32* 2012 [195]
Stratford Gateway Towers 1 & 2 102 / 334 32 2011 [200] Plot N06

* Approximate figure.

Scale models of the skyscrapers planned for Central London. (2012)

Cancelled constructions[edit]

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in London that were planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors* Year' Notes
London Millennium Tower 386 92 1996
London Bridge Tower (Old Design) 366 87 2000 [201]
The Spark Plug (Battersea Eco-tower) 300 40 2008 [202][203]
Minerva Building 246 53 2002
Elephant & Castle, Tower 1 228 55 2001 [204]
6–8 & 22–24 Bishopsgate Redevelopment (Original Design) 216 50 2002 [205]
New London Bridge House Redevelopment 211 50 2004 [206]
Stratford City Tower 210 50 [207]
Citypoint (Santiago Calatrava) 203 27 1997 [208]
Ropemaker Place Tower 200 38 2001 [209]
Elephant & Castle, Tower 2 182 35 2001 [210]
King's Cross Towers 1 & 2 180 44 1987 [211][212]
The Blade, Paddington 150 44 [213][214]
Ram Brewery Tower 1, Wandsworth 145 / 476 42 2008 [215][216] Rejected
The Leaf Block F, Ealing 138 49 [217]
Victoria Interchange Buildings 2 & 7 134 42 [218][219]
70–100 City Road Block A 131 / 430 39 2008 [220]
Clapham Junction Towers 1 & 2 127 / 417 40 2008 [221][222]
Bishops Place Building 1 126 / 414 32 2006 [163][223]
St. John's Tower, Stratford 116 / 381 30 [224]
1 Crown Place, Hackney 114 / 365 24 2009 [225] Application withdrawn
Walbrook Square Building 1 107 / 351 22 2006 [226] Redesigned
Trinity Building 3 100 / 328 25 2008 [227] Existing building to be refurbished
4–5 South Quay Square 100 / 328 30 2006 [228] Application withdrawn

Demolished buildings[edit]

This lists all demolished buildings in London that stood at least 328 feet (100 m) tall.

Name Image Height
metres / ft>
Floors Year built Year demolished Notes
Drapers' Gardens Drapersgardens cropped.jpg 100 / 328 30 1967 2007 Designed by Richard Seifert, replaced by building 74 metres (243 ft) tall.
Southwark Towers Southwark Towers, PwC, London.jpg 100 / 328 25 1976 2009 Replaced by The Shard.

Visions of skyscrapers[edit]

Name Height
metres
Floors Year Notes
Mile High Eco Tower 1500 500 2007 [229][230]
Citygate Ecotower 485 108 2002 [231]
Mallory Clifford Project 470 100 1998 [232] Aka Southwark Tower
Green Bird 442 83 1990 [233]
Wembley Park Tower 353 1890 [234]
Aldegate Tower 325 85 1989 [235]
Glass Tower 304 80 1852 [236]
Vortex Tower 300 70 2004 [237]
Credit Suisse First Boston Building 250 50 1989 [238]
Glengall View Place 230 54 2006 [239][240] Greenwich View Place
Cricklewood Tower 216 47 [241][242]
80 & 88–104 Bishopsgate Redevelopment 214 50 [243]
Folgate Street (Project Cosmos) 50 [244]
Skyhouse 168 50 [245][246] Originally 305m
Royal Courts of Justice 165* 1865 [247]
Corporation of London Tower 150* 1944

* Estimated height.

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

The White Tower stood as the tallest structure in London from 1098 until 1310.

This lists free-standing structures that have at some point held the title of tallest structure in London.

Name Location Years as tallest Height
metres / ft
Floors Reference
White Tower Tower Hill 1098–1310 01.027 / 90 03.0N/A [3]
Old St Paul's Cathedral[A] City of London 1310–1666 07.0150 / 493[B] 08.0N/A [4]
Southwark Cathedral Southwark 1666–1677 02.050 / 163 04.0N/A [248]
Monument to the Great Fire of London City of London 1677–1683 03.062 / 202 05.0N/A [249]
St Mary-le-Bow City of London 1683–1710 04.072 / 236 06.0N/A [250]
St Paul's Cathedral City of London 1710–1939 05.0111 / 365 07.0N/A [79]
Battersea Power Station[C] Kirtling Street 1939–1950 06.0113 / 370 01.010 [75]
Crystal Palace transmitting station[D] Crystal Palace Park 1950–1991 08.0219 / 720 09.0N/A [12]
One Canada Square Canary Wharf 1991–2010 09.0235 / 771 02.050 [251]
Shard London Bridge Southwark 2010— 306 / 1004 87 [252]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

A.^ This structure was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666, allowing a shorter structure to become the tallest in the city.[253]
B.^ The exact height of the Old St. Paul's Cathedral remains unknown. Heights ranging between 140 metres (460 ft) and 150 metres (490 ft) have all been reported.[253] The spire was destroyed by fire in 1561.
C.^ If counting the tallest habitable floors in buildings, then the record would be held between 1961 and 1962 by the Shell Centre, at 107 metres (351 ft) and having 26 floors; and before it by the Victoria Tower at 98.5 metres (323 ft), completed in 1858 and having 14 floors.[254][255]
D.^ If the Crystal Palace Transmitter is excluded as a "building", then the record was held by the "Post Office Tower" (later The British Telecom Tower) from 1962 to 1980, at a height excluding antenna of 177 metres (581 ft) and containing 34 floors, and from 1980 to 1991 by Tower 42 at 183 metres (600 ft).

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "One Canada Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 28 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "The White Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "The Tower of London". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Old St. Paul's Cathedral". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c "Old St. Paul's Cathedral". Emporis.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  6. ^ "Southwark Cathedral". Emporis.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  7. ^ a b "St. Paul's Cathedral". Emporis.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  8. ^ "Winning Design". Emporis Awards. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  9. ^ "Winner 2004". Architecture.com. Winter 2004. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  10. ^ "The Shard". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  11. ^ Armstrong, Ashley (5 November 2014). "Steel bolts break on Cheesegrater skyscraper, reveals British Land". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  12. ^ a b "Crystal Palace Transmitter". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  13. ^ "8 Canada Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  14. ^ "8 Canada Square". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  15. ^ "25 Canada Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  16. ^ "25 Canada Square". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  17. ^ "Tower 42". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  18. ^ "Tower 42". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  19. ^ "St George Wharf Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  20. ^ "St George Wharf Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  21. ^ "30 St Mary Axe". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  22. ^ "30 St Mary Axe". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  23. ^ "BT Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  24. ^ "BT Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  25. ^ "Broadgate Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  26. ^ "Broadgate Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  27. ^ "One Churchill Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  28. ^ "One Churchill Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  29. ^ "Croydon Transmitter". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  30. ^ "Croydon TV Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  31. ^ "25 Bank Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  32. ^ "25 Bank Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  33. ^ "40 Bank Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  34. ^ "40 Bank Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  35. ^ "10 Upper Bank Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
  36. ^ "10 Upper Bank Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008. 
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References[edit]

External links[edit]