List of tallest buildings and structures in London

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London in 2014, featuring the Shard and the City of London skyline
Canary Wharf pictured at night
Tallest buildings in London.

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in London ranks skyscrapers and towers in London by their height. Since 2010, the tallest structure in London has been The Shard, which was topped out at 309.6 metres (1,016 ft), making it the tallest habitable building in Europe at the time. The second tallest is One Canada Square in Canary Wharf, which rises 235 metres (771 ft) and was completed in 1991.[1] The third tallest is the Heron Tower in the City of London financial district, which was topped out in 2010 and stands at a height of 230 metres (755 ft), including its spire.

The Greater London area is currently about level with the Paris Metropolitan Area as the metropolitan area in the European Union with the most skyscrapers. As of 2015, there are 16 skyscrapers in London that reach a roof height of at least 150 metres (492 ft), with 17 in Paris (compared to 15 in Frankfurt, eleven in Warsaw and five in Madrid).

The history of tall structures in London began with the completion of the 27-metre (89 ft) White Tower, a part of the Tower of London, in 1098.[2][3] The first structure to surpass a height of 100 metres (328 ft) was the Old St Paul's Cathedral. Completed in 1310, it stood at a height of 150 metres (492 ft).[4] St Paul's was the world's tallest structure until 1311, when its height was surpassed by Lincoln Cathedral in Lincoln.[4] It regained the title when the spire of Lincoln Cathedral fell in 1549.[5] Although the spire of the Old St Paul's was destroyed by lightning in 1561, it still stood as the tallest structure in London,[5] while the world's tallest structure became Strasbourg Cathedral in Strasbourg, France.[5] St Paul's was severely damaged by the Great Fire of London in 1666.[4] The title of the tallest structure in London passed to Southwark Cathedral, which stands at a height of 50 metres (164 ft)[6] and no structure in London again rose above 100 metres until 1710, when the current St Paul's Cathedral was completed.[7] At 111 metres (364 ft), the cathedral remained London's tallest building until it was overtaken in 1962 by the BT Tower, which was topped out in 1964 and officially opened in 1965.

Few skyscrapers were built in London before the end of the last century, owing to restrictions on building heights originally imposed by the London Building Act of 1894, which followed the construction of the 14-storey Queen Anne's Mansions. Though restrictions have long since been eased, strict regulations remain to preserve protected views, especially those of St Paul's, the Tower of London and Palace of Westminster, as well as to comply with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Authority.

The lifting of height restrictions caused a boom in the construction of tall buildings during the 1960s. One of London's first notable tall buildings was the 117-metre (384 ft) Centre Point, completed in 1966. The National Westminster Tower (now called Tower 42) followed in 1980, which at 183 metres (600 ft) became London's first genuine "skyscraper" by international standards.[citation needed] It was followed in 1991 by One Canada Square, which formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development. Following a 10-year gap, several new skyscrapers appeared on London's skyline: 8 Canada Square, 25 Canada Square (both also at Canary Wharf), the Heron Quays buildings, One Churchill Place, the Broadgate Tower and the gherkin-shaped 30 St Mary Axe. Some of the awards given to 30 St Mary Axe include the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2003[8] and the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2004.[9]

With the precedent set by the towers of Canary Wharf and with the encouragement of former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, a renewed trend for building tall has been established in recent years. As of April 2016, there were 71 structures under construction or proposed in London that will rise at least 100 metres in height, including the South Bank Tower, which is being increased in height by 11 storeys.[10] 1 Undershaft, planned to form the centrepiece of the City of London's skyscraper cluster, is the tallest skyscraper currently proposed for London.[11]

Tallest buildings and structures[edit]

This list ranks externally complete London skyscrapers and free-standing towers that stand at least 328 feet (100 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Image Height
metres / ft
Floors Year Primary use Location Notes
1 The Shard The Shard from the Sky Garden 2015.jpg 309.6 / 1,016 01.087 2012 Mixed South Bank Tallest building in the UK and also the tallest in the EU.[12]
2 One Canada Square One Canada Square 2.jpg 235 / 771 02.050 1991 Office Isle of Dogs Tallest building in the Canary Wharf business district.
3 Heron Tower Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG 230 / 756 04.046 2011 Office City of London Tallest building in the City of London financial district.
4 122 Leadenhall Street Cheesegrater and Gherkin.jpg 225 / 737 04.046 2014 Office City of London Second-tallest building in the City of London. Nicknamed "The Cheesegrater".[13]
5 Crystal Palace Transmitter Cp mast.jpg 219 / 720 35.0N/A 1950 Transmitter Crystal Palace Tallest structure in London completed in the 1950s.[14]
6= 8 Canada Square HSBC Tower.jpg 200 / 655 05.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the HSBC Tower.[15][16]
6= 25 Canada Square 25CanadaSquare.jpg 200 / 655 04.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the Citigroup Tower.[17][18]
8 Tower 42 Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg 183 / 600 07.047 1980 Office City of London Seventh-tallest building in the UK. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1980s. Formerly known as the NatWest Tower.[19][20]
9 St George Wharf Tower St Georges Wharf Tower 2013-09-26.jpg 181 / 594 01.049 2013 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms The crown of the building includes a small wind turbine which helps to generate power for the building.[21][22]
10 30 St Mary Axe 30 St Mary Axe, 'Gherkin'.JPG 180 / 590 09.040 2003 Office City of London Formerly known as the Swiss Re Building. Nicknamed "The Gherkin".[23][24]
11 BT Tower BT Tower-1.jpg 177 / 581 16.034 1964 Transmitter borough of Camden Tallest building in London completed in the 1960s.[25][26]
12 Broadgate Tower Broadgate Tower.jpg 164 / 539 14.035 2008 Office City of London [27][28]
13 20 Fenchurch Street Walkie-Talkie - Sept 2015.jpg 160 / 525 14.037 2014 Office City of London Nicknamed "The Walkie-Talkie".
14 One Churchill Place Barclays HQ.jpg 156 / 513 22.032 2004 Office Isle of Dogs Twelfth-tallest building in the UK.[29][30]
15= 25 Bank Street 25 Bank Street 2012.JPG 153 / 502 19.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [31][32]
15= 40 Bank Street 40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg 153 / 502 20.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [33][34]
17 Croydon Transmitter Croydon Transmitter.JPG 152 / 499 36.0N/A 1964 Transmitter Croydon [35][36]
18 10 Upper Bank Street 10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg 151 / 495 23.032 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [37][38]
19= Baltimore Wharf Tower* 150 / 492 46 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [39][40][41] Topped out.[42]
19= South Bank Tower South Bank Tower under construction - Nov 2014.jpg 150 / 492 45 2015 Residential South Bank [43][44] Built 1972, height increase from 108m to 150m completed May 2016[45][46]
21= Pan Peninsula East Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 147 / 484 02.048 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [47][48]
21= Strata Strata SE1 from Monument 2014.jpg 147 / 484 43 2010 Residential Elephant & Castle [49][50][51]
23 Guy's Tower Guys hospital tower.jpg 143 / 469 17.034 1974 Hospital South Bank Tallest all-hospital building in the world. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1970s.[52][53]
24 22 Marsh Wall East Tower 22 Marsh Wall.jpg 140 / 458 44 2010 Residential Isle of Dogs
25 Providence Tower* 136 / 446 44 2015 Residential Blackwall [54][55] Formerly The Quebec Building. Topped out.[56]
26 London Eye London Eye - TQ04 26.jpg 135 / 443 37.0 44 1999 Ferris wheel South Bank The world's tallest Ferris wheel from 1999 until 2006.[57][58]
27 Saffron Square* Berkley Homes Saffron Square, April 2014 134 / 440 44 2015 Residential Croydon [59] Topped out.[60]
28= 150 High Street, Stratford Geograph-3135278-by-David-Anstiss.jpg 133 / 436 42 2013 Residential Stratford [61]
28= Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium, From the Outside.JPG 133 / 436 34.06 2007 Stadium Wembley Second-tallest stadium in the world.[62][63]
30 25 Churchill Place Geograph-3639351-by-Alex-McGregor.jpg 130 / 428 10.023 2014 Office Isle of Dogs [64][65]
31 CityPoint City Point.jpg 127 / 417 11.036 1967 Office City of London [66][67]
32 Willis Building Willis Building (London).jpg 125 / 410 29.026 2007 Office City of London [68][69]
33= 40 Marsh Wall* 124 / 406 39 Hotel Isle of Dogs [70] Topped out.
33= One The Elephant One the Elephant.jpg 124 / 406 37 2015 Residential Elephant & Castle [71][72] Formerly St. Mary's. Completed June 2016.[73]
33= Euston Tower Euston Tower 2004.jpg 124 / 408 12.036 1970 Office Euston [74][75]
36= Cromwell Tower Crowell Tower, London.jpg 123 / 404 08.042 1973 Residential City of London [76][77]
36= Lauderdale Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2005.jpg 123 / 404 06.043 1974 Residential City of London [78][79]
36= Shakespeare Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2007.jpg 123 / 404 05.043 1976 Residential City of London [80][81]
39 Pan Peninsula West Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 122 / 400 10.039 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [82][83]
40 Vauxhall Sky Gardens* 120 / 394 35 Residential Vauxhall [84] Topped out.
41 Millbank Tower Millbank Tower, Westminster, London, 24Apr04.jpg 119 / 390 21.033 1963 Office Westminster [85][86]
42 St. Helen's St. Helen's - St. Mary Axe- 2011-05-04.jpg 118 / 387 28.028 1969 Office City of London Formerly known as the Aviva Tower.[87][88]
43= Centre Point Centre Point London.jpg 117 / 385 15.035 1967 Office West End [89][90] As of 2015, it is undergoing conversion to residential use.[91]
43= Empress State Building Empress State Building.JPG 117 / 385 24.031 1961 Office Earls Court Originally stood at a height of 100 metres (328 ft) before a height extension in 2003.[92][93]
45 Lexicon Tower* 116 / 380 36 2015 Residential Islington [94][95][96] 261 City Road. Topped out 2015 [97]
46 ArcelorMittal Orbit ArcelorMittal Orbit at night.jpg 115 / 377 37.02 2012 Viewing platform Stratford [98]
47 Battersea Power Station Battersea.power.station.london.arp.jpg 113 / 370 33.010 1953 Industrial Battersea [99][100]
48 The Heron Geograph-3216844-by-Mr-Biz.jpg 112 / 367 35 2013 Residential City of London Also known as Milton Court.[101][102]
49 St Paul's Cathedral Cathédrale St-Paul - entrée principale.jpg 111 / 364 38.0N/A 1710 Religious City of London Tallest place of worship in London. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1700s.[7][103]
50 Dollar Bay Tower* 109 / 358 31 Residential Isle of Dogs [104] Topped out.[105]
51 1 West India Quay OneWestIndiaQuay.jpg 108 / 354 13.036 2004 Office Isle of Dogs [106][107]
52 Shell Centre Shell Centre, London, UK, June 2004.jpg 107 / 351 30.026 1961 Office South Bank [108][109]
53= 33 Canada Square 33 Canada Square.jpg 105 / 344 32.018 1999 Office Isle of Dogs [110][111]
53= Sky View Tower* 105 / 345 35 2016 Residential Stratford [112] Tallest of the Capital Towers development. Topped out.[113]
53= Nido Spitalfields Nido 100 Middlesex Street.jpg 105 / 344 34 2009 Residential (student) City of London [114]
53= Pioneer Point North, Ilford Geograph-2337704-by-Robin-Webster.jpg 105 / 344 31 2011 Residential Ilford [115][116]
57= 99 Bishopsgate 99 Bishopsgate from above.jpg 104 / 340 31.026 1976 Office City of London [117][118]
57= Ontario Tower Blackwall Tunnel ventilation shafts and the Ontario Tower - geograph.org.uk - 789359.jpg 104 / 340 25.029 2007 Residential Blackwall [119][120]
59 Victoria Tower Westminster Palace Victoria Tower.jpg 102 / 336 39.0N/A 1858 Government Westminster Tallest non-religious building in the world upon completion. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1800s. Architectural height 102m, roof height 98.5m.[121][122]
60= Portland House Portland House, London, England.jpg 101 / 331 26.029 1963 Office Westminster [123][124]
60= London Hilton on Park Lane The London Hilton on Park Lane.JPG 101 / 331 26.028 1963 Hotel West End
60= Royal London Hospital Tower 2 Royal London Hospital redevelopment.jpg 101 / 331 32.018 2010 Hospital Whitechapel [125]
60= Skyline, Woodberry Down* 101 / 331 31 2015 Residential Hackney [126]
64 Stock Exchange Tower Former London Stock Exchange Building - geograph.org.uk - 1501273.jpg 100 / 328 26.027 1970 Office City of London [127][128]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out

Selection of buildings that dominate the London Skyline, including some still under construction or on hold.

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

22 Bishopsgate as of May 2016. Core of cancelled scheme demolished to make way for new scheme
100 Bishopsgate progress as of February 2016

This lists buildings that are under construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary use Location Notes
22 Bishopsgate 278 / 912 63 2019 Office City of London [129] Old proposal cancelled, new proposal approved April 2016.[130] Work under way,[131] possible pause suggested following EU referendum result,[132] however, work has continued since.
Landmark Pinnacle 233 / 765 75 Residential Isle of Dogs [133][134]Formerly called City Pride. Was on hold, work commencing spring/summer 2016.
South Quay Plaza 1 215 / 705 68 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [135] Approved Nov 2014.[136] Phase one under way.[137][138]
Newfoundland (London) 212 / 696 58 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [139]
One Nine Elms City Tower 200 / 660 58 2018 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [140][141] City Tower
52-54 Lime Street 190 / 623 35 2017 Office City of London [142] Application 2012/06/22, approved 2013/01/15[143]
100 Bishopsgate 172 / 564 40 2018 Office City of London [144]Core rising
Principal Place 164 / 538 51 Residential Shoreditch [145][146] Residential tower
1 Blackfriars 163 / 535 49 2018 Residential South Bank [147][148] 1 Blackfriars Road, piling and core rising
One Nine Elms River Tower 160 / 530 47 2018 Hotel Vauxhall / Nine Elms [141] River Tower
250 City Road, Tower 1 155 / 508 42 2017 Residential Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site, Approved[149]
1 Merchant Square 150 / 492 42 2018 Office Paddington [150] Tallest building in the City of Westminster
Heron Quays West 2 147 / 482 28 2019 Office Canary Wharf [151] 1 Bank Street. Application 24 December 2013.
Manhattan Loft Gardens 143 / 472 42 2018 Residential Stratford [152] Plot N24, athletes' village
Highpoint 142 / 468 44 Residential Elephant & Castle [153][154]
Canada Water Building C4 140** / 462 40 Residential Canada Water [155][156] Carrying out foundation works [157]
250 City Road, Tower 2 137 / 454 36 Residential Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site
145 City Road 136 / 451 39 Residential Hackney Crown House, named the "Atlas Building".
Heron Plaza 135 / 448 44 Hotel City of London [158]
Two Fifty One 134 / 440 42 2017 Residential Elephant & Castle [159][160][161] Formerly Eileen House
Nine Elms Point 125.5 / 411 37 2016 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [162][163][164] Formerly Vauxhall Sainsbury's Tower G
Stratosphere 122 / 400 38 Residential Stratford [165][166] Formerly called Broadway Chambers.
Chelsea Waterfront Tower 1 122 / 400 37 Residential Chelsea Harbour Formerly called Lots Road.[167][168][169][170]
East Village E20 Tower 3 113 / 371 30 Residential Stratford
Upper Riverside Building A 104 / 341 2018 Residential Greenwich Peninsula [171]
One Angel Court 100 / 328 24 Office City of London [172] Refurbishment of 97m building.

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m).

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary Use Location Notes
Spire London 237 / 778 74 Residential West India Quay [173] Replaces two proposals on this site - Columbus Tower and Hertsmere Tower.[174] Application 8 October 2015, approved 2016[175]
Riverside South Tower 1 237 / 778 45 Office Isle of Dogs [176][177] Build to ground level. On hold.
North Quay Tower 1 221 / 708 40 Office Isle of Dogs [178][179]On hold
Alpha Square Tower 1 216 / 709 64 Residential Isle of Dogs [180] Approved April 2016
Wood Wharf A1 206 / 676 57 Residential Isle of Dogs Application 2013/12/19, Approved July 2015[181]
North Quay Tower 3 203 / 666 38 Office Isle of Dogs [182][183]
Riverside South Tower 2 186 / 610 37 Office Isle of Dogs [184][185] Built to ground level. On hold.
Heron Quays West 1 185.5 / 612 40 Office Isle of Dogs [186] 10 Bank Street
Wardian London East Tower 183 / 600 55 Residential Isle of Dogs Application 2013/01/17[187] Approved Nov 2014[136]
The Madison 182 / 590 53 Residential Isle of Dogs Previously Meridian Gate. Approved 2015[188]
Morello Tower 171 / 561 53 Croydon [189][190] Cherry Orchard Road
Wardian London West Tower 170 / 558 50 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved Nov 2014[136]
Aykon London One 168 / 550 50 2018 Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2014/02/04, Approved 5 Aug 2014[191] Formerly called New Bondway Tower.
Vauxhall Square Tower 1 168 / 550 50 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [192][193]
6-8 Bishopsgate/150 Leadenhall Street 168 / 550 40 Office City of London [194] Approved July 2015.[195]
Ludgate House Tower B 162.6 / 532 49 South Bank [196][197]
40 Leadenhall Street 154 / 505 34 Office City of London [198] Approved 2015[199]
New Covent Garden Market T2 154 / 505 45 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
Millharbour West Building A 150 / 492 46 Residential Isle of Dogs [200]
Harbour Central Block D 145 / 476 42 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [201][202] Maine Tower
6 Portal Way Tower 1 145 / 476** 42 Residential Acton Approved 20 July 2016[203]
Skipton House Tower 1 143 / 469 39 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[204]
Millharbour East Building E 140 / 459 46 Residential Isle of Dogs [200]
Doon Street Tower 140 / 462 43 Residential South Bank [205] On hold.
Vauxhall Cross Tower 1 140 / 462 41 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [206] On hold.
Croydon Vocational Tower 134 / 440 29 Croydon [207]
18 Blackfriars Road Residential Tower 133 / 436 43 South Bank [208][209][210] Approved after public inquiry. New scheme proposed 2015. Name change from 20 Blackfriars Road to 18 Blackfriars Road.[211]
Keybridge House Tower 129 / 423 36 2018 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [212] This will replace the existing ex-BT building of the same name currently on the site.

The existing 15 story building held the record for the 'tallest free standing chimneys in Europe' when constructed in the late 70's)

New Covent Garden Market T3 128 / 420 37 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
Infinity Towers Building B 127 / 400 35 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix London. On hold.
The Stage, Shoreditch 126 / 413 40 Residential Shoreditch
Millharbour East Building A 126 / 413 37 Residential Isle of Dogs [200]
One Crown Place Tower 1 123 / 403 33 Residential Shoreditch [213] Approved 2015. Demolition of current buildings under way.
Elizabeth House 123 / 403 29 Office South Bank Waterloo
Shell Centre Tower 1 122 / 401 37* South Bank [214] Approved[215]
Millharbour West Buildings B, C 121 / 397 37 Residential Isle of Dogs [216][200]
Alpha Square Tower 2 121 / 397 34 Residential Isle of Dogs [180] Approved April 2016
North Quay Tower 2 120 / 394 18 2017 Office Isle of Dogs [217][218]
Meridian Tower, Greenwich 118 / 387 32 Greenwich Peninsula [219]
Convoys Wharf Tower 1 116 / 380 40 Deptford
South Quay Plaza 2 115 / 377 35 Isle of Dogs [135]
Vauxhall Cross Tower 2 115 / 368 32 Vauxhall / Nine Elms [206] On hold.
6 Portal Way Tower 2 115 / 368** 32 Residential Acton
12-20 Wyvil Road 114 / 365 37 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Approved[220]
Ram Brewery Tower, Wandsworth 113 / 371 36 Residential Wandsworth
New Covent Garden Market T1 109 / 358 31 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
The Quill 109 / 359 31 Residential Southwark [221]
Infinity Towers Building A 108 / 345 29 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix-London. On hold.
Millharbour West Building D 108 / 354 24 Residential Isle of Dogs [222][200]
White City Green building E1 107 / 351 30** Residential White City Tallest building in scheme. Approved 2015.[223]
207-209 Shoreditch High Street 107 / 351 30 Hotel Shoreditch [224]
One Crown Place Tower 2 107 / 351 29 Residential Shoreditch [213]
Westferry Printworks Tower 1 106 / 348 29 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved in April 2016 after public inquiry.[225]
Skipton House Tower 2 106 / 348 25 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[226]
Imperial West 105 / 344 35 2019 Residential White City [227][228][229] White City campus. Work to start May 2016.[230]
Sampson House Tower B 105 / 345 31 South Bank [196][197]
West End Green 105 / 345 29 Residential Paddington [231] Approved April 2016. Height reduced from 134 m.
Shell Centre Tower 2 102 / 334 32* South Bank [214][215]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding a building's expected year of completion has not yet been released.

** Approximate figure.

Proposed[edit]

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Once a planning application has been submitted, a decision by the relevant authority may take two or three years.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (Proposal) Notes
1 Undershaft 295 / 968 73 2015 Planning application submitted in February 2016.[232]
Quay House 235 / 771 70 2014 Scoping application February 2014. Rejected November 2014[233]
South Quay Plaza 4 210 / 689 2015 [234] Rejected 12 May 2016. Final decision may be made by London Mayor.
Lansdowne Road Tower 199 / 652 51 2015 [235][236]Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[237] New plans submitted 2015.[238]
Wood Wharf E4 194 / 636 2013 Application 19 December 2013
225 Marsh Wall 190 / 623 60 2012 Application 1 October 2012. Name changed from Angel Tower and new plans submitted in 2015,[239] but were withdrawn in June 2016 after recommendation to refuse permission.[240]
Wood Wharf F1 184 / 604 2013 Application 19 December 2013
The Goodsyard Tower 1 166 / 545 46 2015 Decision on planning delayed in April 2016
1 Leadenhall 165 / 541* 37 2016 [241] Proposed for the City of London.
One Park Place 162 / 531 32 2013 [242][243] On hold
Wood Wharf J3 161 / 528 2013 Application 19 December 2013
Wood Wharf B1 160 / 525 2013 Application 19 December 2013
2-3 Finsbury Avenue 154 / 505 32 2015 Proposed in 2015, slight design changes & resubmitted application in 2016[244]
Wood Wharf A3 151 / 495 2013 Application 19 December 2013
30 Marsh Wall 139 / 456 43 2013 [245] Application 23 December 2013. Planned height reduced from 183 m[246]
East Village E20 Tower 1 135 / 443 36
East Village E20 Tower 2 135 / 443 36
Cuba Street Tower 1 134 / 440 41 2010 Application 9 June 2011. Redesigned with application submitted 2015
54 Marsh Wall 130 / 427 39 2014 [247]Proposed 2014. New plans submitted.
Wood Wharf E2 129 / 423 2013 Application 19 December 2013
31 London Street 125 / 410 35 2015 [248][249] Height reduced from 254 m (833 ft)
Chiswick Curve 120 / 394 32 2015 [250] Application submitted. Replaces two cancelled schemes - Octopus & Gateway Tower.
Rudolf Place 115 / 377 37 2015 [251]Student accomodation & offices. Planning application July 2016.
Wood Wharf J1 112 / 367 2013 Application 19 December 2013
Stratford City Tower 103 / 338 33 2013 Application 2 July 2013, Gt. Eastern Road
East Village E20 Tower 4 103 / 338 29
Stratford Gateway Towers 1 & 2 102 / 335 32 2011 [252] Plot N06

* Approximate figure.

Scale models of the skyscrapers planned for Central London. (2012)

Cancelled constructions[edit]

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in London that were planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors* Year' Notes
London Millennium Tower 386 92 1996
London Bridge Tower (Old Design) 366 87 2000 [253]
The Spark Plug (Battersea Eco-tower) 300 40 2008 [254][255]
Minerva Building 246 53 2002
Columbus Tower (London) 237 65 2003 Proposal replaced by Hertsmere House
Elephant & Castle, Tower 1 228 55 2001 [256]
6–8 & 22–24 Bishopsgate Redevelopment (Original Design) 216 50 2002 [257]
New London Bridge House Redevelopment 211 50 2004 [258]
Stratford City Tower 210 50 [259]
Citypoint (Santiago Calatrava) 203 27 1997 [260]
Ropemaker Place Tower 200 38 2001 [261]
Elephant & Castle, Tower 2 182 35 2001 [262]
King's Cross Towers 1 & 2 180 44 1987 [263][264]
Ruskin Square Building 159 / 522 26 [265] Aka Croydon Gateway.
The Blade, Paddington 150 44 [266][267]
Skylines Village Block B1 148 / 486 45 2012 Application 7 March 2012. Rejected 2013[268]
Ram Brewery Tower 1, Wandsworth 145 / 476 42 2008 [269][270] Rejected
The Leaf Block F, Ealing 138 49 [271]
Victoria Interchange Buildings 2 & 7 134 42 [272][273]
70–100 City Road Block A 131 / 430 39 2008 [274]
Clapham Junction Towers 1 & 2 127 / 417 40 2008 [275][276]
Bishops Place Building 1 126 / 414 32 2006 [146][277]
St. John's Tower, Stratford 116 / 381 30 [278]
1 Crown Place, Hackney 114 / 365 24 2009 [279] Application withdrawn
Brickfields Tower 108 / 355 30 2013 Planned for White City.[280] Cancelled after Imperial College purchased site.[281]
Walbrook Square Building 1 107 / 351 22 2006 [282] Redesigned
Trinity Building 3 100 / 328 25 2008 [283] Existing building to be refurbished
4–5 South Quay Square 100 / 328 30 2006 [284] Application withdrawn

Demolished buildings[edit]

This lists all demolished buildings in London that stood at least 328 feet (100 m) tall.

Name Image Height
metres / ft>
Floors Year built Year demolished Notes
Drapers' Gardens Drapersgardens cropped.jpg 100 / 328 30 1967 2007 Designed by Richard Seifert, replaced by building 74 metres (243 ft) tall.
Southwark Towers Southwark Towers, PwC, London.jpg 100 / 328 25 1976 2009 Replaced by The Shard.

Visions of skyscrapers[edit]

Name Height
metres
Floors Year Notes
Mile High Eco Tower 1500 500 2007 [285][286]
Citygate Ecotower 485 108 2002 [287]
Mallory Clifford Project 470 100 1998 [288] Aka Southwark Tower
Green Bird 442 83 1990 [289]
Wembley Park Tower 353 1890 [290]
Aldegate Tower 325 85 1989 [291]
Glass Tower 304 80 1852 [292]
Oakwood Tower 300 80 2016 [293]Made of wood, designed by Cambridge University for the City of London.
Vortex Tower 300 70 2004 [294]
The Three Spires 253 64 2009 [295] Three towers, the tallest of which was 253 m (830 ft)
Credit Suisse First Boston Building 250 50 1989 [296]
Glengall View Place 230 54 2006 [297][298] Greenwich View Place
Cricklewood Tower 216 47 [299][300]
80 & 88–104 Bishopsgate Redevelopment 214 50 [301]
Folgate Street (Project Cosmos) 50 [302]
Skyhouse 168 50 [303][304] Originally 305m
Royal Courts of Justice 165* 1865 [305]
Corporation of London Tower 150* 1944

* Estimated height.

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

The White Tower stood as the tallest structure in London from 1098 until 1310.

This lists free-standing structures that have at some point held the title of tallest structure in London.

Name Location Years as tallest Height
metres / ft
Floors Reference
White Tower Tower Hill 1098–1310 (212 years) 01.027 / 90 03.0N/A [3]
Old St Paul's Cathedral[A] City of London 1310–1666 (356 years) 07.0150 / 493[B] 08.0N/A [4]
Southwark Cathedral Southwark 1666–1677 (11 years) 02.050 / 163 04.0N/A [306]
Monument to the Great Fire of London City of London 1677–1683 (6 years) 03.062 / 202 05.0N/A [307]
St Mary-le-Bow City of London 1683–1710 (27 years) 04.072 / 236 06.0N/A [308]
St Paul's Cathedral City of London 1710–1939 (229 years) 05.0111 / 365 07.0N/A [103]
Battersea Power Station[C] Kirtling Street 1939–1950 (11 years) 06.0113 / 370 01.010 [99]
Crystal Palace transmitting station[D] Crystal Palace Park 1950–1991 (41 years) 08.0219 / 720 09.0N/A [14]
One Canada Square Canary Wharf 1991–2010 (19 years) 09.0235 / 771 02.050 [309]
The Shard Southwark 2010–present (6 years) 310 / 1016 87 [310]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

A.^ This structure was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666, allowing a shorter structure to become the tallest in the city.[311]
B.^ The exact height of the Old St. Paul's Cathedral remains unknown. Heights ranging between 140 metres (460 ft) and 150 metres (490 ft) have all been reported.[311] The spire was destroyed by fire in 1561.
C.^ If counting the tallest habitable floors in buildings, then the record would be held between 1961 and 1962 by the Shell Centre, at 107 metres (351 ft) and having 26 floors; and before it by the Victoria Tower at 98.5 metres (323 ft), completed in 1858 and having 14 floors.[312][313]
D.^ If the Crystal Palace Transmitter is excluded as a "building", then the record was held by the "Post Office Tower" (later The British Telecom Tower) from 1962 to 1980, at a height excluding antenna of 177 metres (581 ft) and containing 34 floors, and from 1980 to 1991 by Tower 42 at 183 metres (600 ft).

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