Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District
Location in Talladega County and the state of Alabama
|• Mayor||Jerry Cooper|
|• Total||24.1 sq mi (62.3 km2)|
|• Land||24.0 sq mi (62.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||558 ft (170 m)|
|• Density||654/sq mi (252.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0160707|
Talladega // is a city in Talladega County, Alabama, United States. It was incorporated in 1835. At the 2010 census the population was 15,676. The city is the county seat of Talladega County. Talladega is approximately 50 miles (80 km) east of Birmingham.
The city is home to the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind and the Talladega Municipal Airport, a public general aviation airport. The Talladega Superspeedway, Talladega College and the International Motorsports Hall of Fame are located nearby. The First National Bank of Talladega is the oldest bank in the State of Alabama, being founded in 1848.
The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, meaning "border" – indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw. While the town's name is pronounced // by local inhabitants, the racetrack's name is pronounced // by auto racing fans.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Talladega has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,143 people, 5,836 households, and 3,962 families residing in the city. The population density was 634.4 people per square mile (244.9/km²). There were 6,457 housing units at an average density of 270.5 per square mile (104.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.15% White, 42.28% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,836 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,617, and the median income for a family was $36,296. Males had a median income of $27,951 versus $21,326 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,733. About 14.1% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,676 people, 5,719 households, and 3,722 families residing in the city. The population density was 653.2 people per square mile (252.4/km²). There were 6,611 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile (106.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 48.7% Black or African American, 47.7% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. 3.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,719 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.0% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,449, and the median income for a family was $38,147. Males had a median income of $31,957 versus $24,209 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,146. About 22.7% of families and 25.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.
Landmarks and places of interest
Talladega includes a number of properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the J. L. M. Curry House and Swayne Hall, both listed as National Historic Landmarks. The main listed historic districts are the Silk Stocking District, which includes the Dr. Samuel Welch House, Talladega College Historic District, and Talladega Courthouse Square Historic District. Also included is the Talladega Superspeedway, which is a 2.66 miles (4.28 km) long race track. It hosts two NASCAR races annually.
- Steadham Acker, pioneer aviator
- Tom Bleick, former NFL player, who played college football at Georgia Tech
- The original members of the gospel group The Blind Boys of Alabama met in Talladega at the Alabama School for the Blind
- Sydney J. Bowie, former U.S. Representative and nephew of Franklin Welsh Bowdon
- Taul Bradford, former U.S. Representative
- Robert Bradley grew up in Evergreen, Alabama, and attended school in Talladega at the Alabama School for the Blind. He is now a famous blues-rock artist fronting his band, Robert Bradley's Blackwater Surprise. His early performances were in churches around Talladega.
- William W. Brandon, Governor of Alabama from 1923–1927
- Charles Brown, actor and member of the Negro Ensemble Company
- Ethlyne Clair, actress
- George Cruikshank, educator, newspaper editor, and historian
- Marcus Henderson Cruikshank, former member of the Confederate States Congress and Mayor of Talladega
- Lee de Forest was not a native of Talladega but he spent most of his early life there. De Forest, who invented the vacuum tube and held over 300 patents, was the son of a president of Talladega College.
- Tinsley R. Harrison, founding editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine
- Bob Jenkins, American former football halfback
- Eddie King, was born on April 21, 1938, in Talladega, and played as a sideman to many other blues musicians including Sonny Boy Williamson II and Koko Taylor. His 1997 solo album, Another Cow's Dead, won the Blues Music Award.
- Herman H. Long, former president of Talladega College and former president of the United Negro College Fund
- Felix Grundy McConnell, former U.S. Representative
- Gertrude Michael, American film, stage and television actress. Her best-remembered role is probably Rita Ross in Murder at the Vanities (1934), one of the last pre-Code films, in which she sang an ode to marijuana ("Sweet Marijuana").
- Jack Nelson, Pulitzer-winning Washington correspondent and former Washington bureau chief for the Los Angeles Times, was born in Talladega in October 1929. Beginning in September 2007, the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press offered one-year fellowships for recent law school graduates. They honor Nelson, who was chairman of its executive committee and served on its steering committee for 25 years.
- Dixie Parsons, former Major League Baseball player
- Lewis E. Parsons, not a native, but moved there in 1840. Governor of Alabama from June to December, 1865
- Thomas S. Plowman, former U.S. Representative and Mayor of Talladega
- Dave Pope, former Major League Baseball outfielder
- Tom Ragland, former Major League Baseball second baseman
- George Scales, Negro league baseball player
- Frank Sillmon, former basketball player and SWAC Player of the Year (1986)
- Charles Lynwood Smith, Jr., senior United States federal judge
- Bennie Swain, former basketball player for the Boston Celtics
- W. Aubrey Thomas, U.S. Representative from Ohio
- Robert Smith Vance was born in Talladega in 1931 and spent his early childhood there. He became a progressive voice in Alabama politics during the 1960s and was appointed to a federal judgeship on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
The Talladega Municipal Airport was renamed "Boswell Field" in honor of Eastaboga, Alabama resident Lewis Archer Boswell. Local legend has it that Boswell made the first successful flight, before the Wright Brothers.
- "Mayor of Talladega". The City of Talladega, Alabama. Retrieved May 2016.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Herbert J. "Jim" Lewis, Birmingham, Alabama. "Talladega". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Talladega city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
- "Talladega, Alabama Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2016-07-25.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- "Curry, J. L. M., Home". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- "Swayne Hall, Talladega College". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
- Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Alabama Governor William Woodward Brandon". National Governors Association. Retrieved Aug 29, 2013.
- City of Talladega official website
- Talladega in the Encyclopedia of Alabama
- "Talladega, a city and the capital of Talladega co., Alabama". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- "Talladega". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
- "Talladega, Ala.". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914.
The Talladega County Courthouse is located in Talladega.
Boxwood was added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 9, 1983.
The First Presbyterian church was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 17, 1983.
The Lawler-Whiting House was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 22, 1986.
Thornhill was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 20, 1998.
A monument to the accomplishments of the USS Talladega stands in the Talladega Historic Courthouse Square.