Talladega County, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Talladega County
Talladega County Courthouse in Talladega
Talladega County Courthouse in Talladega
Map of Alabama highlighting Talladega County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°23′N 86°10′W / 33.38°N 86.17°W / 33.38; -86.17
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedDecember 18, 1832[1]
Named forCreek for “Border Town”
SeatTalladega
Largest cityTalladega
Area
 • Total760 sq mi (2,000 km2)
 • Land737 sq mi (1,910 km2)
 • Water24 sq mi (60 km2)  3.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total82,149
 • Estimate 
(2021)
81,524 Decrease
 • Density110/sq mi (42/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
WebsiteTalladegaCountyAL.org
  • County Number 61 on Alabama Licence Plates

Talladega County (pronounced Talla-dig-a) is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2020 census, the population was 82,149.[2] Its county seat is Talladega.[1][3]

Talladega County is included in the Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Prior to Euro-American settlement in this area, it was occupied by the Abihka tribe of the Creek Confederacy.[4] The United States forced the Creek to agree to treaties by which they ceded their land to the US, ultimately resulting in Indian Removal to west of the Mississippi River, to Indian Territory.

Talladega County was established on December 18, 1832, from land ceded by the Creek Indians near the state's geographic center.[1] The county seat was established at Talladega in 1834.[1]

The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, or "border" -- "Border Town"—a town indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 760 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 737 square miles (1,910 km2) is land and 24 square miles (62 km2) (3.1%) is water.[6] It is drained by Choccolocco Creek (archaic spelling: Chockolocko) and other streams.[7] The county is located within the Coosa River Valley and the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, with the state's highest point, Mount Cheaha, being located on its northeastern border with Cleburne County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
184012,587
185018,62448.0%
186023,52026.3%
187018,064−23.2%
188023,36029.3%
189029,34625.6%
190035,77321.9%
191037,9216.0%
192041,0058.1%
193045,24110.3%
194051,83214.6%
195063,63922.8%
196065,4952.9%
197065,280−0.3%
198073,82613.1%
199074,1070.4%
200080,3218.4%
201082,2912.5%
202082,149−0.2%
2021 (est.)81,524[8]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2020[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 80,321 people, 30,674 households, and 21,901 families living in the county. The population density was 109 inhabitants per square mile (42/km2). There were 34,469 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.02% White, 31.55% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Nearly 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Talladega County were:

There were 30,674 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 52.40% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,628, and the median income for a family was $38,004. Males had a median income of $30,526 versus $21,040 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,704. About 13.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 82,291 people, 31,890 households, and 22,191 families living in the county. The population density was 112 inhabitants per square mile (43/km2). There were 37,088 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.3% White, 31.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Nearly 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,890 households, out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 47.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48, and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,948, and the median income for a family was $44,695. Males had a median income of $38,430 versus $27,404 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,713. About 15.3% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

2020 census[edit]

Talladega County racial composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 50,732 61.76%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 26,340 32.06%
Native American 184 0.22%
Asian 395 0.48%
Pacific Islander 27 0.03%
Other/Mixed 2,692 3.28%
Hispanic or Latino 1,779 2.17%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 82,149 people, 30,602 households, and 20,515 families residing in the county.

Government[edit]

United States presidential election results for Talladega County, Alabama[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 22,235 62.35% 13,138 36.84% 290 0.81%
2016 20,614 61.71% 12,121 36.28% 672 2.01%
2012 19,246 57.60% 13,905 41.61% 265 0.79%
2008 20,112 58.80% 13,779 40.28% 313 0.92%
2004 18,331 61.31% 11,374 38.04% 193 0.65%
2000 13,807 54.25% 11,264 44.26% 380 1.49%
1996 10,931 47.99% 10,385 45.59% 1,462 6.42%
1992 12,661 48.21% 10,695 40.72% 2,908 11.07%
1988 12,973 60.32% 8,291 38.55% 242 1.13%
1984 14,067 61.11% 8,490 36.88% 463 2.01%
1980 9,902 47.97% 10,159 49.22% 580 2.81%
1976 6,425 36.49% 10,577 60.07% 606 3.44%
1972 12,763 73.12% 4,567 26.16% 125 0.72%
1968 1,935 10.32% 3,099 16.52% 13,722 73.16%
1964 8,946 70.67% 0 0.00% 3,712 29.33%
1960 4,723 44.86% 5,729 54.41% 77 0.73%
1956 4,197 43.73% 5,243 54.63% 157 1.64%
1952 3,588 41.52% 5,028 58.18% 26 0.30%
1948 593 16.01% 0 0.00% 3,112 83.99%
1944 675 17.74% 3,102 81.50% 29 0.76%
1940 534 11.84% 3,965 87.88% 13 0.29%
1936 489 11.14% 3,751 85.42% 151 3.44%
1932 617 15.51% 3,354 84.31% 7 0.18%
1928 1,602 48.43% 1,693 51.18% 13 0.39%
1924 628 26.04% 1,730 71.72% 54 2.24%
1920 931 30.14% 2,137 69.18% 21 0.68%
1916 447 22.39% 1,539 77.10% 10 0.50%
1912 111 6.13% 1,312 72.49% 387 21.38%
1908 351 25.23% 1,010 72.61% 30 2.16%
1904 252 16.10% 1,264 80.77% 49 3.13%


The county is a Republican stronghold. However, Doug Jones, in his 2017 bid for the Senate managed to flip the county Democratic, likely due to sexual misconduct allegations against his opponent, Roy Moore. However, Donald Trump nevertheless won the county by wide margins against Hillary Clinton and Joe Biden in the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections respectively.

Education[edit]

Talladega County Schools is the local school district.

The Birmingham Supplementary School Inc. (BSS, バーミングハム日本語補習校 Bāminguhamu Nihongo Hoshūkō), a part-time Japanese school, has its office at the Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC facility in unincorporated Talladega County, near Lincoln. It holds its classes at the Shelby-Hoover campus of Jefferson State Community College in Hoover. The school first opened on September 1, 2001.[17][18][19]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Talladega.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States, as Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137. (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946) p. 81
  5. ^ Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  7. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Talladega, a N. E. county of Alabama" . The American Cyclopædia.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 11, 2021.
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  17. ^ "About Birmingham Supplementary School" (Archived May 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine). Birmingham Supplementary School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "Mailing Address 1800 Honda Drive Lincoln, AL 35096 c/o Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC" and "Facility Jefferson State Community College, Shelby Campus 4600 Valleydale Road Birmingham, AL 35242 " Japanese page: "学校の概要" (Archive).
  18. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Hoover city, AL." (Archived May 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
  19. ^ "Shelby-Hoover Campus." Jefferson State University. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. Use the Google Maps function to see the buildings and where they are in relation to the city limits.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°23′N 86°10′W / 33.383°N 86.167°W / 33.383; -86.167