Talladega County, Alabama
Talladega County Courthouse in Talladega
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
|Founded||December 18, 1832|
|• Total||760 sq mi (2,000 km2)|
|• Land||737 sq mi (1,910 km2)|
|• Water||24 sq mi (60 km2) 3.1%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||110/sq mi (42/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Prior to Euro-American settlement in this area, it was occupied by the Abihka tribe of the Creek Confederacy. The United States forced the Creek to agree to treaties by which they ceded their land to the US, ultimately resulting in Indian Removal to west of the Mississippi River, to Indian Territory.
The name Talladega is derived from a Muscogee (Creek) Native American word Tvlvteke, from the Creek tålwa, meaning "town", and åtigi, or "border" -- "Border Town"—a town indicating its location on the boundary between the lands of the Creek tribe and those of the Cherokee and Chickasaw.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 760 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 737 square miles (1,910 km2) is land and 24 square miles (62 km2) (3.1%) is water. It is drained by Choccolocco Creek (archaic spelling: Chockolocko) and other streams. The county is located within the Coosa River Valley and the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, with the state's highest point, Mount Cheaha, being located on its northeastern border with Cleburne County.
- Calhoun County – north
- Cleburne County – northeast
- Clay County – east
- Coosa County – south
- Shelby County – southwest
- St. Clair County – northwest
National protected area
- Talladega National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 80,321 people, 30,674 households, and 21,901 families living in the county. The population density was 109 people per square mile (42/km2). There were 34,469 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.02% White, 31.55% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Nearly 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Talladega County were:
- English American 53%
- African American 32%
- Irish American 8.5%
- German American 6%
- Scottish American 2.4%
- Scots-Irish American 2.1%
There were 30,674 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 52.40% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50, and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,628, and the median income for a family was $38,004. Males had a median income of $30,526 versus $21,040 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,704. About 13.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 82,291 people, 31,890 households, and 22,191 families living in the county. The population density was 112 people per square mile (43/km2). There were 37,088 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.3% White, 31.7% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Nearly 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 31,890 households, out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 47.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48, and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,948, and the median income for a family was $44,695. Males had a median income of $38,430 versus $27,404 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,713. About 15.3% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.
The Birmingham Supplementary School Inc. (BSS, バーミングハム日本語補習校 Bāminguhamu Nihongo Hoshūkō), a part-time Japanese school, has its office is at the Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC facility in unincorporated Talladega County, near Lincoln. It holds its classes at the Shelby-Hoover campus of Jefferson State Community College in Hoover. The school first opened on September 1, 2001.
- Bon Air
- Oak Grove
- Talladega Springs
- Vincent (part of Vincent is in Shelby County and in St. Clair County)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Talladega County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Talladega County, Alabama
- "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Talladega.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States, as Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137. (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946) p. 81
- Jack Martin and Margaret McKane Mauldin, A Dictionary of Creek/Muskogee (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000), s.vv. "Tvlvtēke," "Talladega."
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). The American Cyclopædia. .
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 21, 2016.
- "About Birmingham Supplementary School" (Archived 2014-05-12 at the Wayback Machine). Birmingham Supplementary School. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. "Mailing Address 1800 Honda Drive Lincoln, AL 35096 c/o Honda Manufacturing of Alabama, LLC" and "Facility Jefferson State Community College, Shelby Campus 4600 Valleydale Road Birmingham, AL 35242 " Japanese page: "学校の概要" (Archive).
- "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Hoover city, AL." (Archived May 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 11, 2014.
- "Shelby-Hoover Campus." Jefferson State University. Retrieved on May 11, 2014. Use the Google Maps function to see the buildings and where they are in relation to the city limits.
- Talladega County official website
- County community website
- Talladega County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama)