Tallahassee Police Department
|Tallahassee Police Department|
Tallahassee Patch until 2012
|Common name||Tallahassee Police|
|Employees||422 sworn personnel|
|Operations jurisdiction||Tallahassee, Florida, USA|
|Size||103.5 square miles (268 km2)|
|Population||Approx. 188,107 residents + visitors|
|Legal jurisdiction||City of Tallahassee, Florida|
|Headquarters||234 E 7th Ave, Tallahassee, FL 32303|
|Parent agency||Tallahassee, Florida|
The Tallahassee Police Department (TPD), provides public safety services for the city of Tallahassee, Florida. Within the department, there are three primary divisions: traffic enforcement, special investigations, and special operations.
The city's police force began operation in 1826, shortly after the city was incorporated, with a single City Marshal constituting the police force. From time to time, special police were hired as circumstances warranted. A compulsory Night Watch was also instituted for a period of time before the Civil War.
The Tallahassee Police Department once claimed to be the oldest continuously-operated police department in the American South, and the possibly the second-oldest in the U.S., preceded only by the Philadelphia Police Department established in 1758. The Boston Police Department was established in 1838. Larger east coast cities followed with New York City and Baltimore in 1845. However, one must consider that Colonial America must certainly have had municipal police forces, but lack of verifiable records may make it difficult, if not impossible, to accurately rank police forces from oldest to newest. Furthermore, Southern public officials (including marshals), were suspended from public office by the occupying Federal troops during the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. Therefore, Tallahassee's police force ceased to operate for a brief period in mid-1865 until municipal officials were returned to power in 1866. To illustrate the difficulty in ranking municipal police forces from oldest to newest, Pensacola, Florida -- for example -- began its police force as early as 1822 -- predating Tallahassee's.
With Reconstruction and civil rights bestowed on black citizens, for several years during the 1870s, much of the Tallahassee City Council and the entire police force -- including the City Marshal -- were black. Also during this period, the only two blacks ever to serve as Leon County Sheriff occupied that post. But, the era of the black Southern public official was short lived and, with passage of Florida's 1885 Constitution (replacing the 1868 "carpetbagger" Constitution), black suffrage was effectively quashed. Control of public offices became white-only (until the 1964 Civil Rights Act).
In 1892, the position of City Marshal was renamed to Chief of Police. This appointee was typically nominated by the Mayor and ratified by the City Council. After the 1920 change from a strong mayor form of government to the Commission-Manager form of government, the City Commission appointed the Police Chief -- until the late 1920s -- when the Police Chief became an employee appointed directly by the City Manager without input from the City Commission.
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The Traffic Unit has nine motor officers assigned to enforce traffic law violations at high-volume traffic crash locations and school zones. They use Harley Davidson Electra Glide motorcycles and unmarked/marked police vehicles. They also respond daily to traffic complaint locations called in by citizens. These motor officers also assist with escorts of political VIP's, special events, and funeral processions. The unit also uses several unmarked police vehicles which are a part of the Aggressive Driving Unit. These vehicles assist officers with seeing the driving habits of aggressive drivers.
- Vice includes the General Narcotics Unit, Narcotics Interdiction Unit, and Technical Services Unit. In concert, these units are responsible for working daily drug cases, long-term narcotic investigations, and mid-level drug dealers, targeting locations, businesses, and other avenues of illegal contraband or drugs.
- Hazardous Device Team, headed by a sergeant, is a full-time 3-man unit which includes 2 investigators. This team, along with FDLE, Capitol Police, Florida Fire Marshal's Office, and Leon County Sheriff's Office, make up the 11 member Big Bend Regional Bomb Squad.
- Tactical Apprehension and Control Team is a 43 member team in 6 areas of responsibility used in high risk operations which include barricaded subjects, protection of important and influential people, high risk arrests, search warrants, and hostage situations.
- Criminal Intelligence Unit acquires, analyzes, disseminates, and maintains criminal intelligence information for the TPD and other nearby law enforcement agencies and includes murder, rape, robbery, auto theft, burglary, larceny, arson, narcotics violations, career criminals, identification and tracking of criminal street gangs.
- Canine Unit or K-9 Unit consists of six teams. All of the teams are certified in the areas of patrol work and tracking. Four of the teams are also certified in narcotics detection and two other K-9 teams that specialize in explosives detection. The TPD K-9 Unit is responsible for assisting in the training of 15 other K-9 teams in North Florida and South Georgia.
- Special Response Team-Mobile Field Force has 32 members and is responsible incidents involving crowd-management problems, various forms of protests, and any other events that may potentially involve civil disobedience. The part-time SRT team includes a team commanders, a logistics officer, a team medic, team leaders, and members of the response team.
- The Crime Analysis Unit is responsible for analyzing police reports and all related documents for the purpose of providing timely and pertinent information to TPD personnel. This information is relative to crime series, patterns, and historical data. The daily tasks of the unit are instrumental in planning and deployment of personnel for crime prevention efforts, deterrence of criminal activity and assistance with case clearance.
- Airport Security, headed by a sergeant, the 12 officer team is responsible for providing law enforcement service to the Tallahassee Regional Airport complex as the Airport Police.
- Training is responsible for providing information on the primary topic areas in law enforcement. Its experts coordinate firearms, defensive tactics, use of force, emergency vehicle operations and all required and advanced general police topics as well as hosting courses provided by professional instructors and training centers from around the country.
- Taxi Administrator is responsible for vehicles for hire franchises for the City of Tallahassee. The administrator oversees and inspects issues and permits, reviews corporate, franchise and insurance information, investigates inquiries and complaints concerning taxi-related incidents.
- School Crossing is headed by a sergeant and is responsible for 56 uniformed civilian crossing guards staffing 25 public elementary and middle schools within the city limits.
- Special Events Planning Unit is responsible for planning and staffing for security and road traffic control at major community events.
- Reserve officers are composed of 25 fully sworn officers who supplement both day-to-day uniformed officer duties and provide manpower for special events.
- Parking Enforcement is headed by a sergeant with support of five technicians (parking enforcement officers) and is responsible for enforcing the parking codes in the downtown, Capitol Complex and university areas.
Tallahassee Online Police Statistics (TOPS) - Launched on August 1, 2007, this web-based crime mapping application allows the public to examine over two dozen crime incident types for the previous six months. Searches include addresses, parks, neighborhoods and Tallahassee Police Crime Watch areas. On August 15, 2008, TOPS version 2.0 was launched, adding new features and a new interface. The site can be accessed via the Tallahassee municipal portal or the Tallahassee-Leon County GIS I-Maps website.
Drug sting resulting in death of Rachel Hoffman
The Tallahassee Police Department was the subject of intense scrutiny after a botched buy-bust operation ended in a fatal tragedy on May 7, 2008 with the execution style murder of 23-year-old Rachel Hoffman. Hoffman, a recent graduate of Florida State University who had been convicted of drug charges, was serving in an undercover capacity, alone, when she was murdered by two suspected drug dealers while nearly twenty TPD officers and a DEA plane were supervising the operation. A Grand Jury investigation was highly critical of the planning and execution of the operation, and a subsequent TPD internal affairs investigation found negligence and multiple policy violations by the Vice squad and individual police officers involved. Following Hoffman's death, the Florida legislature enacted "Rachel's Law" and established minimum guidelines for law enforcement to use when engaging civilians in undercover operations. In a civil suit alleging wrongful death, the City of Tallahassee paid the Hoffman family $2.6 million in damages.
In 2008 a Tallahassee resident, Robert Brayshaw, was arrested for violating a Florida statute which prohibited individuals from "maliciously, with intent to obstruct the due execution of the law or with the intent to intimidate, hinder or interrupt any law enforcement officer in the legal performance of his or her duties, publish or disseminate the residence address or telephone number of any law enforcement officer while designating the officer as such..." Brayshaw had posted, online, the name of a Tallahassee police officer, along with her home address, cell phone number and age, and had further criticized the officer, stating that she was verbally abusive, rude and unprofessional. Brayshaw brought an action in federal court, challenging the constitutionality of the Florida statute, claiming a right to free speech under the First Amendment. The case was heard in U.S. District Court. On April 30, 2010, Judge Richard Smoak ruled in favor of Brayshaw, striking down the 1972 Florida law, finding that the statute was "unconstitutional on its face". Smoak also ordered the city of Tallahassee to pay Brayshaw's legal expenses of $25,000.
Investigation of alleged sexual assault
On April 16, 2014, The New York Times reported irregularities in the investigation of an alleged sexual assault involving Florida State University quarterback Jameis Winston. A medical examination of the unnamed female revealed injuries consistent with sexual contact -- bruises, semen -- and the woman would later identify Jameis Winston by name as her alleged attacker. Tallahassee police did not promptly obtain a DNA sample from Winston. When police contacted Winston by phone, he initially delayed responding. Then, on advice from his attorney, Winston declined to be interviewed. The initial TPD investigation did not uncover the fact that a video of the sexual encounter had been taken by Seminoles teammate Chris Casher. The video was later deleted or lost by Casher.
- "Police | Police Department". Talgov.com. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Tallahassee-Leon County GIS". Tlcgis.org. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- Pawns in the War on Drugs : The New Yorker
- Federal Court Strikes Down Florida Statute That Criminalized Free Speech When Criticizing Police Officers, May 3, 2010
- ACLU Issues Federal Judge Order With Officer's Personal Information Published By Judge That Resulted In False Arrest
- Randall C. Marshall, Legal Director Of The ACLU Publishes Article Of Unconstitutional Law And False Arrest, July 5, 2010
- Is Tallahassee Police Department Violating City Watchdog's Free Speech?, October 16, 2012 Archived October 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Bogdanich, Walt (April 16, 2014). "A Star Player Accused, And A Flawed Rape Investigation". New York Times.