List of tallest freestanding structures

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This is a list of tallest freestanding structures in the world past and present. To be freestanding a structure must not be supported by guy wires, the sea or other types of support. It therefore does not include guyed masts, partially guyed towers and drilling platforms but does include towers, skyscrapers (pinnacle height) and chimneys.[1]

Tallest freestanding structures in the world.
Scale diagram of some of the tallest structures

Freestanding structures (past or present) over 350 metres (1,148 ft)[edit]

  • Structures no longer standing are in italics.
  • For all structures the pinnacle height is given, so the height of skyscrapers may be different from the values at List of tallest buildings in the world.
  • Structures under construction are included in main list if its current height is over 350 metres (1,148 ft).
Name Pinnacle height (metres / feet) Year Type Main use Country City Remarks Coordinates
Burj Khalifa 829.8 2,722 2010 Skyscraper Office, residential apartments, restaurant, hotel  United Arab Emirates Dubai Topped out in (thus the tallest since) 2008 25°11′50.0″N 55°16′26.6″E / 25.197222°N 55.274056°E / 25.197222; 55.274056
Tokyo Skytree 634 2,080 2012 Communications tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, restaurant, and cafe  Japan Tokyo Tallest structure in Japan. 35°42′36.5″N 139°48′39″E / 35.710139°N 139.81083°E / 35.710139; 139.81083
Shanghai Tower 632 2,073 2016 Skyscraper Residential, observation, office  China Shanghai Topped out in August 2013. Tallest structure in China and second´tallest building in the world. 31°14′7.8″N 121°30′3.6″E / 31.235500°N 121.501000°E / 31.235500; 121.501000
Canton Tower 604 1,982 2010 Communications tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, cafe, restaurant  China Guangzhou Topped out in 2009. 23°06′23.3″N 113°19′28.5″E / 23.106472°N 113.324583°E / 23.106472; 113.324583
Abraj Al Bait Towers 601 1,972 2011 Skyscraper Hotel, shopping mall  Saudi Arabia Mecca Largest clock face in the world. 21°25′08″N 39°49′35″E / 21.41889°N 39.82639°E / 21.41889; 39.82639
Ping An Finance Centre 599.1 1,969 2017 Skyscraper Office, retail  China Shenzhen Topped out in 2015. 22°32′11.03″N 114°3′1.61″E / 22.5363972°N 114.0504472°E / 22.5363972; 114.0504472
Goldin Finance 117 597 1,959 2018 Skyscraper Hotel, residential, commercial offices  China Tianjin Topped out in 2015, estimated completion in 2018. 39°5′20.65″N 117°4′48.82″E / 39.0890694°N 117.0802278°E / 39.0890694; 117.0802278
Lotte World Tower 555.65 1,823 2017 Skyscraper Retail, residential apartments, hotel, offices, observation deck  South Korea Seoul Topped out in 2016. Tallest building in the OECD. 37°30′45″N 127°6′10″E / 37.51250°N 127.10278°E / 37.51250; 127.10278
CN Tower 553.3 1,815.4 1976 Communications tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, Restaurant  Canada Toronto Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1975–2007.
Tallest freestanding structure in the western hemisphere.
43°38′30.67″N 79°23′14.27″W / 43.6418528°N 79.3872972°W / 43.6418528; -79.3872972
One World Trade Center 546.2 1,776 2014 Skyscraper Office, observation, communication, cafe, restaurant  United States New York City Tallest freestanding structure in the United States. Second tallest in the western hemisphere. 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500
Ostankino Tower 540 1,772 1967 Communications tower Observation, Restaurant, UHF/VHF-transmission  Russia Moscow Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1967–1975. Tallest structure in Europe. Renovated after a fire in 2000. 55°49′11″N 37°36′42″E / 55.81972°N 37.61167°E / 55.81972; 37.61167
CTF Finance Centre 530 1,740 2016 Skyscraper Office, residential, hotel  China Guangzhou Topped out in July 2014. 23°7′13″N 113°19′14″E / 23.12028°N 113.32056°E / 23.12028; 113.32056
Willis Tower (formerly Sears Tower) 527 1,729 1974 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, later headquarters for United Airlines.[2]  United States Chicago Tallest building in the world 1974–1998 (by structural height). 41°52′44.1″N 87°38′10.2″W / 41.878917°N 87.636167°W / 41.878917; -87.636167
World Trade Center 527.3 1,730 1973 Skyscraper Office, observation  United States New York City Destroyed on 11 September 2001. Tallest freestanding structure that no longer exists. Tallest building in the world 1972–1974.
Taipei 101 509.2 1,671 2004 Skyscraper Multi-use  Taiwan Taipei Tallest skyscraper in the world 2004–2010, first skyscraper to exceed 500 m/1,640 ft in structural height. 25°02′01″N 121°33′52″E / 25.03361°N 121.56444°E / 25.03361; 121.56444
Shanghai World Financial Center 494 1,617 2008 Skyscraper Multi-use  China Shanghai Tallest building in China 2007-2009. 31°14′12″N 121°30′10″E / 31.23667°N 121.50278°E / 31.23667; 121.50278
International Commerce Centre 484 1,590 2010 Skyscraper Office  China Hong Kong Tallest building in Hong Kong. 22°18′12″N 114°9′37″E / 22.30333°N 114.16028°E / 22.30333; 114.16028
Oriental Pearl Tower 467.9 1,535 1994 Concrete tower Communication tower  China Shanghai Tallest structure in China (including Hong Kong), 1994–2007. 31°14′30″N 121°29′42″E / 31.24167°N 121.49500°E / 31.24167; 121.49500
John Hancock Center 457.2 1,500 1969 Skyscraper Office, residential, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Chicago World's tallest mixed-use building 1969–2008. 41°53′55.68″N 87°37′22.8″W / 41.8988000°N 87.623000°W / 41.8988000; -87.623000
Petronas Tower 1 452 1,483 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Tallest twin towers in the world. Tallest building in the world 1998–2004. 3°09′28.26″N 101°42′41.94″E / 3.1578500°N 101.7116500°E / 3.1578500; 101.7116500
Petronas Tower 2 452 1,483 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 3°09′28.26″N 101°42′41.94″E / 3.1578500°N 101.7116500°E / 3.1578500; 101.7116500
Greenland Square Zifeng Tower 450 1,476 2010 Skyscraper Mixed-use  China Nanjing Topped-out in 2008. 32°03′44.9″N 118°46′41″E / 32.062472°N 118.77806°E / 32.062472; 118.77806
Empire State Building 449 1,474 1931 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States New York City Tallest freestanding structure 1931–1967.
Tallest skyscraper 1931–1973.
First Skyscraper with 100+ stories.
40°44′54.0″N 73°59′09″W / 40.748333°N 73.98583°W / 40.748333; -73.98583
KK100 441.8 1,449 2011 Skyscraper Mixed Use  China Shenzhen 22°32′47.58″N 114°6′6.63″E / 22.5465500°N 114.1018417°E / 22.5465500; 114.1018417
Guangzhou West Tower 440 1,444 2009 Skyscraper Mixed use  China Guangzhou 23°07′13″N 113°19′05″E / 23.12028°N 113.31806°E / 23.12028; 113.31806
Milad Tower 435 1,427 2003 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Iran Tehran 35°44′40″N 51°22′30″E / 35.74444°N 51.37500°E / 35.74444; 51.37500
Marina 101 426.5 1,399 2016 Skyscraper Hotel & Hotel Apartments  United Arab Emirates Dubai Under construction, topped out in 2015. 22°05′22.23″N 55°08′56.12″E / 22.0895083°N 55.1489222°E / 22.0895083; 55.1489222
432 Park Avenue 426 1,396 2015 Skyscraper Residential  United States New York City 40°45′40″N 73°58′17″W / 40.76111°N 73.97139°W / 40.76111; -73.97139
Trump International Hotel and Tower 423.4 1,389 2009 Skyscraper Hotel, condominium  United States Chicago 41°53′20″N 87°37′36″W / 41.88889°N 87.62667°W / 41.88889; -87.62667
Jin Mao Tower 421.5 1,383 1998 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation  China Shanghai Tallest skyscraper in China, 1998–2007. 31°14′14″N 121°30′05″E / 31.23722°N 121.50139°E / 31.23722; 121.50139
Kuala Lumpur Tower 421 1,381 1995 Concrete tower Observation, Restaurant, UHF/VHF-transmission  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 03°09′10″N 101°42′12″E / 3.15278°N 101.70333°E / 3.15278; 101.70333
GRES-2 Power Station Chimney 419.7 1,377 1987 Chimney Power station  Kazakhstan Ekibastusz Tallest chimney in the world. 52°01′20″N 75°28′42″E / 52.02222°N 75.47833°E / 52.02222; 75.47833
Two World Trade Center 415.3 1,362 1973 Skyscraper Office, observation  United States New York City Destroyed on 11 September 2001.
Tianjin Radio and Television Tower 415.2 1,362 1991 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Tianjin 39°05′31″N 117°10′30″E / 39.09194°N 117.17500°E / 39.09194; 117.17500
Al Hamra Tower 414 1,358 2012 Skyscraper Mall, Offices  Kuwait Kuwait City Tallest carved concrete tower in the world.
Two International Finance Centre 412.5 1,353 2003 Skyscraper Office  China Hong Kong 22°17′06″N 114°09′33″E / 22.28500°N 114.15917°E / 22.28500; 114.15917
Central Radio and TV Tower 405 1,329 1992 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Beijing 39°55′05″N 116°18′01″E / 39.91806°N 116.30028°E / 39.91806; 116.30028
CITIC Plaza 391.1 1,283 1997 Skyscraper Office  China Guangzhou 23°08′40″N 113°19′10″E / 23.14444°N 113.31944°E / 23.14444; 113.31944
Zhongyuan Tower 388 1,273 2010 Concrete/Steel Tower UHF/VHF-transmission  China Zhengzhou 34°43′29″N 113°43′22″E / 34.72472°N 113.72278°E / 34.72472; 113.72278
Kiev TV Tower 385 1,263 1973 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission  Ukraine Kiev Tallest lattice tower in the world. 50°28′16″N 30°27′12″E / 50.47111°N 30.45333°E / 50.47111; 30.45333
Shun Hing Square 384 1,259 1996 Skyscraper Office  China Shenzhen 22°32′43″N 114°06′21″E / 22.54528°N 114.10583°E / 22.54528; 114.10583
Inco Superstack 380 1,250 1971 Chimney Nickel smelter  Canada Sudbury Tallest chimney in the western hemisphere. 46°28′48.23″N 81°03′23.43″W / 46.4800639°N 81.0565083°W / 46.4800639; -81.0565083
Tuntex Sky Tower 378 1,240 1997 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Taiwan Kaohsiung 22°36′42″N 120°18′0″E / 22.61167°N 120.30000°E / 22.61167; 120.30000
Emirates Park Towers 376 1,233 2010 Skyscraper Residential  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Tashkent Tower 374.9 1,230 1984 Concrete/Steel Tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Uzbekistan Tashkent 41°20′44.05″N 69°17′4.57″E / 41.3455694°N 69.2846028°E / 41.3455694; 69.2846028
Central Plaza 374 1,227 1992 Skyscraper Office  China Hong Kong 22°16′48″N 114°10′25″E / 22.28000°N 114.17361°E / 22.28000; 114.17361
Liberation Tower 372 1,220 1993 Concrete tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Kuwait Kuwait City 29°22′05.8″N 47°58′29.83″E / 29.368278°N 47.9749528°E / 29.368278; 47.9749528
Almaty Tower 371.5 1,219 1983 Steel tower UHF/VHF-transmission  Kazakhstan Alma-Ata Tallest free-standing tubular steel structure. 43°13′44″N 76°58′34″E / 43.22889°N 76.97611°E / 43.22889; 76.97611
4th Chimney of Homer City Generating Station 371 1,217 1977 Chimney Power station  United States Homer City, Pennsylvania 40°30′39″N 79°11′37″W / 40.51083°N 79.19361°W / 40.51083; -79.19361
Kennecott Smokestack 370.4 1,215 1974 Chimney Copper smelter  United States Magna, Utah Tallest free-standing structure west of the Mississippi River. 40°43′18″N 112°11′52″W / 40.72167°N 112.19778°W / 40.72167; -112.19778
Chimney of Beryozovskaya GRES 370 1,214 1985 Chimney Power station  Russia Sharypovo, Krasnoyarsk Krai Tallest chimney in Russia. 55°34′46″N 89°04′21″E / 55.57944°N 89.07250°E / 55.57944; 89.07250
Riga Radio and TV Tower 368.5 1,209 1987 Steel tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Latvia Riga Tallest structure in the European Union. 56°55′26″N 24°08′14″E / 56.92389°N 24.13722°E / 56.92389; 24.13722
Berliner Fernsehturm 368 1,207 1969 Concrete tower Restaurant, UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Germany Berlin Tallest structure in Germany. 52°31′15″N 13°24′34″E / 52.52083°N 13.40944°E / 52.52083; 13.40944
2nd Chimney of Mitchell Power Plant 367.6 1,206 1968 Chimney Power station  United States Moundsville, West Virginia 39°54′32.16″N 80°45′41.53″W / 39.9089333°N 80.7615361°W / 39.9089333; -80.7615361
Bank of China Tower 367.4 1,205 1990 Skyscraper Office  China Hong Kong First skyscraper outside the United States to exceed 1,000 ft (305 metres) in height. 22°16′45″N 114°09′41″E / 22.27917°N 114.16139°E / 22.27917; 114.16139
Bank of America Tower (New York City) 366 1,200 2009 Skyscraper Office  United States New York City 40°45′19″N 73°59′03″W / 40.75528°N 73.98417°W / 40.75528; -73.98417
Trbovlje Chimney 360 1,183 1976 Chimney Power station  Slovenia Trbovlje Tallest chimney in Europe. 46°07′33.37″N 15°03′43.23″E / 46.1259361°N 15.0620083°E / 46.1259361; 15.0620083
Almas Tower 360 1,181 2008 Skyscraper Office  United Arab Emirates Dubai 25°4′8.25″N 55°8′28.34″E / 25.0689583°N 55.1412056°E / 25.0689583; 55.1412056
The Pinnacle 360 1,181 2011 Skyscraper Mixed Use  China Guangzhou
Endesa Termic 356 1,168 1974 Chimney Power station  Spain As Pontes, Galicia 43°26′29″N 7°51′45.50″W / 43.44139°N 7.8626389°W / 43.44139; -7.8626389
SEG Plaza 355.8 1,167 2000 Skyscraper Office  China Shenzhen 22°32′39.5″N 114°04′57.5″E / 22.544306°N 114.082639°E / 22.544306; 114.082639
First Canadian Place 355 1,165 1975 Skyscraper Office, UHF/VHF-transmission  Canada Toronto Tallest skyscraper in Canada. 43°38′55″N 79°22′54″W / 43.64861°N 79.38167°W / 43.64861; -79.38167
Emirates Office Tower 354.6 1,163 2000 Skyscraper Office  United Arab Emirates Dubai 25°07′49″N 55°09′57″E / 25.13028°N 55.16583°E / 25.13028; 55.16583
Chimney of Phoenix Copper Smelter 351.5 1,153 1995 Chimney Copper smelter  Romania Baia Mare Tallest structure in Romania.
Stratosphere Tower 350.2 1,149 1996 Concrete tower Observation, ride  United States Las Vegas Tallest Observation Tower in the United States. 36°08′50.59″N 115°9′19.4″W / 36.1473861°N 115.155389°W / 36.1473861; -115.155389
3rd Chimney of Syrdarya Power Plant 350 1,148 1980 Chimney Power station  Uzbekistan Shirin

Other freestanding structures (past or present): between 300 metres (984 ft) and 350 metres (1,148 ft)[edit]

Name Pinnacle height (metres / feet) Year Structural type Main use Country City Remarks
4 Times Square 348 1,140 2000 Skyscraper  United States New York City
Yangtze River Crossing 347 1,138 2003 Lattice tower Electricity pylon  China Jiangyin Tallest electricity pylon in the world, second tallest lattice tower in the world (only Kiev TV Tower is taller).
Aon Center 346 1,136 1973 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
The Center 346 1,135 1998 Skyscraper  Hong Kong Hong Kong
Chimney of Teruel Power Plant 343 1,125 1981 Chimney Power station  Spain Teruel
Chimney of Plomin Power Station 340 1,115  ? Chimney Power station  Croatia Plomin
Mercury City Tower 338.8 1,112 2012 Skyscraper  Russia Moscow Tallest building in Europe.
West Pearl Tower 338 1,109 2004 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Chengdu
Macau Tower 338 1,109 2001 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Macau, China Macau
Europaturm 337.5 1,107 1979 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Germany Frankfurt/Main
The Marina Torch 336.1 1,105 2011 Skyscraper Residential  United Arab Emirates Dubai Damaged by fire in 2015.
Chimney of Mountaineer Power Plant 336 1,102 1980 Chimney Power station  United States New Haven, West Virginia
Dragon Tower 336 1,102 2000 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Harbin
Chimney of Moldavskaya GRES-5 335 1,099 1980 Chimney Power Plant  Republic of Moldova Nezavertailovca[3]
Rose Tower 333 1,093 2007 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Shimao International Plaza 333 1,093 2006 Skyscraper  China Shanghai
Tokyo Tower 332.6 1,091 1958 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Japan Tokyo Second tallest structure in Japan.
Minsheng Bank Building 331 1,087 2007 Skyscraper  China Wuhan
Emley Moor TV Tower 330.4 1,084 1970 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United Kingdom Huddersfield, Yorkshire Tallest structure in the United Kingdom.
Ryugyong Hotel 330 1,083 1992 Skyscraper  North Korea Pyongyang Construction restarted estimated completion 2012.
Chimney of Ekibastuz GRES-1 330 1,083 1982 Chimney Power station  Kazakhstan Ekibastuz[4]
2 Chimneys of Permskaya GRES 330 1,083 1987/1990 Chimney Power station  Russia Dobryanka
2 Chimneys of Reftinskaya GRES 330 1,083 1980 Chimney Power station  Russia Reftinskiy
Chimney of Kharkiv TEC-5 330 1,083 1981 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Podvorky, Kharkiv Oblast
Chimney of Zuevska thermal power station 330 1,083 1982 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Zuhres, Donetsk Oblast[4]
WITI TV Tower 329 1,078 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Shorewood (Milwaukee), Wisconsin
Baiyoke Tower II 328 1,076 1997 Skyscraper  Thailand Bangkok
Sky Tower 328 1,076 1997 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  New Zealand Auckland Tallest freestanding structure in the Southern Hemisphere.
Vilnius TV Tower 327 1,073 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Lithuania Vilnius
St. Petersburg TV Tower 326 1,070 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Russia St. Petersburg
Chimney of Pirdop copper smelter and refinery 325.4 1,068 1982 Chimney Copper smelter  Bulgaria Pirdop
Chimney of Maritza East Power Station 325 1,066 1977/1980 Chimney Power station  Bulgaria Stara Zagora
Eiffel Tower 325 1,062 1889 Lattice tower Observation, Restaurant, UHF/VHF-transmission  France Paris Tallest structure in the world from 1889 to 1930, First structure to exceed 300 metres in height.
WHDH-TV Tower 323.8 1,066 1994 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Newton, Massachusetts
Rameswaram TV Tower 323 1,059.7 1995 Concrete & Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  India Tamil Nadu
Q1 323 1,058 2005 Skyscraper  Australia Gold Coast Tallest residential skyscraper in the world. Tallest building in Australia.
Burj Al Arab 321 1,053 1999 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
2 Chimneys of Kirishskaya GRES 320 1,050 1984/1986 Chimney Power station  Russia Kirishi[4]
Chimney of Ryazanskaya GRES 320 1,050 1973 Chimney Power station  Russia Novomichurinsk
2 Chimneys of Tobolsk TEC 320 1,050 1983 Chimney Power station  Russia Tobolsk
Chimney of Kostromskaya GRES 320 1,050 1980 Chimney Power station  Russia Volgorechensk
Chimney of Zaporozhskaya GRES 320 1,050 1972 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Enerhodar
Chimney of Vuhlehirska thermal power plant 320 1,050 197? Chimney Power station  Ukraine Solncedar
Chrysler Building 319 1,046 1930 Skyscraper  United States New York City Tallest structure in the world 1930–1931.
Nina Tower I 319 1,046 2006 Skyscraper  Hong Kong Hong Kong
New York Times Building 319 1,046 2007 Skyscraper  United States New York City
Jiangsu Nanjing TV Tower 318.5 1,045 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Nanjing
KCTV-Tower 317.6 1,042 1956 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Kansas City
Chimney of Rockport Power Plant 316.4 1,038 1984 Chimney Power station  United States Rockport, Indiana
Atlanta Turner Broadcasting Tower 314.3 1,031 1980 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Atlanta, Georgia Demolished in 2010.
Tallinn TV Tower 312.3 1,025 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Estonia Tallinn
Bank of America Plaza 312 1,023 1992 Skyscraper  United States Atlanta
TV Tower Yerevan 311.7 1,023 1977 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Armenia Yerevan
Tortoise Mountain TV Tower 311.4 1,022 1986 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Wuhan
U.S. Bank Tower 311 1,018 1990 Skyscraper  United States Los Angeles Tallest skyscraper in North America located west of the Mississippi River.
Menara Telekom 310 1,017 2001 Skyscraper  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Azeri TV Tower 310 1,017 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Azerbaijan Baku
Chimney of Ugljevik Power Plant 310 1,017 1985 Chimney Power station  Bosnia and Herzegovina Ugljevik
The Shard 309.6 1,016 2012 Skyscraper  United Kingdom London Tallest skyscraper in the United Kingdom
Tallest skyscraper in the European Union.
Kingdom Centre 309 1,015 2002 Skyscraper  Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel 309 1,014 2000 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Sydney Tower 309 1,014 1981 Concrete tower Observation, Restaurant, UHF/VHF-transmission  Australia Sydney
Eurasia 308.9 1,013 2013 Skyscraper  Russia Moscow
AT&T Corporate Center 307 1,007 1989 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
Chimney of Buschhaus Power Station 307 1,007 1984 Chimney Power station  Germany Helmstedt, Lower Saxony
Liaoning Broadcast and TV Tower 305.5 1,002 1989 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Shenyang
JPMorgan Chase Tower 305 1,002 1982 Skyscraper  United States Houston Tallest five-sided skyscraper in the world.
Chimney of Harrison Power Station Scrubber 305 1,001 1994 Chimney Power station  United States Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Robert W Scherer Power Plant 305 1,001 1983/1985 Chimney Power station  United States Macon, Georgia
Chimney of Independence Power Plant 305 1,001 1983 Chimney Power station  United States Newark, Arkansas
Chimney of Kyger Creek Power Plant 305 1,001 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Gallipolis, Ohio
Chimney of White Bluff Power Plant 305 1,001 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Pine Bluff, Arkansas
Chimney of Harllee Branch Power Plant 305 1,001 1978 Chimney Power station  United States Milledgeville, Georgia
Chimney of Widows Creek Power Plant 305 1,001 1977 Chimney Power station  United States Stevenson, Alabama
Chimney of Hal B. Wansley Power Plant 305 1,001 1976 Chimney Power station  United States Carrollton, Georgia
Chimney of Kingston Power Plant 305 1,001 1976 Chimney Power station  United States Kingston, Tennessee
Chimney of Harrison Power Station 305 1,001 1972/1973 Chimney Power station  United States Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Cumberland Fossil Plant 305 1,001 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Cumberland City, Tennessee
Chimney of W. H. Sammis Power Plant, Unit 7 305 1,001 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Stratton, Ohio
Chimney of Conemaugh Generating Station 305 1,001 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Seward, Pennsylvania
Fazilka TV Tower 304.8 1,000 2007 Lattice tower FM-/TV-broadcasting  India Fazilka
Chimney of Hayden Smelter 305 1,001  ? Chimney Power station  United States Hayden, Arizona
Chimney of Plant Bowen Coal 305 1,001 1975 Chimney Power station  United States Taylorsville, Georgia
Chimney of Chvaletice Power Station 305 1,001 1977 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Chvaletice
Chimney of Pleasants Power Plant 304.8 1,000 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Belmont, West Virginia
Two Prudential Plaza 303 995 1990 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
Wells Fargo Plaza 302 992 1983 Skyscraper  United States Houston
Chimney of Power Plant Scholven 302 991  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Gelsenkirchen
Chimney of Power Plant Chemnitz 301.8 990 1984 Chimney Power station  Germany Chemnitz
Chimney of SASOL III Synthetic Fuel Production Plant 301 988 1979 Chimney Synthetic fuel plant  South Africa Secunda Tallest freestanding structure in Africa.
Commerzbank Tower 300.1 984 1997 Skyscraper  Germany Frankfurt/Main Tallest skyscraper in Europe, 1997–2005.
Eureka Tower 300 984 2006 Skyscraper Residential  Australia Melbourne
Mumbai Television Tower 300 984  ? Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  India Mumbai
Chimney of Volzhskaya TEC-2 300 984 1988 Chimney  Russia Volzhsky
Thermal power station Kakanj 300 984 1987 Chimney  Bosnia and Herzegovina Čatići
Chimney of Prunéřov Power Station 300 984 1981 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Prunéřov
Chimney of Tušimice Power Station 300 984 1974 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Tušimice
Chimney of Lippendorf Power Station 300 984 1967 Chimney Power station  Germany Lippendorf, Saxony Demolished in 2005.
3 Chimneys of Power Plant Jänschwalde 300 984 1981 Chimney Power station  Germany Jänschwalde Demolished in 2002-2007.
Chimney of Power Station Westerholt 300 984 1981 Chimney Power station  Germany Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia Demolished on 3 December 2006 by explosives. Tallest free-standing structure ever demolished by explosives in a controlled manner.
Chimney of Walsum Power Station 300 984 1988 Chimney Power station  Germany Walsum, North Rhine-Westphalia
Chimney of Herne Power Station 300 984 1989 Chimney Power station  Germany Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia
Chimney of Thierbach Power Station 300 984  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Espenhain, Saxony Demolished.
Chimneys of Boxberg Power Station 300 984  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Boxberg, Saxony Demolished in 2000-2012.
Chimney of Marl-Chemiepark Power Station 300 984  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Marl, North Rhine-Westphalia Demolished in 1995.
Chimney of Provence Power Station 300 984 1984 Chimney Power station  France Gardanne
Chimney of Orot Rabin 300 984 1981 Chimney Power station  Israel Hadera
Chimney of Bishkek TEC 300 984 1989 Chimney Power station  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Chimney of Rybnik Power Station 300 984 1974 Chimney Power station  Poland Rybnik
Chimney of Jaworzno Power Station 300 984 1977 Chimney Power station  Poland Jaworzno
Chimney of Bełchatów Power Station 300 984  ? Chimney Power station  Poland Bełchatów
Chimney of Kozienice Power Station 300 984 1978 Chimney Power station  Poland Kozienice
Chimney of Warszawa-Kawęczyn Power Station 300 984 1983 Chimney Power station  Poland Warsaw
Chimney of Novaky Power Plant 300 984 1976 Chimney Power station  Slovakia Nováky
Chimney of Duvha Power Station 300 984 1982 Chimney Power station  South Africa Witbank
Chimney of Clifty Creek Power Plant 300 984 1978 Chimney Power station  United States Madison, Indiana
BRTN Toren 300 984 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Belgium Sint-Pieters-Leeuw
Aspire Tower 300 980 2007 Skyscraper Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Qatar Doha

Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures[edit]

Name Height (metres / feet) Held record Structural type Country City Notes
Great Pyramid of Giza 146 480 2570 BC–1311 (3,881 years) Mausoleum Egypt Giza Due to erosion today it stands at the height of 138.8 metres (455 ft).
Lincoln Cathedral 159.7 524 1311–1549 (238 years) Church England Lincoln Spire collapsed in 1549; today, stands at a height of 83 metres (272 ft).
St. Mary's Church 151 500 1549–1569 (20 years) Church Germany Stralsund
Beauvais Cathedral 153 502 1569-1573 (4 years) Church France Beauvais Spire collapsed in 1573; today, the church stands at a height of 67.2 metres (220.5 ft).
St. Mary's Church 151 500 1573–1647 (74 years) Church Germany Stralsund Spire destroyed by lightning in 1647; today stands at a height of 104 metres (341 ft).
Strasbourg Cathedral 142 470 1647–1874 (227 years) Church Germany (1647, 1871-1874) and/or France (1648-1870, 1918-today) Strasbourg
St Nikolai 147.3 483 1874–1876 (2 years) Church Germany Hamburg The nave was demolished by aerial bombing during World War II; only the spire remains.
Notre-Dame Cathedral 151 500 1876–1880 (4 years) Church France Rouen
Cologne Cathedral 157.4 516 1880–1884 (4 years) Church Germany Cologne
Washington Monument 169.3 555 1884–1889 (5 years) Monument United States Washington, D.C.
Eiffel Tower 300.6 986 1889–1930 (41 years) Tower France Paris Currently stands at a height of 324 metres (1,063 ft).
Chrysler Building 319 1,046 1930–1931 (1 year) Skyscraper United States New York City
Empire State Building 448 1,472 1931–1967 (36 years) Skyscraper United States New York City
Ostankino Tower 540 1,772 1967–1975 (8 years) Tower Soviet Union Moscow
CN Tower 553 1,815 1975–2007 (32 years) Tower Canada Toronto
Burj Khalifa 829.8 2,722 2007–present Skyscraper United Arab Emirates Dubai Topped-out on 17 January 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]