Tallinn–Tapa railway

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Tallinn–Tapa railway
EU-EE-TLN-LAS-Ülemiste-Train in Ülemiste.JPG
Tallinn–Tapa railway at Ülemiste station
Overview
Type Regional rail
Commuter rail
Freight rail
Status Operational
Locale Estonia (Harju County, Lääne-Viru County)
Termini Baltic Station
Tapa train station
Stations 17
Operation
Opened 1870
Owner Eesti Raudtee
Operator(s) GoRail
Elron
EVR Cargo
Depot(s) Baltic Station
Tapa train station
Rolling stock 2TE116
DR1A (withdrawn)
DR1B (withdrawn)
Stadler FLIRT (from 2012)[1]
ER2 (withdrawn)
GE C36-7i
GE C30-7Ai
ChME3
Technical
Track length 77.8 km (48.3 mi)
Number of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge
Electrification 3 kV DC OHLE
(Tallinn to Aegviidu)
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Route number
Tallinn–Tapa railway
Tallinn
Rohu street
E265/8
Endla street
Kitseküla
E67/4
E263/2
Veerenni street
Ülemiste
Vesse
Smuuli Road
E265/11
Freight line to Muuga Harbour
Lagedi
Pirita River
11300
Kulli
11304
Aruküla
Raasiku River
Raasiku
11310
11313
Parila
12
Kehra
Jägala River
Lahinguvälja
Mustjõgi
Mustjõgi River
13
Aegviidu
Nelijärve
Jäneda
Lehtse
Tapa
Tapa–Narva railway
Tapa–Tartu railway

The Tallinn–Tapa railway is a 77.8-kilometre (48.3 mi)[2] long double track partly electrified railway line in Estonia, connecting the cities of Tallinn and Tapa.

Operational use[edit]

The line starts in Tallinn at the Baltic Station, runs through Northern Estonia in eastern direction and ends in Tapa, where it connects with railways to Narva and Tartu. It has 17 stations, including its two termini. The line is equipped for speeds up to 120 km/h on its entire length. Ülemiste train station and Baltic Station are included into planned Rail Baltica high-speed standard gauge railway. Passenger train operators include Elron and GoRail. Lux Express Grupp announced its plans to operate the line between Tallinn and St. Petersburg with two Stadler trains.[3] The line has a railway connection, which serves Muuga Harbour, the largest cargo port in Estonia. Large marshalling yards are located at Baltic Station, Ülemiste train station and Tapa train station.

History[edit]

The railway forms together with the Tapa–Narva railway the Tallinn–Narva railway. Its length is 209.6 km (130.2 mi). This line was completed in 1870 and was originally a part of the railway line, which connected St. Peterburg and Paldiski through Tallinn and Narva as a part of the railway network of the Russian Empire.

Future[edit]

The second stage of Rail Baltica development includes the modernisation of Tallinn–Tapa railway as a part of Tallinn–Riga railway, so trains could run at 160 km/h.[4] A new huge train station is to be built at Ülemiste in 2019, making it the largest station on the line and starting serving the whole region through Rail Baltica HSL in period 2020–2025.[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

The railway is maintained from the Baltic Station in Tallinn and Tapa train station. The railway infrastructure operator is EVR Infra – a subsidiary of the national railway company Eesti Raudtee. Modernisation of interlocking of the stations will be made in 2014[6] and implementation of the ETCS second level is dependant from the phase of development of the technology and comes as the third stage of ERMTS implementation plan for Estonian conventional rail network in period 2019–2025.[7]

Track[edit]

The track is 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Broad gauge. The line is electrified between Tallinn and Aegviidu using overhead lines with 3 kV DC railway electrification.

Stations[edit]

All stations are being rebuilt according to European Council decision 2002/735/EC and Estonian standard EVS 867:2003[6] from a platform height of 1,100 mm to the EU standard platform height of 550 mm.

Route[edit]

The Baltic Station
End of the electrified section in Aegviidu
Tapa train station

From Baltic Station, trains travel around the centre of Tallinn through Kitseküla train station heading eastwards towards Ülemiste train station. After Vesse station they leave borders of Tallinn and continue in a south-eastern direction through Harju County and Lääne-Viru County till Jäneda station, crossing several rivers on their way. After Jäneda the railway runs mainly in eastward direction till the end point in Tapa, where it splits to railways to Tartu and Narva.

As railway electrification ends in Aegviidu, this station serves as a terminus station for Elron EMUs in eastern direction.

Services are operated by Elron Stadler FLIRT trains, which replaced the DMU and EMU rolling stock of Edelaraudtee and Elektriraudtee.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elektriraudtee and Stadler signed the procurement contract for the new FLIRT trains". www.mkm.ee. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "MONITORING OF DEVELOPMENTS RELEVANT FOR THE PAN-EUROPEAN TRANSPORT CORRIDORS AND AREAS". www.unece.org. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Lux Express hangib raudteeärisse sisenemiseks kaks luksusrongi". www.delfi.ee. Retrieved 16 June 2012. (in Estonian)
  4. ^ "Train travel is fun". www.vm.ee. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Tallinn algatab Ülemiste supervaksali planeeringu". www.epl.ee. Retrieved 19 June 2012. (in Estonian)
  6. ^ a b "Euroopa Ühtekuuluvusfondi kaasfinantseeritud reisiplatvormide projekt". www.evr.ee. Retrieved 11 June 2012. (in Estonian)
  7. ^ "ERTMS implementation plan for Estonian conventional rail network" (PDF). http://ec.europa.eu/transport/. Retrieved 11 June 2012.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. ^ "Elektriraudtee orders Stadler Flirt trains". Railway Gazette International. 12 April 2010.