Talmage is a small unincorporated community and census-designated place in Dickinson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 99.
In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) through Talmage to Superior, Nebraska. In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".
The post office was established December 22, 1887.
Talmage is located in northwestern Dickinson County, just south of state highway K-18 in the valley of Mud Creek. Via K-18 and K-15, the county seat of Abilene is 11 miles (18 km) to the southeast.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Talmage has an area of 0.10 square miles (0.25 km2), all of it land.