Talysh Mountains

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Talysh Mountains (Azerbaijani: Talış dağları, Persian: کوههای تالش‎‎ Kuh-ha:-ye Ta:lesh) is a mountain range in southeastern Republic of Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran.[1] See Lankaran Lowland for map. The range forms the northwest section of the Elburz Mountains, extending southeastward from the Lankaran Lowland in southeast Azerbaijan to the lower part of the Sefid Rud (White River) in northwest Iran. Few peaks rise above 10,000 ft (3,000 m) and the humid semi-subtropical coastal lowlands along the Caspian Sea, including the Lankaran Lowland, lie at the eastern base of the mountains.[2]

Geologically, the Talish Mountain Range is made mainly of the Upper Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary deposits with a strip of Paleozoic rocks and a band of Triassic and Jurassic rocks in the southern parts, both in a northwest-southeast direction.[3]

The maximum annual precipitation in the Talysh Mountains is between 1,600 mm to 1,800 mm, which along the Lankaran Lowland is the highest precipitation in Azerbaijan and is also the highest precipitation in Iran.

See also[edit]

The Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests ecoregion is an area of lush lowland and montane forests (subtropical and temperate rainforests) that completely cover the Talysh Mountains.


  1. ^ Microsoft Encarta World Atlas 2001, Microsoft Corporation
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ Geological Map of Iran, National Geoscience Database of Iran, www.ngdir.ir

Coordinates: 38°42′N 48°18′E / 38.7°N 48.3°E / 38.7; 48.3