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Tam (also tam, tamuk, tam or tamu) is the name of hell in ancient Turkic and Mongolian mythology (Tengrism). In Mongolian language it is called Tam ( ᠲᠠᠮᠤ -tamu). It is the place where the criminals go to be punished after they die. There are several depictions of Tamag, but the common point in almost all views is about fire. Erlik is the deity ruling hell and punishes the sinful people. Further there is another entity named Tami Han governing Tam in Khakasian lore. Ancient Turks believed that Tam is underground. It was believed that the people in Tam would be brought to the third floor of the sky after they had served their imprisonment in it. Tama is the opposite of Uçmag (heaven).[1]

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  1. ^ Deniz Karakurt: Türk Söylence Sözlüğü, 2011, p. 266.