Taman Negara

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Taman Negara
King George V National Park
Taman Negara Sungai Tembeling.JPG
View of Sungai Tembeling from atop the canopy walkway.
Map showing the location of Taman Negara
Map showing the location of Taman Negara
Location
Nearest cityKuala Tembeling
Coordinates4°42′N 102°28′E / 4.700°N 102.467°E / 4.700; 102.467Coordinates: 4°42′N 102°28′E / 4.700°N 102.467°E / 4.700; 102.467
Area4,343 km2 (1,677 sq mi)
Established1938/1939
Governing bodyDepartment of Wildlife and National Parks

Taman Negara is a national park in Peninsular Malaysia. It was established in 1938/1939 as the King George V National Park after Theodore Hubback lobbied the sultans of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan to set aside a piece of land that covers the three states for the creation of a protected area.[1] It was renamed Taman Negara after independence, which means "national park" in Malay. Taman Negara has a total area of 4,343 km2 and it is one of the world's oldest deciduous rainforests, estimated to be more than 130 million years old.[2][3]

Attractions found near Kuala Tahan (where the Park headquarters for Pahang is located) include a canopy walkway, the Gua Telinga cave system, and the Lata Berkoh rapids. Visitors can experience the tropical rainforest, birdwatching or jungle trekking (e.g. Tenor Rentis) and the river views along the Tahan River, with many local resorts and hotels for visitors located nearby.

Geography[edit]

View over the canopy.

The park encompasses three states, Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu, each with its own legislation. The Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) No. 2 of 1939 is enforced in the state of Pahang, the Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) No. 14 of 1938 in the state of Kelantan and the Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) No. 6 of 1939 in the state of Terengganu. The enactments have similar contents.[1]

Taman Negara Pahang is the largest at 2,477 km2, followed by Taman Negara Kelantan at 1,043 km2 and Taman Negara Terengganu at 853 km2. At an estimated age of more than 130 million years old, it is reputed to be the "oldest tropical rainforest", although the title more accurately belongs to the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia, estimated to be between 135 million years old [4] and 180 million years old.[5]

Taman Negara are mostly located on ancient, sedimentary rocks and the oldest part of the continent, it features mostly gentle rolling hill where about 57% of the total land area of the park are located below 300m above sea level due to a long time erosion. Despite that, it also features some mountainous area parts of the Tahan Range, Tahan Range features Mount Tahan, the highest and most prominent point on the Malaysian Peninsula at about 2,187m above sea level.[6]

The park act as an important headwater for the State of Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang, there are three main river systems that originated from The park, they are Sungai Lebir, Sungai Terengganu and Sungai Tembeling. Sungai Lebir is one of the tributaries for Kelantan River, flowing northward passing through Kelantan Delta, while Terengganu River flow eastward toward Kenyir Lake and is one of the primary inflow for the lake and Tembeling River is one of the Pahang River tributaries flowing southward toward central valley of Pahang, all of these river flows outward to South China Sea. [7]

The park has been developed into an ecotourism destination in Malaysia. There are several geological and biological attractions in the park. Gunung Tahan is the highest point of the Malay Peninsula; climbers can use Kuala Tahan or Merapoh[8] as their departure point. All visitors to the park must obtain permits from the Department of Wildlife and National Parks.

Flora[edit]

Taman Negara features a largely virgin, lowland dipterocarp rainforest as well as Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests on the higher elevation parts of the park.

Fauna[edit]

Canopy walkway.

Taman Negara is home to some rare mammals, such as the Malayan tiger,[9] Malayan gaur (seladang) and Asian elephant. Additionally, some biologists also believe that a small population of Northern Sumatran Rhinoceros live in the park. As well as birds such as the great argus, red junglefowl, and the rare Malayan peacock-pheasant are still found here in some numbers. Tahan River has been preserved to protect the Malaysian mahseer (ikan kelah in Malay), a type of game fish. Species found in the park include 10,000 plants, 150,000 of insects, 25,000 invertebrates, 675 birds, 270 reptiles, 250 freshwater fish and 200 mammals at the national park, including some of which are rare or indigenous to Malaysia.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Entrance at Kuala Tahan.

Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM)'s KTM Intercity and Express trains stop at Jerantut railway station. Visitors to Taman Negara can disembark here.

Local tour operators arrange transportation from Kuala Lumpur to the entrance of the Park at Kuala Tahan. This may involve a 3-4 hour bus journey to Jerantut and Kuala Tembeling Jetty followed by a 2.5 hour river boat ride to Kuala Tahan.[11] Entrance permits and park tours are often included in the package.

From Kuala Lumpur, buses may depart from Terminal Bersepadu Selatan and Hentian Pekeliling going to the nearest town, Jerantut. From here travel to Kuala Tembeling Jetty and Kuala Tahan.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pakhriazad., H.Z , Mohd. Hasmadi, I. & Aida, H.M.K (March 2009). "Historical and Current Legislations of Taman Negara National Park, Peninsular Malaysia". Journal of Politics and Law. 2 (1). doi:10.5539/jpl.v2n1p44.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Walking the Canopy of the World's Oldest Rainforest -- Malaysia's Taman Negara". www.highonadventure.com.
  3. ^ "Taman Negara Travel Guide - Malaysia Travel Guide". travelmalaysiaguide.com.
  4. ^ "Jungle Surfing in Australia: The Oldest Rainforest in the World | Transfercar". Archived from the original on 2015-12-27.
  5. ^ Lloyd, Graham (August 22, 2011). "The Oldest Rainforest". The Australian.
  6. ^ "National Park (Taman Negara) of Peninsular Malaysia". UNESCO World Heritage Convention. UNESCO. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  7. ^ "About Taman Negara". Taman Negara Jerantut Travel Guide. Taman Negara Jerantut Travel Guide. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  8. ^ "Taman Negara and Sungai Yu Forest Reserve". Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2013-03-31.
  9. ^ Kawanishi, K.; Sunquist, M. E. (2004). "Conservation status of tigers in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia". Biological Conservation. 120 (3): 329–344. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.03.005.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "About Mutiara Taman Negara". Mutiara Taman Negara. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  11. ^ "Shuttle Services (Bus/Van/Boat)". Taman Negara. 3 March 2017.
  12. ^ "Transport". Taman Negara. 21 February 2017.

10. ↑ KL to Taman Negara shuttle service

External links[edit]