Taman Negara

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Taman Negara
King George V National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Taman Negara Sungai Tembeling.JPG
View of Sungai Tembeling from atop the Canopy Walkway
Map showing the location of Taman Negara
Map showing the location of Taman Negara
LocationMalaysia
Nearest cityKuala Tembeling
Coordinates4°42′N 102°28′E / 4.700°N 102.467°E / 4.700; 102.467Coordinates: 4°42′N 102°28′E / 4.700°N 102.467°E / 4.700; 102.467
Area4,343 km2 (1,677 sq mi)
Established1938/1939
Governing bodyDepartment of Wildlife and National Parks

Taman Negara is in Peninsular Malaysia. It was established in 1938/1939 as the King George V National Park after Theodore Hubback lobbied the sultans of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan to set aside a piece of land that covers the three states for the creation of a protected area.[1] It was renamed Taman Negara after independence, which means "national park" in Malay. Taman Negara has a total area of 4,343 km2 and it is one of the world's oldest deciduous rainforest, estimated to be more than 130 million years old.[2][3]

Attractions found near Kuala Tahan (Park headquarters for Pahang) include a canopy walkway, Gua Telinga (cave system), Lata Berkoh (rapid). Visitors can enjoy the tropical rainforest, birdwatching or jungle trekking (e.g. Tenor Rentis) and the river views along the Tahan River.

Geography[edit]

View over the canopy

The park encompasses three states, Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu, each with its own legislation. The Taman Negara Enactment (Pahang) No. 2 of 1939 is enforced in the state of Pahang, the Taman Negara Enactment (Kelantan) No. 14 of 1938 in the state of Kelantan and the Taman Negara Enactment (Terengganu) No. 6 of 1939 in the state of Terengganu. The enactments have similar contents.[1]

Taman Negara Pahang is the largest at 2,477 km2, followed by Taman Negara Kelantan at 1,043 km2 and Taman Negara Terengganu at 853 km2. At an estimated age of more than 130 million years old, it is reputed to be the "oldest tropical rainforest", although the title more accurately belongs to the Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia, estimated to be between 135 million years old [4] and 180 million years old.[5]

Canopy walkway

The park has been developed into a famous ecotourism destination in Malaysia. There are several geological and biological attractions in the park. Gunung Tahan is the highest point of the Malay Peninsula; climbers can use Kuala Tahan or Merapoh[6] as their departure point. All visitors to the park must get permits from the Department of Wildlife and National Parks.

Fauna[edit]

Taman Negara is home to some rare mammals, such as the Malayan tiger,[7], Malayan gaur (seladang) and Asian elephant. As well as birds such as the great argus, red junglefowl, and the rare Malayan peacock-pheasant are still found here in some numbers. Tahan River has been preserved to protect the Malaysian mahseer (ikan kelah in Malay), a type of game fish.

Transportation[edit]

Entrance at Kuala Tahan

Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM)'s KTM Intercity and Express trains stop at Jerantut railway station. Visitors to Taman Negara can disembark here.

Local tour operators arrange transportation from Kuala Lumpur to the entrance of the Park at Kuala Tahan. This may involve a 3-4 hour bus journey to Jerantut and Kuala Tembeling Jetty followed by a 2.5 hour river boat ride to Kuala Tahan.[8] Entrance permits and park tours are often included in the package.

From Kuala Lumpur, buses may depart from Terminal Bersepadu Selatan and Hentian Pekeliling going to the nearest town, Jerantut. From here travel to Kuala Tembeling Jetty and Kuala Tahan.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pakhriazad., H.Z , Mohd. Hasmadi, I. & Aida, H.M.K (March 2009). "Historical and Current Legislations of Taman Negara National Park, Peninsular Malaysia". Journal of Politics and Law. 2 (1).CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Walking the Canopy of the World's Oldest Rainforest -- Malaysia's Taman Negara". www.highonadventure.com.
  3. ^ "Taman Negara Travel Guide - Malaysia Travel Guide". travelmalaysiaguide.com.
  4. ^ https://www.transfercarus.com/blog/travel-tips-us/jungle-surfing-in-the-oldest-rainforest-in-the-world
  5. ^ Lloyd, Graham (August 22, 2011). "The Oldest Rainforest". The Australian.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2013-03-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Kawanishi, K.; Sunquist, M. E. (2004). "Conservation status of tigers in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia". Biological Conservation. 120: 329–344. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2004.03.005.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Shuttle Services (Bus/Van/Boat)". Taman Negara.
  9. ^ "Transport". Taman Negara.

External links[edit]