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|Regions with significant populations|
|Nepal, India (Sikkim, Darjeeling, Kalimpong)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Sherpa, Gurung, Thakali, Hyolmo|
The Tamang (རྟ་དམག་; Devanagari: तामाङ; tāmāṅ) are an ethnic group originating in Nepal. Tamang people constitute 5.6% of the Nepalese population at over 1.3 million in 2001, increasing to 1,539,830 as of the 2011 census. Tamang people are also found in significant numbers in Indian state of Sikkim and districts of Darjeeling and Kalimpong in India and various districts in the southern foothills of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Such districts include the Tsirang District, the Dagana District, the Samtse District, the Chukha District, the Sarpang District and the Samdrup Jongkhar District.  Tamang language is the fifth most spoken language in Nepal.
Tamang may be derived from the word Tamang, where Ta means "horse" and Mang means warrior in Tibetan. However, there are no written documentations of Horse Rider naming nor do present Tamang people have horse riding culture.
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Tamang people are descended from the Mongols, famous conquerors in history.Tamsaling Nepal Rastriya Dal. The umbrella group Mongol National Organisation (MNO) supports self-determination and opposes discrimination, not just for Tamangs but for all groups in Nepal. The MNO is against conversion of non-Hindus to Hinduism. It currently holds no official parliamentary vote. The Federal Limbuwan State Council (FLSC) also works towards similar goals for self-determination for the Kirati peoples, who co-mingle with Tamangs, citing a reneged treaty with Kathmandu for autonomy. The associated Sanghiya Limbuwan Party has participated in calling banda during the 2015 Nepal blockade, but this did not attract the attention of the international press. In the 1980s, a violent Gorkhaland movement within India led by the prominent Tamang Subhas Ghising was viewed as a security threat due to the proximity of the Siliguri Corridor. Madan Tamang, a Tamang-Indian politician and proponent for Gorkhaland statehood, was assassinated in 2010, with the West Bengal government placing blame on another Gorkhaland political party, in effect weakening the movement. Gorkhaland Territorial Administration was created in place of statehood in India. In Nepal, ethnic discrimination issues regarding numerous groups (who have taken part in each other's politics) have been left unresolved. In 2017 Binay Tamang was appointed as the Chairperson of GTA.
|alt=]]Tamang tradition and culture includes a distinct language, culture, dress and social structure. They have over 100 sub-clans. About 90% of the Tamang are Buddhist. Their language comes from the Tibeto-Burman language family. They follow the Chinese lunar calendar of the 12-year cycle. Colorful printed Buddhist mantra cloths are put up in various places in villages and towns.
Their typical song and dance style is known as Tamang Selo, and includes songs of humor, satire, joy and sorrow. It has a brisk movement and rhythmic beat specific to the Tamangs. A distinctive musical instrument is the damphu, a small, round drum covered with goatskin.
Trekking and tourism
Tamang villages are often visited on Nepal's numerous trekking routes, one being labelled Tamang Heritage Trail.
- Hira Devi Waiba
- Navneet Aditya Waiba
- Satya Aditya Waiba
- Raju Lama- Singer
- Parijat- Writer
- Aruna Lama- Singer
- Karma Yonzon- Singer, musician, music producer & composer
- Gopal Yonjan-Musician, music producer & composer
- Kul Man Ghising- Ex-Managing Director of Nepal Electricity Authority
- Buddha Lama- First Nepal Idol Winner, Singer, Musician, Composer
- Nima Rumba- Singer, Musician, Composer, Actor
- Prashant Tamang- Third Indian Idol Winner, Singer, Actor
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tamang people.|
- "Introduction to Ethnic Groups – The Tamangs: The Unknown Mount Everest Climbers". EverestNews.com. Retrieved 4 January 2013.