Tamanoumi Daitarō

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Tamanoumi Daitarō
玉乃海 代太郎
Tamanoumi Daisaburo 1959 Scan10009.JPG
Personal information
Born Tomohiro Miura
(1923-01-02)January 2, 1923
Ōita, Japan
Died September 27, 1987(1987-09-27) (aged 64)
Height 1.81 m (5 ft 11 12 in)
Weight 120 kg (260 lb)
Career
Stable Nishonoseki
Record 390–325–36
Debut May, 1937
Highest rank Sekiwake (January 1957)
Retired January, 1961
Championships 1 (Makuuchi)
1 (Jonokuchi)
Special Prizes Outstanding Performance (2)
Fighting Spirit (3)
Gold Stars 9
Tochinishiki (4)
Chiyonoyama (2)
Haguroyama
Kagamisato
Yoshibayama
* Up to date as of June 2008.

Tamanoumi Daitarō, real name Tomohiro Miura, (2 January 1923 – 27 September 1987) was a sumo wrestler from Ōita, Japan. His highest rank was sekiwake. He won a top division tournament championship in 1957. He was later the head coach of Kataonami stable.

Career[edit]

He made his professional debut at the age of 14 in May 1937, joining Nishonoseki stable, then run by active yokozuna Tamanishiki, although upon Tamanishiki's death the following year Tamanoumi Umekichi became his stablemaster. He used the shikona of Fukusumi. However, during a sumo tour of Shanghai in 1940, he got into a drunken argument with a driver. Military police went to the site and he also began to fight with them. Police officers wanted him shot, but ōzeki Haguroyama (later yokozuna) and his stablemaster apologized to them. He survived, but was forced to leave sumo and was drafted into the Japanese army.[1] After escaping a POW camp in Siberia and returning to Japan to work in a shipyard, he was invited to return to sumo in 1950. He was allowed to resume his career in the third makushita division where he had left off, and made the jūryō division in 1951, adopting the Tamanoumi name, and the top makuuchi division the year after, when he was already 29 years old. In May 1953, he faced Haguroyama in the ring for the only time. Tamanoumi defeated the man who had helped save his life, in what was to be the last bout of Haguroyama's career.

Tamanoumi reached his highest rank of sekiwake in 1957 but then was forced to sit out a couple of tournaments through injury. He fell to the maegashira ranks and considered retiring, but came back to win the top division tournament championship in November 1957 (the first time the Kyūshū honbasho had been staged) with a perfect 15–0 score. During that tournament he wore a gold-coloured mawashi, the first wrestler to flout the Japan Sumo Association's rule that only dark colours should be worn.[2] It had been given to him by the chairman of his supporter's club, who was also the head of the shipping company for whom he had worked in his years out of sumo.[3] Because other wrestlers regarded it as a symbol of good luck, and also because NHK began colour broadcasts of sumo matches in 1960, many others have followed Tamanoumi's lead and worn brightly coloured mawashi.[4] He was runner-up in two other tournaments and earned nine kinboshi or gold stars for defeating yokozuna.

Retirement from sumo[edit]

He retired in January 1961 at the age of 38, and opened up the Kataonami stable, which he ran until his death. The stable produced the yokozuna Tamanoumi Masahiro. In his later years he was also a somewhat controversial commentator for NHK's sumo coverage.[4]

Career record[edit]

Tamanoumi Daitarō[5]
- Spring
Haru basho, Tokyo
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1937 x (Maezumo) Not held
1938 Shinjo
1–2
 
West Jonokuchi #1
6–1
Champion

 
Not held
1939 East Jonidan #2
4–3
 
East Sandanme #27
4–4
 
Not held
1940 East Sandanme #25
4–3–1
 
West Sandanme #23
6–2
 
Not held
1941 East Makushita #31
3–5
 
Out of sumo Not held
1942 Out of sumo Out of sumo Not held
1943 Out of sumo Out of sumo Not held
1944 Out of sumo Out of sumo Out of sumo
1945 Not held Out of sumo Out of sumo
1946 Not held Not held Out of sumo
1947 Not held Out of sumo Out of sumo
1948 Not held Out of sumo Out of sumo
1949 Out of sumo Out of sumo Out of sumo
1950 Out of sumo West Makushita #28
12–3
 
East Makushita #16
11–4
 
1951 East Makushita #6
11–4
 
West Jūryō #14
9–6
 
East Jūryō #8
8–5–2
 
1952 East Jūryō #7
11–4
 
West Jūryō #3
10–5
 
East Maegashira #18
10–5
 
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira
- New Year
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
Spring
Haru basho, Osaka
Summer
Natsu basho, Tokyo
Autumn
Aki basho, Tokyo
1953 East Maegashira #9
13–2
F
West Maegashira #1
7–8
 
West Maegashira #2
5–7–3
East Maegashira #4
8–7
 
1954 East Maegashira #3
7–8
 
East Maegashira #4
5–10
 
West Maegashira #6
6–6–3
 
West Maegashira #7
9–6
 
1955 East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
East Maegashira #4
7–8
West Maegashira #4
6–9
 
West Maegashira #6
8–7
1956 West Maegashira #3
5–10
 
East Maegashira #6
10–5
 
East Maegashira #2
10–5
East Komusubi
9–6
O
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira
Year in sumo January
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
March
Haru basho, Osaka
May
Natsu basho, Tokyo
July
Nagoya basho, Nagoya
September
Aki basho, Tokyo
November
Kyūshū basho, Fukuoka
1957 West Sekiwake
11–4
F
East Sekiwake
11–4
O
East Sekiwake
0–6–9
 
Not held
Sat out due to injury
0–0–15
West Maegashira #14
15–0
F
1958 West Komusubi
5–10
 
East Maegashira #3
6–9
West Maegashira #6
11–4
 
West Komusubi
6–9
 
East Maegashira #2
10–5
West Komusubi
8–7
 
1959 West Sekiwake
9–6
 
West Sekiwake
4–9–2
 
East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
East Maegashira #2
4–11
 
West Maegashira #7
9–6
 
West Maegashira #1
12–3
 
1960 West Komusubi
4–11
 
East Maegashira #5
3–12
 
West Maegashira #13
10–5
 
West Maegashira #5
4–11
 
East Maegashira #8
7–8
 
East Maegashira #9
6–9
 
1961 East Maegashira #13
Retired
7–8
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Top Division Runner-up Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newton, Clyde (2000-11-05). "Big guns head for Kyūshū tourney". Japan Times. Retrieved 2008-06-19. 
  2. ^ Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X. 
  3. ^ [sumo] Yokozuna Tamanoumi
  4. ^ a b Gould, Chris (April 2008). "NSK meets NHK" (PDF). Sumo Fan Magazine. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  5. ^ "Tamanoumi Daitaro Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2013-04-21.