Moskvina in 2009
|Full name||Tamara Nikolayevna Moskvina|
|Alternative names||Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus|
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
June 26, 1941 |
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Residence||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Former partner||Alexei Mishin
|Former coach||Igor Moskvin
Tamara Nikolayevna Moskvina, née Bratus (born 26 June 1941; Russian: Тама́ра Никола́евна Москвина́ (help·info); earlier Братусь) is a Russian pair skating coach and former competitive skater. Competing in pairs with Alexei Mishin, she became the 1969 World silver medalist and Soviet national champion.
As a singles skater, she was a five-time (1962–1966) Soviet national champion. She later became a successful coach, leading at least one pair to an Olympic medal in six consecutive Winter Olympics from 1984 to 2002 and twice coaching the gold and silver medal-winning pairs, in 1992 and 1998. Married to Igor Moskvin, Moskvina is based in Saint Petersburg, Russia at the Yubileyny Sports Palace.
Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus was born 26 June 1941 in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), the daughter of Serafima and Nikolay Bratus. She had two sisters. During the Siege of Leningrad in World War II, her family evacuated to a small village in the Ural Mountains where her mother had relatives. Moskvina grew to only 4'10" due to childhood malnutrition during the war years. The family returned to Leningrad in 1948. Her father, from Kiev, died suddenly at the age of 47.
As a skater
Moskinva began skating in Leningrad at the age of 10, after her father obtained used skates for his daughters. Ivan Bogoyavlensky was her first coach. She practiced at the Iskra and Dinamo rinks, the latter of which was on a tennis court. Igor Moskvin became her coach in 1957. She moved to an ice rink on Vasilyevsky Island which opened in 1958 after conversion from an abandoned church.
Moskvina became the Soviet national ladies' champion for the first time in 1962 and would win the title four more times. Her best finish at an international competition in singles was 14th at the 1965 European Championships. Moskvina may have been the first to perform what is now called a Biellmann spin. She was inspired after seeing a gymnastics competition and began attempting it on the ice. She included the spin at the 1960 European Championships.
At Moskvin's suggestion, she decided to try pair skating. As he later explained, the leading women's coach in those years was Tatiana Granatkina-Tolmacheva, who worked in Moscow and led a group of girls of the same age as Moskvina. Tatiana's husband, Alexander Tolmachev, headed the Figure Skating Federation of Moscow, so Mosvkina, who did not train under Tolmacheva, had little chance to stay in the team. Her first partner was Alexander Gavrilov, with whom she won the 1965 Soviet national title. He retired at the end of the season.
Later in 1965, Moskvina teamed up with Alexei Mishin, whom she had trained alongside when they were both singles skaters. They won bronze at the 1966 Winter Universiade and were sent to their first European and World Championships in 1967. Yubileyny Sports Palace became their training site after its opening in 1967.
Moskvina/Mishin won silver at the 1968 European Championships. The following season, they defeated both the two-time Olympic gold medallists, Ludmila Belousova/Oleg Protopopov, and the future champions, Irina Rodnina/Alexei Ulanov, to win the Soviet national title. Moskina/Mishin took bronze at the 1969 European Championships and then silver at the 1969 World Championships. Moskvina decided to retire from competition in 1969 to start a family.
As a coach
Moskvina has coached at the Yubileyny Sports Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia, for almost her entire career. She was one of the first Soviet coaches to collaborate with the skating world outside the Soviet Union and its satellites. She contributed a report on the 1970 European Championships to Skating Magazine, an American publication, which at that time required clearance through the central news agency in the Soviet Union. She co-authored the International Skating Union's judging handbook for pair skating in 1984. During the 1990s, Yubileyny suffered from poor-quality ice and other problems, resulting in limited training time even for top skaters.
In 1998, Moskvina and her students spent some time at the Stamford Twin Rinks in Stamford, Connecticut. In 1999, Moskvina moved to Hackensack, New Jersey's Ice House and spent several years coaching there. In 2001-2002, she returned to Yubileyny where she continues to coach.
Moskvina coached the following pairs:
- Irina Vorobieva/Alexander Vlassov - 1977 World & European silver medalists, 1976 World & European bronze medalists.
- Irina Vorobieva/Igor Lisovsky – 1981 World and European champions. She coached Vorobieva from age ten.
- Elena Valova/Oleg Vasiliev – 1984 Olympic champions, 1988 Olympic silver medalists, and 1983, 1985, & 1988 World champions. She first worked with Vasiliev when he was twelve.
- Natalia Mishkutenok/Artur Dmitriev – 1992 Olympic champions, 1994 Olympic silver medalists, and 1991 & 1992 World champions.
- Elena Bechke/Denis Petrov – 1992 Olympic silver medalists, 1989 World bronze medalists, two-time European silver medalists.
- Oksana Kazakova/Artur Dmitriev – 1998 Olympic champions and 1996 European champions.
- Elena Berezhnaya/Anton Sikharulidze – 2002 Olympic champions, 1998 Olympic silver medalists, and 1998 & 1999 World champions.
- Yuko Kawaguchi/Alexander Markuntsov who became the first pair to medal for Japan at an ISU Championship when they won silver at the 2001 World Junior Championships.
- Kyoko Ina/John Zimmerman – Three-time U.S. champions and 2002 World bronze medalists.
- Julia Obertas/Sergei Slavnov - 2005 European silver medalists.
- Yuko Kavaguti/Alexander Smirnov – 2009 & 2010 World bronze medalists, 2010 & 2015 European champions, 2008, 2009 & 2010 Russian national champions.
Moskvina coached some pairs in collaboration with her husband, Igor Moskvin (Kyoko Ina/John Zimmerman), and some with former students Artur Dmitriev and Oksana Kazakova. Her pairs have worked with various choreographers, including Alexander Matveev, Tatiana Druchinina (until 2011), Valeri Pecherski, Igor Bobrin, and Peter Tchernyshev. Former student Oleg Vasiliev coached Tatiana Totmianina/Maxim Marinin to an Olympic gold medal after Moskvina sent them to him.
During her own skating career, both in singles and in pairs, Moskvina was known for including unusual flexibility moves in her programs. She has passed this on in the choreography for the various pair teams she has coached, inventing many unique pair skating elements in which the man and woman, although performing different movements, still work together as a unit. This style of choreography is sometimes referred to as "opposition choreography," as opposed to shadow or mirror skating, when the two partners perform similar movements in unison together.
In 2011, Moskvina said she planned to retire after the 2014 Olympics but would continue to advise pairs in addition to writing a book on her coaching experiences.
Tamara Nikolayevna Bratus married Igor Moskvin in 1964. They have two daughters, Olga Igorevna Moskvina (born 12 April 1970), a linguist, and Anna Igorevna Moskvina (born 14 June 1974), an economist who graduated from Columbia University (NYC).
Pair skating with Mishin
|Prize of Moscow News||1st||1st|
Pair skating with Gavrilov
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Moskvina was inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame in 2005.
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (27 February 1998) - for outstanding athletic achievement at the XVIII Olympic Winter Games in 1998
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1984)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1988)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (22 April 1994) - for services in the development of physical culture and sports and the great personal contribution to the preparation and conduct of XVII Winter Olympic Games in 1994
- Honoured Worker of Physical Culture of the Russian Federation (2002)
- Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR (1969)
- Honoured coach of the USSR
- Honoured Coach of Russia
- Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation (May 5, 2003) - for the successful preparation of athletes and high achievements in sports at the Games XIX Olympic Games in Salt Lake City
- Honorary citizen of St. Petersburg
- Best in sports in St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg Government, 2 February 2010)
- Honorary Diploma from the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg (2002)
- "Interview with Alexei Mishin" (in Russian). TV Park magazine. 2003-03-28. Archived from the original on 9 November 2005.
- Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (26 June 2011). Маленькая великая женщина [The tiny great lady] (in Russian). Sport Express. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- Ermolina, Olga (23 October 2013). Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 2) [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 2)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014.
- Mittan, Barry (18 May 2003). "Tamara Moskvina - Coach of Olympic Pairs Champions". GoldenSkate.com. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- "Tamara Moskvina - Online Interview". GoldenSkate.com. 22 June 2002. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- Polyanskaya, Natalia. "I teach to skate and to live" (in Russian). Moskovskiy Komsomolets (Saint Petersburg edition). Retrieved 21 November 2016.
- Ermolina, Olga (22 October 2013). Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 1) [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 1)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014.
- Vaytsekhovskaya, Elena (25 August 2009). Игорь МОСКВИН: "НИКОГДА НЕ СЧИТАЛ, ЧТО МЫ С ЖЕНОЙ КОНКУРЕНТЫ" [Igor Moskvin: I have never thought that my wife and I are rivals.] (in Russian). Sport Express. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- "In this issue", Skating Magazine, April 1970
- Flade, Tatyana (July–August 1994). "Olympic Stars Skating On Thin Ice At Yubileiny Palace". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999.
- Katz, Rachel (March 1995). "Local stars attack lack of facilities". St. Petersburg Press. Archived from the original on 29 April 1999.
- Mariani, Dominic (1 November 1998). "Russian Champions on the Stamford Ice". The New York Times.
- Flade, Tatjana (3 September 2011). "Tamara Moskvina: A Rewarding Journey". IFS Magazine.
- Simonenko, Andrei (26 June 2011). Тамара Москвина: я должна выполнять желания своих фигуристов [Tamara Moskvina: I have to make my skaters' dreams come true] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- Ermolina, Olga (24 October 2013). Тамара МОСКВИНА: «Всегда хотела быть тренером» (Часть 3) [Tamara Moskvina: "I always wanted to be a coach" (Part 3)]. Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Archived from the original on 27 February 2014.
- Simonenko, Andrei (8 July 2011). Тамара Москвина: после Олимпиады в Сочи начну писать книгу [Tamara Moskvina: After the Sochi Olympics I'll concentrate on writing a book] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- Janofsky, Michael (February 12, 1992). "ALBERTVILLE; No Longer Soviet Skaters, But They Are Still the Best". The New York Times.
- Simonenko, Andrei (30 June 2011). Тамара Москвина: создаю удовольствие под названием "фигурное катание" [Tamara Moskvina: Creating a pleasure called figure skating] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
- СПИСОК кандидатов в спортивные сборные команды Российской Федерации по фигурному катанию на коньках на 2011-2012 гг. [2011–2012 list] (PDF). Russian Figure Skating Federation (in Russian). Russian Sports Ministry. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012.
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