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Tamarind juice

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Es asem jawa or Javanese tamarind juice with liquid palm sugar and ice, served in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Tamarind juice (also tamarind water) is a liquid extract of the tamarind (Tamarindus indica) tree fruit, produced by squeezing, mixing and sometimes boiling tamarind fruit pulp. Tamarind juice can be consumed as beverage appreciated for its fresh sour taste, or used for culinary purpose as a sour flavouring agent.[1] The recent development uses tamarind juice as a mixture in cocktail.[2]

As beverage[edit]

The juice of tamarind fruit is produced by squeezing and mixing the pulp of tamarind fruit with water. Sometimes the process also include the boiling of tamarind pulp to further extracting the tamarind fruit essence.

Then the mixed liquid is sieved to separate the juice from tamarind seeds, fibers and bits of fruit shell. The sour-tasting tamarind juice is often sweetened with the addition of liquid palm sugar and often served with ice.[3]

Canned tamarind juice

In Indonesia, tamarind juice is called air asem (tamarind water), es asem (tamarind ice) or gula asem (sugared tamarind). It is a popular traditional drink in Java, which is mixed with gula jawa or gula aren (palm sugar). It is also often served as fresh and sour palate cleansing drink after consuming often bitter tasting Javanese jamu herbal drinks.[4]

In Indonesia, tamarind juice is also produced industrially as UHT packed drink marketed as healthy drink sari asem asli or real tamarind juice.[5] There are also commercially mass-produced canned and bottled tamarind juice, offered especially in Asian supermarket.

In Turkish cuisine, tamarind juice is known as demirhindi şerbeti which is tamarind made into sharbat beverage.

In Mexico and other Latin American countries, tamarind juice is known as agua de tamarindo or "tamarind water". It is one of the most common agua fresca variant in Mexico.[6]

Culinary use[edit]

Puliynichi, tamarind paste used in Southern Indian cuisine

The juice of tamarind fruit pulp is often used as sour flavouring agent akin to vinegar in several Asian culinary traditions; e.g. Indonesian, Thai and Indian cuisine. In Indonesian cuisine, tamarind juice is an essential ingredients as a mixture in peanut sauce for gado-gado and pecel salad. It is also essential flavouring agent in asam pedas and pindang fish stew and sayur asem vegetable in tamarind soup.[7]

Tom khlong (Thai script: ต้มโคล้ง), a Thai spicy sour soup that uses tamarind juice

In the flavour of Thai cuisine, the distinctive sourness does not derive from vinegar or lime juice, but through the use of tamarind juice. It is used as a sour flavouring ingredient in pad thai rice noodle, tom khlong spicy sour soup and kaeng som kung sour fish curry.[1]

In Indian cuisine, tamarind juice is often made into pulp, mixed with jaggery and used as flavouring agent for side dishes or condiment.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Tamarind Juice Recipe - Refreshing, Irresistible Beverage for Summer". Healthy Recipe 101. 2021-05-19. Retrieved 2023-05-14.
  2. ^ "What is tamarind used for in Asia? Pastes, sauces and now – cocktails". South China Morning Post. 2022-10-17. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  3. ^ "Es Gulas, Minuman Asam Jawa yang Legendaris di Tegal". kumparan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  4. ^ Turrell, Claire. "The ancient drink that powers Indonesia". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  5. ^ "Produk - Minuman Kesehatan UHT - Ultra Sari Asem Asli". www.ultrajaya.co.id. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  6. ^ "From Pod to Refreshing Beverage: How to Make Agua de Tamarindo". The Spruce Eats. Retrieved 2023-05-14.
  7. ^ Lyliana, Lea (2021-07-27). "Resep Sayur Asem Jawa, Masakan Berkuah Segar untuk Makan Siang". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-03-09.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tamarind juice at Wikimedia Commons