Tamaske

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Tamaske
Commune and village
Tamaske is located in Niger
Tamaske
Tamaske
Location in Niger
Coordinates: 14°49′N 5°39′E / 14.817°N 5.650°E / 14.817; 5.650
Country  Niger
Region Tahoua Region
Department Keita Department
Population (2012)
 • Total 111,358
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Tamaske is a city and rural commune in Niger.[1] It is located in the Keita Department, in the Tahoua Region.

Geography[edit]

Tamaske lies in the Sahel biome in Niger. The neighboring municipalities are Kalfou in the northwest, Keita in the northeast, Garhanga in the southeast and Badaguichiri in the south. The municipality is divided into 42 administrative villages, 41 villages and two camps.[2]

History[edit]

Upon arrival of the first French military expedition in 1900 Tamaske was already a large Hausa settlement. In 1901, the French established a military post in the community.[3] The market of Tamaske was one of the most important markets in the region that have been approved at the beginning of the 20th century by the French administration.[4] In 1913, Tamaske was dissolved as a separate canton and merged with the canton of Keita. Trade suffered at the beginning of World War I, and the Hausa clashed with the nearby Tuareg.[3]

In 1988, Tamaske received the status of a commune together with twelve other villages nearby.[5] This can be attributed to its large size and the economic weight of the Hausa inhabitants, who secured the administrative functions of a commune.[6] Tamaske was hit by a cholera outbreak in October 2014.[7]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census, Tamaské had 67,486 residents.[8] The population had increased to 111,358 by the 2012 census. Of that, 54,349 were male and 57,009 were female.[9] The raid growth of the commune has placed burdens of traditional land use patterns.[10]

Culture and landmarks[edit]

A large mosque in the Iraqi style was built in Tamaske in 1979. The construction was financed by Hausa merchants from Tamaske, who had emigrated to Nigeria.[11]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Tamaske is a main center of commerce in the Tahoua Region. However, agriculture is the principal occupation, as the soil is rich for planting.[3] In 2010, a trading center for onions was established. The region is well known for its onion cultivation.[12]

Tamaske located on the National Road 16. The community is home to one of three tanneries in the Tahoua region. The other two are in the regional capital Tahoua and in the rural commune of Galma Koudawatche.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002 portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux. Includes list of 213 communes rurales and seats, 52 Communes urbaines and seats
  2. ^ Répertoire National des Communes (RENACOM). Institut National de la Statistique, accessed 22 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Frédéric Giraut: La petite ville. Un milieu adapté aux paradoxes de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Etudes sur le semis et comparaison du système social et-spatial de sept localités: Badou et Anié (Togo), Jasikan et Kadjebi (Ghana), Torodi, Tamaské et Keïta (Niger). Dissertation, Universität Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne 1994 (Online-Version; PDF; 2,3 MB), pp. 166-167
  4. ^ Hassane Gandah Nabi (2013). Commerçants et entrepreneurs du Niger (1922–2006). L’Harmattan. p. 38. ISBN 978-2-336-29136-9. 
  5. ^ Historique de la décentralisation au Niger (PDF; 91 kB). Programme nigéro-allemand de lutte contre la pauvreté dans les zones de Tillabéri et Tahoua-Nord, accessed 23 October 2016
  6. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 131
  7. ^ "Southern Niger hit by cholera outbreak". Doctors Without Borders. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Institut Nationale de la Statistique du Niger (Hrsg.): Annuaire statistique des cinquante ans d’indépendance du Niger. Niamey 2010 (Online-Version; PDF; 3,0 MB), S. 55.
  9. ^ "Présentation des résultats globaux définitifs du Quatrième (4ème) Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat (RGP/H) de 2012" (PDF). Institut National de la Statistique (in French). 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 235
  11. ^ Giraut 1994, p. 170
  12. ^ RECA Info. Bulletin trimestriel d’information du Réseau National des Chambres d’Agriculture du Niger. Nr. 8, June 2010, S. 2 (Online-Version; PDF; 257 kB).
  13. ^ Présentation de Tahoua, région phare de la sixième édition du SAFEM 2009 (PDF; 866 kB). S. 8, SAFEM, accessed 23 October 2016

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°50′N 5°39′E / 14.833°N 5.650°E / 14.833; 5.650