The word tambura refers to several stringed musical instruments:
- Tanbur, a long-necked, string instrument originating in the Southern or Central Asia (Mesopotamia and Persia/Iran)
- Iranian tanbur (Kurdish tanbur), used in Yarsan rituals
- Turkish tambur, instrument played in Turkey
- Yaylı tambur, also played in Turkey
- Tanpura, a drone instrument played in India
- Tambura (instrument), played in Balkan peninsula
- Tamburica, any member of a family of long-necked lutes popular in Eastern and Central Europe
- Tambouras, played in Greece
- Tanbūra (lyre), played in East Africa and the Middle East
- Tamboori, an Indian melodic instrument similar to a Tanpura
The word may also refer to:
- Tambura River, in Romania
- Tumbura, a town in South Sudan
- Tumbura Airport, an airport serving the above town
- "Tambura", a hidden track from P.O.D.'s album The Fundamental Elements of Southtown
- Tambur, an old name for Hemşin, a town in Rize Province, Turkey
- Pandura, instrument played in Ancient Greece and other ancient civilisations from the Mediterranean basin
- Domra, Russian instrument
- Bandura, Ukrainian instrument
- Dombra, instrument in Kazakhstan, Siberia and Afghanistan.
- Erhu, Chinese instrument
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