|Cap Matifou Lighthouse|
|Height||6 metres (20 ft)|
|Shape||quadrangular tower with balcony and light attached to 1-storey keeper’s house|
|Operator||Office Nationale de Signalisation Maritime|
|Focal height||74 metres (243 ft)|
|Light source||main power|
|Range||23 nautical miles (43 km; 26 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl (3) W 15s.|
The Roman name Rusguniae is a latinization of the Punic name RŠGNY (𐤓𐤔𐤂𐤍𐤉), meaning "Francolin Cape" and referring to nearby Cape Matifou. Ptolemy hellenized the name as Rhoustónion (Greek: Ῥουστόνιον), and it appears in late sources as Rusgume, Rugunie, and Rusgimia.
Rusguniae was established as a colony along the trade route between the Strait of Gibraltar and Phoenicia. It consisted of a small fortress on Cape Matifou. It eventually fell under Carthaginian control, probably during the 6th century BC.
Bordj Tamentfoust or Tamentfoust Castle was built by Ramdhan Agha in 1661. It was the site of the official declaration of a jihad against France on 23 July 1830, in response to the French invasion of the country.
List of bishops
- José Gabriel Anaya y Diez de Bonilla (1967.09.15 – 1976.01.06)
- Paul Zinghtung Grawng (1976.01.24 – 1976.12.09)
- Rigoberto Corredor Bermúdez (1988.02.26 – 1996.11.30)
- Anthony Ireri Mukobo, IMC (1999.12.22 – present)
Alongside the museum at Bordj Tamentfoust, the site also has ruins of Roman Rusguniae. Maritime history is represented by the Naval Academy of Tamentfoust, known as the biggest naval academy on the continent. The views from the harbor are also a major attraction for visitors.
Mosaic of Rusguniae
- List of Lights, Pub. 113: The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Western Algeria". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
- Huss (2006).
- Ptol., Geogr., Book IV, Ch. ii, §6.
- Rav. Cosmogr., 40.43.
- Rav. Cosmogr., 88.13.
- Guido, Geogr., 132.22.
- Plin., Nat. Hist., Book V, §20.
- Ant. Itin., 16.1.
- Huss, Werner (2006), "Rusguniae", Brill's New Pauly Encyclopedia of the Ancient World, Leiden: Brill.
- Blog de Tamentfoust (Association Culturelle de Tmentfoust)
- GCatholic, with titular incumbent biography links