Jump to content

Tamerlan Tsarnaev

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tamerlan Tsarnaev
Тамерлан Царнаев
Tsarnaev in 2009
Tamerlan Anzorovich Tsarnaev[note 1]

(1986-10-21)October 21, 1986[1]
DiedApril 19, 2013(2013-04-19) (aged 26)
Watertown, Massachusetts, U.S.
Cause of deathCardiac and respiratory arrest from vehicular blunt trauma and gunshot wounds
Resting placeAl-Barzakh Cemetery
Doswell, Virginia, U.S.[2]
United States
Katherine Russell (a.k.a. Karima Tsarnaeva)
(m. 2010)
Children1 (daughter)
RelativesDzhokhar Tsarnaev (brother)

Tamerlan Anzorovich Tsarnaev (/ˌtæmərˈlɑːn ˌtsɑːrˈnɛf/; October 21, 1986 – April 19, 2013)[note 1] was a Russian-born terrorist of Chechen and Avar descent[3][4] who, with his younger brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, planted pressure cooker bombs at the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013.[1][5][6][7] The bombings killed three spectators and injured 264 others.[8][9]

Shortly after the Federal Bureau of Investigation released images of the Tsarnaev brothers in connection with their investigation of the Boston Marathon bombings, the brothers killed an MIT policeman, carjacked an SUV, and engaged in a shootout with the police in the Boston suburb of Watertown. During the shootout, Tamerlan was captured but died, partly as a result of his brother driving over him. A MBTA police officer was critically injured by friendly fire during Dzhokhar's escape.[10][11] Dzhokhar was injured in the shootout and was later found, arrested, and hospitalized on the evening of April 19 after an unprecedented manhunt in which thousands of police officials searched a 20-block area of Watertown.[12] In custody, Dzhokhar allegedly said during questioning that he and his brother also intended to detonate explosives in Times Square in New York City.[13] Dzhokhar reportedly told authorities that he and his brother were radicalized, at least in part, by watching lectures by Anwar al-Awlaki.[14][15]

Childhood and family background


The Tsarnaev family was forcibly moved from Chechnya to the Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan in the years following World War II.[16] Husband Anzor Tsarnaev is Chechen, and wife Zubeidat Tsarnaeva is an Avar.[17][18][19] The Tsarnaevs had two daughters[20] and two sons. Tamerlan Tsarnaev was born in the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic[21] on October 21, 1986, and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was born in Kyrgyzstan on July 22, 1993.[22]

As children, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev lived in Tokmok, Kyrgyzstan.[23] In 2001, the Tsarnaev family moved to Makhachkala, Dagestan, in the Russian Federation.[24][25][26] In April 2002, the Tsarnaev parents and Dzhokhar visited the United States on a 90-day tourist visa.[27][28][29] Anzor Tsarnaev applied for asylum, citing fears of deadly persecution due to his ties to Chechnya.[30] Tamerlan Tsarnaev was left in the care of his uncle Ruslan in Kyrgyzstan,[16] and arrived in the U.S. approximately two years later.[31] The United States granted asylum to the Tsarnaev parents, and their four children later received "derivative asylum status".[32] The family settled on Norfolk Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[33] In March 2007, the Tsarnaevs were granted legal permanent residence.[31] Tamerlan Tsarnaev was a permanent resident of the U.S.[29] and a citizen of both Russia and Kyrgyzstan.[34]

Activities prior to Boston Marathon bombing




According to Tsarnaev's immigration file,[35] Tsarnaev was admitted to the U.S. in 2003, receiving his visa at the U.S. consulate in Ankara, Turkey. After arriving in the U.S., he attended Cambridge Rindge and Latin School, a public high school.[36] He applied for admission at the University of Massachusetts Boston for the fall of 2006, but was rejected.[37] He attended Bunker Hill Community College part-time for three terms between 2006 and 2008, studying accounting with hopes of becoming an engineer.[25][38] He dropped out of school to concentrate on boxing.[25][39]

In 2007, Tsarnaev confronted a Brazilian youth who had dated his younger sister, Bella, and punched him in the face.[40]



During 2008, Tsarnaev became a devout Muslim and stopped drinking and smoking (eventually becoming an extremist a year later). He began to regularly attend the Islamic Society of Boston mosque near his home in Cambridge. Although the Americans for Peace and Tolerance, a longtime critic of the mosque, alleges that the mosque supports "a brand of Islamic thought that encourages grievances against the West, distrust of law enforcement and opposition to Western forms of government, dress and social values,"[41] the mosque has condemned terrorism and would even later ask Tsarnaev to stop attending due to him interrupting the Friday sermon.[21]

In May 2008, Tsarnaev's sister said that her husband was engaging in acts of physical abuse and adultery. Tsarnaev flew across the country to Bellingham, Washington, to "straighten up the brains" of his brother-in-law, Khozhugov.[40]



An aspiring heavyweight boxer, Tsarnaev trained at the Wai Kru Mixed Martial Arts Center, a Boston club.[39] In 2009–10, he was the New England Golden Gloves heavyweight champion, winning the Rocky Marciano Trophy.[42][43] In May 2009, he fought in the nationals in the 201-pound weight class, but lost a first-round decision.[42][44]

Tsarnaev first dated Nadine Ascencao, who became his live-in girlfriend. After an incident between Ascencao and Tsarnaev, she called 911 crying hysterically and asking for help. Tsarnaev was arrested at his home at 410 Norfolk Street in Cambridge, on July 28, 2009, for aggravated domestic assault and battery.[45] The case was dismissed for lack of prosecution.[33][46][47]

Tsarnaev dated Katherine Russell of North Kingstown, Rhode Island on and off while she attended Suffolk University from 2007 to 2010.[48] Russell converted to Islam and started wearing a hijab in 2008.[49] Friends said he would shout at her that she was a "slut".[50] They described fights in which Tsarnaev would "fly into rages and sometimes throw furniture or throw things".[51]

The Tsarnaev brothers' uncle, Ruslan Tsarni, said he "had been concerned about his nephew being an extremist since 2009". Tsarni said that Tsarnaev's radicalization started not during his visit to Russia in January 2012, but much earlier in Boston after he was influenced by a Muslim convert known as "Misha".[52] "Misha" was later identified as Mikhail Allakhverdov, a 39-year-old from Rhode Island (of Armenian-Ukrainian origin,[53] born in Azerbaijan).[54] Allakhverdov told The New York Review of Books that he rejected violence, was not Tsarnaev's teacher, had not spoken to Tamerlan in three years and had never met his family members. Furthermore, he said that he had cooperated with a brief FBI investigation that the NYRB reported had found no ties between Allakhverdov and the attacks.[53]



According to a 2010 photo essay in The Comment, the graduate student magazine of Boston University College of Communication, Tsarnaev said that he was working to become a naturalized citizen in time to be selected for the U.S. Olympic boxing team. He added that he would "rather compete for the United States than for Russia",[39][43] while remarking that he "didn't understand" Americans and did not have any American friends.[39] A later FBI report recorded Tamerlan stating that was a misquote, and that most of his friends were American.[55][56] He added that he abstained from drinking and smoking, because "God says no to alcohol"[57] and that "there are no values anymore. People can't control themselves".[58] Rule changes disqualified all non-US citizens from Golden Gloves boxing, ending Tsarnaev's boxing career and Olympic hopes.[40]

In the spring of 2010, Katherine Russell became pregnant with Tsarnaev's child. Russell dropped out of college at the end of her junior year and married Tsarnaev on June 21, 2010, in a 15-minute ceremony in an office at the Masjid Al Quran in the Dorchester area of Greater Boston.[59][60][61][62][63] Imam Taalib Mahdee said that he had not met the couple before the ceremony, and that Katherine was the one who had called and asked to be married there.[60] Katherine Russell adopted the Muslim name "Karima".[64][65] The couple’s daughter, Zahara Tsarnaev, was born in October 2010.[66]

Tsarnaev first came to the attention of Russian security forces in December 2010 when William Plotnikov was briefly detained in Dagestan and forced to disclose his social networking contacts in North America with ties to Russia.[67]



In early 2011, Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB) told the Federal Bureau of Investigation that Tsarnaev was a follower of Islamic extremism. The FSB said that he was preparing to leave the United States to travel to the Russian region to join unspecified underground groups.[68][69] The FBI initially denied that it had contacted Tsarnaev, but then confirmed that it had after Tsarnaev's mother talked about the FBI's contacts with her son on RT.[70] The FBI said that it interviewed him and relatives of his, but did not find any terrorist activity.[69] At that point, the FBI asked the FSB for more information, but the Russians did not respond to the American request and the FBI closed the case.[71]

Tsarnaev's mother said that FBI agents had told her they feared her son was an "extremist leader", and that he was getting information from "extremist sites".[72][73] She said Tsarnaev had been under FBI surveillance for at least three years and that "they were controlling every step of him". The FBI denied this accusation.[74][75] Tsarnaev "vaguely discussed" jihad during a 2011 phone call with his mother that was taped by the FSB, and intelligence officials also discovered text messages in which his mother discussed how he was ready to die for Islam.[76] In late 2011, the Central Intelligence Agency put both Tsarnaev and his mother on its Terrorist Identities Datamart Environment database.[76][77]

Alleged involvement in Waltham triple murder


Two Jewish men, Erik Weissman and Raphael Teken, as well as their roommate Brendan Mess, were killed in a triple homicide in Waltham, Massachusetts, on September 11, 2011, the tenth anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.[78][79][80] Each victim's throat had been slit with such great force as to nearly decapitate him. Thousands of dollars worth of marijuana and cash were left covering the victims' bodies, and $5,000 was left at the scene.[81] The local district attorney said that it appeared that the killer and the victims knew each other. It was reported on April 23, 2013, that local authorities believed Tsarnaev may have been responsible for the triple homicide, and they and the FBI were investigating the possibility.[82][81][83][84] In May, forensic evidence connected the two brothers to the scene of the killings, and their cell phone records appeared to place them in the area. The officials cautioned that until more definitive DNA testing is complete, it was still too early to consider bringing an indictment against the younger of the two brothers.[85]

ABC reported on April 23, 2013 that authorities had linked Tsarnaev to the Waltham unsolved triple homicide.[78] A search warrant affidavit that was partially unsealed in November 2019 provided further details about Tsarnaev's alleged connection to the crime.[86]



Visit to Russia


Tsarnaev traveled to Russia through Moscow's Domodedovo International Airport in January 2012, and returned to the U.S. in July 2012.[87] He and his wife received public assistance and food stamps from September 2011 to November 2012, which included all the time Tsarnaev was in Russia. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva said her son had wanted his wife and their child to move to Dagestan with him, and that: "She herself agreed; she said she wanted to study a different culture, language."[60]

During the six months he was overseas, he visited his family in the North Caucasus.

Tsarnaev's father said that he was with him in Makhachkala, the capital of Dagestan, for six months and that they had done ordinary things, such as visiting relatives. His father also said that they visited Chechnya twice, to see relatives there and to receive his son's new Russian passport.[19][88] While Tsarnaev arrived in Russia in January 2012, however, he only arrived in Dagestan around March, and his father arrived there in May.[89] U.S. House Homeland Security Chairman Michael McCaul said he believed that Tsarnaev received training during his trip, and became radicalized.[90] In an early report, Dagestan's interior minister Abdurashid Magomedov said through a spokesman that Tsarnaev "did not have contact with the [Islamist] underground during his visit".[91]

Tsarnaev's maternal third cousin, Magomed Kartashov, is a figure in Dagestan's Islamist community.[92] Zubeidat confirmed that they "became very close." Kartashov's Islamist organization, "The Union of the Just," advocates Islam as a political system under sharia law. Kartashov later stated the Boston bombing was "good" in that it would increase converts to Islam, similar to the attacks of September 11.[93]

According to media reports, Tsarnaev was seen by Dagestan police, who were conducting surveillance, making six visits to a known Islamic militant in a Salafi mosque in Makhachkala founded by an associate of Ayman Zawahiri.[94][95][96][97] According to Russian investigative newspaper Novaya Gazeta, quoting unnamed Russian security sources, Tsarnaev was linked to 23-year-old William Plotnikov, an ethnic Russian-Tatar Islamic militant and Canadian citizen, with whom he communicated via online social networking sites.[98][99][100] Tsarnaev had also visited Toronto, where Plotnikov lived with his parents.[101] Once in Dagestan, Tsarnaev is said to have met on several occasions with Makhmud Mansur Nidal, a 19-year-old Dagestani-Palestinian man. Nidal was under close surveillance by Dagestan's anti-extremism unit for six months as a suspected recruiter for Islamist insurgents, before the police killed him in May.[97] According to Novaya Gazeta, Tsarnaev had sought to join the local insurgency, and was put on a period of 'quarantine' – a clearance check by insurgents looking for infiltrating double agents, taking several months for a recruit to be verified. After Tsarnaev's alleged contacts were both killed, he "got frightened and fled". He left Russia in July two days after Plotnikov was killed, in an apparent hurry that Russian authorities considered suspicious, not waiting to pick up his new Russian passport – ostensibly one of his main reasons for coming to Russia.[30][100][102][103]

In an interview, Tsarnaev's father later said he had to force his son to return to the United States to complete his U.S. citizenship application, after Tsarnaev tried to convince his family to allow him to stay in Dagestan for good.[104]

Return to U.S.


Tsarnaev returned to the U.S. on July 17, 2012, having grown a long, thick beard[87][105][106][107] and wearing kohl around his eyes as a sign of his religious devotion to the Sunni of Islam and the example of Muhammad.[108] His life took on an "increasingly puritanical religious tone" with "Islamist certainty".[109] He appeared, to some family members, to have become an "extremist".[110]

After his return to the U.S., Tsarnaev created a YouTube channel with playlist links to two videos which were tagged under a category labeled "Terrorists", including one to Dagestani Islamic militant Amir Abu Dujana (Gadzhimurad Dolgatov, also known as 'Robin Hood', a commander of a small group in the Kizilyurt district, who was killed in battle in late December 2012); the videos were later deleted.[24][111][112][113] CNN and the SITE Institute found a screen grab of one of the videos, which featured members of the militant Islamist group Caucasus Emirate from the North Caucasus.[24] He also linked to jihadi videos on YouTube, including ones by radical cleric Feiz Mohammad; in one video, voices can be heard singing in Arabic as bombs explode.[25][114][115][116] He frequently read extremist sites, including Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula's Inspire online magazine.[61]

Tsarnaev applied for U.S. citizenship on September 5, 2012, but Homeland Security held up the application for "additional review" because they found a record of the 2011 FBI interview of him.[117]

Tsarnaev and his wife were receiving state welfare benefits as late as November 2012, but not at the time of the Marathon Bombings in April 2013.[118] His wife's lawyer said that Tsarnaev was unemployed prior to the bombing[105] and had been helping take care of their daughter, while his wife worked over 70 hours a week as a home health care aide, to support her family.[48]

Tsarnaev was pulled over by police in Boston, Brookline, and Cambridge at least nine times in four years. The source does not state which years these were exactly.[119]

In November 2012, Tsarnaev reportedly confronted a shopkeeper at a Middle Eastern grocery store in Cambridge, near a mosque where he sometimes prayed, after seeing a sign there advertising Thanksgiving turkeys. He said "This is kuffar"—an Arabic reference to non-Muslims—"that's not right!". Also in November 2012, Tsarnaev stood up and challenged a sermon in which the speaker said that, just like "we all celebrate the birthday of the Prophet, we can also celebrate July 4 and Thanksgiving," according to Yusufi Vali, a mosque spokesman. Vali said Tsarnaev stated he "took offense to celebrating anything," be it the Prophet's birthday (which not all Muslims celebrate) or American holidays.[21] In January 2013, Tsarnaev again disrupted a Martin Luther King Jr. Day sermon at a mosque in Cambridge. He objected to the speaker's comparison of Muhammad to Martin Luther King Jr. Tsarnaev was shouted down by members of the congregation and was later asked not to return to the mosque unless he was willing to refrain from shouting during sermons. The mosque said Tsarnaev had disrupted a sermon previously.[120]

2013 Boston Marathon bombing, MIT killing, and carjacking

Boston Marathon bombing

Tamerlan Tsarnaev, along with his brother Dzhokhar, committed the Boston Marathon bombing on April 15, 2013. After the bombing, the brothers murdered MIT police officer Sean Collier.[121][122] While on the run, the brothers carjacked Dun "Danny" Meng on April 18, 2013. Meng was held hostage in his car until he escaped at a gas station. During a shootout with police in Watertown on April 19, 2013, Tamerlan was killed.[123]


Tsarnaev at the site of the bombings

In the early hours of April 19, 2013, in Watertown, a suburb of Boston, Tsarnaev was apprehended by police after being shot multiple times. The exact sequence of events and key details remains unclear, but the federal indictment substantiated, and witnesses said, that he was struck, pulled into the wheel well, and dragged 20 feet (6 m) by the Mercedes SUV his brother, Dzhokhar, was driving.[124]

According to paramedic Michael Sullivan, who treated Tamerlan after the shootout, he angrily resisted efforts to treat him as he was being driven to the hospital, lifting himself from the stretcher and screaming loudly.[125]

He was taken to Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, where, despite efforts to revive him, he was pronounced dead from massive blood loss and cardiac and respiratory arrest.[126][127] His death certificate gave the cause of death as gunshot wounds to the torso and extremities, as well as blunt trauma to the head and torso.[128]

The imam of a prominent Boston mosque, the Islamic Institute of Boston, condemned the violence and refused to give Tsarnaev a Muslim burial.[129] His body was released to the funeral service hired by the family at 5:30 pm. EDT May 2, 2013, by the Massachusetts Office of the Chief Medical Examiner.[130]

Tsarnaev's body was moved to a funeral home in North Attleborough; after protesters picketed the building, it was handed over to Graham, Putnam, and Mahoney Funeral Parlor in Worcester.[131] Officials in Boston, Cambridge, at a state prison, and in over 120 other U.S. and Canadian locations refused to allow Tsarnaev's body to be buried in their jurisdictions.[132]

On May 9, Worcester police announced that Tsarnaev's body had been buried in an undisclosed location.[133] It was later reported that Tsarnaev was buried in a small Muslim cemetery, Al-Barzakh Cemetery, in Doswell, Virginia.[134] The burial was arranged by Martha Mullen of Richmond, Virginia, who said she was appalled by the protests at the funeral home, which she said "portrayed America at its worst" and wanted to find a way to end the impasse. She contacted Islamic Funeral Services of Virginia, which agreed to provide an unmarked plot in their cemetery. The funeral agency released a statement saying "What Tsarnaev did is between him and God. We strongly disagree with his violent actions, but that does not release us from our obligation to return his body to the earth."[135] Caroline County Sheriff Tony Lippa said the burial was legal.[136] Locals, as well as the imam of the Virginia Islamic Centre, condemned the secretive burial.[137]

On June 19, 2013, Tsarnaev's name was read aloud (in the context of a victim of gun violence) during a "No More Names" event held in Concord, New Hampshire. In response, Michael Bloomberg's Mayors Against Illegal Guns issued a statement explaining that they were using a list compiled by Slate, and apologized saying that his name was "a mistake" and should have been removed.[138]

Tsarnaev's parents proclaimed his innocence. Speaking to reporters in Russia, his mother said, "America took my kids away from me. I'm sure my kids were not involved in anything."[139]

Family members


Dzhokhar Tsarnaev


Ruslan Tsarni


Ruslan Tsarni is the paternal uncle of Tamerlan Tsarnaev, and the brother of Anzor Tsarnaev.[16] He was trained as a lawyer, and moved to Washington State in 1995. He returned to Kyrgyzstan by the end of the decade, and then returned to the United States, settling in Montgomery County, Maryland.[16]

During the manhunt for the brothers, he was interviewed by the FBI.[16] When the media arrived at his home, he denounced the actions of his nephews and called on them to turn themselves in.[16] He also buried the remains of Tsarnaev.[16]

Zubeidat Tsarnaeva


Zubeidat Tsarnaeva is the mother of Tsarnaev and his brother. In photos of her as a younger woman, she wore western-style clothing. After she arrived in the U.S. from Russia in 2002, she took classes at the Catherine Hinds Institute of Esthetics before becoming a state-licensed aesthetician and getting a job at a suburban day spa.[140] After deciding she could no longer work in a business that served men,[21] she started working from home, where clients saw her become more radical and promote 9/11 conspiracy theories.[141]

Tsarnaev's mother has been quoted as saying she urged him to embrace Islam in 2008 because she was concerned about his drinking, smoking, and pursuit of women. She said he began to read more about it on the Internet. She also urged him to quit boxing because Islam prohibits hitting someone in the face.[142] She also praised Russell, saying, "She is a serious, good, American girl who converted to Islam as if she had always been a Muslim. We all love her a lot."[142]

Tsarnaev's mother discussed jihad during a 2011 phone call with him that was taped by a Russian government agency, and intelligence officials also discovered text messages in which she discussed how Tsarnaev was ready to die for Islam.[76] His mother was also recorded suggesting that Tsarnaev go to Palestine.[143]

Both Tsarnaev and his mother were the subject of a Russian Intelligence inquiry to the U.S. government in 2011 because of what the Russians perceived as extremist Islamic views. She was interviewed by the FBI who found nothing to pursue at the time. In late 2011, the CIA put both Tsarnaev and his mother in its Terrorist Identities Datamart Environment database.[76][77][144]

Ruslan Tsarni told the AP from his home in Maryland that he believed his former sister-in-law had a "big-time influence" on Tsarnaev's growing embrace of his Muslim faith and decision to quit boxing and school.[140]

In early 2012, Zubeidat Tsarnaeva was arrested for shoplifting $1,624 worth of women's clothing from Lord and Taylor in Natick, Massachusetts. She left the U.S. for Russia and did not appear in court.[140][144] Anzor and Zubeidat Tsarnaev divorced in 2011 after twenty-five years of marriage. The couple had no personal property or real estate to divide and listed no retirement or pension benefits. They gave the reason for their split as "irretrievable breakdown of the marriage" with "no chance of reconciling our differences".[145] The mother's move toward more Islamic extremism was reportedly a factor in the breakdown of the marriage.[21] They may have reconciled in Dagestan.[146]

She has strongly expressed in TV interviews that her sons are innocent and that they were framed by the FBI.[147]

Katherine Russell


Tamerlan Tsarnaev's widow,[148] Katherine Russell (a.k.a. Karima Tsarnaeva[149] or Katherine Tsarnaeva),[65] was born on February 6, 1989, in Texas.[150][151] She was raised in Rhode Island; her father is an emergency room doctor and her mother is a nurse.[152] Their home has been described as nominally Christian[153] and Russell reportedly was not religious "at all" in high school.[154] She attended North Kingstown High School, and graduated in 2007. Her yearbook entry lists her plans as college and the Peace Corps. She was remembered for her talent in painting and drawing.[148]

Tsarnaev and Russell met in 2007 in a nightclub, soon after she started as a communications major at Suffolk University.[148][152][153][155] They started dating on and off,[148] and at one point in 2009, Tsarnaev was living with another woman.[153] Tamerlan was known to cheat on Russell, and a friend of Russell's told her mother that the relationship was abusive.[154] Russell's mother did not like Tamerlan from the first time she met him.[154] At Tsarnaev's insistence, Russell converted to Islam in 2008, adopted the hijab, and chose the name Karima after her conversion.[142][154]

Russell dropped out of college in the Spring of 2010 after she became pregnant in her junior year, and the couple married on June 21, 2010, in a 15-minute ceremony in a Dorchester mosque.[155][156][157] According to the officiant, it was Russell who called and made the arrangements. Only two witnesses attended the wedding.

She moved into her husband's apartment in Cambridge[155] and gave birth to their daughter Zahara in late 2010.[65] At times, she worked as a home health aide. From September 2011 to November 2012, she and her husband had their income supplemented by public assistance and food stamps. When Tsarnaev was in Russia for six months, she and their daughter stayed in Cambridge.[155]

At the time of the bombings on April 15, 2013, Russell was living with her husband and daughter in the Norfolk Street family home in Cambridge.[158] The younger brother also officially lived there, but in practice stayed in a dorm at UMass Dartmouth.[148]

After her husband's death, Russell retreated to her parents' home in Rhode Island.[65] Her parents released a statement saying "[o]ur daughter has lost her husband today, the father of her child. We cannot begin to comprehend how this horrible tragedy occurred. In the aftermath of the Patriots' Day horror, we know that we never really knew Tamerlan Tsarnaev. Our hearts are sickened by the knowledge of the horror he has inflicted."[159] She refused to take custody of her husband's remains and reverted to using her maiden name.[154]

Investigators found bomb-making instructions, downloaded from Inspire magazine, on Russell's computer. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev told the FBI that he and his brother had learned to make bombs by reading Inspire, but it was not clear who downloaded the files.[160] Her web history included searches for "If your husband becomes a shahid, what are the rewards for you?" and "the rewards for the wife of Mujahedeen."[161] The FBI collected Russell's DNA[162] after female DNA was found on bomb fragments;[163] neither her DNA nor her fingerprints matched those on the bombs.[164]

No charges were filed against Russell and "there’s been no suggestion at all by the government that she’s going to be indicted," according to her lawyer, Amato DeLuca.[161] He insisted that Russell was not aware of her husband's criminal activity,[65] and said she has since "provided them [the FBI] with a lot of information, many, many, many many hours. I don’t know what else she could have done."[161]

As of June 12, 2015, she lived on "a quiet street in New Jersey" with her daughter.[161]

Biographical portrayals

Year Title Portrayed by Notes
2017 Stronger Jordan Lazieh Drama/biography of a marathon spectator
2016 Patriots Day Themo Melikidze Thriller drama film about Boston Marathon bombing



Boxing record for Tamerlan Tsarnaev from BoxRec (registration required)


  1. ^ a b Russian: Тамерла́н Анзо́рович Царна́ев [təmʲɪrˈɫan ɐnˈzorəvʲɪtɕ tsɐrˈnajɪf]; Chechen: Царнаев Анзор-кIант Тамерлан Carnayev Anzor-khant Tamerlan; Kyrgyz: Тамерлан Анзор уулу Царнаев, romanizedTamerlan Anzor uulu Tsarnaev; Avar: Тамерлан Анзоразул вас Царнаев


  1. ^ a b c "Timeline: A look at Tamerlan Tsarnaev's past". CNN. April 22, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  2. ^ Ryan, Andrew; Wesley Lowery (May 10, 2013). "Sources: Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev is buried in Doswell, Va". The Boston Globe.
  3. ^ Caruso, David; Kunzelman, Michael; Seddon, Max (April 28, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombings: Suspects' mother Zubeidat says she found faith, not terrorism". The Toronto Star. The Associated Press. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved April 9, 2022. Zubeidat married into a Chechen family but was an outsider. She is an Avar, from one of the dozens of ethnic groups in Dagestan.
  4. ^ Schmidt, Michael S.; Rashbaum, William K.; Oppel, Richard A. Jr. (May 22, 2013). "Deadly End to F.B.I. Queries on Tsarnaev and a Triple Killing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 17, 2022.
  5. ^ Valencia, Milton J.; Wen, Patricia; Cullen, Kevin; Ellement, John R.; Finucane, Martin (March 4, 2015). "Defense admits Tsarnaev took part in Marathon bombings". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  6. ^ Obscura, Atlas. "Pronounce Boston bomb names: Listen to recording of names of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Slate. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  7. ^ Abad-Santos, Alexander (April 13, 2013). "Who Is Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, the Man at the Center of the Boston Manhunt?". Atlantic Wire. Archived from the original on February 11, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  8. ^ Kotz, Deborah (April 24, 2013). "Injury toll from Marathon bombs reduced to 264". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  9. ^ "After Action Report for the Response to the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombings" (PDF). National Policing Institute. December 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2024.
  10. ^ "Indictment against Boston bombing suspect". CNN. June 27, 2013.
  11. ^ Murphy, Sean P. (May 6, 2013). "Bullet that nearly killed MBTA police officer in Watertown gunfight appears to have been friendly fire". Boston.com.
  12. ^ "Five Revelations From Rolling Stone's Boston Bomber Cover Story". Rolling Stone. July 16, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  13. ^ Botelho, Greg; Levs, Josh (April 25, 2013). "Boston bombing suspects planned Times Square attack, Bloomberg says". CNN.
  14. ^ Barrett, Devlin; Levitz, Jennifer (May 4, 2013). "Boston Suspects Inspired by Muslim Cleric". The Wall Street Journal.
  15. ^ "Boston Marathon Bombers Inspired By Anwar al-Awlaki". Anti-Defamation League. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Martin, Phillip (June 6, 2013). "Two Hours With Ruslan Tsarni, the Alleged Boston Marathon Bombers' Uncle". WGBH. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
  17. ^ "Hunt for Boston Clues Reveals Tangled Caucasus Web". The Moscow Times. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  18. ^ Mong, Adrienne. "Boston bombing suspects' father 'a good man,' neighbors in Dagestan say". NBC News. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  19. ^ a b Balmforth, Tom (April 22, 2013). "'A Clear Setup': The Conspiracy Theory of the Boston Bombing Suspects' Father". The Atlanticl. Makhachkala. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  20. ^ Milmo, Cahal (April 19, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombing: Tamerlan Tsarnaev was a boxer. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was a wrestler". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  21. ^ a b c d e "Boston Marathon Bombings: Turn to Religion Split Bomb Suspects Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev's Home". The Wall Street Journal. April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  22. ^ Janet Reitman (July 17, 2013). "Jahar's World: He was a charming kid with a bright future. But no one saw the pain he was hiding or the monster he would become". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 26, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  23. ^ Masha Gessen (2015). The Brothers: The Road to an American Tragedy. Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-0-698-14870-3.
  24. ^ a b c "Timeline: A look at Tamerlan Tsarnaev's past". CNN. April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  25. ^ a b c d Finn, Peter (April 19, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev were refugees from brutal conflict". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  26. ^ Sullivan, Eileen (April 19, 2013). "Manhunt in Boston after bombing suspect is killed". Associated Press. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  27. ^ Perez, Evan; Smith, Jennifer; Shallwani, Pervaiz (April 19, 2013). "Boston Bombing Suspect Killed in Shootout". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  28. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q.; Cooper, Michael (April 19, 2013). "One Boston Bombing Suspect Is Dead, Second at Large; Area on Lockdown". The New York Times.
  29. ^ a b Carter, Chelsea J.; Botelho, Gregory 'Greg' (April 20, 2013). "'Captured!!!' Boston police announce Marathon bombing suspect in custody". CNN.
  30. ^ a b Shane, Scott; Herszenhorn, David M. (April 29, 2013). "Tsarnaev's Contacts on Russian Trip Draw Scrutiny". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  31. ^ a b Cullison, Alan; Sonne, Paul; Levitz, Jennifer (April 20, 2013). "Life in America Unraveled for Brothers". Wall Street Journal.
  32. ^ Mattingly, Phil (April 20, 2013). "Boston Bombing Suspect Apprehended at Watertown Home". Businessweek. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  33. ^ a b Goode, Erica; Kovaleski, Serge F. (April 19, 2013). "Boy at Home in U.S., Swayed by One Who Wasn't". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013.
  34. ^ Staff (April 22, 2013). "Boston Bomb Suspects' Mother Says Young Son Would Have Obeyed Big Brother". ABC News. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  35. ^ "2015-HQFO-00593 -Tamerlan-A-File – Redacted" (PDF). U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  36. ^ Saltzman, Amy (July 28, 2009). "Slain bombing suspect had arrest record in Cambridge". Wicked Local. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  37. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (April 23, 2013). "Tsarnaev Family Crumbled Before Boston Bombs". Businessweek. Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  38. ^ David Randall (April 21, 2013). "The FBI's big miss: Boston bombing fugitive shot dead was on radar two years ago". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  39. ^ a b c d Hirn, Johannes (2010). "Will box for Passport: An Olympic Drive to become a United States citizen" (PDF). The Comment. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 19, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  40. ^ a b c Murphy, Kim; Tanfani, Joseph; Loiko, Sergei L. (April 28, 2013). "The Tsarnaev brothers' troubled trail to Boston". Los Angeles Times.
  41. ^ Dorell, Oren (April 23, 2013). "Boston suspects' mosque has ties to convicted terrorists fugitives and radical speakers". USA Today. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  42. ^ a b Iole, Kevin (May 28, 2012). "Dead Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev had boxing aspirations". Yahoo. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  43. ^ a b Burke, Timothy (April 19, 2013). "Everything we know about Tamerlan Tsarnaev, dead bombing suspect". Deadspin. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  44. ^ "The boxing career of Tamerlan Tsarnaev". CBS News. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  45. ^ Kenner, David (April 19, 2013). "Who Is Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  46. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (April 23, 2013). "Tsarnaev Family Crumbled Before Boston Bombs". Businessweek. Archived from the original on April 25, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  47. ^ "Boston Bomber's Ex-Girlfriend Nadine Ascencao: Tamerlan Tsarnaev Abused and Tried to Brainwash Me". Ibtimes.co.uk. April 29, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  48. ^ a b "Boston Marathon bombings: Tamerlan Tsarnaev's American wife learned he was wanted from TV". London: AP as reported in The Independent. April 22, 2013. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  49. ^ Swaine, Jon (April 20, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev's wife wore the hijab after converting to Islam". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  50. ^ "Friends, Family Describe Suspects In Boston Marathon Attack". NPR. April 19, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  51. ^ Older Suspect Described As Controlling, Manipulative Archived March 2, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, National Public Radio, April 19, 2013.
  52. ^ Adam Goldman, Eric Tucker, Matt Apuzzo and Associated Press (April 24, 2013). "Family: Tamerlan Tsarnaev Influenced By Mysterious Radical 'Misha'". CBS. Retrieved April 25, 2013.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  53. ^ a b Christian Caryl (April 29, 2013). "'Misha' Speaks: An Interview with the Alleged Boston Bomber's 'Svengali'". New York Review of Books.
  54. ^ Murphy, Kim (April 28, 2013). "Boston bombing: Mysterious 'Misha' turns up in Rhode Island". Latimes.com. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  55. ^ "Tamerlan Tsarnaev". FBI. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
  56. ^ Levenson, Eric. "Boston bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev told FBI he never picked a fight". CNN. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
  57. ^ Rudegeair, Peter. "Timeline – Lives of Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, 2006–2013". Thomson Reuters Foundation. Reuters. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  58. ^ "The brothers who paralysed Boston". Brisbane Times. July 9, 2003. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  59. ^ "Boston bombing suspect's widow assisting investigation, lawyer says". WGN-TV. April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  60. ^ a b c Cooper, Michael (June 21, 2010). "Path From 'Social Butterfly' to Boston Suspect's Widow". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  61. ^ a b "Boston bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev's wife Katherine Russell 'had no idea of plot'". The Courier-Mail. April 25, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
  62. ^ Smith, Michelle R. (April 22, 2013). "Katherine Russell Tsarnaev, wife of Tamerlan Tsarnaev, wanted by Feds for interview". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  63. ^ Celona, Larry; Rosario, Frank; Greene, Leonard (April 22, 2013). "Wife of suspected Boston Marathon bomber faces FBI's heat". New York Post. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  64. ^ Kirit Radia (April 22, 2013). "Bomb Suspects' Mother Says Young Son Would Have Obeyed Older Brother". Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  65. ^ a b c d e Helling, Steve (April 23, 2013). "Katherine Russell Tsarnaev: From All-American Girl to Bomber's Wife". People Magazine. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
  66. ^ Jason Silverstein (March 4, 2015). "Widow of dead Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev may face charges for attack: report". Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  67. ^ "Russian agents watched, searched for Boston bombing suspect during trip to Dagestan". Fox News. October 1, 2006. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  68. ^ "2011 Request for Information on Tamerlan Tsarnaev from Foreign Government". FBI. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  69. ^ a b Goldman, Adam; Sullivan, Eileen. "FBI got information from Russian FSB that Tamerlan Tsarnaev was radical islam follower". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  70. ^ "FBI Interviewed Tamerlan Tsarnaev 2 Years Ago". CBS Boston. April 20, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  71. ^ "Boston Bombing Seen as U.S.-Russian Intelligence Failure". The Moscow Times. December 15, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  72. ^ "United States vs. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Case 1:13-mj-02106-MBB" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. April 21, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  73. ^ Sherwell, Philip (April 20, 2013). "Boston bomber arrested: Tamerlan Tsarnaev was questioned by FBI in 2011". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  74. ^ Tsarnaev brothers' mother: 'My sons are innocent, this is a setup' on YouTube
  75. ^ "Tamerlan Tsarnaev's citizenship bid part of widening Boston bombings probe". Newsday. April 21, 2013. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  76. ^ a b c d Chappell, Bill. "Tamerlan Tsarnaev Spoke Of Jihad With Mother, Reports Say: The Two-Way". NPR. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  77. ^ a b "Boston Marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev silent after read Miranda rights". CBS/AP. April 25, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  78. ^ a b McPhee, Michele (April 29, 2013). "Boston Bombing Brings Twist to Cold Murder Case". ABC News. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  79. ^ "Did Tamarlan Tsarnaev kill his Jewish friends?". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. September 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  80. ^ "Slain Boston Bomb Suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev Eyed in Jewish Triple Murder". Forward. April 23, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  81. ^ a b "Suspected Boston bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev 'linked to grisly 2011 triple murder'". News.com.au. April 23, 2013. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  82. ^ Adrian Walker (September 12, 2011). "Police probe possible link between Marathon bomber and unsolved triple homicide in Waltham". Boston. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  83. ^ McPhee, Michele (April 15, 2013). "Boston Bomb Suspect Eyed in Connection to 2011 Triple Murder". ABC News. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  84. ^ Gordon, Greg (April 23, 2013). "Accused bomber says U.S. wars fed the brothers' radicalism". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  85. ^ McPhee, Michele (May 10, 2013). "'Mounting Evidence' Boston Bombers Involved in 2011 Triple Murder". ABC News. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
  86. ^ Andersen, Travis (November 15, 2019). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev's friend said they committed 2011 triple slaying in Waltham, took cash, and tried to clean up the scene". The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  87. ^ a b "Boston suspects: An immigrant journey that went off track". CNN.com. April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  88. ^ Shuster, Simon (April 29, 2013). "The Boston-Bomber Trail: Fresh Clues in Rural Dagestan". Time. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  89. ^ Elder, Miriam (April 22, 2013). "Tsarnaev aunt reveals further details about visit to Dagestan". The Guardian. London.
  90. ^ "House Homeland Security chairman believes suspect trained in Russia". CNN. April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  91. ^ Hermant, Norman; Knight, Ben (April 25, 2013). "Boston investigators travel to Russia". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  92. ^ Article about the book, Maximum Harm, The Intelligencer, Summer 2017, page 110
  93. ^ Simon Shuster (May 8, 2013). "Exclusive: Dagestani Relative of Tamerlan Tsarnaev Is a Prominent Islamist". Time.
  94. ^ Nemtsova, Anna (April 22, 2013). "The Caucasus Connection: At a radical mosque in Dagestan, marathon bomber Tamerlan Tsarnaev is remembered by many worshippers—and the secret police". The Daily Beast.
  95. ^ Foster, Peter (April 21, 2013). "Boston bomber: FBI 'dropped the ball' over Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  96. ^ "Charges likely Sunday for Boston Marathon bombing suspect". WRCBtv. April 17, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  97. ^ a b Cullison, Alan (May 9, 2013). "Dagestan Islamists Were Uneasy About Boston Bombing Suspect". Wall Street Journal.
  98. ^ Bell, Stewart (August 20, 2012). "The Canadian who converted to jihad: Boxer turned militant killed in Dagestan". National Post.
  99. ^ «Бостонский взрыватель» был давно заряжен – Расследования – Новая Газета Archived April 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  100. ^ a b Parfitt, Tom (April 28, 2013). "Boston bombs: the Canadian boxer and the terror recruiter who 'led Tsarnaev on path to jihad'". Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  101. ^ Parfitt, Tom (April 29, 2013). "Canadian boxer linked to Boston bomber". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  102. ^ "Russia had Tamerlan Tsarnaev under surveillance". USA Today. April 30, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  103. ^ McCormack, Caitlin (April 29, 2013). "William Plotnikov: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  104. ^ "Boston bombing suspects' parents abandon travel plans". Chicago Tribune. April 28, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  105. ^ a b "Two brothers, two paths". The Boston Globe. April 19, 2013. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  106. ^ Mollayev, Arsen (August 14, 2009). "Aunt: Boston Bombings Suspect Struggled with Islam". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  107. ^ Fox, Alison. "Boston Bomb Suspect's Neighbor Describes Friendly Argument on Religion, Politics". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  108. ^ Sally Jacobs, David Filipov and Patricia Wen. "The Fall of the House of Tsarnaev" Archived June 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The Boston Globe. December 15, 2013
  109. ^ Will Englund & Peter Finn (April 20, 2013). "Conflict in the Caucasus, reflected in suspect's YouTube playlist". The Washington Post.
  110. ^ Radia, Kirit (April 20, 2013). "Boston Bomb Suspect Alarmed Russian Relatives With Extremist Views". ABC News.
  111. ^ "The obscure Russian jihadist whom Tamerlan Tsarnaev followed online". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  112. ^ Herszenhorn, David M.; Kramer, Andrew E. (April 25, 2013). "Boston Bombing Stirs Echoes of Unrest in Caucasus". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  113. ^ "What was Tamerlan Tsarnaev doing in Russia?". CNN. April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
  114. ^ "Parallels Between Boston Bomber And Australian Preacher". Anti-Defamation League. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  115. ^ "Suspected bombers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, plot difficult for law enforcement to detect". Bloomberg News/Newsday. April 21, 2013. Archived from the original on April 21, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  116. ^ "FBI Probed Tamerlan Tsarnaev For Plans To Join 'Underground Groups'". CBS New York. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  117. ^ Preston, Julia (April 20, 2013). "F.B.I. Interview Led Homeland Security to Hold Up Citizenship for One Brother". The New York Times.
  118. ^ "Tamerlan Tsarnaev got Mass. welfare benefits". Boston Herald. April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  119. ^ Curran, Kathy (April 15, 2013). "Marathon Bombing suspects stopped several times by law enforcement". WCVB. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  120. ^ Daley, Beth; Finucane, Martin (April 21, 2013). "Marathon bombing suspect disrupted Cambridge mosque on Martin Luther King Day". The Boston Globe.
  121. ^ "Police believe Tsarnaev brothers murdered the police officer for his gun". CBS News. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  122. ^ The Lookout (April 18, 2013). "Gunman kills police officer at MIT in Boston | The Lookout – Yahoo News". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  123. ^ Todd Feathers (April 25, 2013). "Middlesex County prosecutors building murder case against Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in officer's slaying – Metro". The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
  124. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (March 17, 2015). "Police Recall Dodging as Marathon Bombing Suspect Ran over Brother". The New York Times.
  125. ^ "Dzhokhar Tsarnaev clung to life, while his brother tried to die, court hears". Newsweek. Reuters. April 29, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  126. ^ "Beth Israel Deaconess medical staff tried to revive suspect killed in shoot-out". The Boston Globe. April 19, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  127. ^ Ben Berkowitz; Ross Kerber (April 20, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombing investigation turns to motive". Reuters. Boston. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  128. ^ Lowery, Wesley (May 4, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev died from gunshot wounds, blunt trauma, according to death certificate". Boston.com.
  129. ^ Kaleem, Jaweed (April 20, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Suspected Boston Bomber, May Not Get Islamic Funeral From Wary Muslims". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2013.
  130. ^ "Remains of Boston bombing suspect claimed". USA Today. May 2, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  131. ^ "Burial wrangle for Boston suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Bbc.co.uk. May 4, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
  132. ^ Lindsay, Jay (May 8, 2013). "Saga of Boston Marathon suspect's body drags on". Associated Press.
  133. ^ "Police: Deceased Boston Marathon bombing suspect buried". WABC-TV. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  134. ^ Lowery, Wesley; Viser, Matt (May 10, 2013). "Boston Marathon bombing suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev is buried in Muslim cemetery in Doswell, Va". The Boston Globe.
  135. ^ Woman who coordinated burial was upset by Worcester protests Archived January 8, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The Boston Globe, May 10, 2013.
  136. ^ Sheriff: Tamerlan Tsarnaev's burial was handled properly Archived December 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, CNN, May 12, 2013
  137. ^ Robertson, Gary (May 10, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev buried in Virginia". CNews. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  138. ^ Weinger, Mackenzie (June 19, 2013). "Uproar over group naming Tsarnaev a victim of gun violence". Politico. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  139. ^ Mong, Adrienne (April 25, 2013). "'America took my kids away': Mother of Boston suspects insists sons not responsible". NBC News. Retrieved May 1, 2013.
  140. ^ a b c David Caruso, Michael Kunzelman & Max Seddon (April 28, 2013). "Zubeidat Tsarnaeva, Mother Of Boston Marathon Bombing Suspects, Says She's Just Someone Who Found Deeper Spirituality". Huffington Post.
  141. ^ Eagan, Margery. Eagan: An intimate look at Zubeidat Tsarnaeva, mother of suspected bombers Archived April 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine." Boston Herald. April 23, 2013.
  142. ^ a b c Esposito, Richard; Matthew Cole; Brian Ross (November 9, 2009). "Officials: U.S. Army Told of Hasan's Contacts with al Qaeda; Army Major in Fort Hood Massacre Used 'Electronic Means' to Connect with Terrorists". The Blotter from Brian Ross. ABC News. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
  143. ^ Estrin, Daniel (April 28, 2013). "Bombers' mother told older son to go to 'Palestine'". The Times of Israel. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  144. ^ a b "Boston suspects' mother in terrorism database since 2011". Times of Israel. Associated Press. April 27, 2013.
  145. ^ Bykowicz, Julie (April 23, 2013). "Tamerlan Tsarnaev's Family Crumbled Before Boston Bombs". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  146. ^ "Boston Marathon Bombing Suspects' Twisted Family History". ABC News. April 22, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  147. ^ "Boston Marathon Bombing Suspects' Mom: 'My Family Is in the Dirt'". ABC News. April 20, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  148. ^ a b c d e "Boston Marathon Bombing Update: Katherine Russell Tsarnaeva, suspect's wife, was in "absolute shock" after bombings – Crimesider". CBS News. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  149. ^ O'Neil, Ann (May 1, 2015). "The Dzhokhar Tsarnaev that the defense wants you to know". CNN. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  150. ^ "The Tsarnaeva Family Tree Archived January 8, 2018, at the Wayback Machine." The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on May 7, 2013.
  151. ^ Deprez, Esmé E.; Young, Elise (April 30, 2013). "Woman Who Left Her World for Tsarnaev Draws FBI Attention". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
  152. ^ a b "Katherine Russell Tsarnaev, Wife Of Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Wanted By Feds For Interview". Huffingtonpost.com. April 22, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  153. ^ a b c Fisher, Marc (April 27, 2013). "The Tsarnaev family: A faded portrait of an immigrant's American dream". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  154. ^ a b c d e Sargent, Hilary; Waller, John (April 27, 2015). "Texts From Tamerlan Tsarnaev's Widow Revealed". Boston.com. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  155. ^ a b c d Cooper, Michael (May 4, 2013). "Path From 'Social Butterfly' to Boston Suspect's Widow". The New York Times. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  156. ^ Hesse, Monica (April 29, 2013). "Katherine Russell: Boston bombing suspect widow's enigmatic life journey". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  157. ^ "Boston bombing suspect's widow is assisting investigation, lawyer says". CNN. April 24, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  158. ^ Bain, Jennifer (April 21, 2013). "Katherine Russell, wife of slain Boston bombings suspect Tamerlan Tsarnaev, returns home". The NY Post. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  159. ^ Hui, Ann (April 22, 2013). "How an 'All-American' girl met and married Tamerlan Tsarnaev". Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  160. ^ Sari Horwitz (May 3, 2013). "Investigators sharpen focus on wife of dead Boston bombing suspect". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
  161. ^ a b c d Martin, Phillip (June 12, 2015). "The Widow Tsarnaev: What – If Any – Relationship Did She Have To The Boston Marathon Bombings?". WGBH News. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  162. ^ Schmitt, Michael S.; Kovaleski, Serge F. (April 29, 2013). "Investigators Obtain DNA From Widow of Bombing Suspect". The New York Times.
  163. ^ Perez, Evan; Cullison, Alan; Barrett, Devlin (April 29, 2013). "Female DNA Found on Bomb in Boston". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013.
  164. ^ Schmitt, Eric; Mazzetti, Mark; Schmidt, Michael S.; Shane, Scott (May 2, 2013). "Boston Plotters Said to Initially Target July 4 for Attack". The New York Times.

Further reading