Tamil Nadu Congress Committee

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Tamil Nadu Congress Committee
PresidentK. S. Alagiri
ChairpersonK.Selvaperunthagai [1]
HeadquartersSathyamurthy Bhavan, General Patters Road, Chennai-600002, Tamil Nadu
Youth wingTamil Nadu Youth Congress
Women's wingTamil Nadu Mahila Congress Committee
Ideology
AllianceUnited Progressive Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
8 / 39
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 18
Seats in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
18 / 234
Election symbol
Hand INC.svg
Website
inctamilnadu.in//

Tamil Nadu Congress Committee (TNCC) is the wing of Indian National Congress serving in Tamil Nadu.[2] The current[when?] president is K.S. Alagari.

Social policy of the TNCC is officially based upon the Gandhian principle of Sarvodaya (upliftment of all sections of the society). In particular TNCC emphasises upon policies to improve the lives of the economically underprivileged and socially unprivileged sections of society. The party primarily endorses social liberalism (seeks to balance individual liberty and social justice).

Ideology and policy positions[edit]

Since the 1950s, the TNCC has favored liberal positions (the term "liberal" in this sense describes modern liberalism, not classical liberalism) with support for social justice and a mixed economy. TNCC strongly supports Liberal nationalism, a kind of nationalism compatible with values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights.[3]

Historically, the party has favoured farmers, labourers, and the working upper class; it has opposed unregulated business and finance. In recent decades, the party has adopted a centrist economic and socially progressive agenda and has begun to advocate for more social justice, affirmative action, a balanced budget, and a market economy. The economic policy adopted by the modern TNCC is free market policies, though at the same time it is in favour of taking a cautious approach when it comes to liberalising the economy claiming it is to help ensure that the weaker sectors are not affected too hard by the changes that come with liberalisation. In the 1990s, however, it endorsed market reforms, including privatisation and the deregulation of the economy. It also has supported secular policies that encourage equal rights for all citizens, including those from the lower stratas. The party supports the somewhat controversial concept of family planning with birth control.

Economic policy[edit]

The Congress strongly endorses a mixed Capital economy in which both the private sector and the state direct the economy, reflecting characteristics of both market economies and planned economies. A leading economic theory advocated by the modern Tamil Nadu Congress party is import substitution industrialisation that advocates replacing foreign imports with domestic production. Party also believes that mixed economies often provide environmental protection, maintenance of employment standards, a standardized welfare system, and maintenance of competition. The Indian National Congress party liberalised the Indian economy, allowing it to speed up development dramatically.

Healthcare and education[edit]

Tamil Nadu Congress Pioneered the first Midday Meal Scheme in India in the Year 1953.[4] This led to a huge wave of enrollment by students from the predominant rural and semi urban pockets of Tamil Nadu, which helped increase the Literacy rate of the state from 16% in 1947 to 82% in 2011. Today, it has become the largest schoolchild feeding programme in the world, covering 110 million students in 1.2 million schools. This rural health initiative was praised by the American economist Jeffrey Sachs and former American President John F. Kennedy.[5] During the TNCC tenure, an IIT and was opened in the state.[6]

Security and State Affairs[edit]

The Tamil Nadu Congress party has been instrumental in debating and helping strengthen anti-terror and vigilant laws leading to amendments to the Security Laws of the Tamil Nadu Government Departments. Also, Unique Identification Authority of India was established in February 2009, with the help of the Central Government, an agency responsible for implementing the envisioned Multipurpose National Identity Card with the objective of increasing national security and facilitating e-governance.

State Office bearers[edit]

AICC[edit]

Position in party Member
General Secretary (State Incharge) Dinesh Gundu Rao
Secretaty (State Incharge) Dr. Sirivella Prasad

TNCC[edit]

Position in party Member
State President K. S. Alagiri
State coordinator Sasikanth senthil
State CLP Leader K.Selvaperunthagai
Working Presidents K. Jayakumar
M. K. Vishnu Prasad
Mayura Jayakumar
Rangarajan Mohan Kumaramangalam

List of president of TNCC[edit]

si no president
1. C. Rajagopalachari
2. Tanguturi Prakasam
3. K. Kamaraj
4. G.K. Moopanar
5. Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy
6. Tindivanam K. Ramamurthy
7. M.Palaniyandi
8. Kumari Anandan
9. M. Krishnasamy
10. K. V. Thangkabalu
11. B. S. Gnanadesikan
12. E. V. K. S. Elangovan
13. Su. Thirunavukkarasar
14. K. S. Alagiri

List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu from the Congress Party[edit]

Madras Presidency[edit]

Name Took Office Left Office
C. Rajagopalachari 14 July 1937 29 October 1939
T. Prakasam 30 April 1946 23 March 1947
O. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar 23 March 1947 6 April 1949
P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja 6 April 1949 26 January 1950

Madras State[edit]

Name Took Office Left Office
P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja 27 January 1950 9 April 1952
C. Rajagopalachari 10 April 1952 13 April 1954
K. Kamaraj 13 April 1954 2 October 1963
M. Bhakthavatsalam 2 October 1963 28 February 1967

Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Election[edit]

Year Party leader Votes polled Seats won Change
in seats
Outcome
Madras Presidency
1937 C. Rajagopalachari
159 / 215
Steady new Government
1946 Tanguturi Prakasam
163 / 215
Increase 4 Government
Madras State
1952 C. Rajagopalachari 69,88,701
152 / 375
Steady new Government
Madras State (Tamil Nadu)
1957 K. Kamaraj 50,46,576
151 / 205
Steady new Government
1962 5,848,974
139 / 206
Decrease 12 Government
1967 M. Bhakthavatsalam 6,293,378
51 / 234
Decrease 88 Opposition
Tamil Nadu
1971 Chidambaram Subramaniam Didn't contest
0 / 234
Steady Supported DMK
1977 G. K. Moopanar 2,994,535
32 / 234
Increase 11 Opposition
(INC+)
1980 3,941,900
31 / 234
Decrease 1 Opposition
(DMK INC+)
1984 M. Palaniyandi 3,529,708
61 / 234
Increase 30 Government
(AIADMK INC+)
1989 G. K. Moopanar 4,780,714
26 / 234
Decrease 35 Opposition
(INC+)
1991 Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy 3,743,859
60 / 234
Increase 36 Government
(AIADMK INC+)
1996 Kumari Anandan
0 / 234
Decrease 60 Opposition
(AIADMK INC+)
2001 Ravishankar Shukla 696,205
30 / 234
Increase 30 Government
(AIADMK INC+)
2006 M. Krishnasamy 2,765,768
34 / 234
Increase 4 Government
(DPA)
2011 K. V. Thangkabalu 3,426,432
5 / 234
Decrease 29 Opposition
(DMK INC+)
2016 E. V. K. S. Elangovan 2,774,075
8 / 234
Increase 3 Opposition
(DMK INC+)
2021 K. S. Alagiri 1,976,527
18 / 234
Increase 10 Government
(SPA)

Madras State was completely reorganized into the present state of Tamil Nadu in the year 1956. But the name was changed to Tamil Nadu only in the year 1969

Lok Sabha elections
Election Year Election Votes polled Won Change of Seats Alliance Result
1951 1st election __
35 / 75
Increase 40 INC+ government
1957 2nd election __
24 / 34
Decrease 11 INC+ government
1962 3rd election __
31 / 41
Increase 6 INC+ government
1967 4th election __
3 / 39
Decrease 28 INC+ government
1971 5th election __
1 / 39
Decrease 2 INC+ government
1977 6th election __
14 / 39
Increase 13 INC+ Opposition
1980 7th election __
20 / 39
Increase 6 INC+ government
1984 8th election __
25 / 39
Increase 5 INC+ government
1989 9th election __
27 / 39
Increase 2 INC+ Opposition
1991 10th election __
28 / 39
Increase 1 INC+ government
1996 11th election __
0 / 39
Decrease 28 INC+ Lost
1998 12th election ___
0 / 39
Decrease 0 INC+ Lost
1999 13th election __
2 / 39
Increase 2 INC+ Opposition
2004 14th election __
10 / 39
Increase 8 INC+ government
2009 15th election __
8 / 39
Decrease 2 INC+ government
2014 16th election __
0 / 39
Decrease 8 INC+ Lost
2019 17th election __
9 / 39
Increase 8 INC+ Opposition

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rahul Gandhi appoints KS Alagiri as new Tamil Nadu Congress president".
  2. ^ "All India Congress Committee". AICC. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  3. ^ N. S. Gehlot (1991). The Congress Party in India: Policies, Culture, Performance. Deep & Deep Publications. p. 177. ISBN 978-81-7100-306-8.
  4. ^ "Mid day meal scheme: Food for Thought"
  5. ^ Sachs, Jeffrey D. (6 March 2005). "The End of Poverty". Time. Archived from the original on 17 March 2005.
  6. ^ "LS passes bill to provide IIT for eight states". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 14 June 2013.

External links[edit]