Tamil population by nation

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This is a list of Tamil population per nation.

Country Tamil Population Percent Year Notes Refs
 India 69,026,881[clarify] 5.89% 2011 census [a] [1]
 Sri Lanka 3,135,770 15.40% 2012 census [b] [2]
 Malaysia 1,800,000 6.7% 2012 [c] [4]
 Myanmar 1,000,000[dubious ] 1.8% 2018 [d] [7][8][9]
 United States 293,907 0.07% 2019 sample survey [e] [10][11][12]
 South Africa 250,000 [3]
 Singapore 198,449 4.9% 2020 census [f] [13][14][15]
 Canada 140,720 0.4% 2016 [g] [17][18][19]
 United Kingdom 101,000 [3]
 France 125,000 [20]
 Réunion 120,000 [3]
 Fiji 80,000 [3]
 Australia 73,161 0.3% 2016 Census [21]
 Mauritius 72,089 5.83% 2011 census [h] [22]
 Germany 50,000 [3]
 Indonesia 40,000 [23][24]
  Switzerland 40,000 [3]
 Guadeloupe 36,000 9% 2019 [25]
 Italy 25,000 [3]
 Netherlands 20,000 [3]
 Norway 10,000 [3]
 Thailand 10,000 [3]
 United Arab Emirates 10,000 [3]
 Bahamas 7,000 [3]
 Denmark 7,000 [3]
 China 5,000 [3]
 Qatar 4,000 [3]
 Seychelles 4,000 [3]
 New Zealand 3,000 [3]
 Vietnam 3,000 [3]
 Martinique 3,000 [26]
 Hong Kong 3,000 2017 [27]
 Sweden 2,000 [3]
 Cambodia 1,000 [3]
 Pakistan At least 200 2018 [i] [28]
 Guyana [29][30]
 Papua New Guinea [31]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mother tongue Tamil.
  2. ^ Sri Lankan Tamil and Indian Tamil only. Sri Lankan Moors and other ethnic groups whose mother tongue is Tamil are excluded.
  3. ^ Another source puts the Tamil population in Malaysia at 1,060,000.[3]
  4. ^ The Times of India gives Myanmar's Tamil population as 10 lakh (1,000,000) as of 2018. The Union of Catholic Asian News and La Croix International states that Tamil people comprise about 2 percent of Myanmar's population of 51 million as of 2018. This is contradicted by other sources. Sivasupramaniam states that Burma had a Tamil population of 200,000 once but this had reduced after the end of World War II.[3] Tamil Nation states that Burma had a Tamil population of 200,000 as of 1966.[5] Tamil Catholics are estimated to number about 50,000.[6]
  5. ^ The U.S census data considers only the population age 5 and older.
  6. ^ Resident Indian Tamil population. Another source puts the Tamil population in Singapore at 200,000. Note: The Singapore Tamil population data provided by the Singapore government excludes Tamils who were unable to speak, and those in one-person households and households comprising only unrelated persons. The figure for 'percentage of Tamils' is based on the number of ethnic Tamils among the resident population of Singapore, ignoring the foreign workers.[3]
  7. ^ Canada Census 2016 tables show the Tamil population in Canada at 140,720.[16]
  8. ^ Tamil, Tamil Hindu and Christian Tamil. Another source puts the Tamil population in Mauritius at 115,000.[3]
  9. ^ The Hindu mentions Pakistan's Tamil population as 100 families. A family must consist at least 2 persons and thus the estimated number of Tamils in Pakistan is at least 200.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abstract of speakers strength and mother tongues – 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. ^ "Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka, 2012 – Table A3: Population by district, ethnic group and sex" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Sivasupramaniam, V. "History of the Tamil Diaspora". International Conferences on Skanda-Murukan.[unreliable source?][year needed]
  4. ^ "Tamil". Ethnologue.
  5. ^ "Tamil Diaspora – Myanmar – மியன்மார்". Tamilnation.
  6. ^ "Myanmar's Tamil Catholics reclaim their identity". UCAnews.
  7. ^ "Valluvar Kottam goes overseas, to be inaugurated at Myanmar in May". The Times of India.
  8. ^ "Elderly Tamil Catholic prays for new church in Myanmar". LaCroix International.
  9. ^ "Tamil Catholics dig deep for Myanmar church". UCA News.
  10. ^ US Census. "Nation's Linguistic Diversity". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "Commuting Times, Median Rents and Language other than English Use in the Home on the Rise". December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
  12. ^ "B16001 LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME BY ABILITY TO SPEAK ENGLISH FOR THE POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER". American Community Survey of the United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "Basic Demographic Characteristics: Table 6 Indian Resident Population by Age Group, Dialect Group and Sex". Census of Population 2010 Statistical Release 1: Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language and Religion. Department of Statistics, Singapore. Archived from the original on 2013-09-08.
  14. ^ General Household Survey 2015 – Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade & Industry, Republic of Singapore
  15. ^ [singstat.gov.sg/-/media/files/publications/cop2020/sr1/cop2020sr1.pdf Singapore Census 2020]
  16. ^ Census, Canada. "Detailed Mother Tongue tables". Canada Census.
  17. ^ Foster, Carly. "Group Backgrounds: Tamils". Diversity Watch. Ryerson University School of Journalism. Archived from the original on 2008-02-14.
  18. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census – Canada". Statistics Canada. August 2, 2017.
  19. ^ "[PDF]Ethnic Channels Group Limited – Voices TV" (PDF). TamilNet. 18 March 2008.
  20. ^ "Politically French, culturally Tamil: 12 Tamils elected in Paris and suburbs". TamilNet. 18 March 2008.
  21. ^ "Census Explorer". Special Broadcasting Service.
  22. ^ "Volume: II Demographic and Fertility Characteristics" (PDF). The 2011 Housing and Population Census. Statistics Mauritius. p. 68.
  23. ^ "Indonesia". TamilNation.
  24. ^ "Indonesia's Indian Community". The Diplomat.
  25. ^ "Guadeloupe Population 2019". World Population Review.
  26. ^ "Martinique Population 2019". World Population Review.
  27. ^ "Tamil community in Hong Kong more than 50 years in the making". South China Morning Post.
  28. ^ "For Tamil cuisine, away in Pakistan". The Hindu.
  29. ^ "First Tamil Prime Minister of Guyana". Special Broadcasting Service.
  30. ^ "From Guyana, memorable echoes of Tamil". TheWeekendLeader.
  31. ^ "Papua New Guinea's Tamil Governor". Special Broadcasting Service.