Tamms Correctional Center

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The Tamms Correctional Center is a closed Illinois Department of Corrections prison located in Tamms, Illinois.[1] Prior to its 2013 closure, the prison housed people in two sections: (1) a 200-bed minimum security facility, opened in 1995, and (2) a 500-bed supermax facility known as the Closed Maximum Security Unit ("CMAX"), opened in 1998, that housed people defined by the prison leadership as most disruptive and dangerous.

Prior to the March 9, 2011 abolition of the death penalty in Illinois,[2] the State of Illinois executed prisoners via lethal injection in an execution chamber located within the CMAX section of Tamms Correctional Center.[3][4] Andrew Kokoraleis, the last person to be executed in the state before Illinois suspended its death penalty, was executed at Tamms in 1999. He was the only inmate executed in Tamms death chamber.[5]

Prior to Illinois Governor George Ryan's January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Tamms, Pontiac, and Menard correctional centers. After the commutations, only Pontiac continued to hold death row prisoners.[6]

As with other supermax prisons, prison reformers advocated for its closing. The Tamms Year Ten campaign was established in 2008 to push for reforms and closure of the prison.[7] Brutal conditions were reported by several Illinois newspapers, the American Civil Liberties Union, and reform advocates.[7] A report by Illinois Department of Corrections validated the claims.[7] In 2010, U.S. District Judge G. Patrick Murphy ruled that inmates must be allowed to challenge their transfer to Tamms at a formal hearing and wrote in his decision that "Tamms imposes drastic limitation on human contact, so much so as to inflict lasting psychological and emotional harm on inmates confined there for long periods."[7]

During its operation Tamms operated at about 50% capacity. According to the state, this relatively low occupancy percentage reflected officials being selective about who was imprisoned there. Critics of the facility argued that it was built too large and that it was too costly.[8]

During late February 2012 Illinois Governor Pat Quinn announced the planned closing of the Tamms Correctional Center due to budget cuts, triggering a political debate in the state about its future. Shortly thereafter The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees filed suit in Alexander County Circuit Court; this was temporarily effective in blocking the closure of the prison. On September 4, 2012, the judge in that matter, Charles Cavaness, granted a 30-day injunctive order preventing transfers outside of the prison.[9] On September 6, 2012, the state appealed to[10] the Illinois Fifth District Appellate Court. Justice Melissa A. Chapman delivered the opinion for the court, with Justices Thomas M. Welch and Stephen L. Spomer in concurrence, denying the state's appeal.[11]

On January 4, 2013 the prison officially closed.[12]


  1. ^ "Tamms village, Illinois Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  2. ^ Smith, Matt."Illinois abolishes death penalty." CNN. March 9, 2011.
  3. ^ "Tamms Closed Maximum Security Unit: Ten-Point Plan Brief." Illinois Department of Corrections. 3 (9/51). September 3, 2009. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  4. ^ TO KILL OR NOT TO KILL The New Yorker
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
  6. ^ "DOC Report Online." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d Fincher, Megan (Jan 11, 2014). "Photographs connect inmates in solitary confinement to outside world". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Inside the Tamms super-max prison Image 4 of 21." Chicago Tribune. Retrieved on October 12, 2010.
  9. ^ Rehana, Joe (3 April 2012). "state-commission-holds-hearing-on-tamms-closure". theviennatimes.com. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  10. ^ Rehana, Joe (5 September 2012). "judge-grants-union-request". theviennatimes.com. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  11. ^ Fitton, Mark (17 September 2012). "appeals-court-upholds-restraining-order". thesouthern.com. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  12. ^ "Tamms "Supermax" Prison, with its Inhumane and Ridiculously Expensive Solitary Confinement Practices, is Officially a Thing of the Past!". American Civil Liberties Union.

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Coordinates: 37°15′00″N 89°16′55″W / 37.250°N 89.282°W / 37.250; -89.282