Tamworth, Virginia

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For other places named Tamworth, see Tamworth (disambiguation).
Tamworth, Virginia
Hamlet
Tamworth Post Office
Tamworth Post Office
Tamworth is located in Virginia
Tamworth
Tamworth
Tamworth is located in the US
Tamworth
Tamworth
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 37°38′54″N 78°04′51″W / 37.64833°N 78.08083°W / 37.64833; -78.08083Coordinates: 37°38′54″N 78°04′51″W / 37.64833°N 78.08083°W / 37.64833; -78.08083
Country United States
State Virginia
County Cumberland
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 23027
Area code(s) 804

Tamworth, patented 1728, is an historical hamlet in Cumberland County, Virginia, United States, centered along Tamworth Road. In addition to farming, a gristmill and dam on Muddy Creek comprised the principal economic activity. In addition to the mill there are several other structures of historical interest dating from the 18th and 19th centuries: the miller’s residence; a farmhouse; barns; assorted out buildings; a post office; and Tamworth Cottage. All of the buildings are privately owned and are shown by appointment only.

History[edit]

The gristmill is known alternatively as Muddy Creek Mills or later as Moon’s Mill.[1] The Mill was established in 1753 by Nicholas Davies and enlarged by Richard James in 1775.[2] Operations at the mill ceased in the mid 1950s. The mill was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[3]

The post office building (constructed 1792 [4]) also functioned as a general store has been unused since the late 1980s when it was closed by the US Postal Service. The post office building features an ornate patterned slate tiled roof.

Tamworth Cottage was originally constructed sometime between the first two phases of the mill construction (i.e. later half of the 18th century) and was moved during Mr. Moon's tenure to its current location. The cottage was substantially enlarged and renovated in 1981.

Geography[edit]

Situated in the Virginia Piedmont in the northeast end of Cumberland County, Tamworth is drained by Muddy Creek, a tributary of the James River. Coordinates: 37.64806 Latitude; -78.08111 Longitude.[5] Elevation: 57.9 metres above sea level [6] and approximately 1.6 kilometres from the confluence of Muddy Creek with the James River. At Tamworth, Muddy Creek forms the boundary between Cumberland and Powhatan counties. A four-span concrete beam bridge with concrete siderails carries two lanes of traffic (SR 684) over Muddy Creek; the structure was erected in 1939. The bridge underwent extensive repairs in 2011, including substructure repair, and superstructure replacement.[7] An elevation reference marker is located at the northwest corner of the junction of state routes 684 and 659 (Tamworth Road), stamped "113 CA 1957 195".

Tamworth is located in the Eastern Time Zone (EST/EDT) and along with the rest of Virginia observes daylight saving time.

Weather[edit]

The average July high temperature is +30.9 °C, the average January low is -3.9 °C, and the average annual rainfall is 116.8 cm. Snowfall is 19.3 cm per year on average. Sunny days typically outnumber rainy days by almost 2 to 1 with a UV index of 4.6.[8]

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