Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Tamworth in Staffordshire.
Location of Staffordshire within England.
|Electorate||72,544 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Christopher Pincher (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South East Staffordshire|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
1885-1918: The Sessional Divisions of Birmingham and Solihull, part of the Sessional Divisions of Atherstone and Coleshill, the Municipal Borough of Birmingham, and the part of the Municipal Borough of Tamworth situated in Warwickshire.
1918-1945: The Municipal Borough of Sutton Coldfield, the Rural Districts of Meriden and Solihull, and the part of the Rural District of Tamworth in the administrative county of Warwickshire.
1997-2010: The Borough of Tamworth, and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease Valley, Shenstone, Stonnall, and Tame.
2010-present: The Borough of Tamworth (the wards of Amington, Belgrave, Bolehall, Castle, Glascote, Mercian, Spital, Stonydelph, Trinity, and Wilnecote), and the District of Lichfield wards of Bourne Vale, Fazeley, Little Aston, Mease and Tame, Shenstone, and Stonnall.
A previous Tamworth constituency existed from 1563 until it was abolished for the 1945 general election. It elected two MPs until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one MP by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
- Political history
Since its 1997 recreation the seat has been a bellwether, reflecting the largest party in terms of seats in the House of Commons with the largest share of the vote for the candidate locally.
- Prominent members
The Prime Minister and leader of the breakaway Tory group, the Peelites, Sir Robert Peel, represented the area for a long period 1830-1850, as did his father, brother and son at different periods. His father and son, also named Robert, also shared the baronetcy gained by his father, which gave them the automatic right to the style "Sir".
The constituency is convenient for all of the West Midlands conurbation and has considerable local employment. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
MPs before 1660
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1275–1559||No representation or records|
|1563–1567||Michael Harcourt||Robert Harcourt|
|1571||Edward Lewknor||John Bullock|
|1572–1583||Lancelot Bostock||John Nuttall|
|1584–1585||John Breton||Clement Fisher|
|1586–1587||Walter Bagot||John Ferrers|
|1588–1589||Sir Edward Devereux||Robert Wright|
|1593||John Ferrers||Thomas Smith|
|1597–1598||William Temple||George Hyde|
|1601||George Egeock||Robert Burdett|
|1604||Sir Percival Willoughby
replaced in by-election in 1604 by Sir Thomas Beaumont
|1614||Sir Thomas Roe||Sir Percival Willoughby|
|1621||Sir Thomas Puckering||John Ferrar|
|1624–1625||John Woodford||John Wightwick|
|1625||Sir Thomas Puckering||Sir Richard Skeffington|
|1626||Sir Thomas Puckering||Sir Walter Devereux|
|1628–1629||Sir Thomas Puckering||Sir Walter Devereux|
|1629–1640||No Parliaments summoned|
|1640 (Apr)||Sir Simon Archer||George Abbot|
|1640 (Nov)||Ferdinando Stanhope (Royalist), killed 1643||Henry Wilmot (Royalist), expelled 1641.|
|1645||George Abbot (Parliamentarian)||Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)|
|1648||George Abbot (Parliamentarian)||Sir Peter Wentworth (Parliamentarian)|
|1653||Tamworth not represented in Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Tamworth not represented in 1st Protectorate Parliament|
|1656||Tamworth not represented in 2nd Protectorate Parliament|
|1659||Maj. Gen. Tobias Bridge||Edward Keeling|
Tamworth was reduced to having one member in 1885.
The seat was abolished in 1945.
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Tamworth|
|Liberal Democrat||Jennifer Pinkett||1,427||3.0||-13.2|
|General Election 2010: Tamworth|
|Liberal Democrat||Jenny Pinkett||7,516||16.2||+2.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+9.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Tamworth|
|Liberal Democrat||Phillip Bennion||6,175||14.1||+2.4|
|General Election 2001: Tamworth|
|Liberal Democrat||Jennifer Pinkett||4,721||11.7||+3.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Tamworth|
|Liberal Democrat||Jennifer Pinkett||4,025||8.1||N/A|
|UKIP||C. A. Lamb||369||0.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
|General Election 1935: Tamworth|
|Conservative||Sir John Mellor, Bt||42,675||79.47|
|General Election 1931: Tamworth|
|Conservative||Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Bt||41,571||84.67|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Tamworth |
|Unionist||Sir Edward Mauger Iliffe||29,807||67.4|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Tamworth Parliamentary Borough 1275–1832". The Staffordshire Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Temple, William (1555–1627)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Richard Cust, ‘Archer, Sir Simon (1581–1662)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (Oxford University Press, 2004) [http||//www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/626], accessed 8 November 2008
- Collin's Peerage of England by Sir Egerton Brydges, K.J.|| in nine volumes|| VOL. III 1812|| Earl of Chesterfield p. 423
- Oswald Barron, 'The Wild Wilmots', The Ancestor XI (1904), 5.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News - Election 2010 - Constituency - Tamworth". bbc.co.uk.
-  Archived 15 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- ‘FOGARTY, Michael Patrick’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 29 September 2014
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
vacant. Last was Newport (Isle of Wight) in 1827
|Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
vacant. Next was this constituency in 1841
vacant. Last was this constituency in 1835
|Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
City of London