Tan Hill, North Yorkshire
Tan Hill (Pennine Way in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies north of Keld in the civil parish of Muker, near to the borders of County Durham and Cumbria, and close to the northern boundary of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is in an isolated location, with the nearest town of Kirkby Stephen being an 11-mile (18 km) drive away.) is a high point on the
Within the Pendleian, the lower subsystem of the Carboniferous structure, exists the Upper Howgate Edge Grit, a coarse-grained sandstone. Found in the peaks of the highest fells of North Yorkshire, the shale layer containing coal is found above it. The shale under the northwest region is call the Tan Hill seam, which was worked from the 13th century until the early 1930s.
The first records of coal being produced exist from 1384, when locally worked shallow shafts produced coal for Richmond Castle. The coal found was a poor-quality crow coal, which produced a dirty, dusty fuel. But local farmers wives preferred it as, when mixed with peat, it gave a good glow, was easy to stack up over night, and easy to revive in the morning. Before the start of the Industrial Revolution, the easily accessible upper seams were mainly worked out, requiring investment in deeper shafts. By the 17th century the poor-quality coal was locally converted in simple beehive kilns into coke – known locally as "cinders" – which was used in lead and iron smelting.
With modern means of transport having encroached on the valley, the local miners defied the 1926 General Strike. But with better coal now far easier to access, the last mine closed in 1929. Locals worked the residual upper seams by hand until the mid-1930s.
Tan Hill Inn
The Tan Hill Inn is the highest inn in the British Isles at 1,732 feet (528 m) above sea level. The second highest pub in the UK is the Cat and Fiddle Inn in the Peak District with an elevation of about 1,690 feet (515 m).
The building dates to the 17th century, and during the 18th century was used as a hostelry by workers digging coal pits. The building is unusual for its isolation, but it used to be surrounded by miners' cottages. After the closure of the last mine in 1929, and demolition of the associated cottages in the early 1930s, the pub remained open due to the custom of local farmers and the development of the motor car.
From 1974, border changes moved it into County Durham, but this was reviewed in 1987 after much protest, and it reverted to within the Yorkshire boundary. In 1995, the Tan Hill Inn became the first public house in the UK to be granted a licence to hold weddings and civil ceremonies, after new laws were brought in to allow couples to marry in places other than churches or register offices.
In May 2007, Kentucky Fried Chicken threatened legal action against the Tan Hill Inn for trademark infringement over the use of the term "Family Feast" on the inn's Christmas Day menu. But on 10 May 2007 KFC confirmed that it would not be pursuing the case.
During the 1980s the pub appeared in an advert starring Ted Moult for window-fitting company Everest, and it appeared in the first Vodafone advert, broadcast during the 1990s. Everest returned in 2008 to film a new advert with Craig Doyle and installed new windows and solar panels. The inn was visited by James May and Oz Clarke in Oz and James Drink to Britain, first broadcast in 2009.
- McVeigh, Tracy (5 February 2012). "At the lonely Tan Hill Inn, the snow is falling… and business is booming". The Observer. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "Tan Hill coal field". Out of Oblivion: A landscape through time. Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- White, Robert (2002) The Yorkshire Dales. A Landscape Through Time. Ilkley: Great Northern Books
- "Tan Hill". Adopt a Pub. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "More top stuff". The Angry Corrie. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "The History, Heritage and Stories Surrounding the Famous Tan Hill Inn...". Tan Hill Inn website. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- "Weddings & Civil Ceremonies - Swaledale & Yorkshire". Tan Hill Inn website. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Brown, Pete (13 June 2009). "Tan Hill Inn, Swaledale, North Yorkshire". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- Pavia, Will (10 May 2007). "KFC climbs a big hill to fight tiny pub". The Times. London: Times Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
- "KFC licked by pub in menu fight". BBC News Online. BBC. 10 May 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- "New Year revellers stuck pub THREE nights thanks heavy snow". Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd. 4 January 2010. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
- "TV AD: Return to Tan Hill Inn and Ted Moult -Everest home improvements". www.everest.co.uk. 2009. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- Stokes, Paul (30 May 2008). "Row over Everest pub's solar-panel makeover". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
- The Tan Hill Inn Official Website
- for Tan Hill, North Yorkshire