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Tanaji Malusare

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Tanaji Malusare
Tanaji Malusare.jpg
Memorial of Tanaji Malusare at Sinhagad fort
Military leader in Shivaji's Army
Godoli, Satara, Maharashtra, India
(Pune, Maharashtra, India)
SpouseSavitribai Malusare
IssueRayaba Malusare

Tanaji Malusare was a military assistant of Maratha King Shivaji; he came from a Hindu Koli family[1] born in 1600AD to father Sardar Kaloji and mother Parvatibai. A local poet Tulsidas,[a] wrote a powada describing Tanaji's heroics and sacrifice of life in the Battle of Sinhagad at the age of 70[2], which has since made him a popular figure in Marathi folklore.[3][4][5][b]

In popular culture

Hindutva Ideologue V.D. Savarkar had written a ballad on him, which was banned by the colonial British government.[7]

Gad ala pan sinh gela, a Marathi novel by Hari Narayan Apte was written in 1903, based on his life.[8][9] Sinhagad, a 1933 Marathi film was produced by Baburao Painter, based on the 1903 novel.[10][11] Bollywood actor-producer Ajay Devgn has produced a film based on his life titled Tanhaji, which was released on 10 January 2020.[12][13]

See also


  1. ^ Not to be confused with Goswami Tulsidas
  2. ^ The text has not been dated conclusively. It is popularly accepted to be written not long after the Battle; however, some scholars have claimed the text to have been written in the eighteenth century.[6]


  1. ^ David Hardiman (2007). Histories for the Subordinated. Seagull Books. p. 103. ISBN 9781905422388. When Shivaji began his revolt in the following decade, the Kolis were amongst the first to join him under the leadership of the Sirnayak Khemi and they played a leading role in helping Shivaji to consolidate his power. The Koli Tanaji Malusare...
  2. ^ Charles Augustus Kincaid, ed. (1918–1925). A history of the Maratha people. London, Milford.
  3. ^ Kantak, M. R. (1978). "The Political Role of Different Hindu Castes and Communities in Maharashtra in the Foundation of Shivaji's Swarajya". Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. 38 (1/4): 51. ISSN 0045-9801. JSTOR 42931051.
  4. ^ K. Ayyappa Paniker, ed. (1997). Medieval Indian Literature: Surveys and selections, An Anthology, Volume One. p. 375. ISBN 9788126003655.
  5. ^ Rao, Vasanta Dinanath (1939). "SIDE-LIGHT ON THE MARATHA LIFE FROM THE BARDIC (शाहिरी) LITERATURE OF THE 18th CENTURY". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 3: 1194–1212. ISSN 2249-1937. JSTOR 44252466.
  6. ^ Raeside, Ian (July 1978). "A Note on the 'Twelve Mavals' of Poona District". Modern Asian Studies. 12 (3): 394. doi:10.1017/S0026749X00006211. ISSN 1469-8099.
  7. ^ Derek Jones, ed. (2001). Censorship: A World Encyclopedia. Routledge. ISBN 9781136798634.
  8. ^ Sisir Kumar Das (1991). History of Indian Literature, Volume 1. Sahitya Akademi. p. 532. ISBN 9788172010065.
  9. ^ Apte, Hari Narayan (1903). Gaḍa ālā, paṇa sīha gelā (in Marathi). Pune: Ramyakathā Prakāśana.
  10. ^ Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  11. ^ Nowell-Smith, Geoffrey (1996). The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford University Press. p. 403. ISBN 978-0-19-874242-5.
  12. ^ "Ajay Devgn on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2018-09-05.
  13. ^ "Taanaji The Unsung Warrior movie on Movie Alles". Movie Alles. 2018-06-22. Archived from the original on 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2018-09-05.