Tanauan, Batangas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tanauan City)
Jump to: navigation, search
Tanauan
Component City
Lungsod ng Tanauan (City of Tanauan)
Tanauanjf8426 05.JPG
Official seal of Tanauan
Seal
Nickname(s): The City of Colors ; The Cradle of Noble Heroes ; The Premiere City of Calabarzon ; The Heart of Calabarzon ; Rising City of Southern Luzon
Map of Batangas showing the location of Tanauan
Map of Batangas showing the location of Tanauan
Tanauan is located in Philippines
Tanauan
Tanauan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°09′E / 14.08°N 121.15°E / 14.08; 121.15Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°09′E / 14.08°N 121.15°E / 14.08; 121.15
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 3rd district of Batangas
Cityhood March 10, 2001
Barangays 48
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonio Halili
 • Vice Mayor Jhoanna Corona
Area[2]
 • Total 107.16 km2 (41.37 sq mi)
Elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 173,366
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tanaueño (masculine)/Tanaueña (feminine)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4232
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Income Class 1st class
Electorate 103,561 voters as of 2016
Website www.tanauancity.gov.ph

Tanauan, officially the City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan), is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 173,366 inhabitants.[3] It was incorporated as a city under Republic Act No. 9005, signed on February 2, 2001, and ratified on March 10, 2001.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa in its southernmost part. The city shares its borders with Calamba City, Laguna, to the north, Tagaytay City, Cavite, to the northwest, Talisay to the west, Santo Tomas to the east, and the towns of Balete and Malvar to the south. It borders on Taal Lake to the west.

Among those born in Tanauan are revolutionary former Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini and former President José P. Laurel.

History[edit]

Some people believe that Tanauan derived its name from the Tagalog term tanaw, meaning to look after through the window. This is based on a fortress which had a watchtower built by the Augustinian friars and natives. The watchtower allowed them to monitor incoming “champans” or boats entering through the Pansipit river, which were either traders or pirates. From this tower, one can have a clear view (tanaw) of the lake and of the vast plains and rolling hills.

The Town of Tanauan was founded on its present location in 1754, having been transferred from the fringe of Taal Lake where it was originally situated. It is generally believed that Tanauan, together with Sala was founded in 1572 by the Augustinian missionaries who built a mission at the shore of the lake known as Bonbon (now Taal). The town, however, was totally destroyed during the most impressive and catastrophic historically recorded eruption of Taal Volcano in 1754. Together with the community of Sala, the residents of Tanauan were relocated to safer places. Tanauan moved to Bañadero, then to its present location. Sala, on the other hand, transferred from its original site to where it is located now. Sala subsequently became a barangay of Tanauan.

Tanaueños have displayed characteristics of personal independence and nationalism since early history. The town is called the cradle of noble heroes due to its contribution to the revolutionary movement of its sons Apolinario Mabini, the brains of Katipunan, and later by the great statesman Pres. Jose P. Laurel. Also, three Tanaueños served as governors of Batangas, namely: Jose P. Laurel V, Modesto Castillo and Nicolas Gonzales.[4]

Recent events include the assassination of its former mayor, Cesar V. Platon, by NPA rebels on 7 May 2001, as he was running for the governorship of Batangas. This happened a few days before the election.[5]

"Walk of Shame"[edit]

On 2014, Mayor Antonio Halili started the "Walk of Shame" in Tanauan, with the first case of a tuyo robber being publicly humiliated.[6] The public humiliations headed by Halili called the attention of the Commission on Human Rights (CHR), calling for administrative action against Halili and other city officials.[7] Halili will continue on humiliating criminals and drug pushers in the city, despite opposition from the CHR.[8]

Cityhood[edit]

The Congress approved the then Batangas 3rd District Rep. Macario Laurel's bill and a Senate counterpart measure on Dec. 19, 2000 the Republic Act No. 9005 known as "The Charter of the City of Tanauan."

On February 2, 2001 President Gloria Arroyo signed it into law.

On March 10, 2001, a Saturday, the charter was approved by a referendum in Tanauan that drew 8,890 or 16% of the 55,453 registered voters. Two ballots were either spoiled or blank. The "yes" had it over the "no" by a landslide, 7,026 to 1,961.

According to cityhood advocates, quoted in reports reaching Batangas on Sunday, the turnout was two times better than previous conversion-to-city exercises. Still, 16% was 16%. It suggested that 84% of Tanaueños were in any of the following states regarding cityhood:

  • They were not aware of what was going on.
  • They were aware of the cityhood plan and were indifferent to it.
  • They were aware, were in favor of the cityhood plan, but were too lazy to take part in the plebiscite.
  • They were aware, were against cityhood, and voted by their feet.

[9]

Barangays[edit]

Tanauan City is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.[10]

  • Altura Bata
  • Altura Matanda
  • Altura-South
  • Ambulong
  • Bañadero
  • Bagbag
  • Bagumbayan
  • Balele
  • Banjo East (Bungkalot)
  • Banjo West (Banjo Laurel)
  • Bilog-bilog
  • Boot
  • Cale
  • Darasa
  • Gonzales
  • Hidalgo
  • Janopol
  • Janopol Oriental
  • Laurel
  • Luyos
  • Mabini
  • Malaking Pulo
  • Maria Paz
  • Maugat
  • Montaña (Ik-ik)
  • Natatas
  • Pagaspas (Balok-balok)
  • Pantay Matanda
  • Pantay Bata
  • Poblacion Barangay 1
  • Poblacion Barangay 2
  • Poblacion Barangay 3
  • Poblacion Barangay 4
  • Poblacion Barangay 5
  • Poblacion Barangay 6
  • Poblacion Barangay 7
  • Sala
  • Sambat
  • San Jose
  • Santol (Doña Jacoba Garcia)
  • Santor
  • Sulpoc
  • Suplang
  • Talaga
  • Tinurik
  • Trapiche
  • Ulango
  • Wawa

La Playa District[edit]

A cluster of the six lakeshore barangays of Tanauan which serves as the tourism district of the city. It is consist of barangays:

  • Ma. Paz
  • Wawa
  • Boot
  • Gonzales
  • Banadero
  • Ambulong

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tanauan City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 18,263 —    
1918 22,473 +1.39%
1939 26,186 +0.73%
1948 30,203 +1.60%
1960 44,975 +3.37%
1970 61,910 +3.24%
1975 66,703 +1.51%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 74,020 +2.10%
1990 92,754 +2.28%
1995 103,868 +2.14%
2000 117,539 +2.69%
2007 142,537 +2.70%
2010 152,393 +2.46%
2015 173,366 +2.49%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][11][12][13]
Tanauan Church

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism is the most dominant and visible religion in Tanauan City. St. John the Evangelist is its patron, and its main church is the St. John the Evangelist Parish. La Consolacion College Tanauan (formerly Our Lady of Fatima Academy, 1948), run by the Augustinian Sisters of Our Lady of Consolation, is the first Catholic school in the city. Other Catholic schools include Our Lady of Assumption Montessori School and Daughters of Mary Immaculate School (lay-operated). First Asia Institute is converting from a non-sectarian school to a Catholic (Christian) school.

Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), Islam and other religious groups are also present in the city.

Economy[edit]

Tanauan City is known as an agricultural trading center of CALABARZON Region. Agri products from CALABARZON and as far as MIMAROPA and Bicol regions are being sent here before it reaches Metro Manila public markets. Aside from being an important agricultural center, Tanauan is also one of the Philippines' major industrial centers nowadays hosting four industrial parks which is home to various multinational companies and tourism facilities.

First Philippine Industrial Park[edit]

A 450-hectare industrial park owned by Lopez Group and Sumitomo Corporation located in Tanauan City and Sto. Tomas, Batangas. FPIP Tanauan is the location of various multinational companies such as Nestlé, Honda, Brother Printers, Canon Philippines, Shimano, B/E Aerospace, Philip Morris-Fortune Tobacco Corporation and many more.

First Industrial Township Incorporated[edit]

Formerly PhilTown Technology Center located in Brgy. Pagaspas which is now owned by First Philippine Holdings of the Lopez Group of Companies. This is home to Uni-President Philippines, the manufacturer of Homi instant noodles and Nooda Crunch.

Dolores Industrial Park[edit]

An industrial park in the Tanauan-Malvar area. It is the location of Metro Manila Turf Club.

Data Land Industrial Park[edit]

An industrial park owned by Data Land Corporation. This hosts the precast manufacturing facility of the said company.

Tanauan City Zentrum[edit]

A multi-sectoral development by the Torres Group of Companies located at the center of the new Tanauan Central Business District. It is now the location of the new Tanauan City Hall, which was inaugurated last July 23, 2017. In front of the new city hall is the new Tanauan People's Park. Aside from government centers, TCZ will also hosts office towers, condominiums and commercial centers by 2019.

  • Tagaytay Highlands Tourism Economic Zone- by Belle Corporation.

Financial Data[edit]

As per COA, Tanauan has the following as of 2016:

  • Assets - Php 2,867,326,369
  • Liabilities - Php 750, 274, 113
  • Equity - Php 2,117,052, 256
  • Revenue - Php 1,218,308,567

[14]

Transportation[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Jeepneys serve the city and the nearby municipalities and barangays. Tricycles provide transportation on the barangays. Buses connect the city with Manila and Batangas City.

Roads[edit]

The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road passes at the central part of the city. The expressway connects the city with the rest of Batangas. Jose P. Laurel Highway connects the city to Calamba City and Santo Tomas on the north and with Malvar, Lipa, and Batangas City to the south. Another highway links Tanauan with Talisay and Tagaytay. A 7.8 kilometres (4.8 mi) service road on both sides of STAR Tollway will connect the northeastern barangays of Tanauan to the southeastern barangays of the city [15]

Aside from the STAR Tollway, national roads like the Jose P. Laurel Highway (Route 4) and Tanauan - Talisay Road (Route 421) serves also the city. The city also maintains roads that connects the rural barangays of the city.

Attractions[edit]

Apolinario Mabini Shrine
  • Apolinario Mabini Shrine and Museum
  • Jose P. Laurel Ancestral House
  • Old Municipal Building, now Museo ng Tanauan
  • Gov. Modesto Castillo Cultural Center
  • Tagaytay Highlands Tourism Economic Zone
  • Metro Manila Turf Club (inside Dolores Industrial Park)
  • St. John the Evangelist Parish Church

Education[edit]

Tanauan Campus of Our Lady of Assumption College

Tanauan has several tertiary educational establishments.

First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities or FAITH[edit]

First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities: The five-hectare campus has classrooms used for all levels of education. It also houses facilities for sports, extra-curricular activities and school functions. It is directly accessible via the STAR Tollway.

La Consolacion College of Tanauan[edit]

La Consolacion College was founded in 1948 as Our Lady of Fatima Academy and later on became part of La Consolacion Colleges.

National Teachers College - Batangas[edit]

The National Teachers College - Batangas located along A. Mabini Avenue is the first and only NTC campus outside Metro Manila. It was established in 2013.

STI Academic Center - Tanauan[edit]

STIACT will also be the first Jollibee agri-school which will be located at Soledad Park, Darasa, Tanauan City beside the under construction City Mall Tanauan. The current STI College Tanauan is located at A. Mabini Avenue. By S.Y. 2018-2019, STI Tanauan will move to its bigger and better STIACT campus in Soledad Park. [16]

DMMC Institute of Health Sciences][edit]

DMMC Institute of Health Sciences was founded in 2002 by the Mercado General Hospital Inc., the owner of QualiMed Health Network. It is located at Narra St., Mountain View Subd., Tanauan City. Originally named Health Educators Incorporated to address the need for a learning institution devoted to training new allied health professionals. After filing for a change of name with the Philippine SEC it is now known as DMMC Institute of Health Sciences.

Sapphire International Aviation Academy[edit]

Established to cater to the growing worldwide demand for aircraft pilots. With its high literacy rate and proficiency in the English language, the Philippines is now virtually the pilot training center of Asia and the far East. SIAA Tanauan Campus is located at Barradas Airstrip, Brgy. Santor, Tanauan City.

Tanauan Institute[edit]

Is the oldest private educational institution in Tanauan which was established in 1924. It has produced many successful and notable persons of the city. Among them is Teodoro "Ka Doroy" F. Valencia, the person behind the development of Luneta Park and known as the Father of Philippine Journalism.

Others are:

  • ACLC Tanauan
  • Christian College of Tanauan
  • Jesus Is Lord Christian School
  • Our Lady of Assumption College - Tanauan

There are 9 private and 12 public high schools, and 27 private and 44 public elementary schools.

List of former mayors[edit]

  • Estanislao Gonzales (1870-1884)
  • Jose B. Gonzales (1885-1886)
  • Ruperto Laurel (1887-1888)
  • Sixto Gonzales Castillo (1892-1898)
  • Pedro M. Carandang (1899-1900)
  • Juan Gonzales Suizo (1900-1902)
  • Florentino Laurena (1902)
  • Valentin Dimayuga (1902-1903)
  • Florentino Collantes (1903-1904)
  • Prospero Dimayuga (1904-1905)
  • Pantaleon Gonzales (1905-1906)
  • Francisco Oñate (1906-1907)
  • Fulgencio Platon (1907-1908)
  • Nicolas Gonzales Sr. (1908-1912)
  • Crispin Garcia (1912-1916)
  • George Collantes (1916-1922)
  • Fulgencio Platon (1922-1925)
  • Florentino Laurena (1925-1928)
  • Antonio Dimayuga (1928-1937)
  • Felix Ebron (1937)
  • Alfredo Magpantay (1937-1942)
  • Nicolas Gonzales (1942-1943)
  • Jose M. Corona (1943-1945)
  • George Collantes (1946-1951)
  • Pedro B. Gonzales (1951-1967)
  • Jaime Banjo Laurel (1968-1970)
  • Sebastian Carandang (1970-1971)
  • Francisco E. Lirio (1971-1980)
  • Sotero Olfato (1980-1987)
  • Pedro Tipa (1987-1988)
  • Sotero Olfato (1988-1992)
  • Cesar V. Platon (1992-2001)
  • Alfredo C. Corona (2001-2006)
  • Sonia Torres-Aquino (2006-2013)
  • Antonio C. Halili (2013-incumbent)

Notable Tanaueños[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Historical Background, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: Saturday, 15 October 2011
  5. ^ Arnell Ozaeta; Rene Alviar (January 14, 2002). "Cops zeroing in on 4 more Platon 'killers'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  6. ^ Cinco, Maricar (May 25, 2016). "A bizarre twist to 'Flores de Mayo' in war on drugs". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 26, 2016. 
  7. ^ Takumi, Rie (May 20, 2016). "CHR: Good intentions do not make Tanauan 'walk of shame' right". GMA News. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tanauan Mayor Halili, itutuloy ang 'shame campaign' kahit kasuhan pa siya" (in Filipino). GMA News. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  9. ^ (Template:Tanauan backs into Cityhood)http://www.geocities.ws/batangan2002/nation/congress/cario.htm
  10. ^ Barangays of Tanuan City, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: 15 October 2011
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  12. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  14. ^ https://www.coa.gov.ph/index.php/local-government-units/2016/category/6481-cities
  15. ^ http://www.tanauancity.gov.ph/index.php/government/directory-offices/office-of-the-bplo/13-latest-news/127-service-road-sa-star-tollway-bubuksan
  16. ^ http://www.stiholdings.com/news-view.php?id=145

External links[edit]