Tanauan, Batangas

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Tanauan
Component City
City of Tanauan
Tanauanjf8426 05.JPG
Official seal of Tanauan
Seal
Nickname(s): The Premiere City of CALABARZON; City of Colors
Motto: The City of Colors
Map of Batangas showing the location of Tanauan
Map of Batangas showing the location of Tanauan
Tanauan is located in Philippines
Tanauan
Tanauan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°09′E / 14.083°N 121.150°E / 14.083; 121.150Coordinates: 14°05′N 121°09′E / 14.083°N 121.150°E / 14.083; 121.150
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
Congr. District 3rd district of Batangas
Cityhood March 10, 2001
Barangays 48
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonio C. Halili
 • Vice Mayor Jhoanna C. Corona
Area[2]
 • Total 107.16 km2 (41.37 sq mi)
Elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 152,393
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4232
Dialing code 43
Income Class 2nd
Website www.tanauancity.gov.ph

Tanauan, officially the City of Tanauan (Filipino: Lungsod ng Tanauan), is a first class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 152,393 inhabitants in 30,354 households. It was incorporated as a city under Republic Act No. 9005, signed on February 2, 2001, and ratified on March 10, 2001.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa City in its southernmost part. The city shares its borders with Calamba City, Laguna, to the north, Tagaytay City, Cavite, to the northwest, Talisay to the west, Santo Tomas to the east, and the towns of Balete and Malvar to the south.

Among those born in Tanauan are revolutionary former Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini and former President José P. Laurel.

History[edit]

Some people believe that Tanauan derived its name from the Tagalog term tanaw, meaning to look after through the window. This is based on a fortress which had a watchtower built by the Augustinian friars and natives. The watchtower allowed them to monitor incoming “champans” or boats entering through the Pansipit river, which were either traders or pirates. From this tower, one can have a clear view (tanaw) of the lake and of the vast plains and rolling hills.

The Town of Tanauan was founded on its present location in 1754, having been transferred from the fringe of Taal Lake where it was originally situated. It is generally believed that Tanauan, together with Sala was originally founded in 1572 by the Augustinian missionaries who built a mission at the shore of the lake known as Bonbon (now Taal). The town, however, was totally destroyed during the most impressive and catastrophic historically recorded eruption of Taal Volcano in 1754. Together with the community of Sala, the residents of Tanauan were relocated to safer places. Tanauan moved to Bañadero, then to its present location. Sala, on the other hand, transferred from its original site to where it is located now. Sala subsequently became a barangay of Tanauan.

Tanaueños have displayed characteristics of personal independence and nationalism since early history. The town is called the cradle of noble heroes due to its contribution to the revolutionary movement of its sons Apolinario Mabini, the brains of Katipunan, and later by the great statesman Pres. Jose P. Laurel. Also, three Tanaueños served as governors of Batangas, namely: Jose P. Laurel V, Modesto Castillo and Nicolas Gonzales.[4]

Recent events include the assassination of its former mayor, Cesar V. Platon, by NPA rebels on 7 May 2001, as he was running for the governorship of Batangas. This happened a few days before the election.[5]

"Walk of Shame"[edit]

On 2014, Mayor Antonio Halili started the "Walk of Shame" in Tanauan, with the first case of a tuyo robber being publicly humiliated. [6] The public humiliations headed by Halili called the attention of the Commission on Human Rights (CHR), calling for administrative action against Halili and other city officials.[7] Halili will continue on humiliating criminals and drug pushers in the city, despite opposition from the CHR. [8]

Barangays[edit]

Tanauan City is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.[9]

  • Altura Bata
  • Altura Matanda
  • Altura-South
  • Ambulong
  • Bañadero
  • Bagbag
  • Bagumbayan
  • Balele
  • Banjo East (Bungkalot)
  • Banjo West (Banjo Laurel)
  • Bilog-bilog
  • Boot
  • Cale
  • Darasa
  • Gonzales
  • Hidalgo
  • Janopol
  • Janopol Oriental
  • Laurel
  • Luyos
  • Mabini
  • Malaking Pulo
  • Maria Paz
  • Maugat
  • Montaña (Ik-ik)
  • Natatas
  • Pagaspas (Balok-balok)
  • Pantay Matanda
  • Pantay Bata
  • Poblacion Barangay 1
  • Poblacion Barangay 2
  • Poblacion Barangay 3
  • Poblacion Barangay 4
  • Poblacion Barangay 5
  • Poblacion Barangay 6
  • Poblacion Barangay 7
  • Sala
  • Sambat
  • San Jose
  • Santol (Doña Jacoba Garcia)
  • Santor
  • Sulpoc
  • Suplang
  • Talaga
  • Tinurik
  • Trapiche
  • Ulango
  • Wawa

La Playa District[edit]

A cluster of the six lakeshore barangays of Tanauan which serves as the tourism district of the city. It is consist of barangays:

  • Ma. Paz
  • Wawa
  • Boot
  • Gonzales
  • Banadero
  • Ambulong

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Tanauan City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 92,754 —    
1995 103,868 +2.14%
2000 117,539 +2.69%
2007 142,537 +2.70%
2010 152,393 +2.46%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]
Tanauan Church

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholicism is the most dominant and visible religion in Tanauan City. St. John the Evangelist is its patron, and its main church is the St. John the Evangelist Parish. La Consolacion College Tanauan (formerly Our Lady of Fatima Academy, 1948), run by the Augustinian Sisters of Our Lady of Consolation, is the first Catholic school in the city. Other Catholic schools include Our Lady of Assumption Montessori School and Daughters of Mary Immaculate School (lay-operated). First Asia Institute is converting from a non-sectarian school to a Catholic (Christian) school.

Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), Islam and other religious groups are also present in the city.

Economy[edit]

Tanauan City is now one of the major industrial centers in the Philippines. Within the vicinity of the city are 4 industrial parks and 1 tourism economic zone:

  • First Philippine Industrial Park- First Philippine Industrial Park (FPIP) is the premier industrial park in the country hosting industry leading multinational companies in the electronic and semiconductors manufacturing, solar cells and aircraft components manufacturing, engineering plastics and metals, consumer goods manufacturing and other technology-based sectors. FPIP’s International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Integrated Management System (IMS) certifications in quality environment, safety and health systems, and processes are unique to the industry. The company is also an Investor in People (IiP) (UK) certified company making it an employer of choice. It is a strong partner of the community in numerous development programs. The 410-hectare economic zone is a joint venture with Sumitomo Corporation of Japan.
  • First Industrial Township Incorporated - formerly PhilTown Technology Center located in Brgy. Pagaspas which is now owned by First Philippine Holdings of the Lopez Group of Companies.
  • Dolores Industrial Park- an industrial park in the Tanauan-Malvar area. It is the location of Metro Manila Turf Club.
  • Data Land Industrial Park
  • Tagaytay Highlands Tourism Economic Zone- by Belle Corporation.

Upcoming Developments[edit]

  • Tanauan City Zentrum (under construction) - a multi-sectoral development by the Torres Group of Companies which will house the new Tanauan City Hall and People's Park, commercial, residential and office buildings.
  • Batangas Innovation and Technology Park or BIT Park (soon) - a development by First Asia Ventures which will house IT facilities in Tanauan.
  • Rancho Montana - a mixed-used development by Belle Corporation and will be an extension of Tagaytay Highlands and Tagaytay Midlands in Tanauan.
  • Tanauan Lakeland - another mixed-use development by Belle Corporation, the developer of Tagaytay Highlands and Midlands, in Brgy. Ma. Paz, La Playa District.
  • First Philippine Industrial Park III - expansion of FPIP at Barangay Pantay Matanda.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road passes at the central part of the city. The expressway connects the city with the rest of Batangas. Jose P. Laurel Highway connects the city to Calamba City and Santo Tomas on the north and with Malvar, Lipa City, and Batangas City to the south. Another highway links Tanauan with Talisay and Tagaytay.

Public transport[edit]

Jeepneys serve the city and the nearby municipalities and barangays. Tricycles provide transportation on the barangays. Buses connect the city with Manila and Batangas City.

Landmarks[edit]

Apolinario Mabini Shrine
  • Apolinario Mabini Shrine
  • Tanauan City Public Market
  • Old Municipal Building / Museo ng Tanauan
  • Gov. Modesto Castillo Cultural Center
  • The First Philippine Industrial Park
  • PhilTown Industrial Park
  • Tagaytay Highlands Tourism Economic Zone
  • Dolores Industrial Park
  • Metro Manila Turf Club (inside Dolores Industrial Park)
  • Data Land Industrial Park
  • La Consolacion Main Building
  • St. John the Evangelist Parish Church
  • Banadero Gymnasium
  • First Asia Institute Gymnasium
  • Daniel Mercado Medical Center
  • C. P. Reyes Hospital
  • First Asia Institute- Main Building
  • Jose P. Laurel Memorial District Hospital

Education[edit]

Tanauan Campus of Our Lady of Assumption College

Tanauan has several tertiary educational establishments. These include the NTC Batangas, DMMC Institute of Health Sciences, a subsidiary of Daniel O. Mercado Medical Center and UPMC. It is the only school in Tanauan City with its own hospital base. Others are STI College Tanauan,[10] La Consolacion College Tanauan (LCCT), Augustinian Catholic Institution (established in 1948), the Jesus Is Lord Christian School (JILCS), First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities (a private educational and research institute), the Christian College of Tanauan (CCT), the Mabini Educational Institution, Our Lady of Assumption College (OLAC-Montessori, a private Catholic Institution that specializes in the Montessori method), the Tanauan Institute (established in 1924) and the Sapphire International Aviation Academy.

There are 9 private and 12 public high schools, and 27 private and 44 public elementary schools.

List of former mayors[edit]

  • Estanislao Gonzales (1870-1884)
  • Jose B. Gonzales (1885-1886)
  • Ruperto Laurel (1887-1888)
  • Sixto Gonzales Castillo (1892-1898)
  • Pedro M. Carandang (1899-1900)
  • Juan Gonzales Suizo (1900-1902)
  • Florentino Laurena (1902)
  • Valentin Dimayuga (1902-1903)
  • Florentino Collantes (1903-1904)
  • Prospero Dimayuga (1904-1905)
  • Pantaleon Gonzales (1905-1906)
  • Francisco Oñate (1906-1907)
  • Fulgencio Platon (1907-1908)
  • Nicolas Gonzales Sr. (1908-1912)
  • Crispin Garcia (1912-1916)
  • George Collantes (1916-1922)
  • Fulgencio Platon (1922-1925)
  • Florentino Laurena (1925-1928)
  • Antonio Dimayuga (1928-1937)
  • Felix Ebron (1937)
  • Alfredo Magpantay (1937-1942)
  • Nicolas Gonzales (1942-1943)
  • Jose M. Corona (1943-1945)
  • George Collantes (1946-1951)
  • Pedro B. Gonzales (1951-1967)
  • Jaime Banjo Laurel (1968-1970)
  • Sebastian Carandang (1970-1971)
  • Francisco E. Lirio (1971-1980)
  • Sotero Olfato (1980-1987)
  • Pedro Tipa (1987-1988)
  • Sotero Olfato (1988-1992)
  • Cesar V. Platon (1992-2001)
  • Alfredo C. Corona (2001-2006)
  • Sonia Torres-Aquino (2006-2013)
  • Antonio C. Halili (incumbent)

Notable Tanauenos[edit]

  • Estanislao Gonzales (Cabeza de Barangay) first mayor of tanauan batangas, 1870-1884 Spanish time.
  • Senior Manuel Gonzales (owner of the mansion and lately a BIR by the time of American and burn down and destroyed by the Japanese and their family knew just because of the mansion hide something that keeping a secret of the Japanese and still not know what's in the tunnel found after burned down, many famost,artist,Filipino official and also senior manuel and family died in the mansion, some of their family live in poblacion 1 tanauan city, batangas, and senior Manuel also the son of Cabeza de Barangay Estanislao Gonzales who was the first mayor or called Cabeza de Barangay. The area where's the mansion build found also in Poblacion 1 Tanauan City, Batangas.
  • Pres. Jose P. Laurel (Former President of the Philippines; Founder, Lyceum of the Philippines - LPU Manila)
  • Apolinario Mabini (The Great Paralytic)
  • Hon. Salvador Laurel (Former Vice President of the Philippines)
  • Sen. Sotero Laurel (Former Senator/Founder, Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas & Laguna)
  • Zanjoe Marudo (actor)
  • Jade Lopez (actress)
  • Renato Corona (Former Chief Justice, 2010-2012)
  • El Gamma Penumbra

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Historical Background, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: Saturday, 15 October 2011
  5. ^ Arnell Ozaeta; Rene Alviar (January 14, 2002). "Cops zeroing in on 4 more Platon ‘killers’". The Philippine Star. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  6. ^ Cinco, Maricar (May 25, 2016). "A bizarre twist to 'Flores de Mayo' in war on drugs". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 26, 2016. 
  7. ^ Takumi, Rie (May 20, 2016). "CHR: Good intentions do not make Tanauan 'walk of shame' right". GMA News. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tanauan Mayor Halili, itutuloy and 'shame campaign' kahit kasuhan pa siya" (in Filipino). GMA News. Retrieved May 27, 2016. 
  9. ^ Barangays of Tanuan City, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: 15 October 2011
  10. ^ Tanauan Campuses

External links[edit]