Tanbūra (lyre)

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The tanbūra is a bowl lyre of the Middle East. It takes its name from the Persian tanbur via the Arabic tunbur (طنبور), though this term refers to long-necked lutes.[1] The instrument plays an important role in zār rituals.[1] The instrument probably originated in Upper Egypt and the Sudan [1] and is used in the Fann At-Tanbura in the Persian Gulf Arab states.

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  1. ^ a b c Poché, Christian (2001). Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John, eds. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. xxv (2 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 62–63. 

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