Tancred or Tankred is a masculine given name of Germanic origin that comes from thank- (thought) and -rath (counsel), meaning "well-thought advice". It was used in the High Middle Ages mainly by the Normans (see French Tancrède) and especially associated with the Hauteville family in Italy. It is rare today as a first name, but still common as a Norman surname: Tanqueray. Its Italian form is Tancredi and in Latin it is Tancredus. Its Italian patronymic is also Tancredi. Famous historical persons with the name include:
- Tancred of Hauteville, founder of the Hauteville family
- Tancred, Prince of Galilee, a leader of the First Crusade
- Tancred, Prince of Bari, son of Roger II of Sicily, and Prince of Taranto from 1132 to 1138
- Tancred, Count of Syracuse
- Tancred of Sicily, King of Sicily in the late 12th century
- Tancred of Conversano, count of Brindisi
- Tancred Tancredi, Dominican friar
- Tancred of Bologna, Dominican canonist
- Tancred Ibsen, Norwegian officer, pilot, film director and screenwriter.
- Fictional characters
- Tancred of Salerno, character in Boccaccio's Decameron
- Tancred, a character in the Italian epic poem La Gerusalemme liberata, 1581, by Torquato Tasso. He is beloved by Clorinda and Erminia, and often shown in art with one of them
- Tancred Torsson, a character in Jenny Nimmo's "Children of the Red King" series
- Tancred, a character in the computer game Diablo 2
- Tancred, a character in Summoner, known as the "King of Fleas"
- Alfonso Burgio, Dizionario dei nomi propri di persona (Rome: Hermes Edizioni, 1992), p. 327.
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