|• MNA (NA-103)||Ali Gohar Khan (PML (N))|
|• MPA (PP-103)||Jafar Ali Hocha(PML (N))|
|• City||1,351 km2 (522 sq mi)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|No. of Union Councils||28 |
(3 urban, 25 rural)
Tandlianwala (Urdu: تاندلیانوالہ) is a town in Punjab, Pakistan and the headquarters of Tandlianwala Tehsil. It is located 55 km from the city of Faisalabad and 65 km from Okara. It is a sub-division of Faisalabad District and has a Tehsil municipal administration (TMA).
The town was established as a mandi (market) during the colonization of west Punjab. In 1887, it received the status of sub tehsil. The town committee came into being in 1965. From 1966 to 1990, the town expanded rapidly due to the construction of a bridge over the Ravi River. Before the independence of Pakistan, the city was a food supply for villages and nearby areas. The original name of the city is Tandla Mandi (Tandla Market).
Tandlianwala stands in the rolling flat plains of northeast Punjab, between longitude 73°13 East, latitude 30°03 North, with an elevation of 183 metres (600 ft) above sea level. The proper city covers an area of approximately 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi), while the tehsil covers more than 1,280 square kilometres (490 sq mi). The Ravi River flows about 9 km in the east which is the main source of irrigation meeting the requirements of 90% of cultivated land.
There are no natural boundaries between Tandlianwala and adjoining tehsil and districts. The city is bound on the north by Faisalabad, on the east by Okara, on the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh and on the west by Samundri.
The Tehsil of Tandlianwala is part of the alluvial plains between the Himalayan foothills and the central core of the Indian subcontinent. The alluvial deposits are typically over 1000 thick. The scalloped interfluves are believed to have been formed during the Late Pleistocene and feature flat-topped river terraces. These were later identified as old and young floodplains of the River Ravi on the Kamalia and Chenab Plains. The old floodplains consist of Holocene deposits from the River Ravi. There is also a small river passing through the center of the city.
The soil consists of young stratified silt loams or very fine sand loams which give the subsoil a very weak structure with common kankers at only five feet. The course of the rivers within Tandlianwala are winding and often subject to frequent alterations. In the rainy season, the currents are very strong. This leads to high floods in certain areas which last for a number of days. The Rakh and Gogera canals have encouraged the water levels in the district however the belt on the river Ravi has remained narrow. The river bed includes the river channels which have shifted the sand bars and low sandy levees leading to river erosion.
As per the Population Census Report of 1998, the town is spread over an area of 1284 Square Kilometers with a total population of 540,802 which was almost 702,733 in 2017, indicating that the growth rate of the city is 3.37 percent per annum. Before the partition there was a majority of Sikhs and Hindus in the city, then migrated to India, while settlements of Muslim refugees from East Punjab and Haryana who came from India. There are two other urban localities in Tandlianwala Municipal committee: Mamoon Kanjan and Kanjwani. The Town has 28 Union Councils, three Urban and 25 Rural Union Councils.
There is a Police Chowki and Police Station in the city which was established in 1905 by the British covering an area of 680 sq. kilometres. There are four police stations: City Tandlianwala, Sadar Tandlianwala, Police Station Garh and Police Station Bahlak Thana.
Religion and ethnic groups
The majority religion is Islam, making up 98.0% of the city with small minorities of Christians (1.8%) and others (0.2%), mainly Sikhs and Ahmadis. The majority of Muslims belong to Sunni, Hanafi, and Barelvi schools of thought with a minority of Shiites. The castes in the city and villages are: Arain, Syed, Jatts, Kharal, Wattoo, Awan, Baloch, Sipra, Bhatti, Bhutta, Butt, Chishti, Gill, Gujjar, Jalahe, Khichchi, Khokhar, Kumhar, Lodhi, Malik, Maachhi, Mirasi, Parache, Dhobi, Qasayi, Qureshi, Rajput, Rane, Rao, Rawal, Sheikh, Sherazi, Sial, Syyid, Tiwane, Toor, Warraich (Jats), Sudrech and others.
Tandlianwala has a hot desert climate (BWh) in the Köppen-Geiger classification. The climate of the city and tehsil can see extremes, with a summer maximum temperature 50 °C (122 °F) and a winter temperature of −2 °C (28 °F). The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 °C (102 °F) and 27 °C (81 °F) respectively. In winter it peaks at around 17 °C (63 °F) and 6 °C (43 °F) respectively.
The summer season starts from April and continues until October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season starts from November and continues until March. December, January and February are the coldest months. The average yearly rainfall lies only at about 400 mm (16 in) and is highly seasonal, with approximately half of the yearly rainfall in the two months July and August.
|Climate data for Tandlianwala|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.9
|Average low °C (°F)||4.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||14
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 183m|
Tandlianwala has many popular sports like cricket, football and volleyball. The boys of Tandlianwala play cricket in the evenings, mostly on the grounds of MC High School or the Doonga Ground.
There is also an cricket and hockey stadium under construction, which will be at national standard level.
The town is also well known because of the high quality of sugarcane. It has two sugar mills and a dozen of cotton factories, rice factories and flour mills. The city is traditionally known for pure Desi Ghee, though it is rare now.
The people of this city took an active part in the struggle for independence of Pakistan (Freedom Movement). The city was originally developed around a grain market. Its police station was established as early as 1905 and prior to that only a police checkpost existed.
Politically, it is the most important Tehsil of Faisalabad District. Mian Manzoor Wattoo, the former chief minister of Punjab was elected from this constituency in 1993, while he lost in his home constituency.
The name of the city comes from a herb "Tandla", which was grown in abundance.
Tandlianwala is home to a major grain, whole corn and sugar market. Mahi chowk is the main commercial market of the city. Other markets in the city include Ghala Mandi, Rail Bazar, Nehar Bazar, Naya Bazar, Anarkali Bazar, Quaid-e-Azam Road, (Samundri Road) and Faisalabad Road.
Major banks and offices in Tandlianwala:
- National Bank of Pakistan
- Bank of Punjab
- Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited
- Habib Bank Limited
- Allied Bank Limited
- MCB Bank Limited
- United Bank Limited
- TCS Pvt Limited
Notable people and places
Bilal Shaheed Park, which was named after Captain Bilal Shaheed of this city, who fought during the 1971 India-Pakistan war and was decorated with Sitara-e-Jurrat, a Pakistan Military award. There are several graves of famous saints: Peer Faiz Muhammad Shah Bukhari of Athwal (411GB), Peer Rustam Ali Shah, Peer Qandhari Baba Noor Shah and Bawa Ji Hajji Munir Ahmed Qadri from city and buried near Chak No. 412 GB. There is also a grave of the famous Saint Peer Syed Mir Ahmad Shah well known as Chiryanwali Sarkar his grave is at Kachcha Tandla. Muhammad Asif Zar Al-Rafaie, a member of a Sufi chain Silsila tariqa al-rifaiya in (403GB).
- "Punjab Assembly". www.pap.gov.pk. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RESULTS OF 6TH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS-2017". pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 24 November 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Table 209". Punjab Development Statistics 2016 (PDF). Bureau of Statistics, Government of The Punjab. p. 333. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- City District Faisalabad: Geography section Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. faisalabad.gov.pk
- Geology Study of Pakistan: Study Area and Sampling. hec.gov.pk
- "Climate: Tandlianwala - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 7 September 2013.