List of Japanese supercentenarians

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Chiyono Hasegawa (1896–2011), a resident of Saga, was one of hundreds of Japanese women to have lived past 110 years. She is pictured here in September 2010. She was the oldest person in Japan and second oldest in the world, dying at 115 years, 12 days.

Japanese supercentenarians are citizens, residents or emigrants from Japan who have attained or surpassed 110 years of age. As of January 2015, the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) had validated the longevity claims of 264 Japanese supercentenarians, most of them women.[1] The oldest Japanese person on record was Nabi Tajima, who died on 21 April 2018 aged 117 years, 260 days. Japan was also home to the world's oldest man ever, Jiroemon Kimura, who lived to age 116 years, 54 days.[2]

Since Chiyo Miyako's death on 22 July 2018, the oldest living person in Japan and in the world is Kane Tanaka, born 2 January 1903, age 116 years, 165 days.[3] Since Masazō Nonaka's death on 20 January 2019, the oldest living man in Japan is Chitetsu Watanabe, born 5 March 1907, age 112 years, 103 days.[4][5]

100 oldest Japanese people ever[edit]

  Deceased   Living
Unranked entries have not yet been validated by the GRG.

Rank Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Prefecture of birth Prefecture of death
or residence
01 Nabi Tajima[3] F 4 August 1900 21 April 2018 117 years, 260 days Kagoshima Kagoshima
02 Chiyo Miyako[3] F 2 May 1901 22 July 2018 117 years, 81 days Wakayama Kanagawa
03 Misao Okawa[3] F 5 March 1898 1 April 2015 117 years, 27 days Osaka Osaka
04 Tane Ikai[6] F 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days Aichi Aichi
05 Kane Tanaka[7] F 2 January 1903 Living 116 years, 165 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
06 Jiroemon Kimura[1] M 19 April 1897 12 June 2013 116 years, 54 days Kyoto Kyoto
07 Shimoe Akiyama[3] F 19 May 1903 29 January 2019 115 years, 255 days (unknown) Aichi
08 Anonymous of Tokyo[3] F 15 March 1900 27 September 2015 115 years, 196 days (unknown) Tokyo
09 Shin Matsushita[7] F 30 March 1904 Living 115 years, 78 days (unknown) Miyagi
10 Koto Okubo[1][8] F 24 December 1897 12 January 2013 115 years, 19 days Tokyo Kanagawa
11 Chiyono Hasegawa[9] F 20 November 1896 2 December 2011 115 years, 12 days Saga Saga
12 Kama Chinen[10] F 10 May 1895 2 May 2010 114 years, 357 days Okinawa Okinawa
13 Kiyoko Ishiguro[3] F 4 March 1901 5 December 2015 114 years, 276 days (unknown) Kanagawa
14 Yukie Hino[3] F 17 April 1902 13 January 2017 114 years, 271 days (unknown) Niigata
15 Hide Ohira[6] F 15 September 1880 9 May 1995 114 years, 236 days Wakayama Wakayama
16 Yone Minagawa[11] F 4 January 1893 13 August 2007 114 years, 221 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
17 Ura Koyama[6] F 30 August 1890 5 April 2005 114 years, 218 days Hiroshima Fukuoka
18 Iso Nakamura[3] F 23 April 1903 23 November 2017 114 years, 214 days Ishikawa Ishikawa
19 Mitsue Toyoda[3] F 15 February 1902 25 August 2016 114 years, 192 days (unknown) Ōita
20 Tase Matsunaga[6] F 11 May 1884 18 November 1998 114 years, 191 days Niigata Tokyo
21 Yukichi Chuganji[6] M 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
22 Kame Nakamura[12] F 8 March 1898 12 September 2012 114 years, 188 days Okinawa Okinawa
23 Mitoyo Kawate[6] F 15 May 1889 13 November 2003 114 years, 182 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
24 Toshie Yorimitsu[3] F 30 September 1901 28 February 2016 114 years, 151 days Kōchi Okinawa
25 Shigeyo Nakachi[7] F 1 February 1905 Living 114 years, 135 days (unknown) Saga
26 Tae Ito[3] F 11 July 1903 13 November 2017 114 years, 125 days (unknown) Iwate
27 Haruno Yamashita[7] F 19 February 1905 Living 114 years, 117 days (unknown) Fukuoka
28 Chiyo Shiraishi[13] F 6 August 1895 19 November 2009 114 years, 105 days Fukushima Ibaraki
29 Asa Takii[6] F 28 April 1884 31 July 1998 114 years, 94 days Hiroshima Hiroshima
30 Waka Shirahama[6] F 23 March 1878 16 June 1992 114 years, 85 days Kagoshima Miyazaki
31 Suekiku Miyanaga[6] F 7 April 1884 20 June 1998 114 years, 74 days (unknown) Kagoshima
32 Shige Hirooka[9] F 16 January 1897 29 March 2011 114 years, 72 days (unknown) Osaka
33 Kame Ganeko[7] F 10 April 1905 Living 114 years, 67 days (unknown) Okinawa
34 Tomoe Iwata[3] F 25 March 1904 13 April 2018 114 years, 19 days (unknown) Iwate
35 Tane Yonekura[3] F 2 May 1904 19 May 2018 114 years, 17 days (unknown) Kagoshima
36 Yoshiyo Bessho[3] F 1 April 1904 8 April 2018 114 years, 7 days (unknown) Okayama
37 Hatsue Ono[12] F 31 October 1898 17 October 2012 113 years, 352 days Iwate Hokkaidō
38 Yasu Akino[6] F 1 March 1885 12 February 1999 113 years, 348 days (unknown) Shizuoka
39 Osugi Sogo[7] F 13 August 1905 Living 113 years, 307 days (unknown) Ehime
40 Tsuneyo Toyonaga[14] F 21 May 1894 22 February 2008 113 years, 277 days (unknown) Kōchi
41 Tomoji Tanabe[13] M 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Miyazaki Miyazaki
42 Mitsue Nagasaki[1] F 18 September 1899 17 June 2013 113 years, 272 days Kumamoto Hiroshima
43 Shizue Nagata[3] F 25 July 1903 12 April 2017 113 years, 261 days (unknown) Kumamoto
Teru Oshiro[15] F 10 May 1904 26 January 2018 (unknown) Okinawa
44 Hatsuno Goto[3] F 1 September 1903 15 May 2017 113 years, 256 days (unknown) Tokyo
45 Tsurue Amou[3] F 1 March 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 250 days (unknown) Tokushima
46 Kura Bingo[7] F 20 October 1905 Living 113 years, 239 days (unknown) Nara
47 Hisa Arai[3] F 10 September 1904 4 May 2018 113 years, 236 days (unknown) Gifu
48 Shitsu Nakano[11] F 1 January 1894 19 August 2007 113 years, 230 days Fukuoka Fukuoka
49 Kimi Asanuma[7] F 3 November 1905 Living 113 years, 225 days (unknown) Tokyo
Mina Kitagawa[7] F (unknown) Shiga
51 Misao Uemura[7] F 7 November 1905 Living 113 years, 221 days (unknown) Shiga
52 Tsukimi Kishi[3] F 31 August 1905 19 March 2019 113 years, 200 days (unknown) Tochigi
53 Masazō Nonaka[3] M 25 July 1905 20 January 2019 113 years, 179 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
54 Kiku Usami[3] F 1 September 1904 26 February 2018 113 years, 178 days (unknown) Niigata
55 Masa Iseri[3] F 19 September 1902 5 March 2016 113 years, 168 days (unknown) Kumamoto
56 Koito Furukawa[1] F 8 May 1901 11 October 2014 113 years, 156 days (unknown) Tokushima
57 Katsue Hiraishi[3] F 9 June 1904 6 November 2017 113 years, 150 days (unknown) Tokushima
58 Yoshino Tanaka[1] F 3 March 1900 30 July 2013 113 years, 149 days Okinawa Nagasaki
59 Terue Ashida[1] F 20 September 1899 15 February 2013 113 years, 148 days Hyōgo Hyōgo
60 Komiya Miyazaki[9] F 20 August 1897 4 January 2011 113 years, 137 days (unknown) Hiroshima
61 Mise Ito[6] F 6 November 1890 18 March 2004 113 years, 133 days (unknown) Shizuoka
62 Jun Kitamasu[1] F 2 March 1900 11 July 2013 113 years, 131 days (unknown) Hiroshima
63 Kaku Yamanaka[14] F 11 December 1894 5 April 2008 113 years, 116 days Aichi Aichi
64 Sue Utagawa[6] F 19 January 1884 4 May 1997 113 years, 105 days Yamaguchi Yamaguchi
65 Niwa Kawamoto[6] F 5 August 1863 16 November 1976 113 years, 103 days (unknown) Shiga
66 Tome Takaoka[12] F 1 January 1899 12 April 2012 113 years, 102 days (unknown) Ibaraki
67 Masayo Ito[3] F 1 October 1902 6 January 2016 113 years, 97 days (unknown) Miyagi
68 Kame Takamiyagi[12] F 10 June 1899 10 September 2012 113 years, 92 days (unknown) Okinawa
69 Chiyono Ohta[10] F 1 November 1896 25 January 2010 113 years, 85 days (unknown) Miyagi
70 Mie Ishiguro[6] F 2 June 1888 14 August 2001 113 years, 73 days Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
71 Hina Shikawatari[12] F 1 January 1899 15 February 2012 113 years, 45 days (unknown) Ishikawa
72 Kuni Onose[3] F 31 December 1904 5 February 2018 113 years, 36 days (unknown) Ibaraki
73 Yoshino Ide[13] F 1 January 1896 28 January 2009 113 years, 27 days (unknown) Hyōgo
74 Ito Konno Kinase[6] F 31 December 1889 24 January 2003 113 years, 24 days (unknown) United States (Hawaii)
75 Tase Hayasaka[6] F 1 July 1885 23 July 1998 113 years, 22 days (unknown) Niigata
76 Tane Shimada[3] F 25 September 1903 16 October 2016 113 years, 21 days (unknown) Saitama
77 Kou Iijima[13] F 25 March 1896 22 March 2009 112 years, 362 days (unknown) Chiba
Kitsuyo Yamamoto[3] F 12 March 1902 9 March 2015 (unknown) Shimane
79 Yaoe Koda[9] F 1 July 1898 9 June 2011 112 years, 343 days (unknown) Kōchi
80 Sugino Tamai[3] F 9 March 1902 14 February 2015 112 years, 342 days Shiga Hyōgo
81 Matsu Kayo[6] F 9 January 1886 13 December 1998 112 years, 338 days Okinawa Okinawa
82 Chikao Beppu[10] F 28 March 1897 17 February 2010 112 years, 326 days (unknown) Kagoshima
83 Toyo Endo[6] F 13 February 1892 3 January 2005 112 years, 325 days (unknown) Shizuoka
84 Matsuno Oikawa[6] F 20 February 1889 3 January 2002 112 years, 317 days (unknown) Iwate
85 Hanae Kimura[1] F 8 August 1901 16 June 2014 112 years, 312 days (unknown) Tokushima
Yasutaro Koide[3] M 13 March 1903 19 January 2016 Fukui Aichi
87 Motome Hirata[7] F 12 August 1906 Living 112 years, 308 days Nagano[16] Chiba
88 Yoki Yonehara[6] F 2 March 1892 4 January 2005 112 years, 308 days (unknown) Shimane
89 Hiro Nakae[9] F 20 October 1898 19 August 2011 112 years, 303 days (unknown) Hiroshima
90 Suma Tamagawa[9] F 14 March 1899 23 December 2011 112 years, 284 days (unknown) Iwate
91 Yoneno Kouno[3] F 7 August 1902 24 April 2015 112 years, 260 days (unknown) Ehime
Mine Suzuki[3] F 26 March 1905 11 December 2017 (unknown) Chiba
93 Kame Higa[6] F 22 June 1892 23 February 2005 112 years, 246 days Okinawa Okinawa
Takeno Fujita[12] F 1 December 1899 3 August 2012 (unknown) Ehime
95 Ine Atarashiya[12] F 6 September 1899 8 May 2012 112 years, 245 days (unknown) Yamaguchi
96 Hana Shindo[1] F 29 October 1901 20 June 2014 112 years, 234 days (unknown) Saitama
97 Natsuyo Kinase[7] F 30 October 1906 Living 112 years, 229 days Miyagi Kanagawa
98 Sute Sato[3] F 15 October 1902 29 May 2015 112 years, 226 days (unknown) Fukushima
99 Woteru Takiguchi[12] F 19 April 1900 30 November 2012 112 years, 225 days (unknown) Tokyo
100 Tsuya Hayashi[3] F 26 April 1904 30 November 2016 112 years, 218 days (unknown) Toyama

Biographies[edit]

Denzo Ishizaki[edit]

Denzo Ishizaki (石崎 伝蔵, Ishizaki Denzō, 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999) was for a short time Japan's oldest living person and the world's oldest living man, from February to April 1999, and when he died the oldest Japanese man ever until being surpassed by Yukichi Chuganji on 30 September 2001.[17] A former elementary school teacher and town assembly member, Ishizaki lived in Kansago, Ibaraki Prefecture, where he died of multiple organ failure on 29 April 1999 at the age of 112 years, 191 days.[18]

Mitoyo Kawate[edit]

Mitoyo Kawate (川手 ミトヨ, Kawate Mitoyo, 15 May 1889 – 13 November 2003) became the world's oldest living woman after the death of Mae Harrington on 29 December 2002, and the world's oldest living person after the death of Japanese man Yukichi Chuganji on 28 September 2003. On 31 October 2003, after Kamato Hongo's death, Kawate was recognized as the oldest living person in the world,[19][20] though in fact, Kawate became the oldest living person in the world on 28 September 2003, because Kamato Hongo's record was revoked in 2012.[21]

A resident of Hiroshima, she worked on a farm until injuring her hands at the age of 99. In 1945, two days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, she entered Hiroshima city in order to look for acquaintances.[19][22] She was taken to a hospital shortly before her death aged 114 years, 182 days from pneumonia.[19][20] Her death left Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan of Puerto Rico the oldest documented person in the world,[21] though this was not recognized by Guinness World Records until 2004 (Charlotte Benkner of the U.S. had been given the title in the interim).[20]

Masazō Nonaka[edit]

Masazō Nonaka (野中 正造, Nonaka Masazō, 25 July 1905 – 20 January 2019) was, at the time of his death, Japan's oldest living man since Masamitsu Yoshida's death on 29 October 2016[23], the world's oldest living man since Spaniard Francisco Núñez Olivera's death on 30 January 2018[a] and the oldest living person in Hokkaido Prefecture since Teru Hakateyama's death on 3 April 2016.[24] Nonaka was also the oldest person ever born in Hokkaido Prefecture as well as Hokkaido's second oldest person ever behind Hatsue Ono (however, she was not born in Hokkaido) and the 4th oldest Japanese man ever behind Jiroemon Kimura, Yukichi Chuganji and Tomoji Tanabe.

Nonaka had two brothers and three sisters and married Hatsuno Nonaka in 1931. They had five children (of whom three were living as of January 2019).[25] He ran the family onsen (hot spring), which opened in 1905, and spent most of his time in a wheelchair, crediting his longevity to eating sweets and relaxing in the hot springs.[26][27]

Nonaka died of natural causes at 1:30am on 20 January 2019 aged 113 years, 179 days[25] at his home on the island of Hokkaido[28] and was succeeded as the oldest living man by German Gustav Gerneth and as Japan's oldest living man by Chitetsu Watanabe.


Nabi Tajima[edit]

Nabi Tajima (田島 ナビ, Tajima Nabi, 4 August 1900 – 21 April 2018)[29][30][31] followed Violet Brown as the world's oldest person for 217 days after 16 September 2017. She was the last surviving person from the 19th century.[32] With 117 years and 260 days, she remains the second or third oldest person ever and the oldest Asian to be validated by modern standards.[33]

Tajima was born and died on the small island of Kikaijima, about halfway between Okinawa and the main Japanese islands. Her husband, Tominishi Tajima (田島 富二子), died at the age of 93 in 1991.[34][35] She had nine children, seven sons and two daughters,[34] and in September 2017 she was reported to have around 160 descendants, including great-great-great-grandchildren.[36] She stated that her longevity was due to sleeping soundly and eating delicious food.[32] Guinness World Records was planning to certify Tajima as the world’s oldest person, but she died at a nursing home in Kikai City before they could do so.[37][38]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Francisco Núñez Olivera died 29 January 2018 around 10:30pm CET However, in Japan, the date was already 30 January 2018 (JST).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Wikkerink, Marco; Kroczek, Waclaw Jan (1 January 2015). "GRG Database by Nation". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  2. ^ いつまでも「輝く宝」で 木村次郎右衛門さん告別式 [Jiroemon Kimura's funeral – a sparkling jewel forever]. Kyoto Shimbun (in Japanese). 14 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (7 December 2018). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Deceased Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  4. ^ https://news.goo.ne.jp/article/kyodo_nor/nation/kyodo_nor-2019012101001683.html
  5. ^ https://www.joetsutj.com/articles/83395856
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Verified supercentenarian cases – Japan". GRG. 10 April 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Epstein, Louis; Young, Robert; Adams, Johnny; Muir, Mark (7 March 2019). "GRG World Supercentenarian Rankings List – Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  8. ^ "World's oldest woman dies at 115 in Japan". Fox News. Associated Press. 13 January 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Deaths for 2011 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b c "Deaths for 2010 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Deaths for 2007 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "Deaths for 2012 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b c d "Deaths for 2009 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  14. ^ a b "Deaths for 2008 (in Chronological Order)". GRG. 1 July 2013. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  15. ^ 113歳、大城テルさん死去 沖縄県内最高齢 [Mrs. Teru Ohiro died at 113, the oldest person in Okinawa Prefecture]. Ryūkyū Shimpō (in Japanese). 29 January 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  16. ^ https://english.kyodonews.net/news/2019/04/c7a66c879392-feature-from-meiji-to-reiwa-japans-centenarians-provide-window-to-past.html
  17. ^ "Deaths Elsewhere - Denzo Ishizaki". The Baltimore Sun. 2 May 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  18. ^ "DENZO ISHIZAKI". Orlando Sentinel. 30 April 1999. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  19. ^ a b c 世界最高齢、広島の川手ミトヨさん死去 114歳 ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  20. ^ a b c "World's oldest person dies at age 114". CNN.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008.
  21. ^ a b "Table C - World's Oldest Person (WOP) Titleholders Since 1955". grg.org. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  22. ^ "Mitoyo Kawate, 114; Listed as Oldest Person in the World". latimes.com.
  23. ^ 国内最高齢112歳の男性死去 東京の吉田正光さん. 産経ニュース (in Japanese). 産経新聞. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  24. ^ http://www.grg.org/GRGNews2019.html
  25. ^ a b Japan’s Masazo Nonaka, declared world’s oldest living man in 2018, dies aged 113
  26. ^ "World's oldest man revealed as 112-year-old Masazo Nonaka". news.sky.com. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  27. ^ "The Key to Longevity for the World's Oldest Man Alive? Sumo Wrestling and Hot Springs". Time. Associated Press. 11 April 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  28. ^ "World's Oldest Man, Who Loved Sweets and Lived at a Hot Springs Inn, Dies in Japan at 113". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  29. ^ Schumann, Rebecka (9 June 2014). "Misao Okawa, The World's Oldest Woman, And 39 Other Female Supercentenarians". International Business Times. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  30. ^ "Worlds oldest age 117-year-old Tashima Navi died".
  31. ^ Guinness World Records 2015. Guinness World Records. 11 September 2014. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-9088-4370-8.
  32. ^ a b Daniel Politi, The Last Known Person Born in the 19th Century Dies in Japan at 117, Slate Magazine, 22 April 2018.
  33. ^ "Japanese woman becomes 3rd oldest person in history". BNO News. 9 April 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  34. ^ a b 「ナビばあちゃんちばりよー」/喜界町の田島さんに県祝い状 ["Grandma Nabi" - Kikai City holds provincial celebration for Mrs. Tajima] (in Japanese). 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  35. ^ 子孫140人…発酵飲料好み、よく食べ 国内最高齢117歳の田島ナビさん ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  36. ^ 117歳 世界一へ県民栄誉検討 田島ナビさんを知事訪問 鹿児島県喜界町 ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
  37. ^ World’s oldest woman misses record, The World News, 22 April 2018
  38. ^ Horton, Alex (22 April 2018). "The world's oldest person died at 117. She was the last known person born in the 19th century". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 November 2018.