Taney County, Missouri

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Taney County, Missouri
Taney County MO Courthouse 20151021-047.jpg
Taney County Courthouse in Forsyth
Seal of Taney County, Missouri
Seal
Map of Missouri highlighting Taney County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded January 4, 1837
Named for Roger B. Taney
Seat Forsyth
Largest city Branson
Area
 • Total 652 sq mi (1,689 km2)
 • Land 632 sq mi (1,637 km2)
 • Water 19 sq mi (49 km2), 2.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 54,592
 • Density 82/sq mi (32/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.taneycounty.org

Taney County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,675.[1] Its county seat is Forsyth.[2] It is included in the Branson, Missouri, Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Springfield-Branson, Missouri, Combined Statistical Area.

Taney County was officially organized on January 4, 1837, and named in honor of Roger Brooke Taney, the fifth Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, most remembered for later delivering the infamous majority opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford. However, unlike Roger B. Taney, who pronounced his name /ˈtɔːni/, the "Taney" in Taney County is generally pronounced /ˈteɪni/.

The county includes the popular tourist destination city of Branson, Table Rock, Taneycomo and Bull Shoals Lakes.

History[edit]

The first Taney County Courthouse was built on the mouth of Bull Creek at the confluence of the White River by early pioneers in 1837. Its use as a courthouse ended after Forsyth became the county seat; it was destroyed in a tornado in 1963.

The county's second courthouse, in Forsyth, was destroyed in a Civil War battle on July 22, 1861. The rebuilt courthouse was destroyed by fire on December 19, 1885. A third courthouse was built; it was removed in 1952 to permit the building of Bull Shoals Lake. The fourth, and present, courthouse was occupied on August 1, 1952. In 1989, an addition was started and completed in 1991.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 652 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.9%) is water.[3]

The county is drained by White River and its affluents.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18403,264
18504,37334.0%
18603,576−18.2%
18704,34721.6%
18805,59928.8%
18907,97342.4%
190010,81235.6%
19109,287−14.1%
19208,878−4.4%
19308,867−0.1%
194010,32316.4%
19509,863−4.5%
196010,2383.8%
197013,02327.2%
198020,46757.2%
199025,56124.9%
200039,70355.3%
201051,67530.2%
Est. 201755,355[5]7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 39,703 people, 16,158 households, and 11,052 families residing in the county. The population density was 24/km² (63/mi²). There were 19,688 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (31/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.22% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Approximately 2.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Taney County were 20.8% German, 18.9% American, 12.4% Irish, and 12.3% English.

There were 16,158 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,771, and the median income for a family was $47,664. Males had a median income of $25,431 versus $19,655 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,663. About 9.40% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Taney County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Taney County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (32.88%), Roman Catholics (12.36%), and Presbyterians (9.13%).

Education[edit]

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Taney County, 81.4% possess a high school diploma or higher while 14.9% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Alternative and vocational schools[edit]

  • Delmina Woods Youth Facility - Forsyth - (06-12) - Alternative/Other School

Public libraries[edit]

  • Forsyth Public Library[11]
  • Taneyhills Community Library[12]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Taney County. Republicans hold every elected position in the county.

Taney County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Chuck Pennel Republican
Circuit Clerk Beth Wyman Republican
County Clerk Donna Neeley Republican
Collector Mona Cope Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Mike Scofield Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Brandon Williams Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Sheila L. Wyatt Republican
Coroner Kevin Tweedy Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Jeffrey M. Merrell Republican
Public Administrator Carol S. Davis Republican
Recorder Robert A. Dixon Republican
Sheriff Jimmie Russell Republican
Treasurer Melanie Smith Republican

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.03% 16,579 25.67% 5,992 3.30% 770
2012 59.56% 12,761 37.67% 8,071 2.77% 593
2008 51.16% 10,903 46.31% 9,870 2.53% 540
2004 68.88% 13,207 29.91% 5,734 1.21% 233
2000 60.03% 9,003 37.30% 5,594 2.67% 400
1996 58.07% 7,516 38.89% 5,034 3.04% 394

Taney County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which are held by Republicans.

  • District 138 — Currently represented by Don Phillips (R-Kimberling City) and consists of a small part the southwestern section of the county.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 559 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Taney County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 298 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 138 — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Phillips 556 100.00%
  • District 155 — Currently represented by Lyle Rowland (R-Cedar Creek) and consists of the eastern part of the county, including Cedar Creek, Forsyth, Kirbyville, Kissee Mills, Powersite, and Taneyville.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 155 — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyle Rowland 5,280 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 155 — Taney County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyle Rowland 2,586 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 155 — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lyle Rowland 4,929 100.00%
  • District 156 — Currently represented by Jeffery Justus (R-Branson) and consists of most of the western part of the county, including Branson, Bull Creek, Hollister, Merriam Woods, Ridgedale, Rockaway Beach, and Table Rock.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 156 — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeffery Justus 14,635 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 156 — Taney County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeffery Justus 6,492 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 156 — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeffery Justus 13,072 100.00%

All of Taney County is a part of Missouri's 29th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by David Sater (R-Cassville).

Missouri Senate — District 29 — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 19,825 100.00%
Missouri Senate — District 29 — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 18,209 100.00%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 16,117 69.00% +12.93
Democratic Jason Kander 6,143 26.30% -10.49
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 609 2.61% -4.53
Green Johnathan McFarland 262 1.12% +1.12
Constitution Fred Ryman 226 0.97% +0.97
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 11,940 56.07%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 7,834 36.79%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,520 7.14%

All of Taney County is in Missouri's 7th Congressional District represented by Billy Long (R-Springfield) in the United States House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Taney County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 17,569 76.16% +2.99
Democratic Genevieve Williams 4,664 20.22% -1.15
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 836 3.62% -1.84
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Taney County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 7,709 73.17% +2.55
Democratic Jim Evans 2,251 21.37% -3.37
Libertarian Kevin Craig 575 5.46% +0.82
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Taney County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 14,841 70.62%
Democratic Jim Evans 5,199 24.74%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 975 4.64%

Political culture[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.2% 18,276 18.5% 4,373 4.3% 1,024
2012 72.4% 15,746 25.2% 5,479 2.4% 513
2008 67.8% 14,736 30.7% 6,683 1.5% 322
2004 70.4% 13,578 29.1% 5,601 0.5% 101
2000 63.8% 9,647 33.7% 5,092 2.5% 373
1996 52.0% 6,844 35.1% 4,623 12.9% 1,693
1992 46.1% 6,081 35.5% 4,682 18.5% 2,442
1988 64.2% 7,043 35.4% 3,888 0.4% 46
1984 70.9% 7,082 29.1% 2,912
1980 63.2% 6,230 34.4% 3,389 2.4% 235
1976 56.3% 4,696 43.5% 3,626 0.3% 22
1972 77.6% 4,982 22.4% 1,435
1968 66.8% 3,289 24.8% 1,219 8.4% 414
1964 51.9% 2,741 48.1% 2,544
1960 72.0% 3,692 28.1% 1,439
1956 68.5% 3,218 31.5% 1,477
1952 73.2% 3,037 26.5% 1,099 0.3% 12
1948 62.2% 2,361 37.6% 1,427 0.2% 9
1944 72.6% 2,499 27.2% 936 0.3% 9
1940 67.6% 3,167 32.0% 1,497 0.4% 20
1936 62.0% 2,827 37.5% 1,710 0.5% 23
1932 51.3% 2,045 47.9% 1,911 0.8% 31
1928 70.2% 2,319 29.4% 971 0.4% 12
1924 61.5% 1,710 35.3% 981 3.2% 90
1920 67.7% 2,001 30.9% 913 1.4% 42
1916 60.9% 1,123 36.8% 679 2.3% 43
1912 47.8% 852 33.0% 588 19.2% 343
1908 61.1% 1,080 35.5% 628 3.3% 59
1904 64.3% 1,162 31.5% 568 4.2% 76
1900 59.2% 1,137 39.2% 753 1.7% 32
1896 52.4% 1,024 47.3% 925 0.4% 7
1892 59.3% 791 34.4% 459 6.3% 84
1888 59.0% 827 33.6% 471 7.4% 103

Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Taney County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Taney County in 2000 and 2004 by more than two-to-one margins, and like many other rural counties throughout Missouri, Taney County strongly favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008. No Democratic presidential nominee has won Taney County in over 150 years.[14]

Like most rural areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Taney County traditionally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to strongly influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Taney County with 80.04 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Taney County with 56.64 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Taney County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Taney County with 77.78 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary, voters in Taney County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 3,850, than any candidate from either party in Taney County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary.
Taney County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,784 (25.90%)
Mike Huckabee 3,850 (55.89%)
Mitt Romney 976 (14.17%)
Ron Paul 195 (2.83%)
Taney County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 2,626 (63.69%)
Barack Obama 1,391 (33.74%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 78 (1.89%)
Uncommitted {{{uncommitted}}}

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

In 2009, Taney County officials voted to begin charging inmates $45 a day to stay at the jail. One critic referred to the charge as a "poor person's tax."[15]

The 2010 film "Winter's Bone" was filmed entirely in Taney County and Christian County. Many locals were cast in significant roles in the film.

The NAIA Men's Basketball Championships are hosted every March at College of the Ozarks.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  4. ^ Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Taney". The American Cyclopædia. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Forsyth Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Taneyhills Community Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-27. 
  14. ^ Brandt, Maxwell; ‘A Few Lists of 2008 Election Results’
  15. ^ "Cash-strapped jails begin charging inmates for snacks – even room and board". Christian Science Monitor. 2009-05-15. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2018-03-27. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°39′N 93°02′W / 36.65°N 93.04°W / 36.65; -93.04