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Natural region
Car in the Tanezrouft in Mali
Car in the Tanezrouft in Mali
Tanezrouft danger sign
Tanezrouft danger sign
CountryAlgeria, Niger and Mali
310 m (1,020 ft)

The Tanezrouft (Arabic: تنزروفت‎) is a natural region located along the borders of Algeria, Niger and Mali, west of the Hoggar mountains. It is one of the most desolate parts of the Sahara Desert.

Geographic features[edit]

Tanezrouft is a barren plain extending to the west of the Hoggar mountains and to the southeast of the sandy Erg Chech. It is composed of differing materials: the Tanezrouft contains mostly sandstone deposits, whereas the Hoggar formations are metamorphic rocks.[1]

The Tanezrouft's sandstone hills contain steep canyon walls, some rising to 500 meters elevation. Numerous sand dunes rise from sandy stretches, interspersed with sandstone outcrops. The terrain shows stark evidence of long-ago water erosion (when the Sahara Desert's climate was much wetter; present annual rainfall is much less than 20 mm). In the present era the terrain is being shaped by wind erosion, which occurs much faster than in other areas, since there is little or no vegetation to hold the surface in place.[1] The area is known for aridity and extreme heat, and high temperatures in summer can easily reach 52 °C (125.6 °F) or more.

Tanezrouft has been long-shunned by nearby civilizations (it is known as "Land of Thirst").[1] A trade route may have connected the area with Ghadames and the Hoggar, since perhaps 500 BC.[2] It is now spanned north-south by a trans-Saharan motor route, from Béchar in Algeria to Gao in Mali. Poste Maurice Cortier is a fueling station along the route. Tanezrouft is nearly uninhabited; its few nomadic dwellers are of the Tuareg people. There is a vast water-bearing stratum a few thousand feet below the dry lifeless desert surface.[3]


In the Niger portion of Tanezrouft, populations of the endangered painted hunting dog were previously viable west of the Hoggar Mountains,[4] but now the painted hunting dog is thought to be extinct for the entirety of Niger.


In 2018, the asteroid 26871 Tanezrouft was named after the Tanezrouft Basin


  1. ^ a b c "Hoggar". Hoggar.org. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  2. ^ Morgan and Hugh
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ Hogan

Coordinates: 22°15′04″N 2°14′46″W / 22.251°N 2.246°W / 22.251; -2.246