Tangail

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Tangail
টাঙ্গাইল
Tangail
Bangla transcription(s)
From top to bottom: 1. The city skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate, Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
From top to bottom: 1. The city skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate, Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
Nickname(s): 
Tangail City
Tangail is located in Bangladesh
Tangail
Tangail
Location of Tangail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140
CountryBangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
DistrictTangail District
UpazilaTangail Sadar Upazila
Incorporated1969
Government
 • TypePourashava
 • Present MayorSirajul Haque Alamgir (Bangladesh Awami League)
Area
 • Total29.04 km2 (11.21 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • TotalIncrease392,300
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal codes
1900, 1901, 1902
Area code(s)0921
Websitetangailpourashava.gov.bd
[2]

Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]), is a major city within the Dhaka Division in central Bangladesh.[3] It sits on the bank of the Louhajang River,[4] 83 kilometres (52 mi) north-west of Dhaka, the nation's capital.[5] It is considered to be the main urban area of the Tangail District, and is the 13th-largest city by population in Bangladesh. Formerly a small Mohokuma of Mymensingh district

Etymology[edit]

The name Tangail is thought to originate from the Bengali word tanga, meaning horse carts; long lines of horse carts were common in the area in the early 19th century,[6] as these were the favored mode of transport for passengers and cargo.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Tangail has been a popular local business center since the early 19th century.[7] In 1860, Tangail became the 4th ranking area of the Greater Mymensingh district due to its fertile land near the Louhajong River. It was close to main city Begunbari, Mymesningh. In 1969, Tangail district was established.

Tangail Airdrop[edit]

The Tangail Airdrop was a successful battalion-size Para Commandos (India) operation mounted on 11 December 1971 by the 2nd Battalion (Special Operations) (2 PARA) of the Indian Army's Parachute Regiment during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 for the liberation of Bangladesh. The main objective of the operation was the capture of Poongli Bridge on the Jamuna River which would cut off the Pakistani 93rd Brigade which was retreating from Mymensingh in the north to defend the capital of East Pakistan, Dhaka, and its approaches. The paratroop unit was also tasked to link up with the advancing Maratha Light Infantry on the ground to advance towards the East Pakistani capital.

The Pourasabha (municipal corporation) was established on July 1, 1887, and originally divided the city into five wards:

Ward No. Area
1 Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para
2 Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali
3 Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi
4 Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur
5 Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur

This was later restructured to four wards - Ward No. 1 (Central), 2 (Betka), 3 (Dighulia) and 4 (Santosh) - and then, in 1988, to six wards with the addition of Wards 5 (Zila Sadar) and 6 (Kazipur).

The first city election was held in November 1887 where eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by the citizens. The Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail city. The city was poorly developed with a lack of paved roads and roadside lamps; subsequently, the regional zamindars and subdivision board provided financial support to dig ponds, lakes, and canals, which created a safe water supply.[8]

In the early 1900s, the Pourashava installed kerosene roadside lamps. The Pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. During this time, many tube wells were set up in the city and the main modes of transportation were horsecars and cattle.[9]

Electricity was established in the city in the early 1930s. Paved roads were constructed in the 1960s, connecting the city to Dhaka. Simultaneously, bridges and culverts were installed.[10]

In 1985, Tangail was promoted from a C Class city to a B Class city. In 1989, the Pourashava was promoted to A-Class. In the 1990s, the city was financed by the Asian Development Bank and the Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminals, supermarkets, and other infrastructure.[11]

In 1999, the city was restructured again into 18 wards (its current organization).[12]

Wards[edit]

Tangail has an area of 35.22 square kilometres (13.60 sq mi), divided into 18 wards and 64 mahallas.[13]

Ward No. Region Households Population (2011)
1 Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq 2070 10388
2 Enayetpur 2142 8760
3 West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara 3205 13903
4 Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia 2119 9208
5 Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail 1614 7235
6 College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part 1569 6712
7 Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara 1674 7325
8 Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part 1797 8026
9 Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani 1888 8575
10 Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal 1458 6189
11 Berabuchna, Kachua Para, Kanda Para 1929 7536
12 Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para 1628 7160
13 Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para 1792 7572
14 Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para 2790 11786
15 Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part 2745 12118
16 Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part 2459 10670
17 Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west 2128 11081
18 Kodalia, Sabalia 2600 13168[14]

The Bangladeshi government is planning to expand the city to a total area of 81.75 km2.[citation needed]

Geography And Climate[edit]

The city of Tangail is located in Dhaka Division, Central Bangladesh. The city lies in a low-lying floodplain plain area near Jamuna River, south of the high plateau of Madhupur tract. The average elevation of Tangail is 14 meters (49 feet).[15] Tangail experiences a Tropical savanna climate (Köppen: Aw ) with hot, humid tropical Wet season (Monsson Season) and warm, dry Winter, with high humid condition year-round. The yearly average temperature in Tangail is 27.5 °C and average rainfall is 1817 mm.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.9
(75.0)
27.5
(81.5)
31.7
(89.1)
33.9
(93.0)
33.4
(92.1)
32.7
(90.9)
31.9
(89.4)
32.2
(90.0)
32.1
(89.8)
31.7
(89.1)
29.4
(84.9)
26.0
(78.8)
30.5
(87.0)
Average low °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
14.4
(57.9)
18.9
(66.0)
22.8
(73.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79.0)
26.3
(79.3)
25.7
(78.3)
23.5
(74.3)
18.5
(65.3)
13.5
(56.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.1
(0.24)
27.0
(1.06)
43.8
(1.72)
110.7
(4.36)
253.5
(9.98)
317.6
(12.50)
323.8
(12.75)
243.0
(9.57)
287.8
(11.33)
166.0
(6.54)
26.2
(1.03)
11.6
(0.46)
1,817.1
(71.54)
Average relative humidity (%) 80 74 69 74 79 84 85 85 85 83 80 81 80
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department[16][17][18]


Demographics[edit]

Religions of Tangail City, 2011[19]
Religion Percent
Muslims
81.2%
Hindus
18.7%
Others
.1%

Tangail had 700000 residents as of 2017.

The majority of this population are Muslim (88.2%), like most of the cities in Bangladesh. Other religious groups include Hindus (11.7%), Christians (0.08%) and Buddhists (0.02%).

Sports[edit]

In the centre of the city, Tangail Stadium hosts the city's most important sporting events. The stadium has hosted national events.[example needed] It is the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015 and regularly hosts First Division Cricket.[20][clarification needed]

Transport[edit]

The "New Bus Terminal", Dewla, Tangail.

Bangabandhu Bridge, the longest bridge in Bangladesh, connects Tangail and Sirajganj.[21]

It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka (about 98 km away), via Kaliakair and Tongi. Several bus lines operate between Tangail and Dhaka's Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal. Among them are the Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jathika, and High Choice bus lines.[citation needed]

Tangail railway station offers travel to Dhaka and other cities within Bangladesh. The inter-city Ekota Express, Sundarban Express and Rangpur Express (amongst others) serve the station alongside commuter rail and mail train services.[22]

Tangail Airport was opened in 1967 for agricultural purposes but has been unmaintained since 1976.

Traditional foods[edit]

Parks[edit]

Tangail contains numerous parks, including Tangail Poura Uddan (one of the city's most-visited places), SP Park and DC Lake and Soul Park. The city also contains part of the Madhupur National Park, one of Bangladesh's oldest national parks.

Education[edit]

The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.[citation needed]

Schools[edit]

  • Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  • Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  • Govt. Dhanbari Nawab Institution (Established in 1910 by Syed Nawab Ali Chowdhury) famous zamindar of Dhanbari. He is also a founder member of Dhaka University).
  • Sristy Academic School
  • Police Lines High School
  • Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
  • Vivekananda High School
  • Zila Sadar Girls' High School
  • Shibnath High School
  • P.T.I. High School
  • Shaheen School and College
  • Bulbul Residential Model School, Tangail Sadar, Tangail
  • Athail Shimul High School Ghatail Tangail
  • Brammon Kushia Government Primary School, Brammon Kushia, Tangail
  • Bararia Suruj Bisweswari High School, Bararia, Tangail
  • Apon Pathshala, Tangail

Higher education[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

He was a famous educationist. He established about 38 schools and colleges. He is a founder member of University of Dhaka, He was the first Muslim minister of united bengal. For his contribution in education he was given the office of education ministry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tangail · Population". Population.city.
  2. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 8. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
  3. ^ mcFee, James (21 April 2017). City Maps Tangail Bangladesh. Soffer Publishing.
  4. ^ "Land grabbers choke Tangail's louhajong river". The Daily Star Bangladesh. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Tangail | Bangladesh". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Tangail Trip Planner". Inspirock. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Porabarir Chomchom goes international, puts Tangail on the map". Dhaka Tribune. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  8. ^ Crelis, Rammelt. "The Waterways of Tangail: Failures to Learn from Flood-Control Efforts in the Brahmaputra Basin of Bangladesh". Water Alternatives. 22 (1).
  9. ^ "Tangail thana". Retrieved 25 October 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ Blankespoor, Brian. "Bridge to Bigpush or Backwash? Market Integration, Reallocation, and Productivity Effects of Jamuna Bridge in Bangladesh" (PDF). mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de.
  11. ^ "আমাদের কথা". tangailpourashava.gov.bd. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  12. ^ Hosen, Elias. "Effect of Water Logging in Tangail Paurashava" (PDF). Journal of Science and Technology.
  13. ^ "District LGED". oldweb.lged.gov.bd. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Tangail Pourashava C01 P-97,98,99". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  15. ^ "Worldwide Elevation Finder". elevation.maplogs.com. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Climate of Bangladesh" (PDF). Bangladesh Meteorological Department. pp. 19–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Normal Monthly Rainy Day" (PDF). Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Normal Monthly Humidity" (PDF). Bangladesh Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Tangail Premier Cricket League begins Friday". Dhaka Tribune. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  21. ^ "Bangabandhu Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge". Banglapedia. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  22. ^ "Train schedule of Tangail station" (in Bengali). Bangladesh Railway. 1 June 2001.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]