Tangail

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This article is about the city. For the district, see Tangail District. For the upazila, see Tangail Sadar Upazila.
Tangail
টাঙ্গাইল
City of Culture
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
From top to bottom: 1. The City Skyline from "Suparibagan"; 2. The Open Stage of Tangail Poura Uddan; 3. Tangail District Court Building; 4. The city gate called "Shamsul Huq Toron"; 5. DC Lake at District Headquarters
Tangail is located in Bangladesh
Tangail
Tangail
Location of Tangail in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140Coordinates: 24°15′52″N 89°55′05″E / 24.264423°N 89.918140°E / 24.264423; 89.918140
Country Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
District Tangail District
Upazila Tangail Sadar Upazila-Part, Delduar Upazila-Part
Incorporated 1887
Government
 • Type Pourashava
 • First Mayor Shashi Shekhar Dutt
 • Present Mayor Md.Jamilur Rahman Miron (Bangladesh Awami League)
Area
 • Total 35.22 km2 (13.60 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total Increase186,726
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal codes 1900, 1901, 1902
Area code(s) 0921
Website Tangail Pourashava Website
[1]

Tangail (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল, [ʈaŋgail]) is a city of Tangail District in the central region of Bangladesh 98 km north-west of Dhaka, the capital. It is one of the important cities of Central Bangladesh and main urban area of Tangail District. The city is on the bank of Louhajang River.[2]

Etymology[edit]

During early 19th century, horse carts were the main transportation medium for carrying goods and passengers in the present city area. A long line of horse carts used to stand at that time. There is a common belief that the name Tangail has been originated from the word tanga meaning horse carts.

History[edit]

The pourashava was established on 1 July 1887. During its establishment the town was composed of five wards.

Ward No. Area
1 Tangail Kanda Para, Par Dighulia, Akur Takur Para
2 Korer Betka, Mirer Betka, Nondir Betka, Sabalia, Dorun, Ashekpur, Nagor Jalfai, Boali
3 Garai, Berai, Kazipur, Bachrakandi, Potol, Bajitpur, Berabuchna, Valluk kandi
4 Kagmari, Sontosh, Aloa, Boitta, Patuli, Ekrampur
5 Kalipur, Dighulia, Sakrail, Kaiyamara, Beradoma, Basha, Khanpur

Afterwards, the pourashava was reshaped into four wards:

  • Ward no. 1 as 'Central'
  • Ward no. 2 as 'Betka'
  • Ward no. 3 as 'Dighulia'
  • Ward no. 4 as 'Santosh'

Iin 1988 it was subdivided into six wards:

  • Ward no. 1 as 'Central'
  • Ward no. 2 as 'Betka'
  • Ward no. 3 as 'Dighulia'
  • Ward no. 4 as 'Santosh'
  • Ward no. 5 as 'Zila Sadar'
  • Ward no. 6 as 'Kazipur'

After decisions for a few years, in 1999 the town was subdivided into 18 wards and gained its present shape.

The first election of the town was held in November 1887. In that election eight ward commissioners from four wards were elected by direct vote of the citizens of the town. On the other hand, the then Subdivision Commissioner of Tangail, Shashi Shekhar Dutt, was appointed as the first administrator of Tangail municipality. There was no pakka street in this town then. No lamp post could be seen in the roads. In the 1890s the town was lacking safe water supply, too. The regional zamindars and subdivision board came forward and helped financially to dig ponds, lakes and canals. Those sources served the local people with a safe water supply.

In early 1900s, the pourashava authority lit the roads for the first time by kerosene lambs. The pourashava gradually became populated in the first half of the 20th century. At that time, many tube wells were set up in the town. The main way of transportation was horse cars in the town. People used cattle for transportation, too.

Thw people of Tangail used to visit Kolkata through Charabari by launch and Dhaka through Mymensingh. In the early 1930s, electricity line was first provided in the town. The rickshaws started to roll in town's streets. In the 1960s, pakka roads were constructed in the town. In the meantime, Tangail was directly connected to Dhaka by road. Many bridges and culverts were constructed to develop the area. The town got water by pipelines at that time.

In 1985 Tangail municipality was promoted to 'B Class' from 'C Class'. In 1989 the pourashava was promoted to 'A Class'. In 1990s, The town was financed by Asian Development Bank and Government of Bangladesh to develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage, bus terminal, supermarkets and other infrastructure.[3]

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Tangail. football and kabaddi are also popular. All important sports events of the city are held in Tangail Stadium which is beside Bhashani hall and Tangail Eid-gah. The stadium has hosted national events. It was the home venue of Bangladesh Football Premier League club Team BJMC. It was converted into a cricket stadium in 2015. First Division Cricket is regularly hosted in this venue.

Administration[edit]

The total area of Tangail city is 35.22 km2. The government of Bangladesh has planned to expand the city. After expansion it will have a proposed area of 81.75 km2.[4] The city consists of 18 wards and 64 mahallas until 2016.

Ward No. Region Households Population (2011)
1 Akur Takur Para-north, Dewla, District hq 2070 10388
2 Enayetpur 2142 8760
3 West Akur Takur Para, North Kagmara, South Kagmara 3205 13903
4 Bepari Para, Fakir Para, Bera Doma, Dighulia, Char Dighulia 2119 9208
5 Kalipur, Lakshimpur, Sarutia, Shakrail 1614 7235
6 College Para, Paradise Para, Par Dighulia-part 1569 6712
7 Baluk Kandi, Bagbari, Patuli Bhabani Bagbari, Uttar Santosh-part, Santosh Palpara 1674 7325
8 Aloa Bhabani Pahim, Aloa Pahim, Dakshin Santosh-part 1797 8026
9 Aloa Baratia, Aloa Paikasta, Aloa Tarini, Baluk Kandi-part, Char Patuli, Purba Aloa, Aloa Bhabani 1888 8575
10 Bajitpur, Berai, Basrakandi, Kazipur, Patal 1458 6189
11 Berabuchna, Kachua Para,Kanda Para 1929 7536
12 Adi Tangail, Bepari Para, Bil Para 1628 7160
13 Tangail Mahalla, Chayanir Bazar, Pachanir Bazar, Thana Para, Uttar Thana Para 1792 7572
14 Purba Adalat Para, Adalat Para, Biswas Betka-part S.W corn, Shaha Para 2790 11786
15 Ashekpur, Biswas Betka-part 2745 12118
16 Akur Takur Para-part, Par Dighulia-part 2459 10670
17 Kumudini College Para, Munshi Para, Registry Para, Biswas Betka-west 2128 11081
18 Kodalia, Sabalia 2600 13168[5]

Karatia is the suburb of Tangail.

Transport[edit]

"New Bus Terminal", Dewla, Tangail.

It takes approximately 1 hour and 55 minutes to reach Tangail from Dhaka city, via Kaliakair and Tongi. The distance is around 98 km. From Mohakhali (মহাখালী) bus terminal, several buses run to this city. Among them Nirala, Dhaleshwari, Jhatika and High Choice are notable.

Several trains are available from Dhaka to Tangail. Among them the most popular is "Sirajganj Express". Other notable intercity trains that stop in Tangail railway station are Padma Express, Ekota Express, Nilsagor Express, Silk City Express, Sundarban Express, Drutojan Express, Rangpur Express etc. Some local trains stop in the station, too. Those are Rajshahi Express, Rajshahi Mail, Rangpur Express, Fast Passenger, etc.[6]

Traditional foods[edit]

Parks[edit]

Education[edit]

The literacy rate of the city area is 71.8%.

There are eight notable high schools in the city:

  1. Bindu Basini Govt. Boys' High School (established in 1880 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  2. Bindu Basini Govt. Girls' High School (established in 1882 by zamindar of Santosh of the famous Roy Chowdhury family)
  3. Shibnath High School
  4. Vivekananda High School
  5. Police Lines High School
  6. Zila Sadar Girls' High School
  7. Santosh Jannabi Govt. High School
  8. P.T.I. High School

There are several colleges in the city.

  1. Major General Mahmudul Hassan College
  2. Kumudini College
  3. Mawlana Mohammad Ali Govt. College
  4. Govt. Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Mohila College
  5. Vivekananda College
  6. Police Lines College

Furthermore, Sheikh Hasina Medical College and Tangail Polytechnic Institute[7] are located here. There is a technological university named Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University[8] in Santosh, Tangail.

Religion[edit]

Religions of Tangail City, 2011[9]
Religion Percent
Muslims
  
88.2%
Hindus
  
11.7%
Others
  
.1%

The majority of Tangail city's people are Muslims (88.2%) like most other parts of Bangladesh. Other religious groups include Hindus (11.7%), Christians (.08%) and Buddhists (0.02%).

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Census 2011: National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 8. Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "land grabbers choke Tangail's louhajong river". The Daily Star Bangladesh. 30 June 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  3. ^ http://tangailpourashava.gov.bd/page/article/10
  4. ^ http://tangailpourashava.gov.bd/page/article/90
  5. ^ "Tangail Pourashava C01 P-97,98,99". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Train schedule of Tangail station". Bangladesh Railway. 1 June 2001. 
  7. ^ "Tangail Polytechnic Institute". 13 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mawlana Bhasani Science & Technology University". 13 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Region Census 2011". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 

External links[edit]