A tangie (or tongie) is a shape-shifting sea spirit in the folklore of the Orkney and Shetland Islands in the British Isles. A sea horse or merman, it takes on the appearance of either a horse or an aged man. Usually described as being covered with seaweed, its name derives from "tang"[a] or seaweed of the genus Fucus.
It is known for terrorizing lonely travellers, especially young women on roads at night near the lochs, whom it will abduct and devour under the water.
Similar yet distinctive from the nogel, a tangie is able to cause derangement in humans and animals.
The tangie plays a major role in the Shetland legend of Black Eric, a sheep rustler. The tangie he rode gave him supernatural assistance when he raided and harassed surrounding crofts. In his final battle with crofter Sandy Breamer, Black Eric fell to his death in the sea. The tangie then continued to terrorize the area, particularly the young women he was hoping to abduct.
- Cognate with Old Norse and Faroese þang and Danish tang.
- "tang", Dictionary of the Scots Language, Scottish Language Dictionaries, 2004, retrieved 28 June 2014
- Briggs (2002), p. 280
- Edmondston, Thomas (1866), An Etymological Glossary of the Shetland & Orkney Dialect, Adam and Charles Black, pp. 125, 126
- Teit (1918), p. 187
- Lamont-Brown (1996), p. 84
- Briggs, Katharine Mary (2002), Fairies in Tradition and Literature, Psychology Press, ISBN 978-0-415-28601-5
- Lamont-Brown, Raymond (1996), Scottish Folklore, Birlinn, ISBN 978-1-874744-58-0
- Teit, J. A. (1918), "Water-Beings in Shetlandic Folk-Lore", The Journal of American Folklore, 31 (120): 180–201, JSTOR 534874
- Stewart, George (1892), Black Eric; or, The man with the Iron Staff, Shetland Fireside Tales, Manson, pp. 117–140