The Tangipahoa were a Native American tribe that lived in Louisiana, just north of Lake Pontchartrain. It is from them that the modern Tangipahoa Parish gets its name, as well as the Tangipahoa River and the village of Tangipahoa.
The Tangipahoa were closely related to the Acolapissa. They reunited with the Acolapissa after that tribe moved west from its former home in Mississippi and have since merged with the Houma along with the rest of the Acolapissa.
- Swanton, John R. The Indians of the Southeastern United States as U.S. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137 (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1946) p. 190
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